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How to write a summary essay The University of Birmingham

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SAT / ACT Prep Online Guides and Tips. Just as with most essays, the major secret to excelling on The University, the SAT essay is to pre-plan the examples and evidence you want to use. What Does Mean! But wait! I hear you cry. Can you do that on the new SAT essay? Isn’t the point of the essay that you’re supposed to be using information from the passage in your answer, which you don’t know about ahead of how to write of Birmingham time?

The answer: Yes and no. While the specifics of each example will obviously change, depending on the passage, the types of examples you choose to discuss (and the University way you explain each example builds the author’s argument) can be defined, and thus prepared for, ahead of write time. In this article, we give you 6 good SAT essay examples you’ll be able to find in nearly every prompt the a article SAT throws at you. By assembling a collection of these reliable examples that can answer most prompts, you'll cut down on planning time and how to significantly increase the amount you can write, making you able to graphic organizers for essay writing Marangoni London, walk into every SAT essay confident in your abilities. If you haven’t already read our introduction to the SAT essay prompt, read it now. This will give you a good idea of a summary what the SAT essay assignment looks like.

Then come back to this article. The SAT essay prompts have several important things in common: They’re all passages that try to convince the reader of the veracity of the author’s claim They’re all around the same length (650-750 words) They’re all meant to be analyzed and written about in a relatively short period of organizers writing Istituto London time (50 minutes) This means that you can have a pretty good idea ahead of essay The University time of how to college essay what types of essay of Birmingham argument-building techniques you might see when you open the booklet on test day. The main techniques the author uses aren't going to be overly complex (like the first letter of graphic Marangoni London every word spelling out how to write essay of Birmingham, a secret code), because you just don’t have the time to analyze and write about complex techniques. And because of that, you can prepare yourself with SAT essay examples that’ll be likely to found across persuasive passages about many different issues —we've provided some ideas below. Domus Academy! We've chosen two examples of evidence, two examples of reasoning, and two examples of stylistic/persuasive elements you can use as stellar evidence to support your thesis . Play to the features of the passage – if there are a lot of facts/statistics, make sure to discuss that; if it dwells more on personal anecdotes/appeals to a summary of Birmingham, emotion, discuss those. For each example below, we also show you how you can use the type of evidence to support your thesis across a range of prompts. This should prove to you how effective pre-planned examples are. So, without further ado, onto our list of multipurpose support for any SAT Essay prompt. The most basic way author builds an argument is by supporting claims with evidence . There are many different kinds of evidence author might use to support her/his point, but I'm just going to how to, discuss the two big ones I've seen in the various official SAT Essay prompts that have been released. How To A Summary Essay! These two types of evidence are Facts and Statistics and Anecdotes . Example Type #1: Facts and Statistics.

Employing statistics and facts to bolster one's argument is one of the most unassailable methods authors can use to write a great admissions Academy, build an argument. This argument-building technique is particularly common in essays written about scientific or social studies-related topics, where specific data and facts are readily available. Statistics usually show up in the form of specific numbers related to the topic at hand - maybe as percents, or maybe as a way to communicate other data. Here're a couple of write examples of statistics from an official SAT essay prompt, Let There Be Dark by Paul Bogard: Example : 8 of 10 children born in the United States will never know a sky dark enough for the Milky Way. Example : In the United States and Western Europe, the amount of light in the sky increases an average of about 6% every year. Graphic Marangoni London! Factual evidence can also be in the form of non-numerical information. Often, you'll see facts presented with references to how to a summary The University, the research study, survey, expert, or other source from which they're drawn. Here's another example from writing reviews, Let There Be Dark:

Example : Already the World Health Organization classifies working the night shift as a probable human carcinogen. How To Write A Summary Essay! Another form of evidence that is often used as an alternative to actual facts or statistics is the anecdote. This type of evidence is most often found in speeches or other sorts of essay prompts that are written as a personal address to the reader. How To Write Narrative School! An anecdote is a short story about how to a summary essay The University of Birmingham a real person or event . When an author discusses own personal experience or personal experience of someone they know or have heard of, that's anecdotal evidence. Here's an example of (part of) an anecdote from an official SAT essay prompt that was adapted from a foreword by former U.S. President Jimmy Carter: One of the most unforgettable and humbling experiences of our lives occurred on essay services reviews School, the coastal plain. We had hoped to see caribou during our trip, but to our amazement, we witnessed the migration of tens of thousands of caribou with their newborn calves. A Summary The University Of Birmingham! In a matter of a few minutes, the sweep of tundra before us became flooded with life, with the sounds of grunting animals and clicking hooves filling the tips Domus air. The dramatic procession of the Porcupine caribou herd was a once-in-a-lifetime wildlife spectacle. We understand firsthand why some have described this special birthplace as “America’s Serengeti.” Even though anecdotes aren't statistics or facts, they can be powerful because it’s more relatable/interesting to the reader to read an anecdote than to be presented with dry, boring facts.

People tend to put more faith in experiences if they can personally connect with the experiences (even though that doesn't actually affect how likely or not a statement is to be true). In the example above, rather than discussing the statistics that support the creation of a summary essay of Birmingham wildlife refuges, Jimmy Carter instead uses an anecdote about experiencing the wonder of nature to essay writing tips Domus, illustrate the same point - probably more effectively. Write A Summary Essay The University Of Birmingham! By inviting the reader to experience vicariously the majesty of witnessing the migration of the Porcupine caribou, Carter activates the how to write a article Chigwell reader's empathy towards wildlife preservation and so makes it more likely that the reader will agree with him that wildlife refuges are important. All authors use reasoning to some extent, but it’s not always a major part of write The University of Birmingham how the author builds her/his argument. It's not always enough just to throw out how to write good narrative Kensington School, support for a claim – an author may choose to use reasoning to explain how the evidence presented actually builds the argument. How To Write A Summary Essay The University Of Birmingham! Example Type #3: Counterarguments and Counterclaims. One way in critical thinking mean University School which an author might use reasoning to persuade the reader to accept the claim being put forward is to discuss a counterargument, or counterclaim, to the author's main point. The discussion (and subsequent neutralization) of write essay counterarguments is found in prompts across all subject areas. Organizers Marangoni London! A counterargument or counterclaim is simply another point of view that contradicts (either fully or partially) the author's own argument. Write A Summary Essay Of Birmingham! When some might claim, however, or other contrast words and phrases show up in an essay prompt, the author is likely presenting a counterclaim. Here's an ielts essay writing tips example of an effective presentation (and negation) of a counter claim from an official SAT essay prompt, The Digital Parent Trap by Eliana Dockterman: “You could say some computer games develop creativity,” says Lucy Wurtz, an administrator at the Waldorf School in Los Altos, Calif., minutes from Silicon Valley. How To Write! “But I don’t see any benefit.

Waldorf kids knit and build things and paint—a lot of really practical and creative endeavors.” But it’s not that simple. While there are dangers inherent in access to Facebook, new research suggests that social-networking sites also offer unprecedented learning opportunities. So how does bringing up an opposing point of view help an author build her argument? It may seem counterintuitive that discussing a counterargument actually strengthens the how to write main argument. Essay! However, as you can see in the brief example above, giving some space to another point of view serves to make it seem as if the discussion’s going to be more “fair.” This is still true whether the author delves into the counterargument or if the author only briefly mentions an thinking mean St. Michaels School opposing point of how to of Birmingham view before moving on. But a true discussion of the counterargument , as is admissions St. Johnsbury Academy present in Dockterman's article, also shows a deeper understanding of the topic than if the article only presented a one-sided argument . And because it demonstrates that the author knows the topic well enough to be able to see the issue from multiple sides, it means that the reader is more likely to trust that the author's claims are well-thought out and worth believing. In the case of the Dockterman article, the author not only mentions the opposite point of view but also takes the time to get a quote from someone who supports the opposing viewpoint.

This even-handedness makes her following claim that it's not that simple more believable, since she doesn't appear to how to a summary essay, be presenting a one-sided argument. Example Type #4: Explanation of Evidence. In some cases, the Marianapolis clarity with which the author links her evidence and her claims is integral to the author's argument. As the College Board Official SAT Study Guide says, Reasoning is the connective tissue that holds an argument together. It’s the “thinking” — the logic, the analysis — that develops the argument and ties the claim and evidence together. Write Of Birmingham! This is one of the trickier argument-building techniques to discuss (at least in ielts essay writing Academy my opinion), because while it is present in many essay prompts, it isn't always a major persuasive feature.

You can pretty easily identify an author's explanation of evidence if the author connects claims to support and explains it , rather than just throwing out evidence without much ceremony or linking to write a summary essay The University, the claim; however, whether or not the how to write in english Chigwell explanation of the evidence is a major contributing factor to the author's argument is somewhat subjective. Here's a pretty clear instance of write a summary essay The University a case where an author uses explanations of each piece of evidence she discusses to logically advance her argument (again from the Dockterman passage): And at MIT’s Education Arcade, playing the empire-building game Civilization piqued students’ interest in history and was directly linked to an improvement in the quality of their history-class reports. Unfortunately, the explanation the Official SAT Study Guide gives for how to discuss an author's reasoning is a little vague: You may decide to discuss how the author uses (or fails to use) clear, logical reasoning to a article in english Chigwell School, draw a connection between a claim and the evidence supporting that claim. But how exactly you should go about doing this? And wh y is it persuasive to clearly explain the link between evidence and claim?

In general, when an how to essay The University author explains the logic behind her argument or point, the organizers for essay Marangoni London reader can follow along and understand the essay The University of Birmingham author’s argument better (which in some cases makes it more likely the reader will agree with the author). In the Dockterman example above, the author clearly lays out data ( Civilization leads to improvements in history class), a claim (this is because of engagement with the good game and thus the subject material), provides data that back up that claim (retention rate skyrockets when students do things for themselves), and links that smaller claim to a larger concept (actively browsing pages on a computer or tablet is way more brain-stimulating than vegging out in front of the TV). This clear pattern of data-explanation-more data-more explanation enables the reader to follow along with Dockterman's points. It's more persuasive because, rather than just being told Civilization leads to improvements in history and having to take it on faith, the reader is how to forced to reenact the thinking processes that led to the argument, engaging with the how to write essay Academy topic on a deeper level. Examples of Stylistic/Persuasive Elements. This final category of The University examples is the what School top layer of argument building. The foundation of a good argument is write a summary of Birmingham evidence, which is often explained and elucidated by reasoning, but it is often the addition of how to write a article stylistic or persuasive elements like an ironic tone or a rhetorical flourish that seals the write essay of Birmingham deal. Good Essays Park School! Vivid language is truly the icing on the persuasive cake. As with explanations of evidence, vivid language can be found across all topics of how to write a summary essay essay prompts (although they usually play a larger role when the passage is light on facts or logic).

Vivid language is pretty easy to spot - it shows itself in write narrative Kensington Park similes, metaphors, adjectives, or any words that jump out at you that don’t seem to have purely functional purposes . Here are a couple of examples - the first is Paul Bogard again: …show that what was a very dark country as recently as the 1950s is now nearly covered with a blanket of write essay The University light. This example is relatively restrained, using the metaphor of a blanket of how to a article light to add emphasis to write The University, Bogard's discussion of light pollution. A more striking example can be found in another official SAT essay prompt, adapted from Martin Luther King, Jr.'s speech Beyond Vietnam - A Time To Break Silence: Vietnam continued to draw men and skills and money like some demonic destructive suction tube. Vivid language is an effective argument building device because it puts the ielts tips Academy reader in the author’s shoes and draws them into the passage . If used in moderation, vivid language will also make the topic more interesting for the reader to read, thus engaging them further. In the write a summary essay excerpt taken from Martin Luther King Jr.'s speech above, the write in english School phrase demonic destructive suction tube is startling and provocative, meant to rouse the audience's indignation at the injustice and how to The University of Birmingham waste of the Vietnam war.

If King had left out the second part of the sentence and only said, Vietnam continued to draw men and skills and money, his point would not have had as big of an impact. Example Type #6: Direct Addresses and Appeals to the Reader. Write College Admissions Essay St. Johnsbury Academy! The last category I'll be discussing in how to write a summary The University of Birmingham this article are direct addresses and appeals to the reader. These stylistic elements are found across all sorts of does critical St. Michaels University different passage topics, although as with the previous category, these elements usually play a larger role when the passage is light on facts or logic. Direct addresses and appeals to the reader are wordings or other stylistic devices specifically designed to provoke a response (often emotional) in the reader . This category covers many different elements, from appeals to how to write a summary essay The University, emotion to rhetorical questions. Here's an example of an appeal to emotion, taken again from Martin Luther King, Jr.'s speech: Perhaps a more tragic recognition of reality took place when it became clear to me that the how to write college war was doing far more than devastating the hopes of the poor at home.

It was sending their sons and their brothers and their husbands to fight and to die in extraordinarily high proportions relative to the rest of the how to write a summary essay population. And here's an example of a rhetorical question (from the Istituto Paul Bogard article): Who knows what this vision of the night sky might inspire in each of us, in our children or grandchildren? Appealing to a summary essay, the emotions , as Martin Luther King, Jr. does in his speech, is an alternate route to persuasion, as it causes readers to emotionally (rather than logically) agree with the author . By describing how the war was causing their sons and their brothers and how to good essays Kensington Park their husbands to fight and a summary die, King reminds the organizers for essay Marangoni reader of the terrible costs of war, playing upon their emotions to get them to agree that the Vietnam War is a mistake, particularly for the poor. Rhetorical questions , on the other hand, get the readers to step into the author's world. By reading and thinking about the author's question, the write of Birmingham reader engages with the topic on a deeper level than if the reader were just given a statement of what the does critical thinking mean St. Michaels School author thinks . In the case of the Bogard example above, the rhetorical question draws the The University reader into thinking about his/her descendants, a group of people for a article Chigwell School, whom the reader (presumably) only wishes the best, which then puts the write a summary of Birmingham reader into a positive mood (assuming the reader likes his/her descendants). Organizers For Essay Writing Istituto Marangoni! As you can see, these examples of different argumentative techniques can be extracted from a lot of different article types for a wide range of topics . This is because the examples themselves are so meaningful and complex that they can be used to discuss a lot of issues. The main point is, you don't have to wait until you see the prompt to develop an how to write essay of Birmingham arsenal of types of argument-building techniques you can use to support your points. How To Write Good Narrative Essays Park School! Instead, preparing beforehand how you’ll discuss these techniques will save you a lot of time and write a summary essay anxiety when the test rolls around . Write A Article In English School! If you're reading this article, you probably want to excel on the SAT essay. We've written a bunch of detailed guides to make sure you do. Took the old SAT and not sure how the new essay compares to the old?

Start with our article about what’s changed with the new SAT essay, then investigate the SAT essay rubric for further edification. Want to score a perfect SAT score? Check out how to essay The University, our guide on how to score a perfect SAT score, written by our resident perfect scorer. How happy would you be with adding an ielts essay tips extra 160 SAT points to your score ? If it's a lot, check out our guide to how you should study to improve your SAT score by 160 points: Have friends who also need help with test prep? Share this article! Laura graduated magna cum laude from Wellesley College with a BA in Music and Psychology, and earned a Master's degree in Composition from the how to write essay Longy School of Music of write Kensington Park School Bard College. She scored 99 percentile scores on the SAT and GRE and loves advising students on a summary of Birmingham, how to excel in high school.

You should definitely follow us on ielts tips Academy, social media. You'll get updates on our latest articles right on write essay The University of Birmingham, your feed. Follow us on all 3 of our social networks: Have any questions about this article or other topics? Ask below and we'll reply! Series: How to Get 800 on services School, Each SAT Section: Series: How to Get to The University of Birmingham, 600 on Each SAT Section: Series: How to Get 36 on Each ACT Section: Our hand-selected experts help you in a variety of other topics! Looking for Graduate School Test Prep?

Check out our top-rated graduate blogs here: Get the latest articles and test prep tips! © PrepScholar 2013-2015. All rights reserved. SAT® is a registered trademark of the how to write good narrative essays Kensington Park School College Entrance Examination Board TM . The College Entrance Examination. Board TM does not endorse, nor is it affiliated in any way with the owner or any content of this site.

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Essay: A Changing Political Situation Affecting the Tourism Industry – The Case of Cuba. Chapter 1: Changing Political Situation US – Cuba. 1.1 The Situation. On the 17th of write essay The University, December 2014 Barack Obama, president of the United States of America, announced that he is willing and aiming to strengthen the relations between the United States of America and the island Cuba. The current president of Cuba is Ra??l Castro, who is besides that the brother of the famous Fidel Castro.

Fidel Castro created a communism state in 1961 and write a great admissions, provided leadership until 2008 until he physical state worsened and ceded his functions to his brother, Ra??l Castro. Both parties are willing to participate in strengthening the relations in the near future and to lift the how to essay of Birmingham, existing embargo. Problems between the two nations go way back in time. The actual first issue was created in the 18th century. However, the real problems started when Fidel Castro took some decisions that the USA did not degree on and decided to implement an embargo. This embargo meant that there would be no relationship at all anymore and for example traveling from graphic organizers for essay Istituto Marangoni London one to the other country was forbidden, communication became impossible and trade between two countries was not allowed anymore.

The embargo had many effect on the country in general and the inhabitants suffered because of many things. To begin with there is (almost) no travel possible from the US to Cuba, the sugar before the how to write The University of Birmingham, embargo was traded from the Americas which was much cheaper than it is right now for Cubans and how to good narrative School, there is write a summary no communication with the USA. Since Obama and Castro decided to communicate and negotiate about how to essays Kensington Park lifting the embargo, in the near future many things will change for Cuba. Write. Since rules will be adapted or lifted many things that have never been possible in what University Cuba will become possible. To give some examples: communication with the USA will get easier, aid will be provided to the poorest, import and how to a summary, export will be possible again, Cuba will participate in the ‘Summit of the what does thinking University, Americas’ of 2015 organized in panama and one of the major changes will be the tourism restrictions that will get eased. In the write of Birmingham, near future many people from the USA will be able to how to write college admissions essay Academy travel to Cuba if these travellers can be subdivided in one of the 12 ’cause of travel’ categories. Many different countries from write a summary essay of Birmingham all over the world provide tourism in Cuba with Canada as the main market at write a article in english School this moment in write a summary essay The University time. The nearness, interest of the inhabitants in write a great essay Academy the country, the resorts, the culture and the exoticness are a few of the main interest Canadians created for how to write essay of Birmingham, Cuba and are able to travel freely to the island. If the travel restrictions between the US and Preparatory, Cuba will get eased, the expected situation is that there will be a major tourism flow of American inhabitants to Cuba.

The US will become the number one market of how to write a summary essay of Birmingham, Cuba and the Cuban inhabitants and the environment might need to adjust to graphic organizers Marangoni London supply proper tourism that fits the how to a summary of Birmingham, needs of the Americans. 1.2 Problem Analysis. The expected increase in tourism numbers might cause major impacts for the country Cuba. The impact of the amount of tourists might be difficult for Cuba to handle in their current status. Being able to handle the amount of tourists from the ielts essay writing, United States, together with the other tourists already visiting Cuba, it is a summary a possibility that changes in the country need to be made to for essay Istituto supply the facilities the tourists are demanding for. The occurring problem is that Cuba might not be prepared enough for the future changes. The recent announcement of Barack Obama in December 2014 came as a surprise and the question is if Cuba is able to handle the change in such short notice. Since both governments agreed on implementing new rules as rapidly as possible after negotiations, the embargo might be eased quite quick. How To Essay Of Birmingham. Is Cuba prepared for ielts tips Academy, these major changes in how to a summary essay the tourism industry and is society?

Will the how to write college admissions essay St. Johnsbury Academy, tourism sector be able to handle the increase in tourism numbers that quickly? Although Cuba is responsible for the process during the how to write of Birmingham, re-establishment in manners of the tourism industry, Cuba is a communistic country and knowledge and information is not as much as developed as in other countries. Essay Services Reviews Preparatory. The process of the increase of tourism numbers might cause some issues which will be visible during the actual process. Researching the implied changes , the future expectations and modifications would review what the changes for the tourism industry and the society would be and what this would mean. Furthermore the expected issues that might occur should be reviewed and a proper analysis of changes needs to be made to overcome difficulties and to be able to handle the flow of tourists in the near future. Write Essay. Analysing and services reviews Marianapolis Preparatory, evaluating the expected impacts on the tourism industry and society will lead to a suitable reaction that Cuba could implement to provide tourism for all the current markets including the how to write essay The University, US which is also developing the country and creates advantages for society. 1.3 Goal of the Thesis. ‘Analysing and evaluating the expected changes in the Cuba ‘ US diplomatic relations to disclose the impact on Cuba’s tourism industry and society and advise on possible reactions towards the expected tourism increase’.

1.4 Research questions. To be able to achieve the goal of the thesis, research questions will be formulated to create direction during the thesis process. The research goal will be divided into Chigwell School, four questions that will cover all subjects that need to be answered during the process. ‘ 1. What are the expected political changes between Cuba and the US? 2. Essay The University Of Birmingham. What are the expected impacts on the tourism industry of Cuba? 3. How To Essays Kensington Park School. What are the expected impacts on the Society of Cuba?

4. Write A Summary Essay The University Of Birmingham. What would be an appropriate reaction of Cuba on the tourism increase’? 1.5 Research Methodology. Information about the changing political situation between Cuba and the United States which will have an effect on Cuba will be studied and gained during a trip of 5 weeks to Cuba. Keeping the problem analysis and the research goal in mind, it is important to use a certain methodologies to make sure all information which is needed to create a clear view of changes and effect of the changing situation and eventually being able to create an advise for Cuba to be able to handle the increase of ielts essay writing tips Domus, tourism numbers. 1.5.1 Desk research.

Secondary data will be obtained by desk research. Doing a lot of reading and researching of information already available and combining this information with information gained at the destination in question will lead to more answers to write of Birmingham the research questions. Most desk research and thus the thinking mean St. Michaels University, obtaining of a summary of Birmingham, secondary data will be done in the first phase of the thesis writing process. The information needed during this stage will describe the current occurrences. After this phase the field research will be conducted and what does, most of the analysis, results and write of Birmingham, recommendation will be obtained with primary information obtained during the field research. However, desk research will be important during the whole thesis process since the write a article Chigwell School, subject is still changing. All information obtained must be academic sources.

The following information is how to write of Birmingham obtained by using the following sources: ‘ The political statements of President Barack Obama. This information can be found online easily on organizers Marangoni, official website of the White House which collects all the information the President released. ‘ Market #038; product information. This information can be found online as well as in books. The information needs to be updated since recent information will create eventual best results for the advisory. This information can be found on websites that inform about previous years and current market statistics. Online databases demonstrate statistics of the markets in Cuba. How To Write A Summary The University Of Birmingham. Furthermore the product information about Cuba can be found online and in books as well such as travel books and reviews Marianapolis Preparatory, the tourism board website of Cuba.

‘ Perceptions on the changing political situation of Ra??l Castro. The perceptions of Castro can be found online, in news-papers, recent released academic reports and books that outline ideologies of Castro. ‘ Opinions Americans #038; Cubans. Databases and polls conducted by Universities and institutes will be used as secondary data to illustrate an image of the perceptions of the Americans and Cubans on how to write a summary of Birmingham, the changing political situation. Furthermore articles and newspapers also update about the opinions of for essay writing Marangoni London, stakeholders involved.

‘ The impact on tourism. What the impact of the changing political situation will be on a summary essay The University, the tourism industry of Cuba will be can also be research upon online. Newspapers, reports, databases and academic articles illustrate the current situation. However, it is very important that the changes will happen in the future. The information shared online about the impact on tourism are only predictions and need to how to be treated in the report as predictions and supported with other sources of information. ‘ The impact on society. The impact on the society remains the same desk research rule as the impact on the tourism industry.

Lots of predictions can be found online in academic articles, newspapers, databases etc. However this information needs to write a summary essay The University be supported with other information to develop reliable information. During the how to college admissions Academy, whole thesis writing phase, secondary information will be obtained and how to write a summary, used to develop knowledge about the subject and situations. Besides that, the subject is still continuing and how to write good essays School, keeping up to date is very important. How To Write Essay Of Birmingham. Desk research will be used for other causes such as information related to other subjects which will be demonstrated in the appendices, images of certain occurrences, supporting statistical information etc. 1.5.2 In-depth interviews. Qualitative research in graphic organizers writing Istituto London the form of in-depth interviews is one of the methodologies that will be used to a summary essay gain large amount of write narrative essays Kensington Park, information from a relatively small amount of people.

Interviews with stakeholders in the hotel sector of the tourism industry in Cuba will create insight of the opinions and views on the tourism sector itself. Having in-depth interviews with people that work in the tourism industry every day will notice what will change and what needs to write a summary essay The University of Birmingham be changed in the future to satisfy the flow of American tourists. Having 10 interviews with several stakeholders involved in the tourism industry of Cuba will create an writing reviews, overview of perceptions on the changing political situation and what needs to be done to supply proper tourism. The names in the interviews will be changed since all of the interviewees stated that interviews could be held under reservation of respecting their privacy. The following subjects will be dealt with during the interviews: Interviewees are asked about how to write a summary essay of Birmingham their status in life, about their jobs/business, their function and their daily tasks at their jobs to develop an overview of who they are and what they are doing for a living. ‘ Opinions on changes for the society. The interviewees are asked about their opinion on the changing political situation and what this change will mean for them during their daily conditions.

Subjects such as self-employment, flow of information and ability of freely communication, import and essay, export, their view on the ‘State Sponsor of Terrorism’ list and the aid of the United States for Cuba. Having open and honest answers on these questions will help to describe the impact of what the change of diplomatic relations will have on the Cubans. The positive and a summary essay, negative influences according to them are very important to a great college admissions essay Academy develop a considered result. ‘ Opinions on changes for the tourism industry. Having interviews with Cubans working in how to write a summary The University the tourism industry creates two opportunities at once. These people are Cuban and know everything about the how to narrative essays Park, daily conditions in their country, however they also know a lot about the tourism industry (or at The University of Birmingham least about the job/type of tourism) they are working in. Questions are asked about what will change according to them in their job or industry to review the possible changes in graphic organizers for essay London the market, the rules and regulations, products offered etc. Negative influences and positive influences will be discussed. Random sampling has been used during in-depth interviews (Bryman, 2012). Making appointments via E-mail before departure and face-to-face asking during the field research created appointments for interviews with Cubans working the how to write a summary essay The University, tourism field. Creating a list of tourism branches in Havana created an overview of possibilities to hold interviews with.

I have been randomly sending E-mails to tourism facilities. A number of 10 interviews were supposed to admissions St. Johnsbury Academy be held during the field research however, many more interviews have been held because of how to write essay The University, non-response error to write certain questions that were asked, and write The University of Birmingham, due to a reliability error since there is a lack of freedom of speech and interviewees did not want to contribute to these questions (Bryman, 2012). 1.5.2.2 Interview set-up. The interview method used for in english, the in-depth interviews are semi-structured (Bryman, 2012). A topic lists was used. During the interview these topics will be discussed but the subjects will also be led by the interviewer and write, the interviewee. If the interview leads to essay writing reviews another interesting subject, question or answer the conversation will continue with that particular subject which might lead to other new opinions, views and perceptions. How To Essay The University. However in the end the subject from the topic list needs to be dealt with during the interview. Observing is a method used to perceive the behaviour of individuals or the environment. (Bryman, 2012) One of the good essays Park, main advantages is that observing allows to be observed directly.

Observing the of Birmingham, situation in organizers writing Istituto Marangoni Cuba and thinking with common sense about the situation might lead to more questions and answers at the same time about the future changes. Observing the daily tourism situation and reviewing the positive and negative points that Cuba already includes seen from the essay The University of Birmingham, tourism perspective will lead to the key, which is the changes that need to ielts essay be made to handle and satisfy the increase of tourism numbers in the following years. Combining observing with other research methods will create a clear view of the situation. 1.5.3.1 Observing Behaviour. Observing behaviour will be used since not all information might be shared during the how to, interviews by asking question. A lot can be read from behavioural characteristics. Looking the ielts, facial expressions, hand gestures, the way people talk and how to a summary essay The University, how people respond to you as a person and your behaviour, and how they respond to your questions, for example with nervousness. (Bryman, 2012) 1.5.3.2 Observing the Environment. Observing the environment will be used to understand the country and its inhabitants. Furthermore it will be used to understand the current political situation by viewing what is going on in the country, what people are doing during the in english, daily life, which characteristics of the system are working and what is not working, what needs attention in the future and what needs to be changed in the area to write supply the needs of the increasing tourism numbers.

Which changes need to be made in the environment to serve the tourists and would this be possible in the current system? Understanding the country and reviewing the possibilities by observing the situation might lead to ideas and solutions. Having small talks with people working in the tourism sector of Cuba as well with the write a article in english School, locals will give an overview of opinions and norms and a summary The University, values the Cubans and their industry share. The locals are very important in this changing situations since their behaviour towards the tourists might make or break the tourism industry. Organizers For Essay Istituto Marangoni. These small talks cannot be categorized as in-depth interviews however very important for the research since it creates an overview of the most important opinions during the small talk, keeping in mind that people will share most important perceptions during a short conversation. Small talk quotes and sentences can be found in how to write essay The University of Birmingham Appendix X. 1.6 Structure of the Report. To create a clear structure in the report, the thesis is divided into several chapters.

The chapters will be explained as followed: Chapter 2: Historical Relations Between Cuba #038; the USA. Issues between Cuba and for essay writing Istituto Marangoni London, the United states go way back in history. The first interactions between both countries occurred during the late 18th century . Cuba was a colony of Spain but wanted to how to write essay The University be independent. After several revolts by the Cubans, the Spanish government continued to oppress the inhabitants of Cuba.

In 1895, February 23rd, the dissatisfaction of the Cubans turned into another resumption leading to the revolution under leadership of writer and patriot Jos?? Mart. The USA government decided to come between both parties in the Spanish-American War and writing tips Academy, made both countries sign the terms of the treaty on December 10th 1898. Essay The University Of Birmingham. Until May 20th 1902, the USA ruled Cuba until the advent of the Cuban Constitution adopted in 1901 which included rules and regulations established by the USA including conditions for the American intervention in Cuba. (Wezel, 2001) During the USA occupation several improvements had been accomplished in Cuba such as the eradication of yellow fever. Besides that, the USA invested heavily in the Cuban economy and in english School, controlling and providing many resources such as sugar. However, dissatisfaction arises among the a summary essay The University, Cubans because of the critical thinking mean St. Michaels University, aggressive and returning fraud and corruption cases in the Cuban politics. One of the first major revolt against the aggressive control of the USA in Cuba occurred in August 1906. The USA responded to this revolt by sending troops to the island to handle the situation until 1909.

Another revolt took place in 1912 which led to the USA intervention. In the same year elections took place and how to write a summary essay, Mario Garc??a Menocal of the how to in english, Conservative Party won and took over write essay, power and later entering World War I cooperating with the Allies in 1917. (Wezel, 2001) Complete USA dominance caused economic difficulties and good essays, agricultural and industrial issues during the participation in World War I. During an atmosphere of how to essay The University, crisis, Gerardo Machado y Morales, leading the Liberal Party, was elected president in November 1924. Economic conditions worsened rapidly during his presidency because of huge loans abroad. Furthermore, he succeeded in writing tips Academy obtaining dictatorial control of the government. Everyone opposing him was suppressed with lots of violence during his presidency which came till an end in 1933, supported by the Cuban army, since he was banished by the Cubans.

Since there was so much unrest and violence the USA decided to intervene once again and a certain stability was accomplished in 1936. Stability and peace increased by the advent of Batista, the head of the Cuban army and described as the unofficial dictator of Cuba. Write Essay The University. He became the graphic organizers for essay writing Istituto, new presidents and formed a new constitution which declined political tension (Wezel, 2001) The Cuban government declared war in 1941 on Italy, Japan and a summary The University, Germany and automatically became a member of the United Nations in 1945. During another election in 1944, Grau San Martin was chosen as the following president. He made an agreement with the USA for the increase in does thinking mean University price of resources such as sugar and joined the Organization of American States in 1948. However, changes in world sugar prices made Cuba an unstable nation with an unstable political situation. How To The University. The following president, Carlos Prio Socarr??s caused for a 10% reduction in retail prices and living costs continued to how to a article in english Chigwell School rise leading political violence and unrest. (Wezel, 2001) In 1952, president Batista suspended the constitution and the congress. He promised elections for the following year. After another revolt led by Fidel Castro in 1953, July 26th, the regime seemed secure and the political situation as well the how to write a summary The University of Birmingham, inhabitants calmed down.

Elections would be held in 1954. Batista’s opponent, Grau San Martin, decided not to how to write a great admissions Academy participate anymore in the elections because of corruption and violence against him and his party. Batista was re-elected without opposition. This time he recovered the a summary, constitution and granted amnesty for certain prisoners which was including Fidel Castro. During the mid-1950, Batista tried to improve the Cuban situation in manners of economics, political outlook and write in english, the world sugar prize. However, on December the second, Fidel Castro invaded together with 80 other supporters. After the invasion, Castro was able to escape into how to write a summary of Birmingham, the mountains and organized the writing services reviews Marianapolis Preparatory, ’26th of July Movement’ which was another invasion. Write A Summary The University. Over the years Castro and his followers opposed against Batista and how to a great college essay, won support from the Cuban inhabitants. In 1958, March 17th, Fidel Castro called for a general revolt.

He became so popular that Batista had no choice and on January 1st, 1959 left the country. A new government was established under the write a summary The University of Birmingham, name Fidel Castro. During the first few weeks of his regime, everything associating with Batista got destroyed and 550 supporters of Batista were executed. During the first period of the new regime, the USA started worrying about Cuba quickly. Castro removed the agriculture laws affecting the sugar USA sugar interests. Furthermore companies controlled by non-Cuban organizations became prohibited. (Wezel, 2001) In 1960, Castro dispossessed almost $1 billion is ielts writing Domus Academy USA properties and kept it for themselves. This led for Washington to write essay of Birmingham the imposing of a trade embargo.

In January 1961, a complete break between relations followed and in April 1961, the USA caused an invasion force in the Bay of Pigs in ielts writing tips Academy the South of Cuba. 90 were killed and a summary essay of Birmingham, 1200 were captured. (Wezel, 2001) The relations between both countries got even worse in how to write a great college the fall of write essay, 1962. The USA discovered missile installations in Cuba supplied by the Soviet. The USA president John F. Kennedy announced a complete blockade of the island to make sure no other material could be delivered at the island. During the nuclear war, after several days negotiating with Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev agreed on removing the missile installations. Relations remained in how to a article Chigwell School hate. Although several efforts by Cuba, the a summary The University, USA would not leave the Guant??namo Bay which was leased in 1903 and continues to be ownership of the USA. Write St. Johnsbury. (Wezel, 2001) Castro’s policies prohibited to exchange of any resource with the rest of Latin American countries and how to The University of Birmingham, got expelled from the how to write college admissions essay St. Johnsbury, Organization of American States in 1962. Furthermore Cuba got accused of attempting revolts in Bolivia, Venezuela #038; Guatemala.

One of Castro’s followers, Ch?? Guevara, was executed while leading a guerrilla group in Bolivia in 1967. In the meanwhile, Cuba was still very depending on the economic help from the Soviet Union and other Soviet-bloc countries. (Wezel, 2001) During the 1970’s, Cuba escaped from diplomatic isolation. During a meeting in Costa Rica in July 1975, Cuba signed a ‘freedom of action’ pact which was lifting the trade embargo and other rules and of Birmingham, regulations against Cuba in 1964. How To Write A Article Chigwell School. Besides that, relations with the USA began to strengthen: USA travel restrictions were eased and in 1977 both countries opened offices in each other’s capitals.

However, the USA warned Cuba that relations could not be improved any further until the USA claims for nationalized property had been settled and how to write a summary The University, Cuba finished its activities in Africa. (Wezel, 2001) The presence of Cuba in graphic for essay Africa begun in the mid-1960s. Castro provided personal guards to people such as President Alphonse Massamba D??bat of the Congo. However the write, Cuban combat forces were very actively involved in fighting for the Marxist faction in Angola. By 1980 the activities of Cuba in Africa had expanded into the Middle East. This was seen by the West of a growing Soviet thrust. In return for essay writing services reviews Marianapolis Preparatory, this the Cuban economy was supplemented by $3 million in Soviet aid. Of Birmingham. (Wezel, 2001) In 1980, during Castro’s temporarily ease of exit restrictions, 125,000 refugees went to how to write a article the USA before Castro would halt it again. The USA accused Cuba of helping leftist rebels in El Salvador. Furthermore the relations between Cuba and the USA was weakened because of the aid was given by Cuba to the Sandinista government in Nicaragua. In October 1983, hundreds of Cuban construction workers and militaries were forced to a summary essay of Birmingham leave Grenada as a result of the USA invasion of the essay, Grenada Island.

Besides that, Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev visited Havana in April 1989 because the USSR and Cuba signed a treaty about their 25-year friendship. However, Castro explicitly rejected the way of essay The University of Birmingham, Soviet-style economic and political reforms to his country. Later that year, four army officers were executed and a few other were send to prison for write a great Academy, drug trafficking and smuggling, seen as one of the worst scandals since Castro came to power. (Wezel, 2001) Aid and how to a summary of Birmingham, subsidies to Cuba were ended in the early 1990s because of the collapse of the USSR and Soviet military forces were withdrawn. In November 1992 the UN approved a resolution calling for an end the USA embargo. In 1993 all Soviet troops sent to Cuba during the missile crisis had been withdrawn. The sugarcane production of Cuba dropped to a very low point and even worsened in 1994 which caused very difficult economic situations. Since the country became so poor, many inhabitants tried to escape to write narrative essays Park School other countries however, Castro would combat this with lots of violence. Many Cubans were picked up at write essay The University of Birmingham sea by the USA coast guards and taken to the Guant??namo Bay Naval Base or to refugee camps in Panama.

The crisis ended because the USA agreed on issuing 20,000 entry visas per how to write a article year to Cubans which were wishing to enter the how to a summary The University of Birmingham, country. (Wezel, 2001) In February 1996, some opposition groups of Castro tried to make a difference although they had no chance at all against the Castro army. Later that month, Cuban jet fighters shot down two passenger planes and what mean St. Michaels University, Cuba claimed that those planes were violating the Cuban airspace. These planes belonged to how to write of Birmingham special forces groups of the USA that were enabled to write college help Cuban refugees. The USA and how to a summary, the UN both condemned the shooting of the planes although Castro said he had nothing to do with the shooting down of the planes. However, weeks before the incident he had given the Cuban Air Force the authorizations to shoot down planes violating the airspace of Cuba. (Wezel, 2001) Because of this incident, President Bill Clinton created another embargo in March 1996 namely ‘The Helms-Burton Act’. This embargo makes it more difficult for foreign investors and businesses to operate in Cuba. Besides that, this would be a permanent embargo while previous embargos had been renewed every year. The European Union, Canada and Mexico complained about the new embargo of the USA since they believe the USA was trying to export rules and regulations to other countries as well. (Wezel, 2001)

From 2000 on things got on the right foot with the United States. In 2001 the what critical mean, Hurricane Michelle slammed the coast of Cuba and the USA was willing to donate food and aid for the victims. Write Essay The University. Relations got sharpened again a bit when President Bush accused Cuba of biological weapons. Bush spoke his concerns about the services reviews School, country and the willingness to intervene in case anything would make the United States doubt about the honesty of the a summary, Cuban government. (CNN Edition, 2009) In 2008, R??ul Castro becomes president of Cuba which makes it easier for the United States to negotiate about Domus Academy certain progressing cases such as the easing of travel restrictions, conceived by President Obama. Although travel restrictions would be eased, this would not mean that Cuba would be open for the average inhabitant of the United States. Cuba and the USA came to an agreement that only for several purposes such as education would be allowed to travel to Cuba for a short period of time. A Summary The University Of Birmingham. In 2011, Obama wanted to show best interest in the progressing relations between both parties by releasing the convicted Rene Gonzalez. Gonzalez, famous of the Marianapolis Preparatory, group ‘The Big Five’ was convinced because of how to a summary The University of Birmingham, spying.

In 2013, at the Nelson Mandela memorial service, both leaders meet and essay writing services reviews Preparatory School, shake hands. The handshake became a milestone for strengthening the relations since this would be the second handshake between leaders from both countries in essay The University the last 5 decades. (Bowerman, 2014) Chapter 3: The Current Situation. 3.1 Barack Obama #038; Ra??l Castro. After more than 50 years of writing tips, total ignorance towards each other from both nation, we could say that the first breakthrough between both parties was in December 2013 when Obama shook hands with Castro during the Nelson Mandela’s memorial service (Somodevilla, 2014) (Appendix X). How To A Summary The University. The hand shake came as a surprise for everyone and opinions were divided. There was much speculation going on because of writing reviews Preparatory School, this handshake because what does this handshake actually mean? President Barack Obama decided on the 17th of December 2014 that a change should be made and the embargo should be discussed and eased or lifted.

President of Cuba, Ra??l Castro, surprised everyone by agreeing on write of Birmingham, negotiating the embargo by his response statement, (Appendix X, Response Statement by Ra??l Castro) saying that Ra??l Castro understand the importance of normalizing the diplomatic relations and is willing to participate in negotiations to write realize this important matter for both countries. To show his appreciation, Ra??l Castro released American spy Alan Gross to show his willingness of re-establishing diplomatic relations. (Castro, 2014) 3.2 Changes tourism industry according to Obama. The 17th of December was a historical day for both nations since Obama gave a speech this particular day about strengthen the relations between both countries and the out dated embargo that should be lifted. Obama opened his speech with the following quote: ‘In the most significant changes in our policy in more than fifty years, we will end an outdated approach that, for how to write a summary essay The University of Birmingham, decades, has failed to advance our interests, and instead we will begin to normalize relations between our two countries. Through these changes, we intend to create more opportunities for the American and Cuban people, and begin a new chapter among the nations of the Americas.’ (Obama, http://www.whitehouse.gov, 2014) The changing political situation between the how to write admissions essay St. Johnsbury, USA and Cuba has major effects on how to write of Birmingham, the tourism industry, focussing on how to good narrative essays Kensington, Cuba. One of the key points of the statement of Barack Obama (Appendix II), will surely change the current tourism situation in Cuba a lot.

Besides that, the changing tourism situation will also affect the living conditions of the Cubans. The following criteria of Barack Obama will explain the aspects related to tourism that will be changed by re-establishing the relations. ‘ Expansion of travel under certain licenses for the 12 existing categories; o Family visits. o Official business of the USA government, foreign government and certain intergovernmental organizations. o Journalistic activities. o Professional research #038; meetings. o Educational activities. o Religious activities.

o Public performances, workshops, clinics, athletic and other competitions/exhibitions. o Support for the Cubans. o Humanitarian projects. o Activities of how to a summary essay of Birmingham, private foundations or research or educational institutes. o Importation, exportation or transmission of information or materials. o Certain export transactions that could be considered for authorization under existing guidelines and regulations.

‘ Changes will make it easier for American citizen to provide business training for Cuban businesses and small farmers. Furthermore provide support for the growth of Cuba’s nascent private sector will get easier. Other options for promotion the growth of entrepreneurship and the private sector in Cuba can be explored. ‘ Travel and remittance policies are helping Cubans by providing sources of information and creates opportunities for self-employment and private ownership of properties by strengthening independent civil society. ‘ Travellers in essay services reviews Preparatory School one of the 12 categories will be able to make arrangements through any service provider that complies with the USA. (Obama, http://www.whitehouse.gov, 2014) Furthermore, some of the general political changes will have an effect on the tourism sector as well such as re-establishing an embassy from the USA in Cuba, the remittance will be increased from $500 to $2000 any longer without requirements, products from Cuba to the USA can be imported until the amount of $400, with no more than $100 in tobacco and alcohol, American credit cards will be permitted and transactions between the nations will be authorized. 3.3 Changes for Cuba according to Obama. the following main points that will be taken into essay, account to improve relations for Cuba and its inhabitants: ‘ Establishing diplomatic relations. o Re-establishing an embassy in organizers for essay writing Istituto Havana. o Strong support from the USA for improved human rights conditions for the Cuban people.

o The USA and how to a summary, Cuba will work together on matters of mutual concern such as environmental protection, migration, counter narcotics, trafficking in persons and other issues. ‘ Adjusting regulations affecting the graphic Marangoni London, well-being of the Cubans. o Current rules and regulations will be adapted rapidly in order to create progression for the Cubans as soon as possible. o There will be a free flow of information to, from and essay, among the Cuban people. ‘ Facilitating remittances to Cuba by what does thinking St. Michaels U.S. How To Write Essay. persons. o The level of remittance will be increased from $500 to $2000 per quarter for donative payments to Cuban nations, humanitarian projects, support of Cuban people and support for development of how to write a great admissions essay St. Johnsbury, businesses in Cuba will no longer require special licenses. o There will no longer be required a specific license for remittance forwarders. ‘ Output of commercial sales/export from the USA of certain services and goods. o The output of certain product and goods will be eased.

This will make it easier for Cubans to how to essay The University of Birmingham have access to lower priced goods, leading to improvement of living standards and create economic independence from the state. ‘ American citizens will be authorized to import additional goods from Cuba. o USA travellers to Cuba with license will be authorized to import $400 worth of goods from Cuba. No more of $100 can exist out of tobacco and alcohol products. ‘ Authorized transactions between both nations. o Facilitating the ielts Domus Academy, processing of authorized transactions between USA and Cuban accounts.

o American credit cards will be permitted in Cuba. o Measures will improve efficiency, speed and how to write essay The University of Birmingham, oversight of payments and cash flow between two countries. ‘ Efforts to increase the access for Cubans to write good narrative Park communicate freely. o Internet rates should go up. Connection should get more available against lower costs. o Commercial export of items that contribute to ability of the Cubans to communicate with people from the USA will be improved. o Telecommunications providers will be allowed to improve mechanisms including infrastructure to improve telecommunications between the USA and how to write essay The University of Birmingham, Cuba. ‘ Discussions with Cuban and Mexican government about the unresolved maritime boundary in the Gulf of Mexico. o Previous agreements about the boundaries will be scheduled to how to write a great college Academy create a new treaty. ‘ Review of Cuba’s indications as a State Sponsor of essay The University, Terrorism. o Contribution of terrorism attacks by Cuba will be reviewed over the last few years.

Cuba is placed on the list since 1982. ‘ Participation of Cuba in the Summit of the Americas in Panama, 2015. o Participation in essay Marianapolis Preparatory the summit of the Americas in write a summary essay The University Panama to discuss manners as human rights and democracy. 3.4 The Response of Ra??l Castro. Ra??l Castro responded on the statement of Barack Obama by creating his own statement on national television. He claimed that since the beginning of his leadership of essay St. Johnsbury, Cuba, he claimed that he always showed willingness to write essay reform relations on the basis of equality to discuss various topics. The willingness of Cuba to discuss and solve difficulties between both has been spread towards the US government by Fidel during several occasion. According to in english Castro, the sacrifices the Cubans have been through and the serious dangers they have been in shows that the Cubans are faithful and essay The University, are willing to ielts writing Domus Academy continue with the ideals of independence and social justice. Now a days the Cubans are updating and improving the economy in order to build a prosperous Socialism. Castro explains that the phone call Obama and write a summary The University of Birmingham, he had, let to the conclusion that re-establishing relations would lead to solutions of some topics that are in interest for both nations. Ra??l Castro also shared with his nation that Gerardo, Ramon and Antionio, the Cubans that were imprisoned in the United States, were relived and arrived the day of the response towards the United States of writing reviews Preparatory School, Ra??l Castro.

This has been created enormous joy among their families and people throughout the write, whole country since this has been a goal from the day on these people were imprisoned and thanks Obama for his respect by releasing them. In return Castro released a Cuban spy which was working for the United Stated. Furthermore the American citizen Alan gross has been send back to his country. Castro mentioned that Cuba agreed by releasing the prisoners and also agreed on re-establishing diplomatic relations, however this means in how to write good narrative essays Kensington School no way that the heart of the write a summary of Birmingham, matter has been solved. He also mentioned to the Cubans that although the embargo has been included in law, the President of the what does St. Michaels School, United States is able to modify and change rules and how to a summary essay The University of Birmingham, regulations. Castro proposed to the government of the United States to normalize the how to write a article in english Chigwell School, relations and Cuba is a summary The University of Birmingham willing to cooperate and negotiate on issues such as human rights, democracy and national sovereignty since these issues are important to both countries.

Besides that he asked the government of the United States to particularly remove restrictions such as travelling, direct post service and telecommunications. Furthermore he thanked the Vatican for the support, most particularly the support of Pope Fransico who was supporting the re-establishment of relations between both nations. Furthermore Castro thanked the Canadian government for mediating between both countries. (Appendix X) 3.5 Advantages and Disadvantages for the US and Cuba. 3.5.1 Pros for the United States Maintaining the Embargo. 1. The United States has always been promoting democracy, internationally recognized human rights, accepting of labour unions and freedom towards the press. President Kennedy stated in 1962 that these conditions should be achieved in order for Cuba to write good essays Kensington Park qualify for easing or lifting the embargo.

The government of Cuba remains in how to essay of Birmingham communism, living conditions are still below international standards and remains restrictions on freedom of speech and labour unions. Since Cuba has not met these conditions, the United States should remain the embargo. (Klashcol, 2014) 2. Since Cuba has not able to meet the conditions specified by the US law, ending the embargo would make the United States and its government look weak. It would look towards other countries that the United States does not have a spine and this is not the message that should be send out to the rest of the essay writing Academy, world. (Guggenheim, 2015) 3. Every time the United States is trying to ease some of the restrictions, the Cuban government is how to essay The University of Birmingham taking advantage of this. Does Critical Mean. This is raising concerns about what would happen if the restrictions were completely lifted. An example of essay The University, this would be that President Obama tried to improve relations by what thinking allow unlimited travel to Cuba to visit family members in 2009. The Cuban government responded to this by how to a summary The University of Birmingham arresting an American aid worker and ielts writing Academy, send him to prison for write a summary essay of Birmingham, 15 years. (Guggenheim, 2015) 4. Another pro for the United States of maintaining the write good, embargo would be that they are able to put pressure on the Cuban government to improve human rights if they do keep the embargo. If Cuba wants to how to a summary The University be part of how to write a great Academy, world trade and other elements the how to, government of the what critical mean St. Michaels School, United States is able to use the embargo as an a summary essay The University, negotiation tool. (Klashcol, 2014)

5. Since there is write narrative essays Park no private sector in Cuba, lifting the embargo would only help the government to get more rich instead of helping the Cuban citizens. Since there is an over 90% state-owned economy in Cuba, open trade would improve the government however the citizens would remain the same. (Guggenheim, 2015) 6. Since the embargo still allows for Cuban-Americans to visit family members and send money to family in Cuba, the government of the United States is able to target the write essay of Birmingham, government instead of the Cuban citizens. Also humanitarian and educational travel permits are issued to help improve the life of Cuban citizens. (Klashcol, 2014) 7. Services Reviews. The United States should hold on to the embargo for a little longer. Fidel Castro gave power to his brother Ra??l Castro because of how to a summary essay of Birmingham, health issues. However, Ra??l Castro is over 80 years old as well and it might be a smart thing to do to wait for a new leader to arrive to prevent issues and negotiations to how to write a article in english Chigwell School happen two times. (Klashcol, 2014) 8. Write A Summary The University Of Birmingham. The majority of the Cuban-American inhabitants support the remaining of the embargo.

Since these people understand the situation the best there must be listened to the opinions of these people. The majority of the Cuban-Americans support the embargo since it has served as a constant form of solidarity within the essay reviews School, Cubans for more than 50 years. (Klashcol, 2014) 9. Cuba has been on the list of terrorism of the US since 1982. Cuba should remain on essay The University, this list since it has been repeatedly supporting acts of terrorism. An example of this would be the shot down of two American aircrafts which killed four people in essay 1996. Write A Summary Essay The University Of Birmingham. Furthermore Cuba is suspected of supporting armed insurgencies in Africa and Latin America. (Guggenheim, 2015) 10.

The United States has been showing several times the willingness to negotiate steps to improve the diplomatic relations however Fidel Castro has been calling this ‘stupid’ several times and he stated once that ‘many things will change in Cuba but not thanks to the United States. Perhaps that empire will fall first.’ (Guggenheim, 2015) 11. Open travel is insufficient to promote change in Cuba. There are many other countries already that allow open travel to Cuba but without any result. Canada is currently the main market of Cuba and how to good narrative essays Park, this democratic country has not been able to promote any form of democracy. Write A Summary Essay The University Of Birmingham. Most Cuban citizens are still not allowed to visit touristic areas, resorts and beaches (Klashcol, 2014) 3.5.2 Cons for the United States Maintaining the Embargo. 1. The embargo should be ended since it has failed to achieve its goal. The embargo is more than 50 years old and it has not helped to create democracy in Cuba.

The over 50 years sanctions have not been able to does critical School change the regime or the communism and proceeding with this is not going to change anything in the future either. 2. The embargo is a relic of the Cold War. The relationship between Cuba and the Soviet Union raised concern by the United States of their national security, however this should be seen as history now. Cuba is how to write a summary The University not a military threat to the United States and the embargo cannot be used anymore as fear of writing Istituto London, communism spreading towards other countries. 3. How To Write Essay The University Of Birmingham. The embargo limits export and the United States misses out on $1.2 billion every year because of missed exports.

Especially American famers miss out on money because they are not allowed to send any sugar anymore to Cuba. If the writing tips Academy, embargo would be lifted, the average farmer in America would notice the economic difference in 2 to 3 years. Furthermore lifting the embargo could create 6000 jobs in America in the agricultural sector. 4. The embargo should be lifted since it is harming the Cuban citizens and not effective harming the write a summary The University, government as intended. Writing Istituto Marangoni London. Cubans are denied from many elements such as medicine, affordable food and other necessities and how to a summary essay The University, technology which could be provided by the United States. An example of this would be a report by the Amnesty International in 2011 that stated that the embargo has caused a significant rise in deaths and suffering Cubans. The Cubans miss out on what does critical mean St. Michaels, expert medical opinions and treatments.

Many medicines are not available because of the embargo since these medicines were issued by US companies and organizations. 5. As it comes to travel restrictions, Cuba should not be the only nation that that is write a summary essay of Birmingham off limit. Other communism such as China and North Korea if issued a visa for these countries. Furthermore other countries that are listed on the list of State Sponsors of Terrorism are allowed to be visited as well. It is unfair to create sanctions for a country like Cuba. 6. It is quite unfair for American citizen to not be able to graphic organizers writing Istituto travel to another country as means of forcing another country to how to write essay implement democracy and to embrace freedom. 7. The majority of the Americans believes that the embargo should be lifted. There should be listened to the citizen of the United States and Cuba since these are the what does thinking University, people involved in this issues and also notice the changes the most. 8. Cuban-American believe that the embargo is how to write The University of Birmingham not working. The majority believes that the embargo has not been realised as what it was promised to do. Although these people are also the ones that believe the embargo should be remained since it provides to them a form of solidarity.

However, the embargo has not achieved what it promised to achieved and thus is the embargo irrelevant. 9. Isolation of one country is not working to promote democracy. Free trade would.an example would be the how to write admissions essay St. Johnsbury Academy, trade with China. This led to economic reforms that brought 100 million people above the poverty line. Furthermore this improved access to education and health care. 10. How To Of Birmingham. Since the government of college, Cuba is blaming all the issues in Cuba on the United States, their view on write, their own weaknesses is completely gone. Lifting the embargo would make the government create an insight on the problems that are still occurring after lifting the embargo such as the lack of medicine, the how to write essays Kensington Park School, plumbing systems and how to write a summary essay of Birmingham, water solutions. 11. Most countries in the world opposes the embargo. Tips Domus Academy. In 2013 188 countries in how to essay The University the UN General Assembly voted for lifting the embargo.

Most countries of the worlds, especially the main tourism suppliers of Cuba such as Canada, Italy, Spain and how to good narrative essays, Germany, think that the US sanctions make the United States look childish and stubborn. 12. The Cuban people are not able to benefit of the current progressing technology and information because of the embargo and are being hold back because of this matter. All United States websites are blocked in Cuba and essay of Birmingham, connection is still very bad. 3.5.3 Advantages for Cuba Lifting the Embargo. 1. The United States is a potential number one tourism market since many US citizens are attracted to the country, they have relatives in Cuba and is a nearby holiday destination. Besides that the borders of Cuba has been closed for a long time for people from the United States which created more curiosity. If travel from the United States to Cuba will finally be allowed (for the 12 catagories), the how to write a article Chigwell School, main tourism market will become the United States and lots of money can be generated from this.

Having an American embassy in Cuba again will help this process as well. 2. After the lifting of the embargo Cuba will be able to trade again with the United States. Import and export of good will lead to essay The University a growth for the Cuban economy. An example of this would be the ielts essay writing tips Domus Academy, producing of sugar in the United States. Many years ago this sugar was imported by a summary essay Cuba since this was the cheapest and nearest country to import sugar from. After the embargo Cuba had to write Kensington Park import sugar from countries all over the world and has been costing lots of how to write of Birmingham, money. (Appendix X Interviews) 3. Lifting the embargo will make it possible for how to write in english School, American citizens to send more money to how to write of Birmingham relatives in Cuba which is a pro for Cuban citizens since this might make families more wealthy. 4. One of the promises of the how to write a article, United States is to help Cuba improve the technology within the country. Cuba is missing out on lots of information and knowledge because o f a lack of technology for example the write The University, internet.

5. Cuba will benefit from the writing reviews Preparatory School, American companies and partners location in the country. Cuba can learn a lot from write The University of Birmingham these businesses and how to admissions essay Academy, creates benefits on the long term since Cubans might be able in the future to start a company or connect with the American ones. 6. The United States is willing to provide humanitarian aid in Cuba since there is how to write a summary essay of Birmingham still lots of poverty all over the country. Cubans are able to essay writing services reviews Marianapolis Preparatory improve living conditions thanks to the help of the how to a summary, United States. 7. The new policy will also make it easier for how to good essays Kensington School, Americans to provide business training and Cubans will have the opportunity to develop themselves and their businesses. The private sector in Cuba will be explored. 8. How To Essay Of Birmingham. Remittance levels will be raised and no specific license is needed anymore. This way it will be much easier to support the Cubans, private businesses or human projects and this would be a huge benefit for essay writing tips, Cubans. 9. Many tourists in Cuba buy the relatively cheap alcohol and tobacco, for example the famous Havana Club Rum and the cigars.

Licensed travellers from the United States will be allowed to import $400 worth of good to the US instead of the usual $100. Americans will be able to import more worth of goods to the United States and Cuba will earn more money because of these sold goods. 10. Because of the increase tourism and write a summary of Birmingham, indirect consequences many jobs will be generated since a lot more work needs to be executed to provide products for everybody. 11. Cuba will be removed from the list of terrorism and other countries will approach Cuba in a different way. Cuba will be able to promote themselves without being referred to as a ‘supporter of terrorism’. 12.

Cuba will be allowed to participate in the 2015 Summit of the good Park School, Americas which will be held in Panama. This will be an opportunity for the government of Cuba to show other countries that they are willing to make a change and try the best they can. 13. The United States has always been an important factor in world domination and many countries support and respect the essay The University of Birmingham, US a lot. Normalizing relations between Cuba and the US will lead to different views from other countries as well towards Cuba and writing services Preparatory School, might gain more respect in the future. 3.5.4 Disadvantages for a summary of Birmingham, Cuba Lifting the Embargo.

1. Since Ra??l Castro is not planning on channing the communism approach into a democratic approach most of the economic advantages of write a article in english, lifting the embargo will go straight to the government instead of the citizens and people might economically not even notice the how to write essay The University of Birmingham, change. How To Write Essay St. Johnsbury. (BUDL Novice Evidence Packet, 2014) 2. Write A Summary Essay The University. For many years already, according to people with knowledge in this field, the United States is how to a article Chigwell planning on essay of Birmingham, drilling oil in graphic writing Istituto Marangoni Cuba. Since the The University, embargo is the only thing that is holding them back, lifting the embargo might become an essay writing tips, issue. The Cuban technology is not improved enough and there is a lack of information and knowledge to start these procedures themselves. How To Write Essay Of Birmingham. The United States might take the step if the embargo is essay writing Marianapolis Preparatory lifted. (BUDL Novice Evidence Packet, 2014) 3. Lifting the embargo might bring lots of positive effect because of the increase of tourism however this will create negative influences for the environment as well. More tourists will cause more pollution, biodiversity might reduce and for example the ocean might get polluted because of other waste from cruise ships. (BUDL Novice Evidence Packet, 2014) 3.6 Changes for the Tourism Industry’ 3.7 After the release of the write essay The University of Birmingham, statement.

Barack Obama suggested in his speech of December 2014 that Cuba would participate in the Summit of 2015 organized in Panama. The summit of the Americas is organized in 2015 for the 7th times and this year it was held in Panama-City, Panama. The summit is organized to bring the leaders of the Americas which include North America (which includes the essay services School, Caribbean and Central-America) and South America to discuss issues that are important or have influence on all countries participating. This year Panama’s government also invited Cuba since the United States hinted that they would appreciate an invitation for Cuba. The two leaders of The University, Cuba and the United States have been in the spotlight ever since the start of the essay writing Preparatory, Summit of the write a summary The University of Birmingham, Americas in what thinking mean University School Panama which was held on the 11th and 12 of April 2015.

The organization, all participating leaders and people from all over the world following the Summit of the Americas were focussed on the meeting between Obama and Castro and a summary The University of Birmingham, what this would mean for both nations and the rest of the world. How To Write Good Essays. Although everybody was surprised in that Obama shook the hand of Castro in December 2013 on the memorial day of Nelson Mandela, at write this point everybody was waiting for how to School, Obama and Castro to meet again and shake their hands which again would be a historical moment for both countries. On the write essay The University of Birmingham, 11th of April they did shake hands during a general meeting with all participating leaders (Appendix X) and this image became worldwide news. A Great College Essay St. Johnsbury Academy. The handshake became worldwide news because it shows to the world that both leaders are really willing to work on re-establishing the relations. The handshake shows respect for each other, honesty during their speeches and how to write, it shows trust in promises both have been made. On the 12th of good narrative Kensington, April the organization of the Summit of the Americas organized a special meeting for Barack Obama and Ra??l Castro so that both parties could talk about differences and issues face to face and how to a summary The University of Birmingham, later that day a conference has been held.

Ra??l Castro gave a speech for 45 minutes in which he explained a part of the Cuban history evolving towards the moment that Obama released the statement of re-establishing the diplomatic relations. He explained that although the differences between both leaders, there are also many things in common and does University, Castro explained he is very sure difficulties will be overcome if both of them communicate very well. Also he believes that Barack Obama is an honest man. (Appendix X) At the end of this day both leaders shook hands again which again showed to the world that this is a statement of promise and respect toward each other. Chapter 4: Perceptions of Americans #038; Cubans. 4.1 American Inhabitants. 4.1.1 The research. A survey was conducted among American inhabitants upon their perception on the US ‘ Cuba embargo and the changing policy.

The research was conducted by write a summary essay a nationwide telephone survey of 1024 randomly selected United States inhabitants of 18 and older by the Atlantic Council. (Maslin #038; Bolger, 2014). For Essay Istituto London. The sample margin of error is 3.1% at a 95% confidence level. Surveys were conducted in January from the how to write a summary The University, 7th until the 22nd 2014. (Maslin #038; Bolger, 2014) The complete results of the survey can be found in Appendix X. 4.1.2 The General Results. The American inhabitants were asked about what critical mean St. Michaels University School their perception on the changing policy and if they are in favour of changing the situation.56% of the participants stated that they are in favour of changing the policy, a minority of 35% oppose the change and 9% doesn’t know. The majority of the US inhabitants agree with the how to write The University, government and are in favour of changing the policy. Furthermore a majority of how to a great admissions essay St. Johnsbury, 85% believes that the US government has no diplomatic relation, trade or travel with Cuba and has a worse relationship with the government than for how to write a summary essay, example with Mexico, Vietnam and how to write college admissions essay St. Johnsbury, Iran. Only a small percentage of 10% believes the Cuban government and the US government do have a relationship and the other 5% does not know. This means that the majority of the how to a summary essay, Americans believe indeed that there are no relations at how to write a article Chigwell all between both nations and most of them are in favour of changing this. Moreover the survey included a question if the US government should ‘normalize’ or ‘engage’ with the Cuban government. Normalizing the situation could be described as changing the policy so that both governments can work together in necessary occasions and decent rules and regulations would be applied although there would still be a certain distance between both countries and engaging would mean completely change the current ‘no relation policy’ to write a summary of Birmingham an engaging policy in which all restrictions are released and history will be forgotten.

60% of the graphic writing Istituto London, participants filled in that they favour normalizing the relations with Cuba and how to of Birmingham, 33% opposed. To the question what Americans think about engaging with Cuba 52% is in favour of engaging with Cuba and 27% opposed. The left over percentages are the people that have no opinion or they simply don’t know. Although the difference between the how to a great admissions St. Johnsbury, percentages of normalizing and engaging is small, we can conclude that the majority favours normalizing in how to this moment in time. In the beginning of the survey the participants were asked if they favour or oppose changing the Cuban policy. This question has been reformed into a new question to see if the thinking mean University, participants still feel the same in this matter. The question ‘Do you support changing US policy so that the US can coordinate with Cuba on issues important to both nations’? was asked and 77% said they would support this compared to a 20% that still opposed. Since the question is based more directly on a certain subject, the ‘don’t know’ percentage is much more low than before. The question is directed again to another important subject due to write changing the diplomatic relations which is includes allowing US companies to for essay do more business in Cuba.

62% supports this matter and 36% opposed. Furthermore the majority of 52% of the participants also believes that the US should allow Cuba to have access to high speed internet and other telecommunication systems based in the US. The researchers stated to the survey participants that the Cuba trade embargo is estimated to cost the US economy $4.8 billion in exports and related economic output per year and to that question 60% answered that it is important to strengthen the relations whether this means normalizing or engaging, against write a summary essay, a 40% that is in favour of keeping the embargo. Furthermore 53% does not believe that Cuba should be on the list of terrorism next to Iran, Syria and Sudan. However 40% believes Cuba should be on the list of terrorism.

7% doesn’t know. Although there gap between the opinions are not major, most of the participants are in favour of changing the relationship with Cuba and how to write a great college essay Academy, moving forward compared to keeping the relations as the way they are. The majority of the write essay, survey participants from America believes it is time to make a change whether this means normalizing or engaging. Appendix X. 4.1.3 The Tourism Related Results. Among the Americans several questions were asked as well about how to write Kensington their opinions about the current travel restrictions with the Cuba and what this should be in how to a summary essay The University of Birmingham the future. How To Chigwell School. The question if all restrictions on how to write a summary The University of Birmingham, travelling as an American to Cuba was asked and essay writing services reviews Preparatory School, 60% supported that suggestion against a percentage of 36% that believes this should be possible in the near future.

4% did not have an how to, opinion or doesn’t know what to answer. The majority believes that travel restrictions should be changed and in graphic organizers writing London the future traveling to Cuba as an American inhabitant should be possible. Moreover, 61% support the suggestion of removing restriction on US inhabitants to spend dollars in Cuba. 35% believes this should not be possible which is only 1% different compared to the previous question which have quite a strong connection. In this case also 4% does not know what to answer. 4.2 Cuban-American inhabitants.

4.2.1 The research. A survey among the Cuban-American community has been conducted by the School of International and Public Affairs to review the opinions upon the current US embargo for a summary The University of Birmingham, Cuba. This research has been done for how to write good essays School, more than 20 years, however the survey in 2014 has been an important one because of the changes in the policy. The School of International and Public Affairs researched upon the interests and perceptions associated with the policy such as travel restrictions, investment opportunities, trade, immigration policy and diplomatic engagement among Cuban-Americans. The FIU Cuba Poll was conducted from February until May 2014. A random sample of 1000 Cuban-American inhabitants of Miami-Dade country aged 18+.

Interviews were conducted via telephone and were held in both Spanish and English depending on the preference of the interviewee. Essay Of Birmingham. The margin of error is 3.1% at the 95% confidence level. (Grenier, 2014) 4.2.2 The General results. The survey started off with the question if the Cubans living in the US believe that the embargo has worked in any way and the majority of writing reviews School, 71% replied with a no, is hasn’t worked at how to write a summary The University of Birmingham all or not very well. The other 29% believes the a great admissions essay St. Johnsbury, embargo has worked well or very well in the past. Most of the participants stated a that according to them, the embargo did not worked as how it should have worked or what the participants believe the embargo should have done, caused or prevented. However, after this question the following question was asked: ‘Do you favour or oppose the continuing US embargo of how to a summary The University of Birmingham, Cuba’?. Does St. Michaels. To this question a surprisingly small majority opposes the continuing of the embargo and 48 percent believes the US embargo of Cuba should continue. During this research, the researchers also asked beforehand the educational level of the participants. Most of the people that answered this question with ‘favour’ have had, on write a summary essay The University, an average base, less education or no education at all compared to the other 52% that voted ‘oppose’. However this surprising outcome, statistics from over the last 25 years show that in 1991 still 87% of the participants were in favour of the continuing of the Embargo which is now only 45% in 2014.

After this quite general and broad question the how to college essay St. Johnsbury Academy, researchers implemented some questions that focus on specific elements of the embargo. The participants were asked if they believe that it should be allowed that US companies sell medicine to how to Cuba. 73% is in favour of lifting the embargo so that US companies will be able to sell medicine to Cuba. A minority of 18% believes this should not be possible. To the question if US companies should be allowed to sell food to Cuba, 77 percent said they are in favour if this actually would happen against writing, a minority of 23% that would oppose. Furthermore these question combined created a new question. Some of the US companies managed to establish some limited business relations with Cuba as it comes to how to a summary essay of Birmingham selling medicine, grain and other agricultural products. Should this kind of trade be expanded, kept the how to college Academy, same or stopped? The majority of how to essay of Birmingham, 48% believes that this kind of trade should be expanded in the future. 28 percent believes this should be kept the same against 24 percent that says this should be stopped in the near future.

The participants were asked if they favour or oppose the US re-establishing of diplomatic relations with Cuba and a majority of 68 percent said yes. Critical Mean St. Michaels University School. The other 32% opposed the write The University, idea of write Academy, re-establishment with Cuba. This is how to The University of Birmingham a quite surprising answer compared to the answer in the beginning of the questionnaire which was about the continuing of the embargo and a small majority of what critical thinking mean University School, 52% claimed that they oppose continuing with the embargo. Lifting the embargo or re-establishment of diplomatic relations comes quite close to each other however the respondents answer different and are more unanimous about re-establishing the diplomatic relations than they are unanimous about continuing the embargo. In 1966, the Cuban Adjustment Act stated that Cuban citizens may get a green card and how to a summary essay The University of Birmingham, become residents of the US one year after arriving in the country.

However, this automatic application process is not applicable for other immigration groups. This can be seen as unfair and the participants were asked if they favour or oppose the current policy of accepting Cubans into the US. 86% answered that they favour the current rules and regulations of Cubans getting a green card after one year of arrival in the United States. Only 14 opposes this situation. Furthermore, Cubans that leave Cuba by raft or boat can be sent back to Cuba, however if they reach US soil they are allowed to stay. Participants were asked about their thoughts on this matter as well and 63% agreed with this rule. The other 37% believes that this should not be possible.

Besides that the Cuban-Americans were asked about the list of terrorism and if they believe that Cuba should be on the list that supports terrorism and 63% replied with a ‘yes, keep Cuba on the list’ against 37% that replied with ‘no, remove Cuba from the list’. This was quite a surprise according to the researchers however they found an applicable explanation for these answers. The researchers believe that the Cuban-Americans know very well what is going on in their country of birth and probably also had to write a article in english School escape from Cuba to the US to create a better live. They know how it is to live in communism and might believe that whenever there is still communism in of Birmingham Cuba, America should not take Cuba of the a article in english Chigwell School, list of terrorism. However, the researchers stated this as an possible option for these responses but is not proven. The participants were asked if they would vote for a candidate who supports the re-establishment of diplomatic relations with Cuba and only 27% of the participants said it would be likely to vote for someone that is willing to establish the write essay of Birmingham, relations with Cuba against a majority of 72%. Furthermore the question was asked if it would be likely to vote for a candidate who supports replacing the graphic organizers for essay Istituto Marangoni London, embargo with increased support for independent small business owners in Cuba and to this question 58% said it would be likely to vote for a candidate that supports this. Moreover the participants were asked if they would vote for a candidate that supports replacing the embargo with support for increasing pressure on the Cuban government over human rights and 81% responded that it would be very likely they would vote for a candidate supporting that. It is obvious that the Cuban-Americans are not very interested in re-establishing the relations for Americas sake but are interested in creating more opportunities for Cuba and improve the human rights and write The University of Birmingham, the system instead of lifting all rules and good, regulations that influence America since that does not mean to them so much.

4.2.3 The Tourism Related Results. Questions about the tourism restrictions were asked to a summary essay The University of Birmingham the Cuban-Americans as well and with 69 percent they voted that unrestricted travel by all Americans to Cuba should not be allowed against a 31% that said it should be allowed. Over the last 23 years this opinion is quite different than before. In 1999 44% stated that unrestricted travel by all Americans to organizers Marangoni London Cuba should be allowed. In 2014 this percentage increased to 69. Furthermore the researchers stated that currently all Americans can travel to how to write a summary essay The University Cuba in people to people trips organized by special travel agencies and designed to encourage communication among citizens of the writing, USA and citizens of Cuba.

These trips are usually organized for write essay of Birmingham, educational, religious or research purposes. 71% favours these types of travel against 29% that opposes the continuing of this type of travel to Cuba. 4.3 Cuban inhabitants. 4.3.1 The Research. The research among Cuban inhabitants is ielts writing tips Academy conducted during the field research in Cuba. 22 Cuban inhabitants working in the tourism sector have been interviewed and 10 of those interviews have been selected for this research. A error of 12 interviewees is due to the issues with freedom of speech and the honesty of the participants which made many of the interviews unreliable. A Summary The University. The research is executed until an amount of 10 decent interviews was reached. Interviews were held in English. 4.3.2 The Results. Although the many different opinions and points of view, and whether the what does critical thinking mean, lifting of the embargo is an advantage or a disadvantage for people involved, it is sure that change will come for the Cubans.

In all interviews held it is stated direct and a summary The University of Birmingham, indirect that Cuba needs change whether this is lifting the embargo or change in another form. Cuba needs change because the country is not developing at all but standing still for many years. (Appendix X Interviews). Based upon the research conducted in Cuba, lifting the embargo will create change for different elements which will improve the situation in Cuba. However, according to the interviewees some of these elements will stay the how to write good Kensington Park, same and how to write a summary essay of Birmingham, do not require any change. All of the interviewees describe in what thinking St. Michaels their own words that according to them the Cuban culture will not change because of the arrival of the Americans (Appendix X Interviews). How To Essay The University. All of them mention that the Cuban culture is too strong to change and that the Cubans have been fighting for so many years together that this made them a strong culture and this would not be easy to change. How To Good Narrative. According to Rodolfo Fuegas the Cuban culture might be influenced because of for example MacDonald’s and Burger King however the traditional food will never fade away. Besides that, the claims that Cuba already has everything America has as well for example the movies, the music, the food and the dances but everybody loves it but this will not change that Cuban love their own traditions and their own way of dancing. That is why people want to come to Cuba in the first place.

To eat the Cuban food, to learn the dances and to listen to the Cuban music. (Appendix X Interview Hostel Casa Caribe). According to the interviewees the Cuban culture is one of the reasons the tourists are interested in visiting Cuba however the majority also believes that the USA will have an influence as well on certain things such as having specific types of food and write a summary The University of Birmingham, beverage the Americans are used to narrative (Appendix X Interviews). Most of the how to essay The University, interviewees immediately name fast food chains such as KFC or Burger King or famous American drinks such as Coca Cola and Fanta, however they all agree that the Cuban Cola will not disappear, and their own types of fast food such as the essay writing tips, Cuban Pizza which is slightly different from the regular pizza will be part of the a summary essay The University of Birmingham, Cuban lifestyle even if the college essay St. Johnsbury, American tourists require their products, habits and other cultural aspects. (Appendix X Interviews) One of the advantages for the Cubans will be the jobs that will be generated with the increase of tourism numbers. Not only in the tourism industry but in other fields jobs will be generated as well. How To Write Essay. For example the construction needs more people to how to write Kensington Park prepare the country for the changes.

Buildings need to be build, jobs will be generated to a summary essay The University of Birmingham construct proper roads, facilities need to be improved and lots of jobs will be generated at import and export companies. One of the things that will change and the Cubans will profit from as well is the infrastructure. All interviewees mention the importance of the improvement of technology since the Cubans feel very subordinated compared to other country as it comes to this element and they all mention internet as the does critical mean St. Michaels University School, first thing that needs to change. Cubans believe the advent of having internet is very important for write a summary essay The University, the future development of Cuba. (Appendix X Interviews) Now a days internet in Cuba is graphic for essay writing Istituto Marangoni very rare and how to write essay of Birmingham, very expensive. For Cubans the internet is good narrative available for a few minutes per day, it is always very slow and how to write of Birmingham, most of the time it will disconnect. The tourists have the possibility to pay for internet in the higher-positioned hotels which is around 5 CUC (‘5) for 30 minutes. This option is possible for Cubans as well but for most of them way too expensive.

There is a lot of complaining about the lagging technology in Cuba and the internet is the biggest issue according to the inhabitants (Appendix X interviews). The interviewees explain that the organizers for essay Istituto Marangoni London, lifting of the The University, embargo might enhance many difficult circumstances in Cuba however the country will remain in graphic Marangoni London communism and the government might decide to not improve technological elements such as the internet. Because of the lack of essay The University of Birmingham, technology and other resources such as the lack of internet, the Cubans miss out on information and knowledge. Cuba is narrative essays Kensington Park one of the few countries that are underdeveloped as it comes to the flow of information and knowledge. The government of Cuba which is having a communist ideology believes that the inhabitants do not need more information than what is happening in the country or in the city they live in. The newspapers in Cuba do almost not include any foreign information and the government blocked many informative websites on the internet. The overall opinion of the how to a summary essay The University of Birmingham, interviewees is write college essay St. Johnsbury Academy that lifting the a summary essay The University of Birmingham, embargo will ease the flow of write essay, information and how to a summary essay of Birmingham, knowledge. (Appendix X Interviews) President Barack Obama stated that commercial export of certain items that will contribute to the ability of the Cubans to a great admissions St. Johnsbury Academy communicate with the USA and the rest of the world will be authorized.

This would include applications, hardware, communication devices and related software. Besides that telecommunication providers will be allowed to how to a summary of Birmingham settle and provide commercial telecommunication and internet services which will improve communication between the USA and Cuba (Appendix X Statement of Change). According to in english the opinions of the interviewees the need of information and knowledge is a summary The University of Birmingham definitely a need to improve the how to in english Chigwell, living conditions but are sceptical. Cubans are wondering if this will ever happen since the government of Cuba is still able to decline the offers and to leave the technology for what it is. According to a summary of Birmingham Ronaldo Carlos Baster the government wants to keep the isolation for the Cuban people.

If they are able to get too much information and knowledge from the outside, people will start an insurgency. One day the government tells us that they will take the opportunities of the essay writing services Marianapolis Preparatory School, USA with both hands and the next day they will tell us that we will remain living in communism. Cubans cannot build on that and how to essay The University of Birmingham, the inhabitants don’t know what to write good narrative essays Kensington School believe anymore. (Appendix X Ronaldo’s Backpackers) Chapter 5: The Supply of Cuba. Cuba Demographics Profile. 2,116 million inhabitants.

Currency CUP #038; CUC. Population growth rate -0,41% Net migration rate -3.64 migrants/1000 population. Urbanization Urban population: 75,1% of total population (2011) Rate of urbanization: -0,08% annual rate of change (2011) Gross Domestic Product $68,233,900,000. Gross Domestic Product Growth rate 2,7% (2014)

Gross National Income $57,071,377,115. Export 5587.70 million. Import 14778.00 million. Birth rate 9.9 births/1000 population. Death rate 7.64 deaths/1000 population.

Life expectancy at essay The University of Birmingham birth Total Population: 78,22 years. Male: 75.92 years. Female: 80.65 years. Unemployment rate 3.3 % Ethnic groups White: 64,1% Religions Roman Catholic: 60% Note: Prior to Castro’s assuming power. Diseases: Risk: intermediate. Food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhoea #038; hepatitis A.

Vector borne diseases: Dengue fever. Figure 1( (Cuba Demographics Profile 2014, 2014) 5.1.1 Current Markets. Although Cuba is experiencing economic and social problems for writing Preparatory, years already, there is a major level of interest in travel to the country from people from all over the world. Cuba is able to provide diverse culture, existing and potential attractions, architectural history and much more makes Cuba an interesting destination which has been noticed by tourists for many years already. From 1988 till 1993 the total amount of tourism arrivals increased from how to write a summary The University 309,200 in 1988 to 546,000 in 1993 which is an annual growth of 12%. This number increased to 619,200 in 1993 which is an annual growth of 13% in writing services reviews just one year.

In 1995 this number even increased with a higher percentage of 20 which represents an amount of 741,700 international arrivals compared to the year before. The main reason for the major tourism increase in 1995 was the results of a hurricane damage to several other Caribbean islands at the end of 1994. In 1996 tourism numbers reached a new record which was 990.000 visitors and Cuba got placed on how to essay The University, the 5th most visited island of the Caribbean. Services Reviews Marianapolis Preparatory School. (Suddaby, 1997) From 1996 on how to a summary The University, the international tourism arrivals reached above the writing tips Domus Academy, million visitors per year and started to increase with an average around 4,6% per year until 2000. In 2001 the terrorist attacks in how to write essay The University of Birmingham the United States caused fear among tourists and also in Cuba this was noticeable since the tourism numbers dropped until the end of 2002. Tourism arrivals decreased by 5% compared from ielts tips 2001 and is only 5% higher than the tourism arrivals in 1999. From 2003 till 2005 the tourism industry of how to essay The University, Cuba seems to be recovering and the number of arrival increased again and at the end of 2005 Cuba reached an increase of 45% compared to 1999. From the end of 2005 until 2007 numbers started to drop again which is a combination of changing governmental rules and regulations and increase of price of currency converting of the Pesos with 10%. (Data Bank Cuba, 2014) From 2008 until 2013 the international number of tourists arrivals is does critical mean School increasing every year.

In 2013 this number almost reached the 2.9 million arrivals. In 2014 the write essay The University, number of international tourism arrivals reached a record more or less 3.003 million visitors. This number is an how to a great admissions essay Academy, estimation and unofficial since this is how to write essay The University not published yet by the offical national bureau of statiscics and information of Cuba. (Ubanell, 2015). This number was already expected to increase but increased more rapidly because of the statement of President Barack Obama in how to write a great essay December 2014. From this moment on, tourists for all over the world decided to how to essay visit Cuba since now they believe this will still be the graphic organizers Istituto, Cuba with its culture and Cuba always has been before all Americans will arrive in 2015 or the year after.

2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013. International Tourism Number of Arrivals 2.348.340. Difference Previous Year +3,5 +4,2 +7,3 +4,5 +0,5. (Oficina Nacional De Estadistica E Informac??on, 2014) From 1998 Europe has been the major market for Cuba, however over the years Canadians have become very interested in Cuba and became the biggest market. A Summary Essay The University Of Birmingham. Fom 1998 on the United States always had a small market share in the cuban tourism sector with an averyage of tips Domus, 3% each year. The University Of Birmingham. South-American countries have formed a market for Cuba as well however not as big as the European market and does critical mean, has been decreasing as well over the years.

In the 90’s the a summary The University, Mexican market was quite an important market as well however over the years this became less and less and since 2002 Mexico can be segmented in write the target group ‘others’. Countries with a low amount of international arrivals in Cuba have been catagorized in ‘others’ including countries from all over the world, especially countries from Asia and Africa since they form a small market. Since 2005 Canada is the major market of Cuba. Now a day with 38% of the total market share, Canadians travel the most to Cuba. Canadian policies are very different and more accessible between the two nations compared to write of Birmingham the USA. Besides that, the nearness of Cuba is for Canada a major plus since Cuba is the perfect closest destination that looks like paradise. The second largest market is the how to write good narrative essays Kensington Park, UK, however almost 4 times smaller than the Canadian market with around 175.000 visitors average per year.

However this market is decreasing from 2008 on. The third largest market is Garmany which has a bit more amount of visitors than the a summary essay The University, following markets which are France and Italy. Four out of five countries that provide main tourism in Cuba are European countries. The United States is ranked sixth which makes North-America and Europe the how to write college admissions, main markets for Cuba. How To Write A Summary. North-America is providing 1.964 million tourists in 2013 and Europe 0.81 million. Although these are the main market areas for how to narrative Park School, Cuba there is how to write essay a big gap between both.

This is due to Canada which is 7,4 times as big as the second largest market which is the St. Michaels University School, United Kingdom. Other countries providing smaller markets for Cuba are Latin American countries and other carribean islands. The complete list can be found in the Appendix X. (Oficina Nacional De Estadistica E Informac??on, 2014) The direct contribution of travel #038; tourism to GDP in millions has been increasing agan form 2009. In 2008 there was a dip due to the economic crisis however a year later the direct contribution of travel and tourism started to increase again and has been equally been increasing every year since. In 2013 the direct contribution was 1,95 million of the total GDP of how to write essay, Cuba which was 78107 million. Since 2008 the percentage of the tourism and travel of the gross domestic product is decreasing. This means that Cuba is becoming less dependent on the tourism and what thinking mean St. Michaels University School, travel industry, and is able to how to write essay of Birmingham create their own economy and business around other elements such as import, export andagriculture. The total contribution of tourism and essay services Preparatory School, travel to GDP can be devided into direct, indirect and write, induced. Although the direct contribution of travel and tourism to GDP might not seem a lot, the indirect and write college essay St. Johnsbury, induced influences of write essay of Birmingham, travel and tourism make a big difference in contribution of the GDP. Direct contribution can be described as the expenditures of tourists that are directly expended on tourism products such as accomodation, transportation and attractions.

Indirect travel and what does critical thinking mean St. Michaels School, tourism contribution are investments spending, government collective tourism #038; travel spending and how to essay The University, the impact of write Academy, purchases from suppliers. Induces contribution measures the GDP and how to write a summary essay of Birmingham, jobs supported of those that are directly or indirect involved in the tourism and how to a article Chigwell School, travel industry. Direct, indrect and induced contribution of travel and tourism to GDP creates a much bigger impact than only essay The University, viewing the direct contribuition. How To Write A Great College Admissions Essay St. Johnsbury. If we calculate them all together, much more money is generated thanks to how to essay The University tourism and travel and many people are directly or indirect involved in this industry. 5.1.2 Current Products. Cuba features many different products that can be described as the main products of the island that makes it so interesting for tourists to travel to Cuba. The diversity of products can be categorized to create a clear overview. La Habana, de capital of Cuba is very famous and the most well-known city of Cuba. Although it is not the biggest city, Havana is one of the main attractions for tourists because of the Domus, cultural mix, the food #038; beverage, dancing #038; music and the old coloured typical houses that decorate the write The University, streets.

The city breeds street musicians, little shops, street venders and music. Almost nobody will visit Cuba without visiting Havana and is the major pull factor to visit Cuba. Especially Havana Vieja is very attractive for most visitors and a world heritage-listed area. Appendix X. One major product for tourists are the how to a article, cigars and the cars. Those two products are symbols for many people when thinking of Cuba. Besides that, cigars and the typical cars are a cultural habit for the Cubans as well. Cigars are made by the Cubans and a popular product of use in daily life. The Cubans know very well that the cigars can be sold to tourists and will generate money.

The typical Cuban cars, seen in the advertisement next to the cigars, are very colourful and create a happy, sunny image of the country. Another product attracting tourists a lot is the art that is visible everywhere. Streets are coloured with paintings, images of a summary The University of Birmingham, Ch?? Guevara, images of occurrences in the Cuban history or daily importance’s. Having coloured houses and paintings on walls of public streets create a symbol and especially to tourists it is attractive to visit these areas since this shows lots of culture and norms and values of Cuba. ‘ Music and Dancing. Cuba is known for its music. One of the products that Cuba has to offer is the School, tango, salsa and bachata music that can be heard everywhere.

In the middle of the write essay of Birmingham, streets musicians will play their music as well in bars and Marianapolis Preparatory School, restaurants which creates a lively atmosphere and attractiveness. Besides that, dancing is done a lot in Cuba which goes together with their style of essay of Birmingham, music. Cuba offers lots of dancing classes, music classes and festivals since Cubans are all very interested in how to write good narrative Kensington music and dancing, as well tourists are very welcome. Sun, sand and sea is the major tourism product Cuba has to how to write essay The University offer. With its paradise-a-like beaches and resorts, including the palm trees, the overload of sun and how to write Chigwell School, crystal clear water, every year many tourists visit Cuba especially for its beach life. It is expected that in the following 4 years, 70% of the hotels that will be build will be located in Varadero and now a days already 63% of all hotels are located at coastal sides spread all over the country. (Knight, 2010) Tourists stay mostly in the resorts in areas such as Varadero since this area is the greatest in providing the beautiful beaches with clear water and perfect resorts.

However, nice beaches can be found all over Cuba and likely the a summary essay The University of Birmingham, resorts around these beaches are booked a lot by tourists, mainly from write a great Academy Canada and western Europe. Cuba has some amazing wildlife and beautiful nature. How To Of Birmingham. Most of the ielts writing tips Domus, unspoilt nature can be found at the south and east side of the country. The west (including Havana) and the north side dispose of cities and how to write a summary essay, touristic areas. However the south and write School, west are known for its jungle-like areas, the diverse wildlife and pristine areas. Write Essay The University Of Birmingham. These areas are mainly visited by what critical thinking University School backpackers and other tourists interested in staying in the uninhabited areas just to enjoy the beautiful surroundings and wildlife. Water Sports #038; Boating Tourism. Boating tourism and water sports is a summary one of the products Cuba is offering which is organizers for essay London not really a surprise since Cuba is an island in how to write a summary essay The University the Caribbean Sea, completely surrounded by essay writing services Marianapolis Preparatory water and beaches.

Cruise ships arrive in the harbours all the time and how to write a summary of Birmingham, tourists hop on and off on the ships. Sailors from all over the world are welcome to discover the a article School, beauty of Cuba and lots of tourists are interested in this as well. Besides that, many tourists on holiday book some boat tours or do water sports during their vacation. Cuba is a progressing country in the Antilles as it comes to how to write essay health and medical facilities. However the Cubans would always disagree because to them it is way too expensive, the for essay London, medical facilities are quite advanced and plastic surgery is a summary essay of Birmingham done as well. Although this is to Cubans very expensive, the a article, tourists love the prices and are willing to plan a trip to Cuba related to their medical situation. One of the a summary The University, major tourism products of Cuba is the sex industry.

Although this is not legalised, this is a daily fact in how to a article in english Cuba. Since the write a summary of Birmingham, wages are very low in Cuba and people need to work very hard for some money, women find it very appealing to offer themselves to (eldery) tourists that are looking for some pleasure during their holidays. The girls get payed for staying with those men and besides that, most of them will be taken out for drinks, dinners or other entertainment facilities. 5.2 Future Expectations. 2015 ‘ Explosion of other tourists from all over the world. Chapter 5: Expected Reaction Cuba.

Chapter 6: Recommendations. Boyer, D. (2013, December 15). Essay Writing Reviews Marianapolis Preparatory. Obama shakes hands with Cuba’s Raul Castro at Nelson Mandela’s funeral. Retrieved from Washington Times: http://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2013/dec/10/obama-shakes-hands-cubas-raul-castro-mandela/ Bryman, A. How To Write The University. (2012).

Social Research Methods. New York: Oxford University. (2014). BUDL Novice Evidence Packet. London. Castro, R. (2014, December 17). Speech by Cuban President Raul Castro on re-establishing U.S.-Cuba relations. Washington Post. CNN Edition. (2009, April 13).

Retrieved from Obama eases Cuba travel restrictions: http://edition.cnn.com/2009/POLITICS/04/13/cuba.travel/ Espino, M. D. (2008). International Tourism in Cuba: An Update. Grenier, G. (2014). FIU Cuba Poll. Florida International University. Guggenheim, D. (2015, January 18).

Cuban Embargo Pros and does thinking mean University, Cons. Retrieved from Aspecsec: http://apecsec.org/cuban-embargo-pros-and-cons/ Harper, C. How To A Summary Essay The University. (2011). Embargo. Retrieved from The Free Dictionary: http://www.thefreedictionary.com/embargo. Klashcol, M. (2014, December 19). Should the United States Maintain Its Embargo against Cuba?

Retrieved from cuba-embargo.procon.org: http://cuba-embargo.procon.org/#background. Knight, R. S. (2010). Tourism and the state in ielts writing Cuba: From the Past to the Future. Wiley InterScience. LeoGrande, W. (2015, March 3). The Breakthrough With Cuba: How It Happened and What Happens Next. Retrieved from Huffington Post: http://www.huffingtonpost.com/william-m-leogrande/the-breakthrough-with-cuba_b_6401040.html. Maslin, P., #038; Bolger, G. (2014).

U.S. Write A Summary Essay Of Birmingham. – Cuba Relations Issues Survey: Summary of key finding presented to the Atlantic Council. Public Opinion Strategy. Mill, R., #038; Morrison, A. (2009). The Tourism System. Writing Tips Academy. Kendall Hunt. Skwiot, C. (2010). The Purposes of Paradise: U.S. Tourism and write, Empire in Cuba #038; Hawai’i. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press. Somodevilla, C. (2014, December 25). Obama and Castro hail historic breakthrough for Cuba-US relations.

Retrieved from writing Marangoni London The Guardian: http://www.theguardian.com/us-news/live/2014/dec/17/alan-gross-cuba-prisoner-freed-obama. Spencer, R. (2009). Write A Summary Essay Of Birmingham. Development Tourism: Lessons from Cuba. England: Ashgate Publishing Limited. Ubanell, L. S. (2015, March 10). Tourism in Cuba soars to record numbers during winter season. Graphic Organizers Writing Istituto Marangoni London. Retrieved from VOXXI: http://voxxi.com/2015/03/10/record-tourism-increase-cuba/ Walcott, F. (1993). Caribbean Tourism Statistical Report.

Barbados: Culloden Farm. Wilkinson, P. F. How To. (1997). Writing Services Marianapolis Preparatory. Tourism Policy #038; Planning: Case Studies from the Commonwealth Caribbean. Ontario, Canada: York University. Statement Barack Obama December 17th 2014. Statement by the President on Cuba Policy Changes. THE PRESIDENT: Good afternoon. Today, the United States of America is changing its relationship with the people of Cuba.

In the most significant changes in how to a summary our policy in more than fifty years, we will end an outdated approach that, for ielts tips Domus, decades, has failed to advance our interests, and instead we will begin to normalize relations between our two countries. Through these changes, we intend to create more opportunities for the American and Cuban people, and begin a new chapter among the nations of the Americas. There’s a complicated history between the United States and Cuba. I was born in 1961 ‘- just over write, two years after Fidel Castro took power in Cuba, and just a few months after the ielts essay tips Domus Academy, Bay of Pigs invasion, which tried to overthrow his regime. Over the next several decades, the how to write essay, relationship between our countries played out against the backdrop of the Cold War, and America’s steadfast opposition to communism. We are separated by just over 90 miles.

But year after year, an ideological and economic barrier hardened between our two countries. Meanwhile, the Cuban exile community in the United States made enormous contributions to our country ‘- in politics and business, culture and sports. Like immigrants before, Cubans helped remake America, even as they felt a painful yearning for the land and families they left behind. All of this bound America and Cuba in a unique relationship, at once family and foe. Proudly, the United States has supported democracy and human rights in Cuba through these five decades. We have done so primarily through policies that aimed to isolate the island, preventing the most basic travel and commerce that Americans can enjoy anyplace else.

And though this policy has been rooted in the best of intentions, no other nation joins us in imposing these sanctions, and it has had little effect beyond providing the Cuban government with a rationale for restrictions on its people. Today, Cuba is still governed by the Castro’s and the Communist Party that came to power half a century ago. Neither the American, nor Cuban people are well served by a rigid policy that is what St. Michaels University rooted in events that took place before most of us were born. Consider that for how to essay The University of Birmingham, more than 35 years, we’ve had relations with China ‘- a far larger country also governed by a Communist Party. Nearly two decades ago, we re-established relations with Vietnam, where we fought a war that claimed more Americans than any Cold War confrontation. That’s why -‘ when I came into how to a article School, office -‘ I promised to re-examine our Cuba policy. How To Of Birmingham. As a start, we lifted restrictions for Cuban Americans to travel and send remittances to their families in Cuba. These changes, once controversial, now seem obvious. Cuban Americans have been reunited with their families, and are the best possible ambassadors for our values. And through these exchanges, a younger generation of Cuban Americans has increasingly questioned an approach that does more to keep Cuba closed off from an interconnected world. While I have been prepared to take additional steps for some time, a major obstacle stood in our way ‘- the essay reviews Preparatory, wrongful imprisonment, in Cuba, of a U.S. citizen and USAID sub-contractor Alan Gross for how to a summary The University, five years.

Over many months, my administration has held discussions with the Cuban government about Alan’s case, and other aspects of how to good essays Park, our relationship. His Holiness Pope Francis issued a personal appeal to me, and to Cuba’s President Raul Castro, urging us to resolve Alan’s case, and to address Cuba’s interest in write a summary The University the release of three Cuban agents who have been jailed in the United States for over 15 years. Today, Alan returned home ‘- reunited with his family at long last. Alan was released by essay services reviews Marianapolis Preparatory School the Cuban government on how to, humanitarian grounds. Separately, in exchange for the three Cuban agents, Cuba today released one of the how to write narrative essays School, most important intelligence agents that the United States has ever had in Cuba, and who has been imprisoned for nearly two decades. This man, whose sacrifice has been known to only a few, provided America with the information that allowed us to arrest the network of Cuban agents that included the men transferred to Cuba today, as well as other spies in the United States. This man is now safely on our shores. Having recovered these two men who sacrificed for our country, I’m now taking steps to place the interests of the how to a summary The University of Birmingham, people of both countries at write narrative Park School the heart of our policy.

First, I’ve instructed Secretary Kerry to immediately begin discussions with Cuba to re-establish diplomatic relations that have been severed since January of 1961. Going forward, the United States will re-establish an embassy in Havana, and high-ranking officials will visit Cuba. Where we can advance shared interests, we will -‘ on issues like health, migration, counterterrorism, drug trafficking and disaster response. Indeed, we’ve seen the a summary, benefits of cooperation between our countries before. It was a Cuban, Carlos Finlay, who discovered that mosquitoes carry yellow fever; his work helped Walter Reed fight it. Cuba has sent hundreds of health care workers to Africa to how to in english Chigwell School fight Ebola, and I believe American and Cuban health care workers should work side by side to stop the spread of this deadly disease. Now, where we disagree, we will raise those differences directly -‘ as we will continue to do on issues related to democracy and human rights in how to a summary The University of Birmingham Cuba. But I believe that we can do more to support the how to Park, Cuban people and promote our values through engagement. After all, these 50 years have shown that isolation has not worked. It’s time for a new approach. Second, I’ve instructed Secretary Kerry to how to write essay The University of Birmingham review Cuba’s designation as a State Sponsor of Terrorism.

This review will be guided by the facts and the law. Terrorism has changed in the last several decades. At a time when we are focused on threats from a article Chigwell al Qaeda to ISIL, a nation that meets our conditions and renounces the use of terrorism should not face this sanction. Third, we are taking steps to increase travel, commerce, and the flow of how to The University, information to what mean University School and from Cuba. This is fundamentally about freedom and openness, and also expresses my belief in the power of people-to-people engagement.

With the changes I’m announcing today, it will be easier for Americans to travel to Cuba, and Americans will be able to use American credit and debit cards on the island. Nobody represents America’s values better than the how to write a summary of Birmingham, American people, and I believe this contact will ultimately do more to empower the how to good Kensington Park School, Cuban people. I also believe that more resources should be able to reach the Cuban people. Write Essay Of Birmingham. So we’re significantly increasing the amount of money that can be sent to Cuba, and removing limits on remittances that support humanitarian projects, the Cuban people, and the emerging Cuban private sector. I believe that American businesses should not be put at a disadvantage, and that increased commerce is good for what thinking mean School, Americans and for Cubans.

So we will facilitate authorized transactions between the United States and how to essay, Cuba. U.S. Domus Academy. financial institutions will be allowed to The University of Birmingham open accounts at how to write in english Cuban financial institutions. And it will be easier for U.S. exporters to sell goods in Cuba. I believe in the free flow of information. Unfortunately, our sanctions on Cuba have denied Cubans access to technology that has empowered individuals around the globe.

So I’ve authorized increased telecommunications connections between the United States and Cuba. Businesses will be able to sell goods that enable Cubans to communicate with the United States and other countries. These are the steps that I can take as President to change this policy. The embargo that’s been imposed for decades is now codified in legislation. As these changes unfold, I look forward to engaging Congress in an honest and serious debate about lifting the embargo. Yesterday, I spoke with Raul Castro to finalize Alan Gross’s release and the exchange of prisoners, and to describe how we will move forward. Essay The University. I made clear my strong belief that Cuban society is constrained by restrictions on its citizens. In addition to the return of for essay Istituto Marangoni London, Alan Gross and the release of a summary essay of Birmingham, our intelligence agent, we welcome Cuba’s decision to release a substantial number of prisoners whose cases were directly raised with the Cuban government by my team. We welcome Cuba’s decision to provide more access to the Internet for its citizens, and to continue increasing engagement with international institutions like the United Nations and the International Committee of the Red Cross that promote universal values. But I’m under no illusion about the continued barriers to freedom that remain for how to write School, ordinary Cubans. The United States believes that no Cubans should face harassment or arrest or beatings simply because they’re exercising a universal right to have their voices heard, and we will continue to support civil society there.

While Cuba has made reforms to gradually open up its economy, we continue to a summary The University of Birmingham believe that Cuban workers should be free to essay tips Domus form unions, just as their citizens should be free to participate in the political process. Moreover, given Cuba’s history, I expect it will continue to pursue foreign policies that will at times be sharply at odds with American interests. I do not expect the changes I am announcing today to bring about a transformation of Cuban society overnight. A Summary Essay. But I am convinced that through a policy of engagement, we can more effectively stand up for our values and help the Cuban people help themselves as they move into the 21st century. To those who oppose the steps I’m announcing today, let me say that I respect your passion and share your commitment to liberty and essays Kensington Park, democracy. The question is how we uphold that commitment.

I do not believe we can keep doing the how to write essay The University of Birmingham, same thing for over five decades and expect a different result. Moreover, it does not serve America’s interests, or the Cuban people, to try to push Cuba toward collapse. Even if that worked -‘ and it hasn’t for 50 years ‘- we know from hard-earned experience that countries are more likely to narrative Kensington School enjoy lasting transformation if their people are not subjected to write essay The University of Birmingham chaos. We are calling on Cuba to unleash the potential of 11 million Cubans by ending unnecessary restrictions on their political, social, and what does thinking St. Michaels School, economic activities. In that spirit, we should not allow U.S. sanctions to add to the burden of Cuban citizens that we seek to help. To the Cuban people, America extends a hand of friendship.

Some of essay The University of Birmingham, you have looked to us as a source of hope, and we will continue to how to write in english shine a light of how to, freedom. Others have seen us as a former colonizer intent on controlling your future. Jos?? Mart?? once said, ‘Liberty is the right of how to college admissions essay, every man to be honest.’ Today, I am being honest with you. We can never erase the history between us, but we believe that you should be empowered to live with dignity and self-determination.

Cubans have a saying about daily life: ‘No es facil’ ‘- it’s not easy. Today, the United States wants to be a partner in how to essay of Birmingham making the how to a great Academy, lives of ordinary Cubans a little bit easier, more free, more prosperous. To those who have supported these measures, I thank you for being partners in our efforts. In particular, I want to how to thank His Holiness Pope Francis, whose moral example shows us the importance of graphic organizers writing Istituto, pursuing the world as it should be, rather than simply settling for the world as it is; the government of Canada, which hosted our discussions with the Cuban government; and a bipartisan group of essay The University, congressmen who have worked tirelessly for Alan Gross’s release, and for a new approach to advancing our interests and values in Cuba. Finally, our shift in policy towards Cuba comes at a moment of renewed leadership in the Americas. This April, we are prepared to have Cuba join the how to write School, other nations of the hemisphere at write a summary the Summit of the Americas. But we will insist that civil society join us so that citizens, not just leaders, are shaping our future. And I call on all of my fellow leaders to give meaning to the commitment to democracy and does critical St. Michaels University School, human rights at the heart of the Inter-American Charter.

Let us leave behind the legacy of both colonization and communism, the tyranny of drug cartels, dictators and sham elections. A future of greater peace, security and democratic development is possible if we work together — not to maintain power, not to secure vested interest, but instead to advance the dreams of our citizens. My fellow Americans, the city of Miami is only 200 miles or so from Havana. How To Write A Summary The University Of Birmingham. Countless thousands of Cubans have come to essay writing Academy Miami — on planes and makeshift rafts; some with little but the shirt on write a summary The University, their back and hope in their hearts. Today, Miami is graphic organizers for essay often referred to as the capital of Latin America. A Summary Essay The University. But it is also a profoundly American city -‘ a place that reminds us that ideals matter more than the color of our skin, or the critical mean University, circumstances of our birth; a demonstration of what the Cuban people can achieve, and the openness of the United States to our family to the South. Todos somos Americanos. Change is hard ‘- in our own lives, and in the lives of nations. And change is even harder when we carry the heavy weight of history on our shoulders. But today we are making these changes because it is the right thing to do. A Summary The University. Today, America chooses to cut loose the shackles of the past so as to reach for a better future ‘- for the Cuban people, for the American people, for our entire hemisphere, and for the world.

Thank you. God bless you and how to write good Park, God bless the how to write of Birmingham, United States of write a article in english Chigwell, America. President Barack Obama. (Source: Obama, 2014) Statement of Change ‘ Barack Obama. Key components establishing diplomatic relations with Cuba: ‘ The President has instructed the Secretary of State to immediately initiate discussions with Cuba on the re-establishment of diplomatic relations with Cuba, which were severed in January 1961. ‘ In the coming months, we will re-establish an write a summary essay The University, embassy in Havana and carry out high-level exchanges and visits between our two governments as part of the normalization process. For Essay Istituto London. As an initial step, the how to a summary essay of Birmingham, Assistant Secretary of State for how to write a great college essay St. Johnsbury, Western Hemisphere Affairs will lead the U.S. Delegation to the next round of U.S.-Cuba Migration Talks in January 2015, in Havana. ‘ U.S. engagement will be critical when appropriate and will include continued strong support for improved human rights conditions and democratic reforms in Cuba and other measures aimed at fostering improved conditions for the Cuban people.

‘ The United States will work with Cuba on matters of mutual concern and that advance U.S. Essay. national interests, such as migration, counternarcotic, environmental protection, and trafficking in persons, among other issues. Adjusting regulations to more effectively empower the Cuban people- ‘ The changes announced today will soon be implemented via amendments to organizers for essay Marangoni London regulations of the Departments of the Treasury and Commerce. Our new policy changes will further enhance our goal of empowering the Cuban population. ‘ Our travel and remittance policies are helping Cubans by providing alternative sources of information and write a summary essay The University of Birmingham, opportunities for self-employment and private property ownership, and by strengthening independent civil society. ‘ These measures will further increase people-to-people contact; further support civil society in Cuba; and write a great college admissions essay St. Johnsbury, further enhance the free flow of information to, from, and among the Cuban people. Persons must comply with all provisions of the revised regulations; violations of the terms and conditions are enforceable under U.S. law. Facilitating an how to a summary essay The University of Birmingham, expansion of travel under general licenses for the 12 existing categories of travel to Cuba authorized by law- ‘ General licenses will be made available for ielts Domus, all authorized travellers in the following existing categories: (1) family visits; (2) official business of the U.S. government, foreign governments, and certain intergovernmental organizations; (3) journalistic activity; (4) professional research and professional meetings; (5) educational activities; (6) religious activities; (7) public performances, clinics, workshops, athletic and other competitions, and exhibitions; (8) support for the Cuban people; (9) humanitarian projects; (10) activities of private foundations or research or educational institutes; (11) exportation, importation, or transmission of information or information materials; and (12) certain export transactions that may be considered for authorization under existing regulations and guidelines. ‘ Travellers in the 12 categories of travel to a summary Cuba authorized by law will be able to make arrangements through any service provider that complies with the what thinking mean University School, U.S. Treasury’s Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) regulations governing travel services to how to write a summary essay of Birmingham Cuba, and general licenses will authorize provision of such services.

‘ The policy changes make it easier for Americans to what critical mean University provide business training for private Cuban businesses and small farmers and provide other support for the growth of Cuba’s nascent private sector. Additional options for promoting the growth of entrepreneurship and the private sector in a summary essay The University of Birmingham Cuba will be explored. Facilitating remittances to Cuba by U.S. persons- ‘ Remittance levels will be raised from critical thinking St. Michaels University $500 to write of Birmingham $2,000 per essay tips Domus quarter for write a summary of Birmingham, general donative remittances to Cuban nationals (except to certain officials of the government or the Communist party); and donative remittances for in english School, humanitarian projects, support for the Cuban people, and how to a summary The University of Birmingham, support for the development of how to a article in english Chigwell School, private businesses in how to write a summary The University Cuba will no longer require a specific license. ‘ Remittance forwarders will no longer require a specific license. Authorizing expanded commercial sales/exports from the United States of certain goods and services- ‘ The expansion will seek to empower the nascent Cuban private sector. Items that will be authorized for export include certain building materials for private residential construction, goods for use by private sector Cuban entrepreneurs, and agricultural equipment for small farmers. This change will make it easier for how to admissions essay St. Johnsbury, Cuban citizens to have access to certain lower-priced goods to how to essay The University improve their living standards and does thinking St. Michaels School, gain greater economic independence from the state. Authorizing American citizens to import additional goods from Cuba- ‘ Licensed U.S. travellers to Cuba will be authorized to import $400 worth of goods from Cuba, of write of Birmingham, which no more than $100 can consist of tobacco products and alcohol combined. Facilitating authorized transactions between the United States and Cuba- ‘ U.S. institutions will be permitted to open correspondent accounts at Cuban financial institutions to facilitate the processing of authorized transactions.

‘ The regulatory definition of the statutory term ‘cash in advance’ will be revised to what critical thinking St. Michaels specify that it means ‘cash before transfer of how to essay, title’; this will provide more efficient financing of authorized trade with Cuba. ‘ U.S. credit and what does thinking mean St. Michaels School, debit cards will be permitted for use by a summary essay The University of Birmingham travellers to organizers for essay Istituto London Cuba. ‘ These measures will improve the speed, efficiency, and oversight of authorized payments between the United States and Cuba. Initiating new efforts to increase Cubans’ access to communications and their ability to communicate freely- ‘ Cuba has an internet penetration of about five percent’one of the lowest rates in the world. The cost of telecommunications in Cuba is exorbitantly high, while the services offered are extremely limited. ‘ The commercial export of certain items that will contribute to the ability of the Cuban people to communicate with people in the United States and the rest of the world will be authorized.

This will include the commercial sale of certain consumer communications devices, related software, applications, hardware, and services, and items for the establishment and update of communications-related systems. ‘ Telecommunications providers will be allowed to establish the necessary mechanisms, including infrastructure, in Cuba to provide commercial telecommunications and internet services, which will improve telecommunications between the United States and Cuba. Updating the how to write a summary The University, application of Cuba sanctions in third countries- ‘ U.S.-owned or -controlled entities in third countries will be generally licensed to provide services to, and engage in financial transactions with, Cuban individuals in third countries. In addition, general licenses will unblock the accounts at U.S. banks of Cuban nationals who have relocated outside of Cuba; permit U.S. Admissions Academy. persons to participate in third-country professional meetings and conferences related to Cuba; and, allow foreign vessels to enter the United States after engaging in certain humanitarian trade with Cuba, among other measures. Pursuing discussions with the Cuban and Mexican governments to a summary essay of Birmingham discuss our unresolved maritime boundary in the Gulf of Mexico- ‘ Previous agreements between the United States and Cuba delimit the maritime space between the two countries within 200 nautical miles from shore. The United States, Cuba, and Mexico have extended continental shelf in an area within the Gulf of Mexico where the three countries have not yet delimited any boundaries. ‘ The United States is ielts essay tips Domus prepared to invite the governments of Cuba and Mexico to write essay The University discuss shared maritime boundaries in London the Gulf of how to a summary essay of Birmingham, Mexico.

Initiating a review of Cuba’s designation as a State Sponsor of essay tips Academy, Terrorism- ‘ The President has instructed the Secretary of State to immediately launch such a review, and provide a report to the President within six months regarding Cuba’s support for international terrorism. The University. Cuba was placed on ielts writing Domus Academy, the list in 1982. Addressing Cuba’s participation in the 2015 Summit of the a summary, Americas in Panama- ‘ President Obama will participate in how to Park School the Summit of the write a summary The University of Birmingham, Americas in how to write good narrative School Panama. Human rights and democracy will be key Summit themes. Cuban civil society must be allowed to participate along with civil society from how to a summary essay of Birmingham other countries participating in the Summit, consistent with the how to write a great college admissions St. Johnsbury Academy, region’s commitments under the Inter-American Democratic Charter. The United States welcomes a constructive dialogue among Summit governments on the Summit’s principles. Response Statement by Ra??l Castro. Since my election as President of the State Council and write a summary essay, Council of how to write college essay, Ministers I have reiterated on many occasions our willingness to hold a respectful dialogue with the United States on the basis of sovereign equality, in order to a summary essay The University of Birmingham deal reciprocally with a wide variety of topics without detriment to the national Independence and self-determination of our people. This stance was conveyed to the U.S.

Government both publicly and what does thinking mean School, privately by Comrade Fidel on several occasions during our long-standing struggle, stating the willingness to discuss and solve our differences without renouncing any of our principles. The heroic Cuban people, in the wake of serious dangers, aggressions, adversities and sacrifices, has proven to be faithful and will continue to be faithful to our ideals of independence and social justice. Strongly united throughout these 56 years of how to a summary, Revolution, we have kept our unswerving loyalty to those who died in defense of our principles since the beginning of our independence wars in 1868. Today, despite the difficulties, we have embarked on the task of updating our economic model in order to graphic organizers Istituto Marangoni build a prosperous and how to a summary The University of Birmingham, sustainable Socialism. As a result of a dialogue at the highest level, which included a phone conversation I had yesterday with President Obama, we have been able to make headway in the solution of some topics of graphic for essay writing Istituto, mutual interest for both nations. As Fidel promised on June 2001, when he said: ‘They shall return!’ Gerardo, Ramon, and Antonio have arrived today to essay The University of Birmingham our homeland. The enormous joy of their families and of all our people, who have relentlessly fought for how to narrative essays Kensington Park School, this goal, is shared by hundreds of solidarity committees and groups, governments, parliaments, organizations, institutions, and personalities, who for the last sixteen years have made tireless efforts demanding their release. We convey our deepest gratitude and commitment to all of them. President Obama’s decision deserves the respect and acknowledgment of our people.

I wish to thank and acknowledge the support of the Vatican, most particularly the support of Pope Francisco in the efforts for improving relations between Cuba and the United States. I also want to thank the write The University, Government of Canada for facilitating the high-level dialogue between the two countries. In turn, we have decided to release and how to write a great college admissions essay St. Johnsbury, send back to how to write a summary of Birmingham the United States a spy of Cuban origin who was working for that nation. On the write a great college St. Johnsbury, other hand, and for humanitarian reasons, today we have also sent the American citizen Alan Gross back to write of Birmingham his country. Unilaterally, as has always been our practice, and in how to a great college admissions essay Academy strict compliance with the provisions of our legal system, the concerned prisoners have received legal benefits, including the release of those persons that the Government of the write essay, United States had conveyed their interest in. We have also agreed to renew diplomatic relations. This in no way means that the heart of the matter has been solved. The economic, commercial, and financial blockade, which causes enormous human and economic damages to how to narrative Kensington our country, must cease.

Though the write, blockade has been codified into law, the President of the United States has the executive authority to write a article in english School modify its implementation. We propose to the Government of the United States the adoption of mutual steps to improve the bilateral atmosphere and advance towards normalization of relations between our two countries, based on the principles of International Law and write a summary The University, the United Nations Charter. Cuba reiterates its willingness to cooperate in multilateral bodies, such as the United Nations. While acknowledging our profound differences, particularly on issues related to national sovereignty, democracy, human rights and foreign policy, I reaffirm our willingness to dialogue on all these issues. I call upon the Government of the United States to remove the obstacles hindering or restricting ties between peoples, families, and citizens of both countries, particularly restrictions on travelling, direct post services, and telecommunications. The progress made in our exchanges proves that it is possible to writing reviews Marianapolis School find solutions to many problems.

As we have reiterated, we must learn the art of coexisting with our differences in write of Birmingham a civilized manner. We will continue talking about these important issues at a later date. Statement Ra??l Castro Summit Panama 2015. I was told at ielts essay tips Domus Academy first that I could make an eight-minute speech; although I made a great effort, along with my Foreign Minister, to reduce it to eight minutes, and as I’m owed six summits from which we were excluded, 6 times 8, 48 (laughter and applause), I asked President Varela a few moments before entering this magnificent hall, to allow me a few minutes more, especially after we have been hearing so many interesting speeches, and I am not only referring to that of President Obama, but also that of write a summary essay, Ecuadorian President Rafael Correa, President Dilma Rousseff and others. Without further ado, I will begin. His Excellency Juan Carlos Varela, President of the what does thinking University, Republic of Panama, Firstly, I express our solidarity with President Bachelet and write The University of Birmingham, the people of Chile, for write essay, the natural disasters that they have been enduring. I thank all the countries of Latin America and the Caribbean for their solidarity, which enabled Cuba to participate on an equal footing in this hemispheric forum, as well as the a summary of Birmingham, President of the Republic of Panama for the invitation to what thinking St. Michaels attend he so kindly extended us.

I bring a fraternal embrace for the Panamanian people and those from all the nations represented here. When on December 2 and 3, 2011, the write a summary The University, Community of a article Chigwell, Latin American and how to essay The University, Caribbean States (CELAC) was created in Caracas, a new stage in the history of Our America began, which clearly asserted the hard earned right to services reviews Marianapolis Preparatory live in peace and develop as its peoples freely decide, and plotted a path for future development and integration based on how to write a summary, cooperation, solidarity and the common will to preserve independence, sovereignty and graphic writing Marangoni London, identity. The ideal of Sim??n Bol??var to create a ‘great American Homeland’ inspired truly epic independence struggles. In 1800, the U.S. How To Write Essay Of Birmingham. had considered adding Cuba to narrative essays Kensington Park the Union of the North, as the southern boundary of its vast empire. In the write a summary The University, nineteenth century, the graphic Marangoni, Doctrine of Manifest Destiny emerged with the goal of dominating the how to write, Americas and the world, together with the ‘ripe fruit’ theory regarding the inevitable gravitation of Cuba toward the what does mean School, United States, which rejected the birth and write a summary of Birmingham, development of a particular, emancipatory thinking of our own. Later, through wars, conquests and interventions, this expansionist and hegemonic force stripped Our America of its territories and extended itself to the Rio Bravo.

Following long and frustrated struggles, Jos?? Mart?? organized the for essay London, ‘necessary war’ of 1895’the Great War, as it was also called, began in how to The University of Birmingham 1868’and created the Cuban Revolutionary Party to lead it and to found a Republic ‘with all and for the good of all,’ which set out to write essays Kensington Park achieve ‘the full dignity of man.’ Accurately defining and how to write a summary essay, anticipating the characteristics of his time, Mart?? devoted himself to in english School the duty ‘of preventing the United States from spreading throughout the Antilles as Cuba gains its independence, and overpowering, with that additional strength our lands of America”those were his exact words. Our America for how to essay, him was that of the Creoles, the indigenous, the blacks and the mulattos, the mestizo and hardworking America that had to make common cause with the oppressed and what mean School, plundered. Today, beyond geography, this is an ideal that is how to a summary beginning to write good Kensington Park School become a reality. One hundred seventeen years ago, on April 11, 1898, the then President of the United States requested authorization from Congress to militarily intervene in the independence war, which Cuba at the time had been fighting for a summary essay The University of Birmingham, nearly 30 years, already virtually won at ielts Academy the cost of rivers of Cuban blood, and this’the U.S. Congress’passed a deceptive joint resolution, which recognized the independence of the island ‘in fact and in law.’ They came as allies and seized the country as occupiers.

An appendix to its Constitution was imposed on a summary The University of Birmingham, Cuba, the Platt Amendment’known by what thinking St. Michaels School the name of the Senator who proposed it’which stripped the island of its sovereignty, authorized the powerful neighbor to intervene in write a summary essay The University of Birmingham its internal affairs and led to the establishment of the Guantanamo Naval Base, which still usurps part of our territory. During this period, the invasion of northern capital increased, thereafter there were two military interventions and support for cruel dictatorships. When Cubans, at the beginning of the twentieth century, drafted their Constitution and presented it to essay writing tips Domus Academy the governor, a U.S. general arbitrarily appointed by his country, he responded that there was something missing, and when the Cuban constitutionalists asked what that might be, he said: This amendment presented by Senator Platt, giving the how to write a summary essay The University, United States the right to intervene in Cuba whenever it deems necessary. They made use of that right. Of course, Cubans rejected it and the response was ‘ very well, we’ll stop here.

That lasted until 1934. There were two further military interventions and the support for cruel dictatorships in how to in english School the mentioned period. Regarding Latin America, ‘gunboat diplomacy’ and then the ‘Good Neighbor’ policy took precedence. Successive interventions overthrew democratic governments and installed terrible dictatorships in 20 countries, 12 of them simultaneously. Who among us does not remember that quite recent period of dictatorships everywhere, mainly in South America, which killed hundreds of thousands of people? President Salvador Allende left us an enduring example. Exactly 13 years ago, there was a coup d’??tat against the dear President Hugo Ch??vez Fr??as which the people defeated. Then came, almost immediately, the write a summary essay of Birmingham, costly oil shutdown. On January 1st, 1959, 60 years after American soldiers entered Havana, the Cuban Revolution triumphed and the Rebel Army, commanded by Comandante Fidel Castro Ruz, arrived in the capital, the same day, exactly 60 years later.

Such are the unfathomable ironies of history. The Cuban people, at a very high price, began the full exercise of their sovereignty. Ielts Essay Tips. They were six decades of absolute domination. On April 6, 1960’just a year after the how to write a summary essay The University of Birmingham, triumph’Deputy Assistant Secretary of essay services reviews, State, Lester Mallory, wrote in a perverse memorandum’I can not find another adjective to describe it. This memorandum was declassified decades later’I quote certain paragraphs: ‘(‘) the majority of Cubans support Castro’There is no effective political opposition. The only foreseeable means of alienating internal support is through disenchantment and a summary essay The University, disaffection based on economic dissatisfaction and hardship (‘), to weaken the economic life of Cuba (‘) denying money and supplies to Cuba, to decrease monetary and real wages, to bring about hunger, desperation and overthrow of government.’ End of quote. 77% of the Cuban population was born under the rigors imposed by the blockade, more terrible than even many Cubans can imagine, but our patriotic convictions prevailed, the aggression increased resistance and accelerated the revolutionary process. That happens when you impede the natural revolutionary process of the peoples. The harassment brings more revolution, history demonstrates this and not only in the case of our continent or Cuba.

The blockade did not start when President Kennedy signed it in 1962, later I will make a brief reference to him given his positive initiative to contact the leader of our Revolution to begin what President Obama and I are now starting. Almost simultaneously with the news of his assassination, [Fidel] received a message from Marangoni London him. That is to say the aggression increased. The attack on Playa Gir??n came in 1961, a mercenary invasion, sponsored and organized by the United States. Six years of war against how to write of Birmingham, armed groups who on two occasions encompassed the whole country. We had no radar, and clandestine aviation’it is not known where it came from’was throwing down weapons in parachutes. That process cost us thousands of lives; we have not been able to what critical thinking St. Michaels calculate the economic costs with accuracy.

It was January 1965 when it concluded, and they had began supporting it towards the end of The University of Birmingham, 1959, about 10 or 11 months after the triumph of the Academy, Revolution, when we had not yet declared socialism, which was declared in 1961, at the funeral of the victims of the airport bombings the day before the invasion. The next day our army, small at that time, and all our people went to fight against that aggression and fulfilled the order of the Leader of the how to a summary The University of Birmingham, Revolution to destroy it within 72 hours. Because if they had managed to establish themselves there at the landing site, which was protected by the largest swamp of the Caribbean islands, they would have brought in an already formed government’with a Prime Minister and the appointment of other ministers’which was at a U.S. How To A Article Chigwell School. military base in Florida. If they had been able to consolidate the how to a summary The University of Birmingham, position they initially occupied, it would have been easy to bring that government over to Playa Gir??n. And immediately the OAS, which had already banned us for proclaiming ideas alien to the continent, would had recognized it. This government formed in Cuba, establishing itself on a small piece of land, would have asked the OAS for help and that help was located on U.S. warships situated three miles off the coast, which was the then existing limit of our territorial waters, which as you know is now is 12 [miles]. The Revolution continued to gain strength, to radicalize. Write A Article In English. The other option was to give up. What would have happened? What would have happened in Cuba?

How many hundreds of how to write a summary The University, thousands of Cubans would have died? because we already had hundreds of thousands of light weapons; we had received the first tanks which we did not even know how to handle well. The artillery, we knew how to essay writing Academy shoot cannon fire, but we did not know where they were going to how to a summary hit; what some militia learned in the morning, they had to teach to others in the afternoon. But there was a lot of courage, you had to go along a single route, because it was a swamp where the troops could not spread out, nor could tanks or heavy vehicles be deployed. We suffered more casualties than the attackers. Ielts Writing Tips Domus. That’s why Fidel’s order was fulfilled: to eliminate them within 72 hours. And that same U.S. fleet was the one which accompanied the expedition from Central America, and it was there, from the coast where some of how to The University, their ships could be seen just three miles away. What was the cost to Guatemala of the famous invasion in 1954?, which I remember well because I was imprisoned on the Isle of Youth’or Pines, as it was called then’for the does critical mean St. Michaels School, attack on how to a summary The University, the Moncada Barracks a year earlier. How many hundreds of thousands of Mayans, indigenous peoples and other Guatemalan citizens perished throughout a long process that would take years to recover from? That was the beginning. Once we had already proclaimed socialism and for essay Istituto, the people had fought to defend Playa Gir??n, President John F. Kennedy’to whom I already made reference just a moment ago’was assassinated precisely at the very moment, the same day on which the leader of the Cuban Revolution, Fidel Castro, had received a message from how to The University of Birmingham him’from John Kennedy’looking to initiate a dialogue.After the graphic organizers for essay writing Istituto London, Alliance for Progress and having paid the how to a summary essay The University, foreign debt several times over how to write Chigwell, without preventing it from how to write a summary essay of Birmingham further multiplying, a savage and globalizing neoliberalism was imposed on us, as an expression of imperialism in this era, which caused a lost decade in the region.

The proposal then of a mature hemispheric association resulted in the attempt to impose the write Chigwell, Free Trade Area of the Americas (FTAA) on us, associated with the emergence of these Summits, which would have destroyed the economy, sovereignty and common destiny of our nations, if it had not been run aground in write a summary 2005, in Mar del Plata, under the leadership of Presidents Ch??vez, Kirchner and Lula. A year earlier, Ch??vez and Fidel had given birth to the Bolivarian Alternative, today the Bolivarian Alliance for write narrative, the Peoples of Our America. We have expressed’and I reiterate now’to President Barack Obama, our willingness to engage in respectful dialogue and a civilized coexistence between the two states within our profound differences. I consider as a positive step his recent statement indicating that he will decide shortly regarding Cuba’s presence on the list of state sponsors of terrorism’imposed by the Reagan administration’on which it should never have appeared. Us, a terrorist country! Yes, we have undertaken certain acts of solidarity with other peoples, who may be considered terrorists, when we were cornered, forgotten and harassed to the limit, there was only one choice: surrender or fight.

You know what we chose with the support of how to of Birmingham, our people. Who could think that we would force a whole people to make the sacrifice made by the Cuban people to survive, to help other nations?! (Applause). But ‘the dictatorship of the how to college essay Academy, Castros forced them,’ just like it forced 97.5% of the a summary The University of Birmingham, population to vote for socialism. I reiterate that I consider as a positive step the write Chigwell School, recent statement by President Obama to speedily decide on how to essay The University, the presence of Cuba on a list of writing services Marianapolis Preparatory School, state sponsors of terrorism that it should never have been on, I was telling you, because when this was imposed it turned out that the terrorists were those of us who provided the corpses’I don’t have the exact figure to mind’for terrorism in write a summary The University Cuba alone, and in some cases against Cuban diplomats in other parts of the good essays Kensington Park, world who were killed. The figure was just provided me by how to my compa??eros: in that period we saw 3,478 dead and 2,099 disabled for life; plus many others who were wounded. The terrorists were those who provided the Marianapolis Preparatory, corpses. Write A Summary Essay The University Of Birmingham. Where did the terror come from then? Who provoked it? Some of those who have even been here in does thinking mean St. Michaels Panama these past few days, such as the write a summary The University, CIA agent Rodr??guez, who murdered Che and took his cut-off hands to prove with his fingerprints, I don’t know where, that it was the write a great essay St. Johnsbury, corpse of Che, which later we recovered with the how to essay The University of Birmingham, help of essay writing tips Academy, a friendly government in Bolivia. But still, since then we continue to be the how to essay of Birmingham, terrorists.

Truly, I ask you to excuse me, including President Obama and others present at organizers for essay writing London this event, for write a summary of Birmingham, expressing myself in this way. I told him myself that passion seeps from essays Park my very pores when it comes to the Revolution. I ask you to excuse me because President Obama has no responsibility for any of this. How many presidents have we had? Ten before him, every one of them have an outstanding debt with us, except President Obama. After saying so many harsh things about The University of Birmingham a system, it is fair that I ask him to excuse me, because I am among those who believe’and I have expressed this to graphic organizers Istituto London quite a few heads of state and government that I see here, in private meetings I have had with them, when receiving them in how to write essay my country’that, in my opinion, President Obama is an how to write admissions essay Academy, honest man. I’ve read some of his biography in the two books which have appeared, not in how to essay The University of Birmingham full, I’ll do that given more time. I admire his humble origins, and I think his nature is a great admissions essay due to this humble background (Long applause).

I thought long and how to a summary The University of Birmingham, hard about ielts writing saying these words, I even had them written and removed. I added them again, and again I erased them, and, in the end, I said them, and I am satisfied. To date, the economic, commercial and financial blockade continues to be applied in full force against the island, causing harm and how to write essay The University of Birmingham, scarcities to the people and graphic organizers for essay writing Istituto Marangoni, is the fundamental obstacle to the development of our economy. It constitutes a violation of International Law and its extraterritorial reach affects the interests of all States. The almost unanimous vote, apart from Israel and the United States itself, against the blockade in the UN over so many years, is no coincidence. And while the a summary essay The University of Birmingham, blockade exists, a situation for which the President is not responsible, and that due to past agreements and bills was codified into a law in writing services Marianapolis Preparatory Congress which the President cannot modify, we must continue to write a summary The University of Birmingham struggle and support President Obama in his intentions to eliminate the blockade. (Applause) One issue is the establishment of diplomatic relations and another is the blockade.

Therefore, I ask you all, and life also obliges us, to continue supporting this struggle against how to write a great essay Academy, the blockade. We have publicly expressed to President Obama, who was also born under the blockade policy toward Cuba, our recognition of his brave decision to participate in a debate with his country’s Congress in order to put an write a summary The University, end to what mean University it. These and other elements must be resolved in the process toward the future normalization of bilateral relations. For our part, we will continue to be engaged in the process of a summary essay of Birmingham, updating the a article in english, Cuban economic model with the aim of how to write essay of Birmingham, perfecting our socialism, advancing toward development and consolidating the achievements of a Revolution which has proposed to ‘conquer all justice’ for our people. What we will do has been outlined in a program since 2011, approved in writing the Party Congress. In the next Congress, which will take place next year, we will expand it; we will review what we have done and write a summary essay The University, what remains to be done in order to achieve our goal. Esteemed colleagues:I should warn you that I am only half way through, if you like I will stop, and if you’re interested I will continue. I will speed up a bit (laughter). Venezuela is not, nor can it be, a threat to the national security of graphic Marangoni, a superpower like the United States. (Applause).

It is positive that the U.S. President has recognized this as such. I must reiterate our total support, resolute and loyal, to the sister Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela, to the legitimate government and the civic-military union led by President Nicol??s Maduro, to the Bolivarian and chavista people who are struggling to follow their own path and facing destabilization attempts and unilateral sanctions which we demand be lifted, that the Executive Order be revoked ‘ although this is difficult given the law ‘ which would be appreciated by our community as a contribution to a summary essay of Birmingham hemispheric dialogue and understanding. We know each other. I believe that of those of us gathered here, I may be one of the good essays Park School, few that best knows the Venezuelan process, it is not because we are there, nor that we are exerting influence there and they tell us everything, we know the process because they are proceeding along the same path which we passed and are suffering the same aggressions we suffered, or some of them. We will continue to support the efforts of the Republic of Argentina to write a summary essay The University of Birmingham recuperate the Malvinas, Georgias del Sur and Sandwich del Sur Islands, and will continue to support its legitimate struggle to defend its financial sovereignty. A Great Admissions Essay St. Johnsbury Academy. We will continue to support the actions of the Republic of Ecuador in the face of transnational companies which cause ecological harm to its territory and The University of Birmingham, attempt to impose abusive conditions. I would like to how to a great college admissions essay acknowledge the contribution of Brazil, and of President Dilma Rousseff, to a summary essay the strengthening of regional integration and to write Chigwell School the development of social policies which have brought advances and benefits to broad sectors of the population, which, within the offensive against diverse leftist governments of the a summary essay The University, region, they are attempting to oust. Our support for the Latin American and Caribbean people of Puerto Rico in their efforts to achieve self-determination and independence’as the United Nations Decolonization Committee has ruled on graphic organizers for essay writing, dozens of occasions’will be unwavering.

We will also continue contributing to the peace process in Colombia until its happy conclusion. We should all increase help to Haiti, not only through humanitarian aid, but with resources enabling it to develop, and support Caribbean countries so that they receive just and differentiated treatment in their economic relations, and reparations for the damages caused by slavery and colonialism. We live under the threat of enormous arsenals posed by nuclear weapons which should be eliminated and that of climate change which leaves us no time. Threats to peace are increasing and conflicts are spreading. As President Fidel Castro expressed, ‘The fundamental causes lie in poverty and underdevelopment, and in a summary essay The University of Birmingham the unequal distribution of wealth and for essay writing Marangoni London, knowledge which prevail in the world. It can not be forgotten that current underdevelopment and poverty are the consequences of conquest, colonization, slavery and the plundering of much of the earth by how to colonial powers, the rise of imperialism and the bloody wars for a new dividing up out of the planet. Write Chigwell School. Humanity must consider what we have been and what we can not continue to be. Today,’ continued Fidel, ‘our species has acquired sufficient knowledge, ethical values, and scientific resources to advance toward a historic era of true justice and humanism. Essay The University Of Birmingham. Nothing of what exists today in the economic and political order serves the interests of humanity. It can not be sustained. It must be changed,’ concluded Fidel.

Cuba will continue to defend the ideas for how to admissions St. Johnsbury, which our people have assumed the greatest sacrifices and risks and a summary essay, fought for, alongside the School, poor, the sick lacking medical attention, the unemployed, boys and girls abandoned to their fate or forced to work or prostitute themselves, the hungry; the discriminated, the oppressed and the exploited who make up the vast majority of the world’s population. Financial speculation, the privileges of how to The University, Bretton Woods and the unilateral suspension of the convertibility of the essay writing Domus Academy, dollar into gold are increasingly asphyxiating. Essay The University. We require a transparent and equitable financial system. It is unacceptable that less that a dozen corporations, mainly from the U.S.’4 or 5 among 6 or 8’decide what is read, seen or heard on the planet. The Internet must have an international, democratic and participative system of governance, especially in write regards to the creation of how to write a summary essay of Birmingham, content. The militarization of cyberspace and services Preparatory, use of covert and illegal information systems to attack other States is unacceptable. We will not allow ourselves to be blinded and colonized again. In regards to how to write a summary essay The University of Birmingham the Internet, which is a marvelous invention, one of the greatest in recent years, we might say, recalling the example of the tongue in Aesop’s fable, that the Internet can be used in essay writing tips the best way and is very useful, but in turn, can also be used for the worst.

Hemispheric relations, in how to write a summary The University of Birmingham my opinion, must change profoundly, in particular in the political, economic and cultural spheres, to focus on developing mutually beneficial ties and write narrative School, cooperation to serve the interests of all our nations and their stated objectives, in accordance with international law and respect for the exercise of self-determination and sovereign equality. The approval of the write a summary The University, Proclamation of Latin America and the Caribbean as a Zone of Peace, in January 2014 during the how to write a article in english Chigwell School, Second CELAC Summit in Havana, constituted an how to a summary, significant contribution to this goal, marked by Latin American and Caribbean unity within its diversity. This is demonstrated by the fact that we are advancing toward a genuine process of Latin American and Caribbean integration through CELAC, UNASUR, CARICOM, MERCOSUR, ALBA-TCP, SICA and the Association of Caribbean States, which highlights the growing awareness of the write a great college essay Academy, need to unite to how to write ensure our development. Through the aforementioned Proclamation we are obliged to ensure that ‘differences between nations are peacefully settled through dialogue and negotiations or other means, fully consistent with international law.’ Today, to live in peace, cooperating with each other in write a great admissions essay St. Johnsbury order to confront the challenges and how to write essay of Birmingham, resolve the problems which, at the end of the day, affect and will continue to affect us all, is ielts Academy imperative. As stated in the Proclamation of Latin America and the Caribbean as a Zone of Peace ‘The inalienable right of every State to choose its political, economic, social and cultural system, as an essential condition to guarantee peaceful coexistence among nations,’ must be respected. With this we commit ourselves to fulfilling our ‘obligation not to intervene, directly or indirectly, in the internal affairs of any other state and observe the principles of national sovereignty, equal rights and essay The University, self-determination of what does critical mean St. Michaels, peoples,’ and to respect ‘the principles and norms of essay The University, international law (‘) and the principles and purposes of the United Nations Charter.’

This historic document urges ‘all member states of the International Community to fully respect this declaration in their relations with CELAC member states.’ Now, we have the opportunity for all those present to learn, as the Proclamation also expresses, to ‘practice tolerance and live together in peace as good neighbors.’ Yes, there exists substantial disagreement, but also points in common, on which we can cooperate in order to make it possible to live in this world full of graphic organizers for essay writing Marangoni, threats to how to of Birmingham peace, and [ensure] the survival of humanity. What is stopping, at a hemispheric level, cooperation to combat climate change? As other Presidents who preceded me have already inquired. Why can’t the countries of the two Americas, the North and the South, fight together against terrorism, drug trafficking and organized crime, without politically biased positions? Why not seek together the necessary resources to provide the hemisphere with schools, hospitals’even if they aren’t luxurious, a modest little hospital, in those places where people die because there is essay Marianapolis Preparatory no doctor’to stimulate employment, to advance in the eradication of poverty.

Could it not be possible to reduce inequality in the distribution of wealth, reduce infant mortality, end hunger, eradicate preventable illnesses and end illiteracy? Last year, we established hemispheric cooperation in the fight against and prevention of Ebola and the countries of the two Americas worked together, which should serve to stimulate greater efforts. Cuba, a small country, lacking in natural resources, which has developed within an extremely hostile context, has been able to write a summary essay achieve full citizen participation in the political and social life of the nation; free universal healthcare and education; a system of social security which guarantees that no Cuban is does mean left homeless; significant progress toward ensuring equality of opportunity and combating discrimination in how to The University all its forms; the full exercise of children’s and women’s rights; access to sports and culture; the right to life and citizen security. Despite scarcities and difficulties, we remain true to sharing what we have. There are currently 65,000 Cuban collaborators working in writing services reviews Marianapolis Preparatory School 89 countries, above all in the spheres of medicine and education. 68,000 professionals and technicians from 157 countries have graduated from the island, 30,000 of which in the field of health. If, with scarce resources, Cuba has been able to achieve this, what could the hemisphere do, with the political will to combine efforts to how to essay The University of Birmingham support the countries most in need? Thanks to Fidel and the heroic Cuban people, we have come to this Summit, to fulfill the mandate of Mart?? with the freedom won by our own hands, ‘proud of Our America, to serve and write essay St. Johnsbury, honor her ‘ with the determination and capacity to how to write a summary help ensure that she is valued for her merits, and respected for her sacrifices,’ as Mart?? stated. And to you all, forgive me for the time I have taken.

Many thanks to you all. Marianapolis. (Applause) Appendix Handshakes Barack Obama #038; Ra??l Castro. Appendix: Perceptions Americans #038; Cubans. Perceptions General Changes. A majority of Americans say the US has no diplomatic relations, trade or travel with Cuban, and has a worse relationship with the how to essay, Cuban Government than with Iran. (Maslin #038; Bolger, 2014)

Would you favor changing the writing services reviews Preparatory, Cuban policy? Strongly favor, somewhat favor, somewhat oppose, strongly oppose. (Maslin #038; Bolger, 2014) Would you like Cuba and the US to ‘normalize’ relations or would you like both nations to ‘engage’? (Maslin #038; Bolger, 2014) Do you support changing US policy so that the US can coordinate with Cuba on issues important to both nations? (Maslin #038; Bolger, 2014) Do you support allowing US companies to do more business in a summary essay The University Cuba? (Maslin #038; Bolger, 2014) Do you approve of allowing Cuba access to high speed internet and other telecommunications systems based in the US? (Maslin #038; Bolger, 2014)

Should the policy be changed because of the US economy? The Cuba trade embargo is write estimated to cost the US economy as much as $4.8 billion in exports and related economic output per year. (Maslin #038; Bolger, 2014) Does Cuba belong on the US list of terrorism between countries like Iran, Syria and Sudan? (Maslin #038; Bolger, 2014) A survey only among the write a summary essay The University of Birmingham, State of Florida and among Hispanics/Latinos shows the favour for changing the policy. (Maslin #038; Bolger, 2014) Perceptions Tourism Restrictions. Remove all restrictions on traveling as an American to Cuba? (Maslin #038; Bolger, 2014) Remove restrictions on how to write narrative Park, US citizens to spend dollars in Cuba?

(Maslin #038; Bolger, 2014) Perceptions General Changes. Overall, do you think the The University, U.S. embargo of Cuba has worked very well, well, not very well, or not at all? Do you favour or oppose the continuing U.S embargo of Cuba? Allow companies to sell medicine to Cuba, do you strongly favour, mostly favour, mostly oppose or strongly oppose this? Allowing the services reviews Marianapolis Preparatory, US companies to sell food to Cuba, do you strongly favour, mostly favour, mostly oppose or strongly oppose this? Some US companies have managed to The University of Birmingham establish limited business relations with Cuba to sell grain, other agricultural products, and medicine. Should this kind of trade be expanded, kept the same or stopped? Do you favour or oppose the how to write Chigwell School, US re-establishing diplomatic relations with Cuba? Since 1966, the entrance of Cubans into the US has been regulated by the Cuban Adjustment Act. This law stipulates that Cuban citizens and their accompanying spouses and children may get a green card and how to essay The University, become residents of the US one year after arriving In the country.

This automatic application process is not usual for other immigrant groups. Do you strongly favour, mostly favour, mostly oppose or strongly oppose the current policy of accepting Cubans into how to write a great college admissions essay St. Johnsbury Academy, the US? As it stands, Cubans who leave by raft or boat are sent back to Cuba if they are intercepted before they reach the write essay, US soil. If they do reach US soil they are allowed to stay in the US. Do you agree or disagree with this policy? The US government includes Cuba on the list of terrorism. The other countries on the list are Iran, Sudan and Syria. Reviews Marianapolis. Do you believe that Cuba should be kept on that list of penalized countries that support terrorism or to be taken of the list? How likely would you be to vote for essay, a candidate who supports the re-establishing of diplomatic relations with Cuba?

How likely would you be to vote for a candidate who supports replacing the embargo with increased support for independent small business owners in Cuba? How likely would you be to vote for organizers for essay, a candidate who supports replacing the how to essay The University of Birmingham, embargo with support for increasing pressure on the Cuban government over human rights? Perceptions Tourism Restrictions. Should unrestricted travel by all Americans to Cuba be allowed or not? Selected trend over the last 23 years: Currently, all Americans can travel to Cuba in people-to-people trips organized by special travel agencies and designed to Chigwell School encourage communication among citizens of the of Birmingham, USA and citizend of Cuba.

These trips are usually organized for educational, religious or research purposes. Do you strongly favor, mostly favor, mostly oppose or strongly oppose this type of people-to-people travel? Appendix : Market Statistics. Tourism Highlights for 2010. Tourists arrivals 2507000.

Average length of stay (nights) 10,9. Holiday Purpose 95,6% Business Purpose 0,5% Tourism and Other Related Economic Statistics. Total Expenditure (US$ million) $2,218,4. GDP at Factor Costs (US$ million) $46,352.0. Hotel and Restaurant Contribution to GDP 28,8% Room Occupancy Rate 50,3% Land Area (Square Kilometres) 110,860.

Population (Thousand mind year 2010) 11,241,9. (Source: OneCaribbean.org, 2010) Basic Statistics Cuba 2013 X 1000. 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013. – Cruise Passengers 2.348. Arrivals by Region. Tourist Arrival by Mode of Travel. Airway 2.316 2.405 2.507 2.688 2.815 2.829. Tourist Arrivals by Purpose of Visit.

– Vacation, leisure and recreation. (Oficina Nacional De Estadistica E Informac??on, 2014) Visitors per country of graphic for essay Marangoni London, Origin. Visitors per country of origin 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013. United Kingdom 193.932. Germany 100.964 93.437 93.136 95.124 108.712 115.984. France 90.731 83.478 80.470 94.370 101.522 96.640.

Italy 126.042 118.347 112.298 110.432 103.290 95.542. United States 41.904 52.455 63.046 73.566 98.050 92.348. Argentina 47.405 48.543 58.612 75.968 94.691 90.094. Mexico 84.052 61.487 66.650 76.326 78.289 84.704. Spain 121.166 129.224 104.948 101.631 81.354 73.056.

Russia 40.621 37.391 56.245 78.472 86.944 70.401. Venezuela 31.931 28.657 30.965 34.096 36.373 45.943. Chile 18.895 18.205 17.521 23.527 27.551 35.952. Colombia 22.178 21.287 20.624 24.873 33.343 34.828. The Netherlands 33.548 33.123 31.787 32.402 35.284 32.165. Others 171.176 16.3.821 152.728 158.559 174.902 183.201. (Oficina Nacional De Estadistica E Informac??on, 2014)

Appendix Research Cuba. 1. Melia Parque Central. Hotel: Melia Parque Central. Name: Dayan Rodriquez Vazquez. Function: Manager Sales #038; Marketing Department. Location: Havana, Cuba. In the near future many tourist from the US will visit Cuba for tourism purposes. What will this mean for Cuba and its inhabitants in general? A lot will change for the Cubans, for example the economy. Currently we have two currencies in Cuba, which are the CUC and the Cuban Pesos. Soon this will change into one currency which is the Cuban pesos.

The CUC which is how to write a summary essay used now is actually just for tourist. Cubans will always pay in Pesos since this is in english much cheaper compared to write the CUC. You will see this difference as well if you go to, for example, a museum. You will be asked to pay 10 CUC while Cubans will be asked to pay 10 Pesos which is only a tenth of what tourist will pay. The change of the currency will make everything more expensive for Cubans, however with the arrival of the Americans jobs will be generated as well. Besides that, technology will be improved which is very important for Cuba. There is a lack of information since there is no availability / limited availability to St. Johnsbury Academy internet. The tourism industry requires a decent flow of information and technology which will be improved in the near future. This will have a positive effect on write The University, the Cubans as well. Furthermore, food and beverages will change since we will adapt to the needs of the US tourists.

It is definitely true that in a few months or years there will be McDonalds and Burger King everywhere. At this point Cuba is working already on a better supply of the tourism industry by constructing plans for new hotels, bars and restaurants and write college admissions essay, other tourism facilities and attractions however, recently the US decided to collaborate again with Cuba and time wise it is too recent to write a summary tell you what exactly will change and what exactly will be build. The change between the countries will affect all Cuban inhabitants though. Not only graphic organizers for essay writing Istituto Marangoni London, within the tourism industry but indirect this will affect all of us. Not only hotels and restaurants will be affected but more banks need to be build, construction companies will be affected and for how to write a summary essay The University of Birmingham, example the security companies. Do you think that the massive tourism flow will affect the Cuban culture? This will not change the Cuban culture. Cuba has a very strong culture and a strong connection with each other.

A lot is going to change for us but the Cuban mind and graphic writing London, the Cuban culture is not going to change. However I think that it will be a possibility that Cuban will start to be a bit more open-minded in how to write The University the future because of the change in technology. The flow of how to write, information will be a major change for these people since a lot of people do not know or have internet connection, people do not know what is happening in how to write The University the world. In Cuba we only graphic organizers Istituto, have 6 channels which are only based on Cuba. Programmes are from Cuba, news is mainly about Cuba and the music is from Cuba. When the US tourists will arrive this needs to change. People here are quite isolated but will be more open minded and create more knowledge when Barack Obama and the Castro family will start to work together. Of Birmingham. However, this will not change our culture. Our norms and values will stay the same because we are connected. We form one nation for a long time already and we are proud of that.

What will change for you, seen from your job perspective? Any positive and / or negative influences? I will start with the positive effects. To begin with the WiFi connection is a very important subject to us. Everybody in the hotel is very excited about that since this will definitely improve our services. Right now we offer internet but the prices are very high, even for tourists prices are ridiculous and a great college, internet is very slow and sometimes still inaccessible. How To Write Essay The University Of Birmingham. Besides that, I will offer a lot of products that people from the US will like. An example of this would be the Cuban Cola we offer to our current tourists. Apparently the taste is very different from how to a great St. Johnsbury Coca Cola and not very willingly among tourist.

In the near future I will be able to how to The University offer US products such as Coca Cola. Ielts Domus Academy. Another example of serving Cola is the diet Cola. Many tourists ask me about this product but we do not have this in Cuba. Write A Summary The University. The thing I want to say is that it is just a matter of time before I will be able to offer my clients a full package including all the food and beverages they want instead of the limited products I offer at this moment. However, I need to invest quite some money to import these products. If the embargo will be ended, I will be able to import products however this is not for free. Anyway, I believe that in the near future it will be worth the does thinking, investment since I will be able to a summary satisfy tourists which will attract more of them as well. Besides that, I need to invest money in my hotel as well to writing services reviews School improve facilities.

I would like to how to a summary The University of Birmingham offer my hotel as an luxury product and I can improve my hotel. I would like to do this before the Americans arrive so I need to handle fast. I believe the money I am investing will pay back fast in the coming years because of the increasing demand. Will you start promoting your hotel in a different way? If the does thinking mean University, statements of both countries will get reality I will change my promote plan as soon as the how to a summary, restrictions are lifted. At the moment I am not able to promote in any way in the US, even the website does not exist. I would like to write a great college admissions promote more via internet since this is a very important way of how to write essay The University of Birmingham, promotion all over the world.

I will definitely try to work as soon as possible with American tour operators and other tourism companies to create effective promotion. Writing Services Reviews Marianapolis School. Collaboration with American companies will work in write essay The University of Birmingham every way to create awareness among the hotel for this market. 2. How To Write College Academy. Ronaldo’s Backpackers. Hostel: Ronaldo’s Backpackers. Name: Ronaldo Carlos Baster. Function: Owner hostel. Location: Havana, Cuba. In the near future many tourist from the US will visit Cuba for tourism purposes. How To Write The University Of Birmingham. What will this mean for Cuba and its inhabitants in general? I think that every change in Cuba will be a better change because people in Cuba need and deserve a better way of living. For Cuba change would mean life.

In Cuba many people do not have work and if you do have a job, the government does not pay enough to have a decent amount of money to write a great college admissions Academy eat, to buy clothes or anything that involves primary goods. Every change will have a risk but the Cubans are willing to take a risk since we need a better way of living. Nor the US or another country could make a change in Cuba. It is the government that would be able to make a change in Cuba. The change needs to be made inside of this country and how to a summary essay The University, I can only essay services Marianapolis Preparatory, hope that the US is able to how to write of Birmingham wake up the how to college admissions essay St. Johnsbury Academy, government and see what they are putting us through. How To The University. Of course the US broke the relations with Cuba a long time ago, but stopped since that time as well to do anything to create a better life for the Cubans. We have good education here, we have a great medical system but we need more. What Does Thinking St. Michaels University. We need information, we need more jobs, the economy needs to how to a summary The University improve. Right now it is essay writing not enough and it needs to change as soon as possible.

Do you think this will change the Cuban culture? I think that the culture of Cuba will not change because in 1960 to 1990 Cuba was a kolonie of the Soviet Union. We had to dance the polska. We had to learn how to dance like Russians. When I started high school I was in the movement of culture. How To Essay The University Of Birmingham. When we finally became independent we had nothing. We lost everything. There was no food, nothing to essay writing reviews Marianapolis Preparatory School buy, no clothes, no house markets, completely nothing. How To The University. There was nothing in Cuba. How To A Article In English. Around ten years we all live in poverty but eventually Venezuela arrives. We have adopted the lifestyle of Venezuela and we have to learn about Venezuela.

Later on there was China which was another country that gave some money to Cuba and we had to adapt to China and learn about their culture. However, Cuba was almost more close to the culture of the US than it has been to China the Soviet Union or any other country. In our hearts, we will never be part of the Carribean area or the Latin American area since we are completely different in actually everything. We feel more connected to the US. A cultural connection that has always been there but was not allowed to be there. But when all Americans will arrive here, what will change in the country? For example de komst van WiFi, construction areas, flat screen televisions. Yes these things will definitely change but the connection between people is too big to change the culture.

All changes will be improvements. The best example of this would be the how to write a summary essay of Birmingham, internet. Cuba needs more information, we need the opportunity to express ourselves, express our ideas, our religions etc. we need information about everything and so far this is limited. How To Write A Article Chigwell School. It is not just about the Social Media but we need to learn about the world. We need to be educated as how other people are educated all over the world. In Cuba it is more important to know what happens in the next street than what is going on all over the world.

On internet you can find books, the news, actually everything you need. Write A Summary Essay Of Birmingham. The government of Cuba does not want to give internet to narrative the people because they are afraid this will affect the write essay The University, system. What do you expect the government to do when the US arrives? Do you expect any changes in the political system? The government does not want any change in the political system.

I think that Cuba will become like China which is a sort of communism but with a capitalism economy. So if the economy will increase in Cuba but the government will not change, do you believe Cubans will agree on living in communism as long as they can earn more money? What people here really need is jobs, more money, opportunity to travel and to speak. We are trapped and for us it is thinking mean University impossible to speak out our thoughts which is very difficult and maybe for someone like you from a western country not able to understand. Cubans would be happy with more money to begin with, but eventually we work toward the moment we can all say we are a democratic country and able to speak and a summary of Birmingham, travel freely. Seen from the view of the hostel, what changes do you expect when travellers from America will come to Cuba? I think we will have lots of Americans but we will still receive a lot of write a great admissions essay, people from Europe, Australia, Singapore etc. as well. For America it will be an opportunity to how to write The University get to know Cuba and we will finally learn from America as well. Do you think a lot needs to be changed in the hostel itself? I would like to change a lot. How To College Admissions Essay St. Johnsbury. I would like to move to a bigger house to how to a summary The University of Birmingham provide more space for my clients.

Furthermore I would like to have WiFi off course but this is not to satisfy the US. This is to improve facilities in the hostel for how to write a great admissions St. Johnsbury, everybody. In every country these days everybody has internet, running water and a warm shower except for how to write a summary The University of Birmingham, Cuba. I would like to improve facilities in graphic organizers writing Istituto Marangoni London its overall. A Summary Essay. This needs to how to Chigwell School be done for Cuban inhabitants as well just like I am. How To Write Essay. I would like to see facilities get better since I will have a better way of living as well. Off course this is what thinking mean University also a positive point for the travellers. Will you buy food #038; bevarages from US brands to satisfy your clients? No, this is not what I am going to change. In this hostel we provide the experience of Cuba which include its local products. If people from the US like to eat products from the how to write a summary, US they are not the right travellers to visit this hostel.

I don’t care what else will happen in the country as it comes to food #038; beverage products. Ielts Academy. If there will be US products everywhere, that is fine by me. It is not important. How will you promote your hostel in a summary essay of Birmingham the future? If we have the opportunity to communicate freely, including Social Media, I will definitely start promoting on Social Media. I have a Facebook page for the hostel but the ielts essay tips Domus, access is very limited. If I can enter Facebook once per week I am happy but this is not enough. I receive many messages on Facebook and write a summary The University, sometimes I am too late with answering because of the connection and these people find another place.

I would definitely like to create post on Facebook, use Twitter and Instagram. However, I also feel I don’t really need major promotion because the hotel is always full and the Americans are not even here yet. Can you imagine how this will be when the people from the US come here? I will not have enough space. That is another reason I want to move to a bigger house. I want to facilitate more sleeping places and I can earn more money. 3. Hostel Casa Caribe. Hostel: Hostel Casa Caribe. Name: Rodolfo Fuegas. Function: Owner hostel. Location: Havana, Cuba.

What is tips Domus your opinion about the political change that is how to write a summary The University going on between the US and Cuba? I don’t really see a political change. How To Good Narrative Park School. The only change I am seeing is that maybe the relationship between the how to The University of Birmingham, US and Cuba will get better. Maybe it will work in a different way than it has been working for how to good essays Kensington, over more than 50 years. Many things will improve, many things will be better but until now we don’t know exactly what that will be since we never know what will happen in Cuba. The only problem I am seeing right now, from how to a summary essay my point of what does critical thinking St. Michaels School, view, the change from December 17th until now is that the US is doing more than what the Cuban government is willing to do. I can see that the US is opening some doors and we don’t see these doors being opened here.

Cuba is not closing doors but it continues to how to write a summary essay The University be as hard as always with the United States. Yesterday (13-3-2014) Ra??l Castro gave a speech about Venezuela and Cuba because of the working programme between the US and Venezuela, and Castro has only been saying bad things about the US government and this will not help for Marianapolis Preparatory, a better future. What do you think is holding back the Cuban government? I don’t think that the write The University of Birmingham, Cuban government does not want to work for it, but they are too proud. The message of the how to Kensington, government is that they will remain how they are because it has always been that way. The other party needs to make the how to The University of Birmingham, change according to the government.

You also asked me how it is going to be. Off course I think tourism will increase but there are some things you have to think about when you are talking about tourism. We need to remember that we do not have the infrastructure to provide decent tourism to Americans. Not particularly Americans but we cannot receive the amount of services reviews School, tourist that will come here in a few years. So the government is not working hard enough to provide facilities for write a summary The University, this major tourism flow? Exactly. Besides they put more barriers, even to graphic organizers for essay Istituto London the Cuban people that are paying rents.

The government puts so many laws to how to The University make it impossible to start a little business. Thinking St. Michaels University. All these laws make it impossible to essay The University of Birmingham create a proper living. For example Casa Particulares (houses for write good narrative Kensington, rent) the government has so many laws, for example paying a fee when you start, another fee that needs to be paid every year etc. This makes it impossible for Cubans to write a summary essay start something for how to write good narrative Park School, creating a better life. The government is holding us back. I have been affected by the embargo as well. A few years ago my hostel was being sold on a website called http://www.hostelbookers.com.

This website is major in demand and supply of hostels. The website was sold to a company in the US and they throw me off this website. Since that time it has been much more difficult to fill up my hostel with travellers. Now I am only being promoted via http://www.tripadvisor.com and by worth of write essay The University, mouth. I use Facebook as well but the graphic for essay writing London, government makes it impossible to actually use it. It will close ten times before I am able to use it once. It is not working like that. There will be so many things that will get better once relations are strengthened.

For example the rice industry. Cuba used to how to write a summary essay The University of Birmingham consume before 1960 the rice from the US. All the rice that has been eaten in Cuba was exported from the US. In this moment, we are importing the rice from China, Vietnam, Brazil and many other places. This is much more expensive off course.

If the relationships improve the rice will come again from the US. In fact there are already many farmers from the US that are already doing business with the Cuba. Now they have the permission to do business with some particular Cuban businesses and they are at college admissions St. Johnsbury Academy this moment exporting rice to Cuba. Actually last week there was the first direct flight from write a summary of Birmingham New York to Havana. The first direct flight from the what critical St. Michaels University School, US to Cuba ever. We could never even dream about that but it became reality.

There are some things that are actually improving. We just don’t know what will happen next. How To Write A Summary The University. That is the problem with Cuba. Today we see some improvement but maybe tomorrow the government decides to how to good Kensington stop the how to a summary of Birmingham, relationship again. Let’s hope that Cuba will keep on participating. However, the US government needs to hand in some things too. The US needs to give up the ielts essay Domus, Montanayo Bay. What is the United States government doing with that bay?

It is one of most damaged and embarrassing place for the US in the world. It is a shame for the US government. Give it up because you don’t need that piece of land but let’s hope that the government will continue strengthening their relations because the Cuban people love the Americans and Americans love the Cuban people. The problem is between the governments. Do you think that R??ul Castro is how to essay The University of Birmingham afraid for the negotiations with Obama because it might danger its communism? Obama is good narrative Kensington not going to change Cuba at all. How To A Summary Essay The University Of Birmingham. Cubans cannot change Cuba. Only the current government.

We used to say that the embargo is in Cuba. And only in Cuba. The US government is does mean School not a problem. The Cuban government created its own embargo. Do you believe America will change the Cuban culture? No not at all. The Cuban culture is too strong to write a summary essay The University be changed.

It can be influenced by other things such as MacDonalds but we already have fast food here. We have so much traditional food and other things. Besides that we already have music from America, we already have American food, movies and dances. It is organizers writing Istituto not that they are going to bring that to us. We have seen that and taste that forever.

I don’t think America will have any influence on that. Most series you see on television are American series, which is the same with music and how to essay The University of Birmingham, movies. We love Madonna, Tina Turner and Michael Jackson. We have so many people that like to imitate Michael Jackson in Cuba. How many places can you find in Havana with the name Charles Chaplin? What influence do you think the USA will bring that we don’t have yet?

We have it all but we have our own traditions as well. Traditions and connections are too strong to what School fade. Imagine Miami. Miami is not American it is part of Cuba and all the immigrant that live there. Spanish is spoken in Miami. Not English.

Only a few people speak English because they have to. Seen from the how to a summary essay The University, hostel perspective, what are the advantages and disadvantages for Istituto London, you if the tourist from the how to of Birmingham, USA stay in your hostel? I will not have any disadvantages of what St. Michaels School, this, only a summary essay The University of Birmingham, advantages. The first advantage would be that I would be included again in how to admissions essay St. Johnsbury Academy http://www.hostelbookers.com. I was included in this website when I started this hostel 3 years ago, when Hostel Bookers was still an English company but they merged with http://www.hostelworld.com and they took me out how to a summary, of the School, system because of the American embargo. I have been damaged directly by the American embargo. I am sure that the new negotiations and the relationships will change the how to write essay of Birmingham, rules and I will be in the system of hostel bookers again. Of course this is how to college admissions St. Johnsbury very good for how to essay of Birmingham, me and my company. We will receive many guests, we will be in the world system of bookings again.

At this moment I am only depending on the guest that are able to find the graphic for essay Istituto London, hostel via http://www.tripadvisor.com and by worth of mouth. I have nothing to promote myself. I don’t think there will be any disadvantages because I had some American travellers before, however not in how to The University of Birmingham the hostel but I have been guiding American students. They are nice people, nice travellers. Will you change your product? I am already looking for graphic organizers for essay London, a new place for a while now. I want to move to something much bigger because this place is getting too small.

I need more space to how to write a summary essay of Birmingham create more comfort, I want a water system that provides warm water as well. I would like to college admissions essay Academy offer more rooms so I can earn more as well of a summary essay of Birmingham, course. Furthermore I want to have a roof terrace and a bigger dining room so we can all eat together. A Great College Admissions. That is what I am looking for right now but it has not been easy. Do you want to make this change because of the change between the USA and Cuba? No, this has been my plan already for a long time. However, the situation with the USA has been pushing me to do it.

First this were just some ideas but I believe that soon it will become reality to move to a bigger place. I am already having more reservations than this hostel can handle. I am already moving tourists to the neighbours and other rooms upstairs so I can provide a place to sleep for everyone. It will only get better when I can move to how to essay of Birmingham a bigger place. Will you change the prices? No, my prices will stay the same. In the near future the 2 currencies that you have right now in cuba, (pesos and the CUC) will change into one currency, the CUC. How are Cubans going to handle this since everything will get more expensive? This is going to change indeed but nobody knows when or what the influence will be. Everything will definitely get more expensive and we don’t know how the how to write a great college Academy, government is write The University of Birmingham going to solve this.

That is the write college admissions St. Johnsbury, problem with Cuba. We never know what is going on and rules might change the next day. Nobody knows how it going to how to write essay of Birmingham work. Changes happen overnight. Are you going to how to admissions Academy promote your hostel in a different way? If I would have connection to the internet I would definitely promote on social media. I would not mind paying for some services either but we don’t have credit cards or anything I can pay with online. We don’t have access to for example PayPal because this is American. There are so many options to promote your business online. Everybody else from all over the world has access to internet except for us. How To A Summary The University Of Birmingham. Life would be so much easier for people that have a business if we would have internet access.

I don’t need any other company that can help me out such as a tour operator because I am always fully booked. If I have access to internet this would be more than enough to make sure the how to write, hostel is occupied all the time. A Summary Essay Of Birmingham. Today we received two boys from the Bahama’s because they met two girls that stayed here in the hostel and these girls recommended the hostel to these boys. I am so thankful for that. Worth of mouth is very important. What Does Thinking Mean University. And you will only have positive worth of mouth if clients are satisfied.

Apparently they are which makes me very proud. 4. Hotel Inglateria. Hotel: Hotel Inglateria. Location: Havana, Cuba. Appendix Small Talk #038; Quotes Field Research. ‘ About the how to write, arrival of the Americans: ‘It is how to write in english very good for us, but not very good for you.’ ‘ Taxi driver. ‘ ‘Not many other countries can say they have such a strong culture and connection with their own people as we have in Cuba, because we grew up with nothing and we still have nothing but we learned that we will always have each other’ ‘ Bicitaxi driver. ‘ ‘The embargo is not assigned by the USA but the embargo lays in Cuba’ ‘ ‘Our jobs are owned by the state, our houses are owned by the state, our cars are owned by the state, WE are owned by the state’. Search our thousands of essays: If this essay isn't quite what you're looking for, why not order your own custom Politics essay, dissertation or piece of coursework that answers your exact question? There are UK writers just like me on hand, waiting to help you.

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Manchester Metropolitan University. You can access information regarding coursework and coursework submission deadlines via Moodle (in the Assessments area). Within this area you should find the following information relating to coursework: The units you are registered for Coursework for how to essay The University, each unit The type of graphic organizers writing Marangoni London coursework ie. A Summary Essay The University Of Birmingham. essay, portfolio, presentation, in class test etc. Submission deadline(s) for each piece of coursework Number of essay services Marianapolis Preparatory copies to be submitted Whether it has to be run through Turnitin Whether it is a group submission. From the Moodle Assessment area you can: Download and print the relevant coursework cover sheets for your assignments.

Go to Coursework Information Site and access ‘My Assignments’ A list of the units for which you are registered. The units where the element of assessment is coursework. The submission deadlines for write essay The University, all coursework related to a particular unit. The location where the coursework is to be submitted. Essay Services Reviews Preparatory School. Any revised submission deadlines where these have been approved by a Faculty Exceptional Factors Panel or via a Personal Learning Plans (PLP). Coursework you have already submitted and the dates submitted. Coursework that has not been submitted or has been submitted late and the date submitted.

What do I need to do to submit my coursework? Select the relevant piece of coursework - each piece of coursework will have its own cover sheet. Click ‘Download Cover Sheet’ and how to a summary essay of Birmingham print. Attach the cover sheet securely to your coursework. Does it matter if I print the wrong coursework cover sheet? Yes it does. Each coursework cover sheet is how to college St. Johnsbury specific to you and specific to the individual piece of how to a summary essay The University of Birmingham coursework you are submitting. DO NOT submit a coursework cover sheet for another piece of your coursework. DO NOT use another student's coursework cover sheet. Using the wrong coursework cover sheet could result in a late or non-submission record for that piece of coursework.

Contact the a great college admissions St. Johnsbury Academy, Student Hub with the how to write The University, following details if you believe you have submitted the wrong coursework cover sheet. Your name Your MMU ID Unit title, Unit code, piece of assignment title and submission deadline on the incorrect submitted Cover sheet Unit title, Unit code, piece of coursework title and submission of the correct cover sheet Your Unit Tutor. Can I print off my coursework cover sheet in advance? Yes #150; As long as you are registered on the unit, the coursework cover sheet will be available to download. If I lose my coursework cover sheet will I be able to print another copy? You can print new copies of the coursework cover sheet up until your coursework has been submitted and recorded. Once the for essay writing Istituto, piece of how to a summary The University of Birmingham coursework has been submitted and recorded in how to write good essays Kensington School, the database, the Download Cover Sheet link is how to The University replaced by the date your coursework was submitted. I need to submit more than one copy of the same piece of coursework – what do I do? You only graphic for essay Marangoni London, need to print off one coursework cover sheet. Secure the copies together (or put in a plastic folder) and attach the coursework cover sheet.

The coursework is a group submission – what do I do? If submitting as part of write of Birmingham a group, every member of the group MUST print off their own coursework cover sheet Tick the what does St. Michaels School, box on the coursework cover sheet indicating it is a group submission Attach each member of the groups coursework cover sheet to the ONE piece of coursework. I have to submit my work via Moodle – what do I do? How you submit your work in Moodle depends on the type of assessment submission activity that has been set up by your tutor. Normally, they will provide clear instructions in Moodle explaining what you need to do. An over view of the three main types of assignment submission activity are provided below. The icon shown below indicates a link to how to write a summary The University of Birmingham, a Moodle assignment activity: The icon shown below indicates a link to a Turnitin assignment activity: Moodle Video Assignment Submission. The icon shown below indicates a link to write narrative, a Moodle Video assignment activity: Do I need a cover sheet for work that I submit online via Moodle?

You do not need to attach cover sheets to assignments that are submitted only write a summary, online. However, if you are required to submit your work online (e.g. to Turnitin for originality checking) and as a printed copy you will need a cover sheet to hand in the printed copy of your work. Do I get a receipt for assignments submitted online? Yes, you will receive a formal email from the Coursework Receipting system when it has been confirmed that you work has been received. For submission to Turnitin assignment activities. If you are submitting your work to Turnitin, as well as a formal receipt from the MMU coursework receipting system, you will also get an informal receipt from the Turnitin system. Only the how to a article, email receipt from the MMU Coursework Receipting Systems is considered as formal receipt of your work . You can check the status of any submissions in Turnitin at any time by write The University following the link to write a article in english Chigwell, the Turnitin activity and selecting the My Submissions tab. For submission to write The University of Birmingham, Moodle assignment activities.

For submission to essays Park, Moodle assignments you will receive only how to of Birmingham, a formal email from the Coursework Receipting system. You can check the status of any submissions in Moodle assignment activities at any time by following the essay writing School, link to a summary essay The University of Birmingham, the Turnitin Moodle activity and looking under the Submission status heading. Moodle Video Assignment Submission. For submission to Moodle Video assignments you will receive only a formal email from the Coursework Receipting system. Good School. You can check the status of any submissions in Moodle Video assignment activities at any time by write a summary The University of Birmingham following the link to the Moodle Video assignment activity. Your uploaded videos will be listed as shown below. How do I know the date and time when my assignment is due to be handed in? You will find the date on which your assignment is due in the Assessment block on the right hand side of the Moodle unit area. Important Note: “You must submit your work on the deadline date. Please do not leave it until the last minute to submit your assignment, in case you encounter any difficulties. If you are submitting online, you are strongly advised to submit your work by 9.00 pm to make certain that the system uploads your work successfully before 11.59pm.

Your work will automatically be recorded as a fail if it is not processed by 11.59pm.” Technical difficulties encountered between 9:00pm and 11:59 will not be considered as exceptional factors should you fail to make the deadline. I have submitted an assignment to Turnitin. Why was this required and what happens to my work. There are two main reasons that your tutors might be using Turnitin. This will normally be explained to you by your tutor in how to write a great essay Academy, the assignment brief. 1. Write Of Birmingham. To check the originality of your work. “Students agree that by taking a course at MMU all required assessed work may be subject to submission for for essay Marangoni, textual similarity review to how to essay The University, Turnitin.com for Chigwell, the detection of plagiarism. All submitted papers will be included as source documents in the Turnitin.com reference database solely for the purpose of detecting plagiarism of such papers. Use of the how to write a summary of Birmingham, Turnitin.com service is subject to does critical thinking St. Michaels University School, the Usage Policy posted on the Turnitin.com site.” 2. To use the Grademark tool provided in Turnitin to how to a summary essay The University of Birmingham, award a mark, add comments and feedback to your work.

Once this has been done you will be able to view your work along with the mark, comments and feedback that has been provided. I have to writing Academy, submit my work on a CD/DVD/USB pen drive. How To Write A Summary Essay. How do I do this? You need to does critical thinking University, print out a coursework cover sheet as usual and submit via the Coursework Submission Box. For a CD or DVD, place the disc inside a protective case or CD sleeve and put it, along with the Cover sheet inside an A4 plastic pocket wallet (like those you put inside A4 ring binders), and secure the top with staples. Alternatively use a plastic folder that closes securely. For a USB Pen drive, secure (sellotape) the pen drive to the cover sheet, and write a summary place inside an A4 plastic pocket wallet (like those you put inside A4 ring binders) and secure the top with staples. Written pieces of narrative essays Kensington Park School coursework MUST be submitted via the Coursework Submission Boxes. CD/DVDs/USB Pen drives secured as above should also be submitted via the Submission Boxes.

Can I submit my coursework to a Coursework Submission Box located anywhere in the University? No – you can only submit to the Coursework Submission box in the location identified on your coursework cover sheet and in the information contained in ‘My Assignments’ . The location(s) and availability of Coursework Submission Boxes for each Faculty/Campus are listed here and displayed on your ‘My Assignments’ page. Access to Coursework Submission Boxes is dependent upon the various opening times of of Birmingham University Buildings and availability may vary during University vacations. How To. University Buildings are closed on write a summary The University of Birmingham, public holidays and between Christmas and New Year's day. Non-standard submissions (coursework too large to be submitted via the submission boxes) Alternative arrangements/locations are in place in how to write a article in english Chigwell School, each Faculty/Campus ie a studio, a lab. etc for the submission of how to write a summary essay The University of Birmingham larger or non-standard pieces of work, ie journals, garments, portfolios, artwork and dental devises that do not fit into the blue Coursework Submission Boxes.

Information in ‘My Assignments’ and how to a article your coursework cover sheet will identify the submission location for your coursework. Print your coursework cover sheet and how to write The University of Birmingham hand this in at a great essay St. Johnsbury Academy, the alternative location identified in ‘My Assignments’ page and on the coursework cover sheet. What confirmation do I receive to show that I have submitted my work? The Coursework Submission Boxes are emptied regularly during the day and coursework is logged the day it is submitted. The submission deadline for write essay The University of Birmingham, all coursework is graphic Istituto Marangoni London 9.00pm on the submission date.

An email receipt is how to write sent to your MMU email account once receipt of your coursework is logged. Ielts Essay Writing Tips Domus. Please check your MMU email account regularly. You will receive an email receipt within 12 working hours of submission (email receipts for work submitted late Friday will be sent the following Monday). What if I cannot submit my work by the submission deadline? If for any reason you feel you will be unable to submit your work by write essay The University of Birmingham the specified deadline you should immediately make an appointment to see or speak with your Student Support Officer.

If you submit the how to write a article School, piece of a summary of Birmingham coursework after the submission deadline you will receive a “Late Submission” email, and information in write narrative essays Kensington School, ‘My Assignments’ will automatically update to record the work as a ‘late submission’. Note: a mark of write essay The University of Birmingham zero will be applied to all late submissions. If you fail to submit coursework you will receive a Non Submission email notification, and writing services reviews Marianapolis School information in ‘My Assignments’ will show ‘non-submission’ against how to write a summary essay of Birmingham, that piece of coursework. Please note that if you do not undertake coursework based assignments and you are a student on a Programme participating in the Student Engagement Monitoring Scheme, this will trigger further correspondence regarding non-engagement in critical thinking mean, your programme of study. Unless a PLP extension is in place or Exceptional Factors have been approved by an appropriate panel, a mark of zero will be applied to all late and non submissions. You should be aware of the penalties for late and non submission of coursework. These are outlined in the Assessment Regulations for Undergraduate and write essay Postgraduate Programmes of Study. In Year Assignment Recovery Scheme. In Year Assignment Recovery is essay writing services reviews Marianapolis open to Level 4 students who receive a mark of less than 40% for The University, summatively assessed elements of assessments (this includes late submission) or who fail to organizers writing Marangoni London, submit summatively assessed elements of assessments by specified deadlines. You will have received an email if you are eligible for this scheme, along with details of who to contact to essay of Birmingham, discuss this further.

Please also see Scheme Details. I have exceptional factors which have affected my ability to submit my piece of coursework by graphic organizers the submission deadline. If you feel you that exceptional factors have affected your ability to submit your piece of coursework by the submission deadline you should complete an Exceptional Factors Form (EF1) explaining the circumstances affecting your ability to hand in your work by essay the submission deadline. Organizers Writing. For further information on the procedures relating to Exceptional Factors, please refer to the Guidance Notes. I have been granted a revised submission deadline by the Exceptional Factors panel how will this be dealt with? The Student Life Office will be informed of how to write essay any revised submission deadlines. The information in Moodle and in tips Domus, ‘My Assignments’ will automatically show the revised date. I have a Personal Learning Plan (PLP) - what do I do if I can’t hand my coursework in on time? Does your PLP state that you can negotiate revised submission deadlines?

If yes – and you are experiencing difficulties meeting deadlines for write of Birmingham, reasons related to narrative Kensington School, your disability. Make an appointment with the Departmental Disability Coordinator to discuss your needs and where appropriate agree a revised submission deadline. How To Essay The University Of Birmingham. The Departmental Disability Coordinator will complete a (PLP) Coursework Submission Form identifying the revised submission deadline. How To Write In English Chigwell School. You will be given a copy and a copy forwarded to how to write a summary of Birmingham, the Student Life Office. The revised submission date will show in ‘My Assignments’ via Moodle and the Coursework Information Site. You have been absent from the university and were unable to essay reviews Preparatory, request a revised submission deadline or have missed your deadline for reasons related your disability (e.g. hospital admission), please speak to the Departmental Disability Coordinator. If yes – BUT the reasons you are experiencing difficulties meeting deadlines are NOT related to The University of Birmingham, your disability i.e an college admissions illness not related to write a summary essay of Birmingham, your disability or a family bereavement. Your request for an revised submission deadline will have to be considered by the Exceptional Factors Panel. Complete an Exceptional Factors Form (EF1) and for essay writing Istituto submit your form in accordance with the Exceptional Factors process. How To Essay The University Of Birmingham. Full details of what does critical thinking St. Michaels University School which are found at http://www.mmu.ac.uk/academic/casqe/regulations/exfacs-students.php.

If your PLP does not state you can negotiate revised coursework submission deadlines. And you are experiencing difficulty meeting deadlines for write essay The University, reasons related to a disability (e.g. What Does Thinking Mean St. Michaels University. condition has deteriorated), you should contact the how to essay The University of Birmingham, Disability Development Service. And exceptional factors prevent you from attending, completing or submitting an write assessment on how to write a summary The University of Birmingham, time then you will have to go through the normal exceptional factors procedures as detailed above. Problems with submitting your work? Some or all of my units are not showing in ‘My Assignments’ You may not be registered on all your units. Visit the Student Hub to ensure you are registered on graphic organizers Istituto London, the correct units. If you are not registered on how to, a particular unit you will not be able to print the coursework cover sheet to submit your assignment. I can’t print my coursework cover sheet.

If the coursework cover sheet is how to in english Chigwell School not showing or it won't download correctly, please contact the Student Hub to resolve the issue. I have not received an email receipt what do I do? First check your spam account/junk mail folder. Check the information in Moodle and ‘My Assignments’ to see if your piece of coursework has been recorded as submitted. If still no email receipt and no record in how to write essay, ‘My Assignments’, then contact the Student Hub/Student Life Office.

I have received an incorrect email receipt for my coursework submission – what should I do? If you have received a Late Submission e-mail and you have been granted a revised submission deadline either from the Exceptional Factors Panel or as a result of negotiations relating to your PLP, please email the Student Hub with the following information: The original submission date. The date you submitted your work. Also submit confirmation from the Exceptional Factors Panel or if you have been granted an revised deadline as a result of your PLP, the PLP Coursework Submission Form signed by the Unit Tutor or designated member of academic staff.

If you have received a Non-submission email and you believe you have submitted your work please email the Student Hub immediately with the information listed above. Moodle tells me I should expect feedback by a great college essay St. Johnsbury Academy a particular date, what does this mean? As part of our MMU Commitment, you can expect feedback on your work by the date shown. How To A Summary. Your Unit Leader will explain the nature and format of the for essay writing Marangoni London, feedback you will receive. If you have been granted an extension for your submission, your return date may differ from the one shown.

What is the status of marks in Moodle? Marks shown in Moodle are provisional and subject to a summary The University, confirmation by Assessment Boards. Writing Marianapolis Preparatory School. It is therefore possible that the how to write a summary of Birmingham, final marks you receive are different from your provisional marks.

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essay on atheism NEW Buy Assignment Online and Get Instant 10% Discount + 20% Cashback . A Summary. BOOK NOW. Securing Higher Grades Costing Your Pocket? Book Your Assignment at The Lowest Price Now! GET BEST GRADE, ORDER NOW. 186 Downloads | 24 Pages 5,756 Words. So, why did the world’s most prominent atheist Anthony Flew (1923-2010) come to change his mind after 40 years of philosophical engagement with issues surrounding belief, perception, knowledge, and meaning ? You could read through the (eminently accessible) book he wrote with Roy Varghese, Why There Is a God (New York: Harper One, 2007), distil from for essay writing Marangoni London, it the main reasons for his “conversion”, and spell out in greater detail just what it entailed. Antony Garrard Newton Flew, was born in the year 1923 was a celebrated English philosopher. Antony was a strong atheist and how to essay of Birmingham, possessed an analytic and School, evidentialist thought regarding life and how to write, the existence of God.

Antony Flew was never ready to believe in the God or the presence of superpower until he gets empirical evidence about the write Chigwell School, existence of God in the universe (Blackford, SchuÌklenk, 2013). His belief on the non-existence of God was so strong that it was from the age of 15 that he started believing that there is no God. Antony Flew was against the idea of existence of life after the death of human beings. In his entire lifetime, he only believed in evidence and finally in the year 2004, he started believing in the Aristotelian God. While he started believing in the Aristotelian God, he stated that it is his lifelong motto to follow where the a summary The University, evidence leads and finally when he got the how to a great college admissions St. Johnsbury Academy, evidence of the a summary of Birmingham, existence of God, he is ready to does critical thinking University believe in the presence of the superpower (Curran, 2012). The highlighting work in the lifetime of Antony Flew was the book, ‘There is a God: How the World's Most Notorious Atheist Changed His Mind’ which Antony Flew has written along with Roy Abraham Varghese (Crawley, 2015). However, the book was made a subject of controversy when an article claiming that Antony Flew mentally declined that was published in the New York Times magazine. The article also claimed that the book was mainly a work of Varghese.

However, Antony Flew denied the allegations by the article. Flew stated that the ideas presented in the book belonged to flew himself but due to the old age, it was Varghese who did the most of the writing part in the book (DeWitt, Brown, 2013). Some of the distinct works by how to The University of Birmingham, Antony Flew other than the book with Roy Abraham Varghese are (Goodreads.com, 2015): • How to does critical mean St. Michaels Think Straight: An Introduction to Critical Reasoning. • A Dictionary of Philosophy. • An Introduction to a summary The University of Birmingham Western Philosophy. • Thinking about Social Thinking. • New Essays In Philosophical Theology. • Body, Mind, and Death.

• Essays On Logic And Language. • Hume: Philosopher of Moral Science. • Hume's Philosophy of Belief: A Study of His First Inquiry. • Merely Mortal?: Can You Survive Your Own Death? • What Universal Natural Rights? Antony Flew was a strong atheist from the age of fifteen. In addition to this, Flew had a tendency of believing something, which has a strong evidence to write a great St. Johnsbury Academy support the claim. Hence, Flew as an atheist, he could not believe in God as, he could not find any strong evidence that will support the presence of God . The University. This characteristic of Flew of being a strong atheist gave rise to many controversies. Essay Marianapolis Preparatory. While Flew was in Oxford, he was the a summary of Birmingham, part of the Socratic club, which was the main place of debate between the Christians and the atheists.

The president of the Socratic club was C.S Lewis. Flew in the club presented a paper with the title, ‘Theology of Falsification’, which argued there are many statements on in english School, the theory regarding the existence of god (Flew, 2000). How To A Summary Essay The University Of Birmingham. However, when someone gives a deeper look into those theories, it can be seen that those theories are mainly empty. Flew quoted while presenting his Theology of Falsification, ‘I was not saying that statements of religious belief were meaningless. How To A Article Chigwell School. I simply challenged religious believers to explain how their statements are to be understood, especially in the light of conflicting data’ (p. 45) (Goodreads.com, 2015).

The Theology of Falsification, which was presented in the year 1950, was the centre of argument even years after it was published. After Theology of Falsification, the next atheist work of Flew was ‘God and Philosophy’. In God and Philosophy, Flew attempted to evaluate the Christian belief on theism. Flew sported atheism in write essay of Birmingham the book by saying, ‘the design, cosmological, and moral arguments for God’s existence are invalid’ (p. 49).

He later argued that one should first define the concept of god before believing in the existence of god in write narrative Kensington Park School the universe (Fradd, 2015). It was in the ear 1971, that Antony Flew published the book, the ‘Presumption of Atheism’, which is considered to be the final book of Flew on the concept of a summary, atheism (Flew, 1976). According to the book, the atheists hold a more rational position in graphic for essay London the argument between atheism and theism. The atheists hold a much position by questioning the existence of God in the universe and it is the theists, who bear the burden of proving that God exists in the society. Alvin Plantinga who was a critical logician criticized the book (Williams, 2005). According to him, the belief in god is ‘properly basic’ for all human beings. How To Write Essay. As a reply to this criticism, Flew further clarified that that the idea of atheism is a starting point of argument and not the conclusion of the argument (Williams, 2005). By keeping atheism the write Park School, base, people should start finding evidence of the existence of God, which will finally lead to the acceptance of God by human being. If a deeper thought is given to this clarification, it can be said that Antony Flew was not a non-believer of God, neither he was rigid on his non-belief. He just a wanted a proof of how to a summary of Birmingham, existence of God. When he will get an evidence of the presence of God, he will start believing on the existence of does thinking St. Michaels University School, god.

Antony flew believed that everything that is happening in the universe should be understood in the terms of laws of how to write essay The University, nature. Flew states that, when on one hand, the theists’ fundamental assumption is the presence of god in the universe, on School, the other hand, flew presumed the universe the fundamental assumption (Frede, 2011). Flew’s belief was strongly presented in the book, Philosophy of religion a guide and anthology by a summary essay of Birmingham, Brian Davies (Davies, 1993). In the book of by Brian Davies, the parable by Antony flew as he mentions in Theology of Falsification gets a special mention . Ielts Writing Tips Academy. Antony Flew’s disbelieve in God was strongly felt in the work, Theology and Falsification. In the how to essay of Birmingham, theology of falsification, refers the work of John Wisdom where he argues upon mean St. Michaels the presence of God by giving the example of a garden. Two men one is a sceptic does not believe that there can be gardener, while another man who believed in the presence of god. To feel the presence of gardener, the write essay The University, two men set up a barbed wire with electric current in in english Chigwell the wire and how to a summary, keep a bloodhound. However, there was no disturbance. The person who believed that there is God, states that the gardener was someone who is invisible, cannot be torched, without any scent and insensible to any electric shock or pain. How To A Great College St. Johnsbury. However, the non-believer was not ready to believe on the presence of the gardener until he gets an evidence of the gardener who will be coming for the gardening.

Flew’s mentioning this incident was a huge example that he was a non-believer of god. In addition to how to write The University this, it can also be seen that Flew was a ardent believer of evidence. He mentions this parable to make the readers understand that evidence the best way to prove that there is God who is the creator of everything in the universe (Gravil, 2011). After spending his life as an atheist, at the end of his life, Antony Flew started believing that there is the presence of write Park, God in the universe. The change in the belief came in the year 2004, just six years before when he died in the year 2010. Some critics say that at the end of life, the mental condition of Antony Flew declined and hence, he wrote the book, ‘There is a God’ the ending years of his life peacefully. The book, ‘ There is a God: How the World's Most Notorious Atheist Changed His Mind’ was written along with the co-author Abrahams Varghese (Flew Varghese, 2004). Many people criticize Antony Flew by saying that Varghese wrote the book but Antony Flew nullifies all those criticisms. Antony flew opened up in write essay The University an interview with Dr. Benjamin Wiker.

Antony Flew stated that there are two factors, which triggered the change in his mind (Wiker, 2015). How To Write Chigwell. The first factor is the growing empathy of write a summary The University, Flew with the insight of some notable scientists, which includes Einstein. Thinking St. Michaels University School. Flew understood that there should be an intelligence behind the complexity of the physical universe. The second factor was the insight of Antony Flew himself. According to Flew, the complexity of how to write a summary The University, human life is even more complicated than the physics of the universe. How To Write A Great Essay Academy. Hence, it made him to think that there should be one source of energy, which is controlling the how to a summary essay The University, physics of human life as well as the physics of the universe (Collins, 2015). Flew further continued that the human life cannot be explained through simple biology. There should be something more to this, the human life, which the genetic code must not be able to identify. Flew further discovered that the difference between life and non-life has something to writing do with more than biology.

The force that controls the time between life and non-life is not chemical but ontological (Collins, 2015). Flew even answered the how to of Birmingham, critics who criticized his decision regarding changing to what St. Michaels a theist from an atheist by saying that it is not that he heard a voice, but he followed the evidence and it lead him to theism. Wiker’s next question was about the book by Flew, ‘Presumption of Atheism’. Flew has argued that atheism is the starting point from where the argument should start reading the existence of god in this universe (Wiker, 2015). However, now that flew has changed his views existence of the God, then the burden of how to essay The University, proof will also be on Flew now, to this Flew replied that many philosophers also believe that the burden of proof is on the atheists. He further added that the he has mentioned in the book that a central and stronger force controls the origin of the laws of the nature and the physics of life. How To Write Essay Academy. The burden of proof is neither on the theists or the atheist but in how to write essay of Birmingham those people who do not believe that the there is a central force in the universe who control the forces in the universe (Herzman, 2013). Wiker also asked Flew regarding the writing Academy, scientific approach that the author has used to how to write essay draw the evidence, which led him to the inference that there is an existence in god. Flew answered the inference that he had drawn from the graphic organizers for essay writing, approach was philosophical in nature. The scientists being steeped into science will not be able to draw philosophical inference. Essay Of Birmingham. The philosophers draw empirical evidence from a philosophical matter (Wiker, 2015).

Wiker questioned Flew regarding the works of the Richard Dawkins and Christopher Hitchens who believe that those who follow God are behind times. To the question, Flew again referred to Chigwell School philosophical implications. A Summary Essay The University Of Birmingham. He calls Dawkins dishonest because Dawkins is trying to infer a philosophical implication by applying scientific perspective. In addition to this, two famous philosophers, Thomas Nagel and Anthony Kenny have also pointed pot that the Dawkins has failed to writing tips Domus refer three major issues related to the existence of God (Wiker, 2015). How To Write A Summary The University. Dawkins support the issues, but those are the same issues, which led Flew to believe that there is God in essay services reviews Marianapolis School this universe. The three major issues are life with its teleological organization, the existence of the universe and the laws of write, nature. These three major issues support the fact that there is a central power that controls the living beings and forces of the nature (Holden, 2012). The change in mind of flew is the result of this major issues which is graphic organizers for essay writing Marangoni London identified in the chapters. Thus, a man, who used to be a string atheist gradually turned into a theist in the ending years of his life. The book, There is a God is the greatest example of his turning point in life.

The interview with Wiker is the clear indication that Flew was ready to face any kind of criticism and he was ready with the answers. Flew entirely believes in science and how to write essay of Birmingham, according to him, science is the only truth which led him to believe that there is a presence of God in the universe (Kazan, 2010). The fine-tuning argument mainly leads to the pointer of essay services Marianapolis Preparatory School, God. The fine-tuning argument presents how the physical constant of the nature and the beginning of the write a summary essay, universe beautifully converge to a common point that there is one creator of all the activities in the universe (BioLogos, 2011). It seems that the physical constant of nature like the gravity and the density of the universe is organizers for essay Marangoni created at write essay The University one point of time and gave rise to life in the universe. A slight variation in the theories or the density would have resulted in a great distortion in nature (Logicmuseum.com, 2015). Good Essays School. However, as it did not happen hence, the fine-tuning argument proves that there is tuning between the scientific theories and how to The University, the beginning of the writing services Marianapolis School, universe which is done by a single creator in the universe (Hudson, Diego, Wigelsworth, 2014).

While talking about the existence in a summary of Birmingham god in the book, There Is a God, Antony Flew presented the fine-tuning argument. Antony Flew explained the how to write a great admissions St. Johnsbury Academy, presence of God by comparing the life of a man being with a hotel room. He asked readers to imagine that a person has entered a hotel room. In the room, the person finds everything according to the choice of the person. The room is decorated according to the choice of the individual, there is music playing which the person likes, the bar possess the drinks that the person likes with the favourite candies and cookies. In fact, the mineral water bottle is according o the write a summary The University of Birmingham, choice of the how to write college essay, person. A Summary The University Of Birmingham. The person will become overwhelmed by the idea. Gradually, the person will start thinking that the hotel managers and the officials had an idea about the choice of the person and they had decorated according to the choice of the what does thinking St. Michaels, person. The person will further think at the hotel officials might charge extra for the decorations and the individual will start calculating the cost that he/she has to pay to the hotel (Rachels, 2015). While the person is thinking about the concrete part of the arrangement, the individual at some point of time might think that someone is there who knew all about the choices and has informed the people who in turn has arranged the things (Joshi, 2011).

The person might not be able to explain who that person is but might have a feeling of a presence of an invisible person who has a prior idea about the choices of the person (Rachels, 2015). Antony Flew was attracted to the fine-tuning after he was influenced by the intelligent debate, which was initiated by Michael in the book, Darwin’s black box: the a summary The University, biochemical calling to evolution. Antony Flew was also interested in how to write in english William Dembski’s book the write essay The University of Birmingham, Design Inference: eliminating chance through small probabilities. When on one hand, the how to a article Chigwell, fine-tuning argument support the scientific theories and the beginning of the universe to prove the existence of god, on the other hand, cosmological argument says that the existence of the The University, universe and the world is itself the biggest example of the existence of God. The simple cosmological argument states the following facts (Christianteaching.org.uk, 2015): Everything that exists in the inverse must have a cause behind the existence of all the things.

As the universe exists, this is a fact, hence: The universe will also have a cause why it is existing He only cause that is behind the how to in english Chigwell, cause of the existence of the universe and the only cause of how to write of Birmingham, existence is god Thus, god also exists. However, Antony Flew when he was an atheist rejected the cosmological argument as the argument fails to provide a strong of evidence to support the fact. A question that comes up with the cosmological argument is what is the cause of existence of god? If everything has a cause of how to write college admissions St. Johnsbury, existence, then God should also have a case of existence (Deem, 2015). Write Essay Of Birmingham. As God is the cause of what does, existence of the universe then when there is no cause of existence of God then the universe should also not exist.

However, some of the philosophers might argue that God is an uncaused thing. Even if the argument is agreed then also it gives rise certain other arguments. The entire cosmological argument, which is based in the cause of existence, becomes false (Goodreads.com, 2015). In addition to this, the philosophers who support the cosmological argument will have nothing to prove further to evolve the cosmological argument as the base if the argument is false (Kaku, Cohen, 2012). Thus, the cosmological argument takes the how to essay The University, path to how to essays School nowhere. Antony Flew who was an ardent follower of evidence could not follow the cosmological argument of existence of God. On the other hand, he was ready to accept the fine-tuning argument as the presence of god is explained through scientific theories and the beginning of the universe (Deem, 2015). Thus, it can be said that the a summary essay The University of Birmingham, perspective of Antony Flew is based in ielts essay tips Academy pure science and evidence. Flew very intelligently made out the difference between the fine-tuning argument and the cosmological argument.

Moreover, the constant stress on the fine-tuning argument is another proof that the path of atheism to theism for Antony Flew is entirely based on how to a summary of Birmingham, evidence. The argument of first cause can be an how to write a great admissions essay extended form of the cosmological argument that its god who created everything in the universe. God is the one who created the universe and the life in the universe. God is the one who has been the creator of every single being in how to a summary essay The University this earth as well as other planets in the universe and the life on the planets. The fist cause argument keeps god as the cause and then develops further theories on this cause (Leech, 2013).

However, the School, atheists argue the theory by write The University of Birmingham, saying that what is the cause of God when there should be cause behind everything (Luehrmann, 2011). Essay St. Johnsbury. However, the scientists are then challenged by the big bang theory, which is taken to be the birth of the universe by many scientists. When the big bang theory is further examined, it can be seen that at one pint of write The University, time, the big bang theory fails to prove nay law that proves that big bang theory is the ultimate cause of the birth of the universe. Thus, the problem between the how to good, atheism and theism will keep on going, and it will impossible to reach a decision regarding the birth of the universe and the existence of God. When on one hand, the theists believe that God is creator, the atheists will prove them wrong and essay The University of Birmingham, vice versa (McCormick, 2012). This can be the main reason why Antony Flew lived the life of both a theist and an atheist. Write In English Chigwell. Though he says that he has found a proper reason and evidence of the presence of god, yet he was unable to prove with evidence. How To. However, it is how to write narrative Kensington also true that there is a fine-tuning that the birth of the universe took place at the correct time and essay The University, the correct place. The human being came in University the earth at the right point of time. Hence, one cannot entirely overlook this theory by Antony Flew. However, it is a summary essay not possible to know nothing more about the how to a article Chigwell, first cause as the how to of Birmingham, argument will be ever ending.

The argument starts from essay writing reviews Marianapolis School, a point where God is taken to be the creator of everything in the universe; however, the philosophers are not able to prove the argument, as there is no cause of the existence of God (Meynell, 2011). Richard Dawkins is a biologist from Oxford who believed in pure science. A Summary Essay The University Of Birmingham. According to Dawkins, believing in God is like believing a teapot revolving around Mars (Dawkins, 2006). It is the human nature to develop a sense of gratitude towards a being and they believe in thanks giving. Hence, human beings searched for giving thanks to how to write Chigwell someone for the good things in life and when they found nobody, they created the figure of god and religion to essay give thanks to. He applied pure science to everything happens in the universe. Dawkins said that the stars are made not due to essay writing services Marianapolis Preparatory accident but they are important parts of the universe, which keeps the ability to make us (Collins, 2015). However, it was nit the job of the write The University, stars to make us.

According to for essay London Dawkins words in the Ancestor’s Tale- a pilgrimage to the dawn of evolution, “It is just that without stars there would be no atoms heavier than lithium in the periodic table” (Dawkins, 2006). Once in a speech that Dawkins delivered in an auditorium at Christchurch, New Zealand he said it is just luck, that the human beings are in the earth. Every creature exists in the universe due a list of chances or luck that might have happened. The evolution of mankind and all other creatures in write a summary essay of Birmingham the earth is essay tips ‘pure luck’. How To A Summary Essay. There is no other truth beyond this luck or chance. (Kazan, 2010) Dawkins also believes that just as life has developed in the earth, similarly by stroke of luck, life must have developed in some planets in the universe. Good Narrative Essays Park. Dawkins has explained himself as religious non-believer. In addition to this, he is an ardent follower of Darwin and believes in origin of species(Kazan, 2010).

The species and creatures have developed due to the laws of science that is acting around us. Essay. It is because the planet revolves and rotates due to the cyclic law of gravity, there is birth of creature as well as end (Palmer, 2013). Antony Flew also believed in St. Michaels evidence to The University of Birmingham reach a proper conclusion. As an atheist, he has a thought quite similar to Robert Dawkins. He was not ready to believe that there is a superpower that should be prayed.

Every end and write Kensington, beginning has proper science. Write A Summary Essay Of Birmingham. However, as a theist, he believed there is one invisible being that is controlling the activities (BioLogos, 2011). However, after he became theist, he claimed that he has a got the evidence that he was searching for and was sure that there is a science that has given birth to how to a article Chigwell the universe. To be accurate, he related science with God and eventually started believing in god. It was from the later point of time that his thoughts might not have matched with Dawkins (Shenvi, 2015). However, the idea that everything has evidence always matched with the thought of Dawkins. The life of Antony Flew took an about turn in the year 2004. A strong believer of write essay The University, atheism started believing in god.

A being, which he used to believe, does not exist started believing that being to write a great college essay St. Johnsbury Academy be the creator of the universe. The sudden change gave rise to various criticisms. Through an article published by how to of Birmingham, Richard Carrier it was understood how flew started believing in religion (Carrier, 2015). However, his take on religion was questionable. According to Richard flew is confused about his take in how to in english School religion as flew has not yet decided that what he believes in.

When one on hand, Flew says that he is not a Christian not does he believe in any kind of religion (Collins, 2015). In addition to this, he also does not believe in afterlife as mentioned in ‘Merely Mortal: can you survive your own death’, on how to write a summary essay of Birmingham, the other hand, he believes there is a presence of almighty in the universe that is controlling the how to write narrative Park School, life in essay The University of Birmingham the universe (Carrier, 2015). According to Flew, he believes in organizers Marangoni London the religion of of Birmingham, Aristotelian metaphysics. Organizers For Essay Istituto Marangoni London. He believes in gods who is more like an Aristotelian god. Flew believed in a God is present at a distance from the human beings and an impersonal prime mover (Power, 2012). According to Carrier, the existence in God is a hypothesis for him. He is experimenting about the existence of god and once he is done with the experiment, he will be able to give his final thoughts regarding the presence of God in the universe.ths, the God according to Antony Flew, is like science. Similarly, as the how to essay The University of Birmingham, scientists who are experiments with different scientific element and after the what does critical St. Michaels University School, experiments are done, the scientists are able to reach a decision. Flew also experimented with God as the prime force and then he tried to position all his assumption and depending on that, Flew drew a conclusion that there is a being called God who is capable of creating the universe and is responsible for all the happenings all around the world (Deem, 2015). Thus, he does not worship God in the church nor does he follow an religion like the Christians but he sees God as a pure form of science whose presence can be proved going back to the birth of the universe.

As flew was not ready to submit to any kind of religion to prove his belief in god, similarly, he did not believe in worship. However, he believed that whenever a person is commenting on an issue or an existence, then the person should be moral in the approach (Silversides, 2012). If one of the people is how to write a summary trying to prove a point then the write admissions, person should not adopt an immoral way of proving the point. In fact, Flew himself followed the path of morality. His actions suggested hi attitude. Though he believed in how to The University God in the later years if his life but he never promoted any religion as he said that he believes in essay god as a form of science. In addition to this, the theme of morality extends to the presence God as well.

Flew suggested that the presence of God is the justification of morality in the society. Antony Flew even went ahead of mentioning C.S Lewis of the Socratic club where Lewis used to teach about morality and God (BioLogos, 2011). Flew could not relate to the morality as taught by Lewis. According to Lewis, half of the shelves in the university library were full of books written by Lewis. When a person is teaching about write a summary The University morality then he should be able to refer other authors who have talked about the meaning of morality (Aikin, Talisse, 2011).

It is then that the work of the teacher will be well appreciated by other authors and his teachings will gain a true meaning. Flew refers to the Aristotelian god whenever he was questioned about his belief in God. Flew believe in write good essays Kensington a God who has the power to how to write a summary essay of Birmingham create the universe as well as possess the intelligence to graphic Istituto Marangoni create the living beings at a summary essay of Birmingham the correct time and at how to good narrative Kensington the correct place (Rachels, 2015). After becoming an atheist, the God is much more stringer to flew than he was ever before. However, later in his life when he became a theist, he even started believing in the cosmological argument. This turning point also gives rise to write of Birmingham the question of write a article in english, argument. The cosmological argument fails to find a cause of the existence of God. Thus, this move of Antony Flew cannot be supported because he supported an augment, which is not proven scientifically. Much has been written about the concept of atheism and the theism. Thus, it can be concluded that the how to The University of Birmingham, conflict between the atheist and the theist will never end . One of the most famous names among the conflict between atheism and ielts essay writing, the theism is Antony Flew. The most interesting thing about Antony Flew is that from being a strong atheist he went on being one of the strongest believer of theism.

The essay has thrown light on the journey of Anton Flew from a celebrated atheist to a summary of Birmingham being a theist. As a result, many arguments have been cited in the essay to support as well as question the change of mind of Antony Flew (Habermas, 2004). Throughout his life, Antony Flew only believed in evidence. As an atheist, he was not ready to believe in God, as he was not able to find any evidence that will support the existence of God. As a theist as well, he said that it is the science and the laws of a article in english Chigwell School, nature that made him believe there is a superpower that is controlling the universe. He was an ardent supporter of the fine-tuning argument as it says that the creation of the universe and how to a summary essay, the birth of the human being at what thinking mean St. Michaels University the correct time indicate that there is a superpower who is responsible for the happenings around the universe (Watkin, 2011). Though much criticism has been done regarding the change in mind of Antony Flew, yet both the perspective of how to write a summary essay, Antony Flew cannot be overlooked. As an atheist, he made a strong point that people should be able to present evidence about the presence of God in the universe. His argument that the concept of atheism should be the base of the discussion regarding the presence of God in the universe is strong. Based on write good narrative essays Kensington Park School, the disbelief in God, the essay of Birmingham, theists can present the argument that there is the presence of God in the universe (Logicmuseum.com, 2015).

As a theist as well, his idea cannot be overlooked. Flew’s point of view that there is a superpower who is controlling the good essays School, laws of nature and write essay, the beginning of the universe has a strong base. However, Antony Flew was unable to give any proof regarding the presence of God in the universe. He said that he followed evidence to reach the final decision that there is a God, but he was not able to give any prove to essay reviews the readers regarding the presence of God in the universe. Hence, his sudden change of mind regarding his belief keeps space for question regarding morality. Aikin, S., Talisse, R. (2011). Reasonable atheism. Amherst, N.Y.: Prometheus Books. BioLogos,. (2011).

What is the fine-tuning of the a summary essay, universe, and how to write, how does it serve as a pointer to God?. Retrieved 29 December 2015, from https://biologos.org/common-questions/gods-relationship-to-creation/fine-tuning. Blackford, R., Schüklenk, U. (2013). 50 great myths about atheism. Write A Summary Essay. Hoboken: John Wiley. Carrier, R. (2015). Secular Web Kiosk: Antony Flew Considers God. Sort Of. Infidels.org.

Retrieved 29 December 2015, from https://infidels.org/kiosk/article/antony-flew-considers-godsort-of-369.html. Christianteaching.org.uk,. (2015). Atheist Philosopher Antony Flew Embraces Belief in God - Christian Teaching Resources. Retrieved 29 December 2015, from https://www.christianteaching.org.uk/antonyflewembracesgod.html. Collins, H. (2015). Review There is a God by Antony Flew - creation.com. Creation.com. What Critical Thinking. Retrieved 29 December 2015, from https://creation.com/review-there-is-a-god-by-antony-flew. Crawley, W. How To Write A Summary. (2015).

Will and Testament. Retrieved from https://www.bbc.co.uk/blogs/ni/2010/04/antony_flew_the_atheist_who_ch.html. Curran, M. (2012). Atheism, religion and enlightenment in pre-revolutionary Europe. Woodbridge, Suffolk, UK: Royal Historical Society. Davies, B. (1993). An introduction to what does critical the philosophy of religion. Oxford [England]: Oxford University Press. Dawkins, R. How To A Summary Of Birmingham. (2006). The God delusion.

Deem, R. (2015). Quotes from Scientists Regarding Design of the Universe. Godandscience.org. Retrieved 29 December 2015, from https://www.godandscience.org/apologetics/quotes.html. DeWitt, J., Brown, E. (2013). Hope after faith. Boston, MA: Da Capo Press. Flew, A. What Thinking Mean School. (1976). The presumption of atheism and other philosophical essays on God, freedom, and immortality.

New York: Barnes Noble. Flew, A. Write A Summary Essay The University. (2000). Theology and falsification. Essay Writing Tips Domus Academy. Philosophy Now, 29, 28-29. Flew, A., Varghese, R. (2004). There is a god (1st ed.). Retrieved from https://islamicblessings.com/upload/There-is-a-God.pdf.

Fradd, M. How To Write Essay Of Birmingham. (2015). 20 answers. [S.l.]: Catholic Truth Society. Frede, V. (2011). Doubt, atheism, and the nineteenth-century Russian intelligentsia. Madison, Wis.: University of Wisconsin Press. Goodreads.com,. Write A Article In English Chigwell School. (2015). How To Write Essay The University. Antony Flew Quotes (Author of There Is a God).

Retrieved 29 December 2015, from https://www.goodreads.com/author/quotes/143385.Antony_Flew. Goodreads.com,. Does Critical Mean St. Michaels University. (2015). Books by how to essay The University, Antony Flew (Author of There Is a God). Retrieved 29 December 2015, from https://www.goodreads.com/author/list/143385.Antony_Flew. Gravil, R. (2011). Grasmere 2011. Penrith, CA: Humanities-Ebooks. Habermas, G. (2004). My Pilgrimage from Atheism to Theism: A Discussion between Antony Flew and Gary Habermas (1st ed.). Essay Services Reviews. Retrieved from https://digitalcommons.liberty.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1336context=lts_fac_pubs.

Herzman, A. (2013). The Concept of Atheism. Cork: BookBaby. Holden, T. (2012). Spectres of false divinity. Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press. Hudson, W., Diego, L., Wigelsworth, J. (2014). Atheism and deism revalued. Farnham, Surrey: Ashgate Publishing Ltd. Joshi, S. (2011). The unbelievers.

Amherst, N.Y.: Prometheus Books. Kaku, M., Cohen, J. (2012). The best American science writing, 2012. The University. New York: Ecco Press. Kazan, C. (2010). Richard Dawkins: The Stroke of Luck that Led to Life on Earth Exists Elsewhere in the Universe (Weekend Feature).

Dailygalaxy.com. Organizers For Essay Writing Marangoni. Retrieved 29 December 2015, from https://www.dailygalaxy.com/my_weblog/2010/03/ricard-dawkins-the-stroke-of-luck-that-led-to-life-on-earth-exists-elsewhere-in-the-universe-weekend.html. Leech, D. (2013). The hammer of the Cartesians. Leuven: Peeters. Logicmuseum.com,. (2015). Aristotle on the existence of God. Retrieved 29 December 2015, from write essay of Birmingham, https://www.logicmuseum.com/ontological/aristotleontological.htm.

Luehrmann, S. (2011). Secularism Soviet style. Bloomington: Indiana University Press. McCormick, M. (2012). Atheism and the case against Christ. Amherst, N.Y.: Prometheus Books. Meynell, H. (2011). The epistemological argument against atheism. How To Good Park. Lewiston, N.Y.: Edwin Mellen Press. Palmer, M. (2013).

Atheism for beginners. How To Write Essay. Cambridge: Lutterworth Press. Power, M. (2012). Adieu to God. Chichester, West Sussex: Wiley-Blackwell. Rachels, J. (2015). Does Morality Depend on Religion. Faculty.uca.edu. Retrieved 29 December 2015, from https://faculty.uca.edu/rnovy/Rachels%20--%20Does%20Morality%20Depend%20on%20Religion.htm. Shenvi, N. (2015).

A Brief Response to the God Delusion by Richard Dawkins. Shenvi.org. Retrieved 29 December 2015, from essay writing Academy, https://www.shenvi.org/Essays/DawkinsResponse.htm. Silversides, M. (2012). Faith in the age of science. Durham: Sacristy Press. Watkin, C. (2011). Difficult atheism.

Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press. Wiker, D. (2015). How To Write Essay The University. How the World’s Most Notorious Atheist Changed His Mind. Strange Notions. Write Narrative School. Retrieved 29 December 2015, from https://www.strangenotions.com/flew/ Williams, P. (2005). A Change of Mind for write a summary, Antony Flew. bethinking.org. A Great College Admissions Essay St. Johnsbury Academy. Retrieved 29 December 2015, from https://www.bethinking.org/does-god-exist/a-change-of-mind-for-antony-flew. MyAssignmenthelp.com provides guaranteed satisfaction with a commitment to complete the how to write a summary essay, work within time. Combined with our meticulous work ethics and extensive domain experience, MyAssignmenthelp.com is the ideal partner for all your homework/assignment needs.

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essay on nabby [an error occurred while processing this directive] Jim Olson's Essay on Abigail Adams. At first she did not give it much thought, noticing it now and then when she bathed or dressed. Nor did she talk about it. How To A Summary Essay The University Of Birmingham. She was a shy, somewhat withdrawn woman, quiet and cautious in her expressions, most comfortable with people who guarded their feelings. She blushed easily and rarely laughed out loud, allowing only a demure, half-smile to how to write Chigwell School crease her face when she was amused. She had a pleasant disposition and a mellow temperament, both endearing to family and friends. Nabby was a striking woman, with long, red hair, a round face, deep-blue eyes, and a creamy, porcelain complexion. She commanded respect, not because of an aggressive personality but simply because of the how to a summary essay of Birmingham, quality of her mind and her unfailing dignity.

She was born in Quincy, Massachusetts, in 1766. Her parents named her Abigail Adams, but they began calling her Nabby when she was still an infant. Nabby had an extraordinary childhood. Her father was John Adams, the future president of the United States, and her mother Abigail Adams, the most prominent woman in essay writing services reviews Preparatory early American society. Her younger brother John Quincy was destined to win many honors, among them the presidency of the United States.

From the time of her birth, Nabby's parents busied themselves with colonial politics, eventually playing leading roles in the American Revolution. Write Essay The University. They raised her on a steady diet of political talk about freedom, liberty, rights, despotism, and foreign policy. Nabby absorbed it all. An only daughter, she enjoyed the special attentions of her father, who felt the need to protect and how to college St. Johnsbury, pamper her. Abigail doted on her, dressing her up in the latest fashions when she was little and write, counseling her when she was an write a article Chigwell School adolescent. Their relationship evolved into a deep friendship. Nabby took it all in stride, never becoming spoiled or self-indulgent. She was even-handed, thick-skinned, and unafraid of responsibility. In 1783, when Congress appointed her father as minister to how to write essay of Birmingham England, Nabby was seventeen-years-old. The family took up residence in a house on Grosvener Square in London. Caught up in a whirlwind of social and political activity, they met King George III at court and other prominent politicians at parties and banquets common to the life of an ambassador.

After a few months, Nabby became acquainted with William Smith, a thirty-year-old veteran of the Continental Army and secretary to how to good narrative essays Kensington Park the American legation in London. A dashing, handsome figure, Smith raced around London in a two-seated carriage, the eighteenth-century equivalent to a modern sports car. Write Essay. He dressed well and what thinking mean, kept company with people in London's expatriate community, especially Latin American liberals and radicals interested in securing independence from Spain. He was bold and impetuous, inspired by how to a summary essay The University, courage and limited by poor judgment. Because of his work with the ielts writing tips, U.S. legation, and his role as secretary to Minister John Adams, he saw a great deal of the Adams family, and how to a summary The University, Nabby fell secretly in essay writing services reviews Marianapolis Preparatory love with him. Drawn to Nabby's beauty, grace, and intelligence, he soon felt the how to write a summary, same way about how to St. Johnsbury her. They married in June 1786, after a courtship which John and Abigail Adams felt was too short. They accepted it, however, because a soldier is how to, always more expeditious in organizers London his courtships than other men. But Colonel William Smith was a soldier without a war, a has-been at the age of thirty, and Nabby, an innocent victim of what her brother John Quincy called fortune's treacherous game, faced a difficult life. Colonel Smith was not cruel.

In fact, he always loved and cared for Nabby and their three children. With a stoicism that would have made the most devout Puritan proud, she accepted her fate and made a life for her family wherever Smith settled. The problem was that Smith never really settled down. He wasted his life away, winning and how to write a summary essay The University of Birmingham, losing political appointments, dabbling in Latin American coup d'etats, dragging Nabby and the children back and forth between New York and organizers for essay writing Istituto Marangoni, London in search of how to a summary essay of Birmingham, a new power broker or another promising deal. He spent more money than he ever earned, and Nabby worried constantly about how to write a great admissions St. Johnsbury Academy bills and the family reputation. Early in how to a summary of Birmingham the new century, Smith tried his hand at real estate speculation, but he lost everything. In 1809, when Nabby first noticed the lump in her breast, they were living on the edge of the frontier, on a small farm along the organizers Marangoni London, Chenango River in western New York, where Smith spent his days behind a walking plow and a mule. Nabby was a well-informed woman, and breast cancer was as much a dread disease in how to write essay of Birmingham the early 1800s as it is how to a great Academy, today. No records exist describing her initial reaction to the lump, but it is safe to write The University say that concern about the dimple flared into gut-twisting fear.

Like so many women, then and today, she tried to ignore the lump, hoping that in the busy routines of running a small farm and household she would not have time to think about writing Academy it. But cancer has a way of asserting itself, finally obliterating even the how to The University, most elaborate denials. Nabby was no exception. How To In English. The lump grew ominously, in spite of the efforts of local healers and their potions. She wrote home to John and Abigail Adams in February 1811 that her doctor had discovered a cancer in my breast.

As soon as they received the letter, the Adams wrote back urging her to how to write a summary essay The University come to Boston for medical advice. In June 1811, with the lump visible to the naked eye, a desperate Nabby returned to Massachusetts, accompanied by her husband and how to a great St. Johnsbury, daughter Caroline. As soon as she arrived in how to a summary essay Quincy, she wrote to Benjamin Rush, describing her condition and seeking his advice. When Abigail Adams first looked at ielts tips Academy her daughter's breast, she found the condition allarming. The large tumor distended the breast into a misshapen mass. John and Abigail took Nabby to see several physicians in how to essay The University of Birmingham Boston, and write narrative Kensington Park, they were cautiously reassuring, telling her that the situation and her general health were so good as not to threaten any present danger. They prescribed hemlock pills to poison the disease. Soon after those reassuring examinations, however, the family received an unsettling reply from Benjamin Rush. In her initial letter, Nabby told Rush that the tumor was large and growing, but that it was movable--not attached to the chest wall. Rush found the news encouraging, as would most cancer specialists today.

Malignant tumors which are movable are better candidates for surgery, since it is of Birmingham, more likely that the surgeon can get what is termed a clean margin--a border of non-cancerous tissue surrounding the tumor--reducing the Domus, odds that the cancer will recur or spread. How To The University. Knowing that Nabby had already traveled from western New York to Boston to seek medical advice, Rush wrote to John and Abigail, telling them to write a great college admissions essay St. Johnsbury Academy break his news gently to Nabby: I shall begin my letter by replying to your daughter's. I prefer giving my opinion and write a summary The University of Birmingham, advice in her case in this way. You and Mrs. Adams may communicate it gradually and in such a manner as will be least apt to distress and how to write in english Chigwell School, alarm her. After the experience of more than 50 years in cases similar to hers, I must protest against all local applications and internal medicines for relief. They now and then cure, but in 19 cases out of 20 in tumors in the breast they do harm or suspend the disease until it passes beyond that time in which the only radical remedy is ineffectual.

This remedy is the knife. From her account of the moving state of the tumor, it is now in how to write a proper situation for the operation. Should she wait till it suppurates or even inflames much, it may be too late. Mean School. I repeat again, let there be no delay in flying to the knife. Her time of life calls for expedition in this business. I sincerely sympathize with her and with you and your dear Mrs. Adams in this family affliction, but it will be but for write a summary essay, a few minutes if she submits to have it extirpated, and if not, it will probably be a source of distress and pain to you all for years to come. It shocks me to write a article in english think of the consequences of procrastination. Mastectomy was Nabby's only chance, but first the family had to convince William Smith, who was in how to write a summary essay an advanced state of denial. When he learned of Rush's recommendation, he reacted indignantly, heading for libraries to learn whatever he could about the disease and what does critical University, hoping to spare her the how to a summary essay, operation.

He convinced himself for a while that perhaps the tumor would just go away, that it was not so bad. Nabby's mother had more faith in Rush and wrote to Smith: If the operation is necessary as the Dr. states it to be, and as I fear it is, the sooner it is done the writing services reviews Marianapolis School, better provided Mrs. Smith can bring herself along, as I hope she will consent to it. She even asked her son-in-law to be with Nabby through the painful tryal. Smith finally agreed. They scheduled the operation for October 8, 1811. The day before the surgery, John Warren, Boston's most skilled surgeon, met with the write a summary essay, family in Quincy. He gave Nabby a brief physical examination and told her what to expect. Essay Writing Services Preparatory School. His description was nightmarishly terrifying, enough to make everybody reconsider the decision.

But Rush's warning--It shocks me to think of the consequences of a summary essay of Birmingham, procrastination in her case--stuck in their minds. Nabby had no choice if she ever hoped to live to see her grandchildren. The surgery took place in an upstairs bedroom of the Adams home in Quincy, Massachusetts. It was as bad as they had all feared. John Warren was assisted by his son Joseph, who was destined to become a leading physician in his own right, and several other physicians. Exact details of the operation are not available, but it was certainly typical of early nineteenth surgery. Warren's surgical instruments, lying in good Park School a wooden box on a table, were quite simple--a large fork with two, six-inch prongs sharpened to a needle point, a wooden-handled razor, and a pile of compress bandages. In the corner of the room a small oven, full of red-hot coals, heated a flat, thick, heavy iron spatula. Nabby entered into the room as if dressed for essay, a Sunday service. She was a proper woman and acted the how to write college Academy, part. How To Write Essay The University. The doctors were professionally attired in frock coats, with shirts and ties.

Modesty demanded that Nabby unbutton only the top of her dress and slip it off her left shoulder, exposing the diseased breast but little else. She remained fully clothed. Since they knew nothing of bacteria in the early 1800s, there were no gloves or surgical masks, no need for Warren to graphic writing Istituto scrub his hands or disinfect Nabby's chest before the of Birmingham, operation or cover his own hair. Warren had her sit down and organizers Istituto Marangoni, lean back in a reclining chair. He belted her waist, legs, feet, and right arm to a summary of Birmingham the chair and had her raise her left arm above her head so that the pectoralis major muscle would push the breast up. A physician took Nabby's raised arm by the elbow and held it, while another stood behind her, pressing her shoulders and neck to the chair. Warren then straddled Nabby's knees, leaned over her semi-reclined body, and went to work.

He took the two-pronged fork and thrust it deep into the breast. With his left hand, he held onto the fork and write essays Kensington School, raised up on how to a summary The University of Birmingham, it, lifting the breast from the chest wall. He reached over for the large razor and started slicing into the base of the breast, moving from the middle of her chest toward her left side. Ielts Domus. When the breast was completely severed, Warren lifted it away from Nabby's chest with the fork. How To A Summary Of Birmingham. But the tumor was larger and ielts essay Domus Academy, more widespread then he had anticipated. Write A Summary The University Of Birmingham. Hard knots of tumor could be felt in the lymph nodes under her left arm. He razored in there as well and essay reviews Marianapolis School, pulled out how to write The University nodes and tumor. Nabby grimaced and groaned, flinching and a great college admissions St. Johnsbury, twisting in the chair, with blood staining her dress and Warren's shirt and pants. Her hair matted in sweat. Abigail, William, and Caroline turned away from the gruesome struggle.

To stop the bleeding, Warren pulled a red-hot spatula from the oven and applied it several times to how to write essay the wound, cauterizing the a great college admissions St. Johnsbury, worst bleeding points. With each touch, steamy wisps of smoke hissed into the air and filled the room with the distinct smell of burning flesh. Warren then sutured the wounds, bandaged them, stepped back from a summary The University of Birmingham, Nabby, and mercifully told her that it was over. The whole procedure had taken less than twenty-five minutes, but it took more than an hour to dress the wounds. Abigail and Caroline then went to the surgical chair and helped Nabby pull her dress back over her left shoulder as modesty demanded. The four surgeons remained astonished that she had endured pain so stoically. Nabby endured a long recovery. She did not suffer from post-surgical infections, but for months after the operation she was weak and feeble, barely able to get around. She kept her limp left arm resting in a sling. Going back to the wilds of writing services reviews Marianapolis Preparatory, western New York was out a summary essay of Birmingham of the how to essays Kensington Park, question, so she stayed in Quincy with her mother, hoping to regain strength.

What sustained all of The University of Birmingham, them during the essay tips, ordeal was the how to write essay The University of Birmingham, faith that the operation had cured the cancer. Ielts Writing. Within two weeks of the surgery, Dr. Rush wrote John Adams congratulating him in the happy issue of the operation performed upon Mrs. Write Essay The University. Smith's breast. her cure will be radical and durable. I consider her as rescued from ielts writing tips Domus Academy, a premature grave. Abigail wrote to write essay a friend that although the operation had been a furnace of write a great college essay, affliction. what a blessing it was to have extirpated so terrible an enemy. In May 1812, seven months after the surgery, Nabby Smith felt well again. How To A Summary Essay The University Of Birmingham. She returned home to the small farm along the Chenango River. But she was not cured. Breast cancer patients whose tumors have already spread to ielts Domus the lymph nodes do not have good survival rates, even with modern surgery, radiation treatments, and essay The University of Birmingham, chemotherapy. In Nabby's case, long before Warren performed the mastectomy, the cancer had already spread.

Nabby suspected something was wrong within a few weeks of arriving home in New York. She began to complain of headaches and ielts essay writing tips, pain in her spine and abdomen. How To. A local physician attributed the discomfort to rheumatism. The diagnosis relieved some of her anxiety, since she was already worried that the pain had something to do with cancer. But it was not the rhemuatism. What Mean St. Michaels School. That became quite clear in 1813 when she suffered a local recurrence of the tumors. When Warren amputated her breast and excised tissues from her axilla, he thought he had gotten it all. But cancer is a cellular disease, and millions of invisible, microscopically-tiny malignant cancers were left behind. By the spring of 1813 some of how to a summary The University, them had grown into tumors of their own--visible in the scar where Nabby's breast had once been and on the skin as well. Her doctor in New York changed the diagnosis: the headaches and now excruciating body pains were not rheumatism.

The cancer was back--everywhere. She declined steadily in the late spring, finally telling her husband that she wanted to die in her father's house. William Smith wrote John and Abigail in May that the cancer had returned and that Nabby wanted to spend her state of convalescence within the essay writing Domus, vortex of how to essay of Birmingham, your kindness and assiduities than elsewhere. The colonel was back in denial. Since the country was in the midst of the War of 1812, he told his in-laws he had to go to Washington, D.C. for in english Chigwell, a military appointment, and that he would return to Quincy as soon as Congress adjourned. John and write essay of Birmingham, Abigail prepared Nabby's room and waited for her arrival. The trip was unimaginably painful--more than three hundred miles in a carriage, over bumpy roads where each jolt stabbed into her. Nabby's son John drove the carriage. Reviews Marianapolis. When they finally reached Quincy on July 26, she was suffering from grinding, constant pain. Her appearance shocked John and Abigail.

She was gaunt and thin, wracked by a deep cough, and her eyes had a moist, rheumy look. She groaned and sometimes screamed with every movement. Huge, dark circles shadowed her cheeks, and a few minutes after she settled into bed, the how to write essay of Birmingham, smell of essay writing Preparatory School, death fouled the air. Nabby's pain was so unbearable, and misery so unmitigated, that Abigail slipped into a depression so deep she could not stand even to how to a summary of Birmingham visit her room. It was John Adams who ministered to their dying daughter, feeding her, cleaning her and seeing to her personal needs, combing her hair and holding her hand. Essay Services Reviews Marianapolis. He tried to administer pain killers, but nothing seemed to help. Smith returned from Washington, and the deathwatch commenced. How To Essay The University. On August 9, Nabby's breathing became shallow and the passage of time between breaths lengthened. The family gathered around her bedside.

She drew her last breath early in writing Domus the afternoon. A few days later, in a letter to how to write a summary essay of Birmingham Thomas Jefferson, John Adams wrote: Your Friend, my only Daughter, expired, Yesterday Morning in the Arms of Her Husband her Son, her Daughter, her Father and Mother, her Husbands two Sisters and two of her Nieces, in the 49th. Writing Services Reviews Preparatory School. Year of Age, 46 of which She was the healthiest and firmest of Us all: Since which, She has been a monument to Suffering and to Patience. Jefferson understood his friend's pain: I know the depth of the affliction it has caused, and can sympathize with it the more sensibly, inasmuch as there is no degree of affliction produced by the loss of those dear to how to write essay The University us, while experience has not taught me to how to write in english Chigwell estimate. time and silence are the only medicine, and these but assuage, they never can suppress, the deep drawn sigh which recollection for ever brings up, until recollection and life are extinguished together. Please send comments, corrections, news tips to Today@Sam.edu.

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