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arugment essay Centre for Academic Success. It is buisness reviews (INTO) very important that you recognize which type of essay questions are looking for some sort of judgement, and then to be able to construct an effective, convincing argument in your answer. A major cause of essay Court School, complaint from tutors is that students at all levels do not do this very well, and buisness reviews Nankai University (INTO) make their writing descriptive rather than argumentative. Thought Hillfield Strathallan College. As a result, a well-argued, well-balanced assignment is buisness reviews Nankai almost bound to scholarly articles, get a very good mark. The following essay titles all require a judgement or argument: Should capital punishment be reintroduced in the UK?

To what extent has the government been successful in its fight against illegal drugs? The notion that all early music should be played on authentic instruments is a fallacy. Reviews Nankai (INTO). Discuss. It is Westbourne a commonplace observation that workers dislike and resist change in the workplace. How far do you think this is a rational response to their economic position and how far simply a result of the mismanagement of change? If you were to write a very general essay, for example, about capital punishment, without answering the specific question asked, your mark is going to be low. Buisness Reviews Nankai. Instead, what you need to do is: think what the in writing main points of your argument would be. do extensive reading to buisness reviews Nankai (INTO), find evidence to back up your points, and at the same time note down counter-arguments and contradictory evidence. There is always more than one side to an argument, and think College it is very important in a piece of academic writing to show that you are aware of these different opinions. Your approach must be balanced, not one-sided. structure your answer carefully.

You should state what your conclusion will be right at the start in your introduction; then present both, or all, sides of the buisness reviews University (INTO) argument in a logical, coherent manner, showing clearly which side you stand on by the specific use of define Aiglon, language (see below) and reviews Nankai University (INTO) use of Strathallan, appropriate examples and reviews Nankai University evidence; and finally include a well-developed conclusion which draws all the strands together andmakes completely clear where you stand. Thought Think Strathallan. In an argumentative essay the conclusionis probably the reviews Nankai most important part, so don#8217;t make it too short. As stated above, your argument must be well-balanced and scholarly articles Westbourne School recognize different opinions and University approaches. Scholarly Westbourne. You should not, therefore, be too dogmatic in your approach, and completely dismiss one side of the argument. At the same time, you should not #8220;sit on the fence#8221; and take an indecisive approach, as this may be interpreted as you not having an opinion, or simply not knowing. (In terms of pure argument, you don#8217;t necessarily have to reviews Nankai, completely agree with what you are saying). Sample piece of argumentative writing. Read the following very short argumentative essay and go through the accompanying analysis. Discuss the University funding of childcare provision in the UK. 1 Recent changes in government priorities have seen a reduction in financial support for parents who use childcare.

This is occurring at a time when there is increasing social and buisness University financial pressure on parents, particularly. Writing Paragraph The University Of Brighton. mothers, to work. The issue of childcare and working mothers has been the subject of dispute for reviews (INTO) some time. Persuasive Writing Paragraph The University. Many, notably Giles (2001) and Gough (1999) argue that the best place for children is always in their own homes with their own parents. However, it is my contention that there are many advantages to be had from buisness reviews (INTO), using childcare and the government should provide more financial assistance to parents who do so. 3 Another argument against the use of childcare facilities (Vaughan 2001) is that children can be emotionally deprived in these facilities compared to the home. This argument assumes that the best place for children is to be at persuasive paragraph of Brighton, their parents', especially mothers', side for twenty four hours a day. It claims that children's emotional development can be damaged when they are left in childcare facilities. Nankai (INTO). However, parents and children need to essay writing service recommendation Court, spend sometime apart.

Moreover, children become less dependent on their parents and parents themselves are less stressed and more effective care-givers when there are periods of separation. In fact, a recent study conducted by MCC (2003) indicates that the parent-child relationship can in fact be improved by the use of high-quality childcare facilities. 4 It could further be asserted that the reviews University (INTO) government and the economy as a whole cannot afford the enormous cost involved in supporting childcare for working parents. However, working parents actually contribute to the national economy. They are able to utilise their productive skills and pay income tax, while non-working parents can become a drain on the tax system through dependent spouse and other rebates. This is the thought Strathallan College introduction, which clearly states the main premise in the final sentence: These paragraphs all follow a similar pattern. The counter-argument is given first, followed by the argument put forward by the writer of the piece.

The counter-argument is buisness #8220;weakened#8221; or #8220;problematized#8221; by phrases such as: This argument assumes . It could further be asserted . It is important to show this opposing argument, as by doing so you are showing that you have considered both sides of the define critical thinker Aiglon argument, and also that you are able to anticipate and criticize any opposing arguments before they are even stated. It is also important to clearly mark the shift from the opposing argument to buisness reviews Nankai University (INTO), your own supporting argument. In these three paragraphs, this is writing University done by the use of the buisness reviews Nankai (INTO) word however . This is a very short conclusion. 1 When you can think of the opposing opinion but you have not seen it written anywhere: 2 When you have seen the opposing opinion written in another text: Alternatives to #8220;however#8221;: A model argumentative essay. Should marine mammals be kept in captivity in marine parks? The issue of whether we should allow marine parks to stay open has been widely debated in our community recently. It is an important issue because it concerns fundamental moral and economic questions about the way we use our native wildlife. A variety of articles School, different arguments have been put forward about this issue. This essay will consider arguments for reviews Nankai (INTO) having marine parks and point to some of the problems with these views.

It will then put forward reasons for the introduction of laws which prohibit these unnecessary and cruel institutions. It is the contention of the Marine Park Owners Association that marine parks attract a lot of foreign tourists (The Sun-Herald, 1993). This position goes on to assert that these tourists spend a lot of money, increasing our foreign exchange earnings and assisting our national balance of payments. However, foreign tourists would still come to Australia if the parks were closed down. Indeed, surveys of overseas tourists show that they come here for a variety of other reasons and not to visit places like Seaworld (The Age, 1993).

Tourists come here to see our native wildlife in essay service recommendation, its natural environment and buisness (INTO) not to see it in cages and writing School cement pools. They can see animals in those condition in their own countries Furthermore, we should be promoting our beautiful natural environment to tourists and not the ugly concrete marine park venues. The Age (1993) Use of Marine Parks for Scientific Research 19.2.93. The Age (1993) Should Animals be Kept in Marine Parks/ 16.8.93. Jones, G. (1991). The Myths about Animal Research in buisness reviews University (INTO), Marine Parks. Scientific Australian . Vol 12, No 3. Smith, H. (1992). Marine Parks: Good for Business, Good for Australia.

Leisure Business Review . Vol 24, No. Essay Writing Recommendation Moyles School. 4. The Sun-Herald (1993) Increase in Tourists Visiting Marine Parks 20.7.93. Links to further resources on developing an argument. Last updated: 4 January 2011. Centre for Academic Success. City North : 0121 331 7685 Email.

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history essay ,mexican american immigration 1500 words. Chicano Park and the Chicano Park Murals: Barrio Logan, City of San Diego, California Author(s): Martin D. Rosen and James Fisher Source: The Public Historian, Vol. 23, No. 4 (Fall 2001), pp. 91-111 Published by: University of California Press on behalf of the National Council on Public History Stable URL: . Reviews? Accessed: 06/10/2011 13:38. Your use of the JSTOR archive indicates your acceptance of the Terms Conditions of Use, available at . JSTOR is a not-for-profit service that helps scholars, researchers, and students discover, use, and build upon a wide range of content in a trusted digital archive. We use information technology and writing, tools to reviews University (INTO), increase productivity and facilitate new forms of scholarship.

For more information about JSTOR, please contact University of California Press and define Aiglon, National Council on Public History are collaborating with JSTOR to digitize, preserve and extend access to The Public Historian. The Public Historian, Vol. Nankai? 23, No. Essay Recommendation Moyles School? 4, pp. 91#x2013;112 (Fall 2001). Buisness Reviews (INTO)? ISSN: 0272-3433 #xA9; 2001 by articles the Regents of the reviews Nankai University, University of California and writing to argue of Utah, the. National Council on Public History. Reviews (INTO)? All rights reserved. Define Critical Thinker Aiglon? Send requests for permission to reprint to Rights and Permissions, University of. California Press, 2000 Center St., Ste.

303, Berkeley, CA 94704-1223. Chicano Park and the Chicano Park Murals: Barrio Logan, City of San Diego, California. MARTIN D. ROSEN and JAMES FISHER. After the disastrous Loma Prieta and Northridge earthquakes of 1989 and 1994, respectively, then-Governor Pete Wilson mandated that the Califor- nia Department of Transportation (Caltrans) make the highway bridges of the state safe for buisness Nankai University, the motoring public. Caltrans entered into a massive seismic strengthening program that has encompassed almost every type of bridge and highway-related cultural resource situation in the state. One of. MARTIN D. ROSEN prepared the Section 106 and PRC#xA7;5024 documentation for this project, including the Historic Property Survey Report, Historical Resources Compliance Report, and the Negative Archaeological Survey Report. He is the heritage resource coordinator and The University of Brighton, a district archaeologist for Caltrans District 11 in San Diego. Mr.

Rosen#x2019;s education in- cludes a B.A. and buisness University (INTO), M.A. in define thinker College, anthropology from the University of California, Los Angeles. He is a Registered Professional Archaeologist, with archaeological experience in California, Nevada, New Mexico, and University (INTO), Guatemala. Thought Hillfield College? He has authored some two dozen articles in his field and served as an editor of the Society for California Archaeology#x2019;s Proceedings for its first eight years, the last five of those as editorial chief. JAMES FISHER conducted the architectural/historical resources inventory and the background research for the Historical Resource Evaluation Report on Chicano Park and the Chicano Park Murals. He is an architectural historian and historian with the California Department of Transportation, Environmental Program, Sacramento. Dr. Fisher#x2019;s education includes a B.A. and an M.A. in history from Sacramento State University, Sacramento, and a Ph.D. in history from State University of New York, Stony Brook. His experience includes three years as a state historian in the California Office of Historic Preservation, Department of Parks and Recreation; ten years with Caltrans working in cultural resources survey and Section 106 compliance; and twenty years of teaching U.S. and California history at the University of California, Davis; Sacramento State University; and Sacramento City College. 92 n THE PUBLIC HISTORIAN.

the most challenging projects has involved the retrofit of the San Diego#x2013; Coronado Bay Bridge and Nankai, its approach ramps. The bridge connects the cities of scholarly Westbourne School San Diego and Coronado across San Diego Bay (Figure 1). On the east side of the bay, the bridge cuts a swath through the Barrio Logan community as it approaches Interstate 5. Within that community lies Chicano Park, located under the bridge#x2019;s five approach ramps. The park is the buisness Nankai (INTO), site of monumental Hispanic mural art, which uses the University of Utah, bridge#x2019;s columns as its canvas. Because the seismic retrofit project had to comply with federal and state laws regarding its impact on significant cultural resources, part of the process for buisness reviews University (INTO), this undertaking required researching and define thinker, evaluating Chicano Park and the Chicano Park murals. Based on the authors#x2019; research,1 the buisness reviews University, park and murals were found eligible for listing on the National Register of Historic Places and for placement on the California Register of Historical Resources.2 Prior to the Caltrans undertaking, the persuasive writing paragraph The University of Brighton, murals had only been formally recognized by the City of San Diego Historical Site Board. During the process of buisness Nankai seismic retrofitting, however, Caltrans cultural resource staff evaluated the historic significance of the writing The University of Brighton, Chicano Park murals. As a result of this evaluation, Caltrans successfully determined the University, murals, all under fifty years old, to define critical, be eligible for inclusion in the National Register of Historic Places. This essay examines this unusual combination of circumstances that led to the formal recognition of Nankai Latino art in San Diego as an writing to argue University of Utah, important cultural resource.

Located in southwest San Diego some 17 miles from the United States- Mexico border, Logan Heights was once a predominantly upper-middle- class community known as the East End. It was annexed to San Diego in the late 1880s, and its name was changed to Logan Heights in reviews Nankai University, 1905. It is one of essay service recommendation School San Diego#x2019;s oldest communities and the location of one of the longest established Mexican-American (#x201C;Chicano#x201D; hereafter) communities in San Diego County. Barrio Logan quickly took on reviews Nankai a separate community flair with a distinctively Latino identity and came to represent a major center for Chicano culture and social activities. As commerce and thinker College, industry began developing along the bay during and buisness reviews University, after the writing scholarly Westbourne School, turn of the century, Barrio Logan prospered and continued to buisness Nankai, increase in in writing Lake College, population through World War II. Reviews (INTO)? When the war ended, however, much of the area#x2019;s employment ended as well. Thought Strathallan? Later, in the 1950s, the city of San Diego. 1. James Fisher, Historic Research Evaluation Report for the San Diego-Coronado Bay Bridge [#57-857], Chicano Park and the Chicano Park Murals, San Diego County (Sacra- mento: California Department of buisness reviews Nankai Transportation, 1996). Martin D. Rosen, Historic Property Survey Report, San Diego-Coronado Bay Bridge, Seismic Retrofit Project 4; 11-SD-75, P.M. R21.9/R22.3, 021941 (San Diego: California Department of Transportation, 1997). Martin D. Essay Writing Recommendation Moyles Court? Rosen, Historical Resources Compliance Report, San Diego-Coronado Bay Bridge, Seismic Retrofit Project 4; 11-SD-75, P.M.

R21.9/R22.3, 021941 (San Diego: California Department of Transportation, 1998). 2. Chicano Park and the Chicano Park murals were found eligible for (INTO), the National Register and placed on the California Register on January 31, 1997. CHICANO PARK MURALS n 93. revamped its zoning laws. Property in Barrio Logan was changed from strictly residential to mixed use, allowing the influx into the community of auto junk yards and wrecking operations and other light industrial plants.

The cumulative effect of these land use policies resulted in the dislocation of families, business closures, and the construction of transportation facilities that required more and more land in the area. Barrio Logan#x2019;s population decreased precipitously, and by 1979, had fallen from a pre-war high of 20,000 to about 5,000.3. 3. Pamela Jane Ferree, The Murals of Chicano Park, San Diego, California (unpublished M.A. thesis, San Diego State University, 1994), 26. Alan W. Barnett, Community Murals: The People#x2019;s Art (Philadelphia: The Art Alliance Press, 1984), 107. 94 n THE PUBLIC HISTORIAN. In the Lake, early 1960s, the construction of Interstate 5 severed Barrio Logan from the larger community of Logan Heights. Then the reviews Nankai University, San Diego- Coronado Bay Bridge, constructed between 1967 and 1969 and sited in an east-west direction to link with Interstate 5, further bisected the barrio, essentially #x201C;completing the writing, devastation,#x201D; according to long-time community activist Al Ducheny.4.

Chicano Park is a 7.4-acre park located in San Diego City#x2019;s Barrio Logan beneath the east-west approach ramps of the San Diego-Coronado Bay Bridge where the bridge intersects Interstate 5. The park#x2019;s main section is bounded by Interstate 5 to the east and reviews University, National Avenue to the west, with a smaller pan-handle section extending from National Avenue to Newton Avenue and flanked to the south by Dewey Street (Figure 2). The park was created in 1970 after residents in Barrio Logan participated in an April 22nd. #x201C;takeover#x201D; of land that was being prepared for a substation of the California Highway Patrol. Since 1970, Barrio residents have made extensive use of their new park for social and political events. Annually, on the Saturday nearest April 22nd, the Latino community of San Diego and the Barrio Logan neighborhood have celebrated the founding of Chicano Park with feasting, speeches, music, and dancing. The park#x2019;s facilities include children#x2019;s play- grounds, restrooms, a Kiosko or dance pavilion, a ceremonial kiva, sculp- tures, a water fountain, picnic areas, multi-purpose courts, open play lawns, a raised plaza, and two small parking areas accessed from writing Logan Avenue and National Avenue. Chicano Park is distinguished by approximately forty prominent murals painted on buisness reviews twenty-four concrete pillars (columns or bents) and critical thinker College, two abut- ments sited throughout the park area, which support the San Diego end of the reviews Nankai, San Diego-Coronado Bay Bridge. The murals depict images of Mexican pre-Columbian gods, myths and legendary icons, botanical elements, ani- mal imagery, the Mexican colonial experience, revolutionary struggles, cultural and spiritual reaffirmation through the arts, Chicano achievements, identity and bicultural duality as symbolized in the search for the #x201C;indig- enous self,#x201D; Mexican and Chicano cultural heroes and heroines such as La Adelita, Cesar Chavez, Father Miguel Hidalgo, Che Guevara, Pancho Villa, Emiliano Zapata, and scenes based on articles Westbourne contemporary Chicano civil rights history.

Because the evaluated properties, Chicano Park and its murals, are less than fifty years old, they had to meet National Register of (INTO) Historic Places. 4. Michael Granberry, #x201C;20 Years Later, Span is Loved and Loathed,#x201D; Los Angeles Times, 2 August 1989. Also see: Patrick McDonnell, #x201C;City Urged to Use Coronado Bridge Tolls for writing Westbourne School, Barrio Logan Projects,#x201D; Los Angeles Times, 20 October 1990; Barnett, Community Murals, 107. Buisness University? It should be noted that the Interstate 5 and State Route 75 construction projects of the 1960s were implemented at writing to argue University, a time prior to Nankai (INTO), the enactment of NEPA (National Environmental Policy Act), CEQA (California Environmental Quality Act), or the National Uniform Reloca- tion Act, which today helps to protect communities from the potentially devastating and disruptive impacts caused by major public improvement projects. CHICANO PARK MURALS n 95. Criterion Consideration G: Properties That Have Achieved Significance Within the Last Fifty Years, as well as the National Register Criteria for Evaluation, in order to be found eligible for persuasive writing paragraph The University of Brighton, the National Register.5 The National Register generally excludes properties less than fifty years old. 5. National Register Bulletin 15: How to Apply the National Register Criteria for Evaluation (U.S. Department of The Interior, National Park Service, Interagency Resources Division, Washington, D.C.), 41#x2013;43.

96 n THE PUBLIC HISTORIAN. unless those properties possess exceptional significance. The intent of the time limit is to ensure that sufficient historical perspective has been devel- oped to Nankai University (INTO), identify properties of enduring importance and avoid listing prop- erties of only writing Westbourne School passing contemporary interest. At the same time, the National Register provides for recognition of properties from the Nankai (INTO), recent past when sufficient historical perspective and scholarly comparative analysis exist and can justify a finding of writing scholarly exceptional significance. Prototype transportation facilities, homes of important writers and artists, significant scientific re- search facilities, outstanding examples of modern architecture, extraordi- nary folk art, early examples of icons of reviews Nankai popular culture, and properties associated with major themes of the recent past, such as the exploration of space, the civil rights movement, and cold war relics, are among the varied properties under fifty years old that have been listed on or determined eligible for listing on the National Register. Barrio Logan#x2019;s Chicano Park was found eligible for the National Register under Criterion A at the local level of significance due to its critical association with the writing The University of Brighton, Chicano Civil Rights Movement and buisness University, events that have made a significant contribution to the broad patterns of the City of San Diego#x2019;s political and social history.6 The creation of the park has been recognized as a major defining moment in the history and development of the Barrio Logan community. The Chicano Park Murals, even younger than the park, were also found eligible for define critical Aiglon, listing on the National Register under Criterion A at the local level of reviews Nankai (INTO) significance for their association (1) with political and define critical Aiglon College, cultural activities identified with the Chicano Civil Rights Movement and (2) with a growing recognition of the significance of muralism in mainstream art endeavors.

The murals have deep transcendent values and constitute a historic resource for which the Barrio Logan community has an unusually strong associative attachment. The importance of the buisness (INTO), Chicano Park murals has been underscored by local, national, and international recognition of writing recommendation Court their artistic and social value. After the reviews Nankai, earthquakes, Caltrans was committed to find a way to retrofit the bridge and ramps to achieve increased public safety, while at writing School, the same time, protect the murals as significant community resources. The fact that Chicano Park and its murals were less than fifty years old was not of Nankai (INTO) supreme. 6. The National Register criteria, as cited in 36CFR#xA7;60.4, state that the quality of signifi- cance in American history, architecture, archaeology, engineering, and culture is present in districts, sites, buildings, structures, and objects that possess integrity of location, design, setting, materials, workmanship, feeling, and association, and (Criterion A) that are associated with events that have made a significant contribution to the broad patterns of essay service Moyles School our history; or (Criterion B) that are associated with the lives of persons significant in our past; or (Criterion C) that embody the distinctive characteristics of a type, period, or method of construction, or that represent the work of a master, or that possess high artistic values, or that represent a significant and distinguishable entity whose components may lack individual distinction; or (Criterion D) that have yielded or may be likely to yield, information important in reviews University, prehistory or history. CHICANO PARK MURALS n 97. importance. Even if they had not been found eligible for the National and California registers, Caltrans was determined to limit the adverse impacts that the project might have on articles Westbourne School the subject resources. From the very beginning of the reviews Nankai (INTO), project, community input was actively solicited and inte- grated into project proposals and such input was viewed as vital in the successful implementation of the undertaking. Argument Rosseau? Consequently, the engi- neers#x2019; initial and buisness reviews Nankai University, standard retrofit technique of wrapping the essay recommendation Moyles, columns in steel cylinders and reviews, in-filling with concrete was completely unacceptable because it would have destroyed the murals. The engineers were tasked to Rosseau, develop an alternative that would achieve the seismic goals of the buisness Nankai University, project and preserve the murals.

The resultant strategy involved work in the diaphragm areas above the define critical thinker College, columns, where the bridge deck meets the Nankai (INTO), tops of the columns, and around the bent footings below ground, thereby leaving the argument, column faces untouched (Figure 3). Only one mural in the park, located on Bent G46, was painted above the columns into the diaphragm area, that being Death of the Farm Worker by Michael Schnorr. For the affected mural, about 30 percent of its total surface will be recreated by Mr. Schnorr after construction. Scaffolding will be provided to buisness reviews Nankai (INTO), Mr. To Argue University Of Utah? Schnorr for this purpose and then donated to buisness Nankai (INTO), the park for future mural projects. (A fairly complete listing of the murals, their dates of construction and original artists, is presented in Appendix A.) To ensure mural protection during construction, Caltrans hired art conservator Molly Lambert to oversee the contractor#x2019;s operations.

The contractor was also required to hire art conservators to prepare a mural protection plan and develop the protection strategies. That work was undertaken by Donna Williams and Aneta Zabata. Photographer Phillipp Rittermann and Ms. Lambert completely photo-documented the murals prior to to argue, construction to buisness University (INTO), provide a comparative record of before-and-after conditions to make sure the murals were not damaged during the retrofit process. Writing? To date the project is nearly seventy-five percent completed, and so far no mural damage has been detected. With community input, Chicano Park itself is being enhanced to include a new children#x2019;s playground, additional landscaping, new decorated walk- ways (hardscaping), benches, picnic tables, shade structure, barbeques, lighting, electrical outlets, and irrigation. Reviews Nankai University (INTO)? It is Caltrans#x2019; intent to leave the park in much better condition than when it arrived. Even though this project was not a federal undertaking, Caltrans still had to fulfill its cultural resource requirements under state law (PRC#xA7;5024.5).

Caltrans#x2019; cultural resource process closely follows Section 106 of the argument in writing Lake College, Na- tional Historic Preservation Act, as promulgated in 36CFR#xA7;800. The pro- cess involved defining the buisness reviews Nankai, project limits, or what is known as the Area of Potential Effects (APE). Cultural resources within the APE were invento- ried and evaluated for persuasive writing paragraph of Brighton, their potential eligibility to the National Register of buisness reviews University Historic Places, the California Register of Historical Resources, or both. Finally, determinations were made on how the writing articles Westbourne, project affected those. 98 n THE PUBLIC HISTORIAN. resources deemed significant. It is Caltrans#x2019; policy to avoid adverse effects first, minimize effects second, and consider mitigation as the last resort.

Given that the project was only going to effect a portion of one mural, and buisness Nankai (INTO), as mitigation that affected portion was going to recommendation, be recreated by the original artist, Caltrans avoided causing an adverse effect to the park and murals through its redesign efforts. The present authors began their studies by reviews (INTO) researching Chicano Park history and College, the history of the murals in the park. To place the resources in their proper context, the buisness reviews Nankai (INTO), importance of muralism in mainstream art and in. CHICANO PARK MURALS n 99. particular to Latino/Chicano cultural heritage had to in writing Lake College, be researched and buisness reviews University, documented.

A significant body of literature was reviewed in this respect. Numerous oral interviews were conducted with muralists and other activists who have been actively involved with Chicano Park since its founding. Libraries in both San Diego and Sacramento were utilized and critical College, newspaper archival materials were particularly useful. Through these efforts it became quite apparent that Chicano Park and it murals were significant cultural resources even though they were less than fifty years old. Buisness University? The authors had no trouble developing an argument in favor of significance. The authors#x2019; roles involved analyzing all the critical, various cultural resources studies conducted for buisness Nankai University, the project, including the Chicano Park and mural evaluations, prehis- toric and historic archaeological surveys, bridge evaluations, historic build- ing surveys, and critical thinker College, underwater archaeological surveys, and synthesized them in a report for Nankai (INTO), State Historic Preservation Officer (SHPO) review. In the define Aiglon, formal submittal to the SHPO, Caltrans requested concurrence that the park and the murals be found eligible for the National and California registers.

The authors continue to work with the Nankai, Chicano Park Steering Committee to help secure future funding for mural restoration projects. At the same time the writing University of Utah, cultural resource efforts were underway, other Caltrans staff, mostly from the environmental (Geralda Stryker) and land- scape architecture (Tom Ham and Beth Hall) departments, continued to meet with the community to share information with them about the project and to seek their input on the kinds of park amenities they desired. The project was quite complicated in terms of construction staging, as Caltrans wanted to minimize the buisness Nankai (INTO), impact of the project on the public#x2019;s use of the park. As the engineers continued to develop the strategy that allowed for essay writing service Moyles Court School, seismic retrofitting work while leaving the University (INTO), bridge columns relatively untouched, Project Manager Ramon Ruelas, Project Engineer Carlos Cortez, and Project Resident Engineer Dennis Wilder helped tremendously to ensure that the environmental commitments were carried through during con- struction. Political Activism and thought think Hillfield College, Muralism. Since at least 1967, many residents in reviews Nankai University (INTO), Barrio Logan had believed that they would be given some land for a park.

On April 22, 1970, the essay service recommendation Moyles Court, formal struggle for a park in buisness reviews Nankai University (INTO), Barrio Logan began when Jos#xE9; Gomez, a long-time resident of the neighborhood, and service recommendation Moyles School, students, families, and children occupied the buisness (INTO), land under the thought think College, approach ramps of the San Diego-Coronado Bay Bridge, after they learned that a California Highway Patrol station would be built there. Between 250 and reviews University (INTO), 500 people representing a wide cross-section of the community disrupted grading work that was already in progress. They occupied the site for twelve days and demanded that a park be created. 100 n THE PUBLIC HISTORIAN. immediately. To emphasize their point, the occupiers began the work of writing to argue University creating a park by using shovels, pickaxes, hoes, and rakes to buisness, prepare the critical, ground for the planting of grass, shrubs, and flowers.7 Forming the Chicano Park Steering Committee, the activists demanded that the Nankai (INTO), property be donated to the Mexican-American community as a park in which Hispanic culture could be expressed through art.8. Community activists withdrew from the disputed land only after city officials promised negotiations regarding the use of the land. San Diego City Councilman Leon Williams, whose district included Barrio Logan, assured the paragraph The University of Brighton, neighborhood residents that they would have a city park under the Coronado Bridge.

The City of San Diego, through the efforts of community spokeswoman Angie Avila and (INTO), others, finally negotiated a settlement with the Chicano Federation, a consortium of various community groups, and the Chicano Park Steering Committee that required the city to writing articles School, exchange city-owned land for the disputed state land. The city would then build a 4.5- acre park (eventually to be expanded to buisness Nankai University (INTO), a total of 7.4 acres) on the acquired land bounded by Logan Avenue and National Avenue. Essay Writing Moyles School? The creation of the park was a major defining moment in the history of the Nankai University (INTO), Barrio Logan community.9. The civil rights movement of the 1960s and 1970s inspired a revival of muralism, as did the Mexican Revolution of the 1920s and the New Deal of the 1930s; however, the differences are crucial. Modern Chicano muralism was generally not government sponsored.

It grew out of a desire for service recommendation Moyles, change and buisness reviews (INTO), was typically centered in barrios and ghettos of inner cities. Muralism inspired efforts to writing scholarly articles, reclaim a community#x2019;s cultural heritage and buisness reviews Nankai, was used as a means to develop individual and community self-pride. Murals were an expression of collective vision and tended to link the artists to the people to shape content in the genre of social realism. Techniques were consciously developed to allow non-artists to participate and paint their own murals. Indeed, community participation underscored community empowerment. 7. Armando Acuna, #x201C;Saving a Slice of Chicano Park,#x201D; Los Angeles Times, 4 June 1989.

Philip Brookman, #x201C;Looking for Alternatives: Notes on Chicano Art, 1960-90,#x201D; in think Hillfield College, Richard Griswold del Castillo, Teresa McKenna, and Yvonne Yarbro-Bejarano, eds., Chicano Art: Resistance and Affirmation, 1965#x2013;1985 (University of California, Los Angeles: Wright Art Gallery, 1991), 185#x2013;86. Brookman, #x201C;El Centro Cultural De La Raza: Fifteen Years,#x201D; in Brookman and Guillermo Gomez-Pe#xF1;a, eds., Made in Aztlan: Centro Cultural De La Raza Fifteenth Anniver- sary (1986), 20. #x201C;Work Halted by State At CHP Site Near Bridge,#x201D; San Diego Tribune, 23 April 1970. Titus Fisher, #x201C;City Holds Fate of Park for Chicanos,#x201D; San Diego Tribune, 24 April 1970. Buisness Nankai University (INTO)? #x201C;State #x2018;Hold#x2019; Grant Delay Affect Park,#x201D; San Diego Tribune, 4 March 1971. Nancy Ray, #x201C;Chicanos Vacate Bay Bridge Site,#x201D; San Diego Union, 1 May 1970. #x201C;Council Okays Bay Park Agreement,#x201D; San Diego Tribune, 12 November 1971. Bill Callahan, #x201C;Bay Bridge Art Shows Its Age,#x201D; San Diego Tribune, 28 March 1984. 8. Thought? Acuna, Los Angeles Times, 4 June 1989.

Brookman, #x201C;Looking for Alternatives,#x201D; 185#x2013;86. Brookman, #x201C;El Centro Cultural,#x201D; 20. #x201C;Work Halted by State at CHP Site Near Bridge,#x201D; #x201C;Looking for Alternatives#x201D;; Fisher, #x201C;City Holds Fate.#x201D; 9. University? Angie Avila, legislative analyst and long-time Barrio Logan resident, interview with authors, San Diego, 13 March 1996. CHICANO PARK MURALS n 101. and its involvement in politics. Chicana muralist Judy Baca, founder of the arts organization known as SPARC (Social and Public Art Resource Center) and a major Los Angeles exponent of the mural art form, noted: #x201C;Chicano murals have influenced international muralism greatly and contributed to the shift in emphasis from Mexico to the United States as the center of mural production in the world.#x201D;10. Agreeing, Eva Sperling Cockcroft, muralist and author of to argue University of Utah Towards a People#x2019;s Art (1977), one of the buisness reviews Nankai University (INTO), first comprehensive studies of the commu- nity mural movement, concluded: #x201C;Nowhere did the paragraph The University of Brighton, community-based mural movement take firmer root than in the Chicano communities of California. With the buisness reviews Nankai University (INTO), Mexican mural tradition as part of their heritage, murals were a particularly congenial form for School, Chicano artists to Nankai, express their collective vision of paragraph of Brighton their community.#x201D;11 Not surprisingly, California has more murals than any other part of the United States. The revival of muralism in the barrio was a reaction to such contemporary concerns as high levels of gang and drug violence, restrictive employment opportunities, English-only laws, and a lack of buisness political power in argument in writing Rosseau, spite of an ever-increasing population base.12. The height of Chicano political activism occurred between 1969 and 1975 and not only dictated the reviews, specific social and economic issues the movement dealt with, but also coincided with the most productive period of thought Hillfield College Chicano muralism. Certainly this was the reviews Nankai, historical context in which the writing scholarly articles Westbourne, Chicano Park murals fit.

Such grass-root muralism was generally funded by the artists themselves, local businesses, or community social and arts cen- ters, and projected the themes of Chicano nationalism and buisness reviews University, cultural identity. In keeping with a long tradition of Mexican art as resistance, murals became the art form of choice, silent sentiments and creative yearnings that were vivid and eye-catching, explosions of lights that vanquished the writing scholarly articles Westbourne, shad- ows while merging the buisness Nankai University, past and argument College, the future with the buisness University (INTO), present. They spoke to the ever-increasing social consciousness of the barrio and Chicano sensibili- ties and persuasive paragraph The University of Brighton, reflected issues and symbols that ranged from buisness reviews Aztec icons to the United Farm Workers#x2019; black eagle, combining the Spanish and Indigenous heritage, a significant source of California#x2019;s history. Most of the murals were painted between 1973 and 1980.13. 10. Judy Baca, in define thinker, Preface to Eva Sperling Cockcroft and Holly Barnet-Sanchez, eds., Signs From the buisness reviews Nankai University (INTO), Heart: California Chicano Murals (Venice, Calif.: Social and Public Art Resource Center, 1990), 1. 11. Cockcroft and Barnet-Sanchez, Signs from the Heart, 1, 9#x2013;10.

Cockcroft et al., Towards a People#x2019;s Art (New York: E. In Writing Lake? P. Dutton Co., 1977). 12. Nicolas Kanellos, The Hispanic Almanac: From Columbus to Corporate America (Detroit: Gale Research, 1993), 358. 13. Ron Buckley, #x201C;City of San Diego Historical Site Board Register, #143#x201D; (unpublished San Diego Historical Site Board documentation, 1980), 2. Reviews University (INTO)? Raul Jaquez, artist, interview with authors, San Diego, 1 March 1996. Salvador Torres, artist, interview with authors, San Diego, 29 February 1996. Jos#xE9; Montoya, poet, artist, musician, Professor of Art, California State University, Sacramento, interview with authors, 10 March 1996. 102 n THE PUBLIC HISTORIAN.

From the mid-1970s to the 1980s, muralism gained wider acceptance outside the barrios and thought think Hillfield Strathallan College, was even introduced to University (INTO), audiences at writing scholarly, more traditional art galleries. Books on murals were published, conferences held on buisness reviews University the subject, and writing scholarly Westbourne School, artists from other countries began to sing the praises of Aztlan muralists. In 1983, the quarterly magazine Community Muralists began publishing.14 By this time, new social and artistic themes served to augment the traditional symbols of the farmworkers#x2019; black eagle flag, the buisness University (INTO), Virgin of Guadalupe, the maguey agave (symbol of School renewal), and pre-Columbian images of Quetzalcoatl and Nankai, pyramids.15. Cockcroft believed that muralism gained a new vitality in writing Court, the 1980s due to opposition to the rise of political conservatism in Nankai (INTO), the United States and the military involvement of the United States in Central America, namely Panama, Nicaragua, El Salvador, and persuasive paragraph The University, Guatemala, and the #x201C;war on drugs#x201D; program in South America.16 A growing Chicano population and emerging political power in the southwest helped to define social issues such as bilingualism in educa- tion, immigration, and trade. Through its own visual appeal, innate power, and innovative character, Chicano art at this time displayed an ability to cross over into the mainstream of buisness reviews Nankai (INTO) society in spite of its often intense political content. The Chicano Civil Rights Movement attacked the stereotypes that maintained that barrio art was #x201C;folk#x201D; art and that true artistic recognition had to come through assimilation into the mainstream culture. According to Marcos Sanchez-Tranquilino:

Chicano art is essay writing service Court School, currently entering its #x201C;appreciation#x201D; period as it gains increased acceptance in the larger art market. Buisness Reviews Nankai University (INTO)? It is highly valued for the art market as a new source of color, form, imagery, and text. However, the understanding of scholarly it can only be achieved through analysis of its historical roots and development. Paradoxically, its certified roots (through social art histories) in buisness University (INTO), social resistance will increase its value in the market place. Chicanos, both artists and non-artists, in addition to everyone else in writing to argue of Utah, this country, are having to reviews Nankai, reformulate the contexts of their identities as the demands of living in an increasingly publicly acknowledged multi-cultural society begins to writing University of Utah, seriously impinge upon hard-earned recent social positionings.17. Chicano Park Murals.

On March 23, 1973, mural making in Chicano Park began in buisness University (INTO), earnest. Recommendation Moyles School? Two teams of Chicano artists, Los Toltecas en Aztlan, from the Centro Cultural. 14. Cockcroft and Barnet-Sanchez, Signs from the Heart, 13. 15. Shifra Goldman, #x201C;How, Why, Where, and buisness (INTO), When It All Happened: Chicano Murals in. California,#x201D; in Cockcroft and Rosseau College, Barnet-Sanchez, Signs from the Heart, 33#x2013;34. Cockcroft and Barnet-Sanchez, Signs from the buisness reviews Nankai (INTO), Heart, 14.

Brookman, 1986, 40. Cesar Martinez, #x201C;Unpublished Statement,#x201D; in Griswold del Castillo et al., Chicano Art, 22. 16. Cockcroft and Barnet-Sanchez, Signs from the Heart, 16, 100. 17. Jacinto Quirate, Mexican American Artists (Austin: University of Texas Press, 1973), 68. CHICANO PARK MURALS n 103. de la Raza (Balboa Park) and in writing Rosseau Lake College, El Congreso de Artistas Chicanos en Aztlan, began to apply paint to reviews Nankai, the concrete abutments of the persuasive writing of Brighton, bridge#x2019;s off-ramps flanking the east and west sides of Logan Avenue.

On May 13, 1973, the San Diego Tribune took notice of the Chicano Park art project: Their names are Mexican, so is their art. They paint on concrete. Work began on the bridge columns a month ago and many may not be completed for years. The City has granted artists permission to paint the (INTO), concrete walls and pillars under the Coronado Bridge from writing articles southeast San Diego to the Coronado Bay. The walls are washed, then treated with an acid and primer. When dry, charcoal sketches are made and then filled with acrylic paints. . . . They said their work reflects, #x201C;our thinking, our background, the buisness, barrio, the struggle, la Raza (the Mexican people).#x201D;18. The murals in Chicano Park were executed over an extended period of time and in define thinker Aiglon, three main phases. The first phase of buisness reviews University mural making, 1973#x2013;1974, involved two Chicano art collectives (noted above), Los Toltecas en Aztlan and El Congreso de Artistas Chicanos en Aztlan, and the work emphasized pre-Columbian motifs and the #x201C;dominance of Chicano nationalism and Westbourne School, spontaneity in reviews University (INTO), the imagery portrayed.#x201D;19 For example, the first phase murals include Quetzalcoatl (1973), Historical Mural (1973), and Children#x2019;s Mural (1973). Cockcroft notes that essentially this first phase represented the articles, #x201C;possessing [of] the park, marking it with the placa or logo, of the commu- nity.#x201D;20.

The second phase in 1974#x2013;1975 included invited artists from communities throughout California, most notably Los Angeles and Sacramento. An infusion of new ideas resulted from this period. These second phase murals include Chicano Park Logo (1974) / Rage of La Raza (1974) (see cover of Nankai this issue), Cosmic Clowns (1974), Tree of Life (1974), Allende (1974), Birth of La Raza (1974), Chuco/Homeboy (1974), Colossus (1974), Leyes (1975), Mandala (1975), Mujer Cosmica (1975), and Female Inteligencia (1975). The third mural phase, 1977#x2013;1981, celebrated a resurgence in com- munity pride by, for argument Lake College, example, questioning the inordinate number of junkyards in the barrio and their visual and audio impacts on buisness (INTO) the quality of life. Marked by a twenty-day Mural Marathon organized by Victor Ochoa in 1978, this third phase utilized the skills of some non-Chicanos and writing scholarly School, placed emphasis on educational and historical themes. Ron Buckley, of the San Diego Historical Site Board, described this phase of the park murals as #x201C;art forms that represent the reviews University (INTO), past history and culture of the Mexican-American community of the Barrio. #x201D;21 Examples of the third phase murals include: Varrio Si, Yonkes No! (1977), Varrio Logan (1977), Founding of Mexico (1978), Coatlicue (1978), Virgin of. 18. Lee Grant, #x201C;Chicano Artists Go to the Walls,#x201D; San Diego Union, 13 May 1973. Writing Articles? 19.

S. Torres, interview with authors, 29 February 1996. 20. Eva Sperling Cockcroft, #x201C;The Story of Chicano Park,#x201D; Aztlan 15 (Spring 1984), 79#x2013;103. 21. Buckley, #x201C;City of San Diego,#x201D; 1.

104 n THE PUBLIC HISTORIAN. Guadalupe (1978), Los Grandes y Frida (1978), Rocks to Huelga (1978), Che (1978), Chicano Pinto Union (1978), Sue#xF1;o Serpiente (1978) , and Aztec Archer (1981).22. Unlike the reviews Nankai (INTO), creation of the majority of the murals in the 1970s, the few done in the 1980s and early 1990s were accomplished under a set criteria of writing to argue University need, ability, subject matter, and the availability of buisness reviews University (INTO) funding. Critical Thinker Aiglon? Examples include Sunburst (1986), Ball Player (1987), UFW Grapes (1988), San Diego People, Thanks from Yokohama (1990), and Tribute to Roger Lucero (1993). By early 1984, a group of artists led by Salvador Torres and reviews University (INTO), Mario Torero and members of the Chicano Park Arts Committee began the work of touching up the murals. Due to Hillfield Strathallan, the fact that mural life is buisness reviews Nankai, about ten years, maintenance is important. Think Hillfield Strathallan College? In 1991, the California Department of Transpor- tation trained numerous artists in repair techniques.23. It was the vision of individual artists and others that initiated the painting of murals on University the huge, sterile columns that dominated the park site (see. Tree of Life (mural, 1974/1992). To Argue Of Utah? Original artists: Felipe Adame, Guillermo Aranda, and reviews Nankai (INTO), Arturo Roman.

Located on bridge Bent T46 in define critical thinker College, Chicano Park. Buisness Nankai (INTO)? (Photograph by Martin D. Rosen, November 1999) 22. Argument In Writing Rosseau? Ferree, #x201C;Murals of Chicano Park,#x201D; 40. Leonel Sanchez, #x201C;Murals Reflect Barrio#x2019;s Step Into Activism,#x201D; San Diego Union-Tribune, 23 April 1995. S. Torres, interview with author, 29 February 1996. 23. Buisness University (INTO)? Ann Jarmusch, #x201C;Restoration Begins on Chicano Park Murals,#x201D; San Diego Tribune, 29 August 1991. Salvador Torres and Gloria Torres, artists, interview with authors, San Diego, 29 February 1996. CHICANO PARK MURALS n 105. Appendix A). They envisioned #x201C;a seemingly endless canvas, stretching to the waters of the bay four blocks away,#x201D; an opportunity to transform and #x201C;personalize#x201D; the dreary concrete landscape.

The artists would crystallize David Siqueiros#x2019; description of murals, that they must be #x201C;monumental. Mujer Cosmica (mural, 1975). Original artists: Esteban Villa and Ricardo Favela. Located on Bridge Bent S45 in writing to argue of Utah, Chicano Park. (Photograph by Martin D. Rosen, November 1999) 106 n THE PUBLIC HISTORIAN. and realistic,#x201D; and the Chicano Park murals would be #x201C;bigger than life itself.#x201D;24. By the late 1970s, nearly every major Chicano muralist in California and the Southwest, by invitation and inclination, had participated in the making of Chicano Park murals. For example, Rupert Garcia, internationally known painter from Stockton and reviews University (INTO), San Francisco, designed the tribute mural to Diego Rivera, Clemente Orozco, David Siqueiros, and recommendation Moyles School, Frida Kahlo. The Royal Chicano Air Force from University Sacramento, led by Jos#xE9; Montoya Esteban Villa and Juanishi Orosco, placed its grand contributions on the park#x2019;s columns, as did muralist Charles #x201C;Cat#x201D; Felix, Jr., the driving force behind the acclaimed Estrada Courts murals in Boyle Heights, Los Angeles in 1973. The development of Chicano Park and its murals remains an ongoing process (#x201C;a work in progress,#x201D; in the words of Salvador Torres).25 Moreover, the murals serve as a reminder to people in the community that they can change their environment.

Victor Ochoa emphasized that the #x201C;community needs the murals to speak up on certain issues.#x201D;26 Larry Baza, executive director of recommendation Moyles Court School Centro Cultural de La Raza in Balboa Park, suggested that #x201C;murals are illustrated sentiments#x201D; designed to overcome the limitations of. Sue#xF1;o Serpiente (mural, 1978/1989/1991). Original artists: Soccoro Gamboa, Felipe Adame, and Roger Lucero. Located on buisness Nankai (INTO) Bent R43 in Chicano Park. (Photograph by Martin D. Rosen, November 1999) 24. David Alfaro Siqueiros, #x201C;Art and Revolution#x201D; (London: Lawrence and Wishart, 1975), 18.

25. In Writing Rosseau Lake College? S. Buisness Nankai University? Torres, interview with authors, 29 February 1996. 26. Jarmusch, #x201C;Restoration Begins.#x201D; CHICANO PARK MURALS n 107. Tribute to thought Hillfield Strathallan College, Roger Lucero (mural, 1993). Original artist: Mario Torero. Located on Nankai University (INTO) Bridge Bent F42 in argument Rosseau College, Chicano Park. Nankai University (INTO)? (Photograph by Martin D. Rosen, November 1999) physical conditions and non-literacy.27 Since 1973, the Rosseau Lake, murals have become the icons they depict.

Their maintenance involves the city, the people of the barrio, and especially the artists, who are continuing their work on the pillars of the bridge. The authors have been intimately involved in the project since its inception in 1995. The senior author first visited Chicano Park that year, even though he had lived in San Diego since 1980. All it took was one visit to the park to convince him that the murals were a significant resource worthy of nomination to the National Register of Historic Places. His enthusiasm was equally shared by the junior author, who at the request of University Caltrans District 11, undertook the task of developing the arguments necessary for the park and its murals to be found significant, even though they were less than fifty years old. Essay Writing Service Recommendation Court? Once the buisness reviews Nankai University, research was committed to paper and presented to the California State Historic Preservation Officer, no one ever asserted that the murals and the park were not eligible for the National Register.

Quite to the contrary, at every step in the process, enthusiasm for the resources was unbounded. Argument Lake? Caltrans engineers very early realized that the traditional seismic retrofit approach, wrapping the buisness reviews Nankai University, col- umns in concrete, would not work for Chicano Park. The murals could not be harmed. Thought Think Hillfield College? That was Caltrans#x2019; rallying cry, from all divisions, right up to reviews University (INTO), the. 27. Larry Baza, Director, Centro Cultural de la Raza, interview with authors, San Diego, 16 February 1996. 108 n THE PUBLIC HISTORIAN. District 11 Director, Gary Gallegos, who stated that #x201C;the murals must be protected at all costs.#x201D; Caltrans went to of Utah, extraordinary efforts to see to it that the murals would be protected.

The project contract contained stipulations that the contractor had to hire art conservators to assist in the development of mural protection guidelines. Caltrans then hired its own art conservator and photographer to review the contractor#x2019;s plans and to photo-document the murals prior to construction. It has been almost two years since seismic retrofit work commenced, and there has not been a single instance of reported mural damage due to construction activities. Caltrans routinely deals with archaeological sites, historical bridges, and houses, but never before had it dealt with mural art. Every step in the process involved treading new ground and an unprecedented level of community participation. Caltrans, to be sure, was trying to make up for past sins, for those days when nothing stood in the way of building new freeways. Barrio Logan was just one of buisness Nankai hundreds of communities nation- wide that felt the brunt of the nation#x2019;s efforts to establish its interstate highway system. The Barrio Logan neighborhood, itself, does not provide a completely safe haven for the murals. In Writing Rosseau Lake College? Pigeon roosting has actually increased as a consequence of the retrofit project. Their guano is now causing damage to both murals and new hardscaping placed around bridge columns.

It must be dealt with. Valiant efforts on the part of many will be undone unless this problem is corrected. Graffiti has increased, even as the park has been enhanced. There seems to be a greater disconnection among the barrio#x2019;s youth and these magnifi- cent murals. Tagging threatens the murals, and protective measures must be implemented. New park lighting fixtures are broken, almost as soon as they are put up. Reviews University (INTO)? The homeless, moved from neighboring downtown envi- ronments as a result of redevelopment have taken up residence in think Hillfield Strathallan College, the park.

Garbage from adjacent businesses encroaches as both Caltrans (responsible for the freeway rights-of-way) and buisness reviews University (INTO), the City of critical thinker College San Diego (responsible for the park grounds) struggle to maintain the buisness reviews University (INTO), park#x2019;s appearance and writing paragraph The University of Brighton, amenities. Many of the murals are now approaching 30 years of age, without having ever gone through any significant restoration in buisness reviews Nankai, their lifetime. Many of them were not originally applied with longevity and writing articles Westbourne School, their future historical impor- tance in mind. Reviews Nankai (INTO)? They desperately need work. Define College? To this end, Caltrans is seeking federal, state, and city grant funding for their restoration. The Chicano Park Steering Committee is taking an active role in helping to Nankai University, prioritize the murals most urgently in need of work. Persuasive Writing Of Brighton? Together, it is hoped that many of the problems that face the park and its murals can be solved so that these valuable cultural resources survive into the future. Everyone involved in the seismic retrofit project has considered the murals to be important works of art. The park has been viewed as an outdoor. CHICANO PARK MURALS n 109.

museum, and the bridge columns as the canvases upon which that art has been rendered. While standing in Chicano Park surrounded by these monumental works of art, one feels that one is looking at San Diego#x2019;s version of the Sistine Chapel. Despite the freeway noise above, being there is a deeply moving experience. Buisness? Although the seismic project is almost com- pleted, much more work needs to be done to ensure that these beautiful murals are protected and saved for future generations. Appendix A Murals in argument Rosseau College, Chicano Park. Bent Original Title, Date of University (INTO) Completion/ No. Artist(s) Renovation(s)

T47 Mario Torero, Mano Lima, Colossus, 1974/1989 Laurie Manzano. T47 Manuel Parsons Logan Cross T47 Manuel Parsons Four Decades T47 (this mural is not located on persuasive writing bent T47, (painted whale) but immediately to the northeast of it) T46/L Gato Felix Los Ni#xF1;os del Mundo, 1975 T46 Grupo de Santana Birth of La Raza, 1974/1992 T46 Felipe Adame Rocks to buisness reviews Nankai University, Huelga, 1978/1992 T46 Felipe Adame Chuco/Homeboy, 1974/1992 T46 Felipe Adame, Guillermo Aranda, Tree of Life, 1974/1992. Arturo Roman T46 Community collaboration Indian Dancer T45 Arturo Singh Woman with Flag, 1975 T45 RCAF; poem by Joann Little I Am Somebody, 1975 T45 Jose Montoya Royal Chicano Leyes, 1975. Air Force (RCAF): Ricardo Favela, Esteban Villa, Juanishi Orosco, Louie #x201C;The Foot#x201D; Gonzalez. T45 Celia Rodriguez, Irma Lerma Female Inteligencia, 1975 Barbosa, Antonia Mendoza, Rosalina Balaciosos, Barbara Desmangles volunteers; music by Javier Pacheco. S47 Team from Los Angeles Allende, 1974 S46 Diego Sons Printers, Carlotta Chicano Park Logo, 1974. Hernandez Mario Torero Rage of La Raza, 1974. S46 CACA (Congreso de Artistos Cosmic Clowns, 1974/1992 Chicanos en Aztlan: Mario Torero, Pablo de la Rosa, Tomas Casta#xF1;eda, Felipe Barboza)

110 n THE PUBLIC HISTORIAN. S45 Juanishi Orosco Mandala, 1975 S45 Esteban Villa, Ricardo Favela Mujer Cosmica, 1975 S45 RCAF La Familia, 1975 S42/L Mi Raza Primera R45 Vidal Aguirre Aztec Archer, 1987 R45 Victor Ochoa team Varrio Logan, 1977 R44 Raul Espinoza, Michael Schnorr Huelga Eagle, 1978/1991 R44 Victor Ochoa Che, 1978 R44 Victor Ochoa students Mexican History, 1978/1991 R43 Soccoro Gamboa, Felipe Adame, Sueno Serpiente, 1978/1989/1991. Roger Lucero R43 Felipe Adame Aztec Warrior, 1978 R42/L/R Hasta La Bahia H46 Michael Schnorr, Victor Ochoa, Voz Libre, P.H. Gonzalez, 1984. Guillermo Rosete, Yasue Doudera, Carlos Esparza. H45 Michael Schnorr Undocumented Worker, 1980 G49 Vidal Aguirre, Alvaro Millan UFW Grapes, 1988 G48 Vidal Aguirre Ball Player, 1987 G47 Low Rider Council G46 Michael Schnorr, Susan Yamagata Death of the Farm Worker, 1979 G46 Raul Jose Jacquez, Alvaro Millan, Varrio S#xED;, Yonkes No!, 1977/1989. Victor Ochoa, Armando Rodriguez G45 Susan Yamagata, Michael Schnorr Coatlicue, 1978 G45 Mario Torero Virgen de Guadalupe, 1978 G44 Tony de Vargas Chicano Pinto Union, 1978 G44 Rupert Garcia, Victor Ochoa Los Grandes y Frida, 1978 G43 Felipe Adame La Adelita, 1978 G43 Tomas Casta#xF1;eda, Roger Lucero Chicano Park Takeover, 1978/1991 G29 Laura Rodriguez F44 Octavio Gonzalez O.G. Mural, 1978 F44 Yolanda Lopez Mujeres Chicanas/Escuelas, 1978. Muralistas de San Diego: Julietta A. Garcia-Torres, Cecilia De La Torre, Rosa De La Torre, Eva C. Craig. F43 Dolores Serrano-Velez Nacamiento del Parque Chicano F42 Mario Torero Tribute to define Aiglon, Roger Lucero, 1993 F42 La Tierra Mia F41 Victor Ochoa Revoluc#xED;on Mexicana T Abut.

TEA, Guilberto #x201C;Magu#x201D; Lujan Historical Mural, 1973/1988. M.E.Ch.A. group from U.C. Nankai University (INTO)? Irvine T Abut. Victor Ochoa Lowell Elementary Children#x2019;s Mural, 1973/1986. School children T Abut. Tony De Vargas Chicano Park Takeover, 1986.

Bent Original Title, Date of Completion/ No. Artist(s) Renovation(s) CHICANO PARK MURALS n 111. Bent Original Title, Date of Completion/ No. Writing The University Of Brighton? Artist(s) Renovation(s) S Abut. Buisness Reviews Nankai University? Toltecas En Aztlan (TEA) CACA: Quetzalc#xF3;atl, 1973/1987 Guillermo Aranda, Arturo Roman, Salvador Barrajas, Sammy Llamas, Bebe Llamas, Ernesto Paul, Guillermo Rosete, Victor Ochoa, Jose Cervantes, Mario Torero, Salvador Torres. S Abut.

Tomas Casta#xF1;eda, Salvador Torres Corazon de Aztlan, 1975/1988-89 S Abut. Salvador Torres, Gloria Torres, San Diego People, Thanks from. Ruben Seva, Roberto Salas Yokohama, 1990 S Abut. Tony De Vargas Sunburst, 1986 F Abut. (bird and writing to argue University, sun) Kiosko Tony De Vargas, Vidal Aguirre, Founding of Mexico, 1978.

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1309 Words Essay on Global Warming: Causes, Effects and Remedies. Global warming is the greatest challenge facing our planet. It is, in buisness reviews (INTO), fact, the increase in the temperature of the earth#8217;s neon- surface air. It is one of the thought think Hillfield College most current and widely discussed factors. It has far-reaching impact on biodiversity and climatic conditions of the planet.

Several current trends clearly demonstrate that global warming is directly impacting on rising sea levels, the melting of reviews University, ice caps and significant worldwide climate changes. In short, global warming represents a fundamental threat to argument College, all living things on earth. image source: Global average temperature rose significantly during the past century. The prevailing scientific view is that most of the temperature increases since mid-20th century has been caused by increases in atmospheric greenhouse gas concentrations produced by human activity. Most scientists agree that planet#8217;s temperature has risen 0.5 degree Celsius since 1900 and will continue to increase at an increasing rate. As a result, the world is getting warmer. The year 1990 was the hottest year in the last century.

Together with 1991, the years of 1983, 1987, 1988 and 1989 have been measured to be the warmest six years in the last hundred years. Reviews Nankai University (INTO)? The year 1991 was the second warmest year of the think Hillfield Strathallan past century. The consequences of the rise in temperature is being felt all over buisness (INTO) the globe the findings of scientific research done in essay writing Moyles, this field reveal that the temperature of the earth is likely to rise from 1.4°C to 5.8°C within a period of 100 years. Unfortunately, the imbalance which we have created between our life and earth is already showing the signs disasters in the form of flood, cyclones, landslides, tsunami, drought, etc. If the imbalance continues to rise, one day this will pose a question mark on the existence of this planet. Carbon dioxide (C02) which is an important constituent of environment is causing a warming effect on the earth#8217;s surface. It increases the evaporation of water into the atmosphere. Since water vapour itself is a greenhouse gas, this causes still more warming. The warming causes more water vapour to be evaporated. Buisness Reviews? The C02 level is expected to rise in future due to ongoing burning of fossil fuels and landuse change.

The rate of Rosseau Lake College, rise will depend largely on uncertain economic, sociological, technological and natural developments. Other gases such as methane, CFCs, nitrous oxide, tropospheric ozone are also responsible for buisness global warming. Increases in all these gases are due to explosive population growth, increased industrial expansion, technological advancement, deforestation and growing urbanisation, etc. Trees play a significant role in the global carbon cycle. They are the largest land-based mechanism for removing carbon dioxide from the air. Argument In Writing Lake? Deforestation is checking these positive processes.

It is the second principle cause of atmospheric carbon dioxide. Deforestation is responsible for 25 per cent of all carbon emissions entering the University (INTO) atmosphere, by the burning and cutting of 34 million acres of trees each year. Everyday over 5500 acres of rainforest are destroyed. As a consequence of massive loss of forests, global CO, levels rise approximately 0.4 per cent each year, the levels not experienced on this planet for millions of years. As we know the forests are the essay writing recommendation Moyles great absorbers of CO.

There is a close relation between global warming and population growth. Today the large population on earth is using the technologies which are destructive for the earth. Approximately, 80 per cent of atmospheric C02 increases are due to man#8217;s use of fossil fuels either in the form of coal, gas or oil. A large portion of carbon emission is buisness reviews attributed to the burning of gasoline in internal-combustion engine of vehicles. Vehicles with poor gas mileage contribute the most to global warming. Define Critical Aiglon College? Besides, the buisness reviews University sulphur group gas is the most harmful for this. Its contribution is 30 per cent in global warming. This gas is also emitted from the burning of fossil fuels.

Increase in global temperatures will cause rise in sea level. It will lead to melting of glaciers, changes in rainfall patterns, increased intensity and of Brighton, frequency of extreme weather. As per Nankai, the latest survey report the rate of melting of glaciers has seen sharp increase in recent times. Even those glaciers are affected from global warming which have been considered permanent. The shrinking of glaciers is going to pose a major problem of drinking water.

The sea levels as a result of melting of glaciers have risen from writing University, 0.35 mm to 0.4 mm. Scientists have warned in their reports that most of the glaciers will disappear within a period of 15 to buisness reviews Nankai University, 25 years. It will create problems of drinking water and food grains in most of the North American countries. India is not unaffected from it. The Himalayan glaciers have shrunk about 30 per cent after 1970. Thinker? The rise in sea levels is a major cause of concern. A large number of cities located in buisness (INTO), coastal areas will submerge in the sea. Besides, many island countries will ultimately #8220;lose their existence and will be washed away from the surface of the thought think Hillfield Strathallan earth. The damage of rising sea levels is diverse.

Buildings and roads close to the water could be flooded and buisness Nankai University (INTO), they could suffer damage from hurricanes and tropical storms. Experts believe that global warming could increase the persuasive paragraph The University intensity of hurricanes by over 50 per cent. In addition, as the sea rises, beach erosion takes place, particularly on buisness reviews University, steep banks. Wetlands are lost as the writing of Utah level rises. Rise in atmospheric temperature will lead to the outbreak of air¬borne and water-borne diseases. Nankai (INTO)? It would also contribute to the rise in define College, death caused by buisness University (INTO) heat. The problem of drought would be frequent. Consequently, malnutrition and starvation will pose serious challenge before humanity. Of Brighton? Global warming is a great threat to the flora and fauna of the earth. A large number of species of them may become extinct.

The expanse of desert would increase. Low rainfall and rising temperature could add to the intensity and frequency of dusty storm. This in turn will immensely affect the quality of agricultural land, ultimately causing adverse effect on agricultural produce. It would have far-reaching socio-economic impact. In Indian context, the impact of global warming is buisness reviews Nankai (INTO) a matter of grave concern. As is well known, India is mainly an agricultural country and agriculture here is gamble of the monsoon, e.g. largely depending on rainfall. Though it is to affect the whole country, the worst likely impact would be on central and to argue University of Utah, northern India which is high-yielding parts of the country. University? These are the regions which produce the largest agricultural yield. The rise in atmospheric temperature and fall in writing University, rain would naturally result in decline in crop production. Moreover, it would have great effect on biodiversity as well.

The growing concerns over global temperatures have led to the nations, states, corporations and individuals to draw out a plan of action to avert the situation. As a result the world#8217;s primary international agreement on combating global warming was reached in Kyoto in 1997 which came to be known as Kyoto Protocol. However, ten years have passed; the situation does not appear to be very changed. It seems that the member countries are not very serious about reviews, its devastating effects. In addition, forestation can be of great help in thought, this regard. Planting more trees and reducing timber cuts worldwide will help restore the imbalance.

Secondly, we must follow on environmental policy of #8216;reduce, reuse, recycle#8217;, i.e. promoting the reuse of anything. Thirdly, the use of reviews Nankai (INTO), fuel-efficient vehicles should be promoted as these vehicles have lower emissions of harmful gases. Fourthly, every individual should be aware of the importance of the thought think Hillfield Strathallan protecting environment. Besides, eco- friendly technologies must be promoted, and buisness reviews Nankai University, must be substituted with the technologies which cause great emission of global warming gases. Public awareness campaign can be of great help in this regard because unless each and every individual is aware only governments#8217; effect cannot bring desired difference. Welcome to!

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Create a Business with Your Art (Q#038;A with Ann Rea) Last week, I had the buisness reviews, privilege of hosting a one-hour QA session with Ann Rea, a successful artist and entrepreneur who is devoted to define critical Aiglon destroying the myth of the “starving artist.” Our audience members submitted so many great questions that had to do with how to turn a creative passion into a profitable business. Other questions from our session included: What’s the (INTO), best way to writing Moyles School decide what to work on first if you have multiple interests? How do you price your products? Who should I market to first? I’m a songwriter but have not recorded, where do I even begin? There were plenty more questions during the Nankai University, webinar, and you can watch the recorded video above or read the transcript below. To learn more about Ann, visit her website:

Jonathan: Thank you for joining us today at this Bplan’s webinar. Argument. My name is Jonathan Michael. Buisness Nankai (INTO). I’m the Community Manager for We’re so excited to have you here today with us for our question-and-answer session with Ann Rea. Ann Rea is on a personal mission to destroy the critical thinker College, myths of the buisness University, starving artist. Writing Westbourne. She and her inspired business approach had been featured on buisness reviews University HDTV, the Good Life Project with Jonathan Fields, in Fortune, and the Wine Enthusiast magazines, and profiled in critical, the book Career Renegade. She is University a popular instructor on Creative Live.

Her artistic talent is essay service recommendation commended by American art icon Wayne Thiebaud. She has a growing list of collectors across North America and Europe. Thank you for being here, and welcome. Ann: Oh, thank you very much, Jonathan. I appreciate the buisness University (INTO), opportunity. This is going to be fun. We surveyed a number of you and gathered wonderful questions, and a lot of them are commonly asked questions. That’s what we’re going to focus on today. Jonathan is going to feed me a question, and I’m going to do my very best to answer it for you. I’m a painter.

Let me just tell you this is really applicable to any creator, who is building a business. I’ve worked with other painters. I’ve also worked with illustrators. Define Thinker. I’ve worked with musicians, jewelry designers. It’s interesting enough when I do speak engagements like massage therapist show up. Buisness Nankai University. I think if you think identity as a creator, and feeling a little bit of disconnect with the in writing, business side, I am here to translate between the two worlds. Jonathan: Awesome.

Thank you so much for being here. Just for everybody who is in buisness (INTO), attendance today, we do have some questions that people have already submitted when they registered for the webinar. If you’d like to writing to argue University of Utah ask a question, all of our attendees are currently muted. The way you’re going to buisness reviews Nankai ask questions is you will notice a questions tab with the writing recommendation Moyles, webinar application. You can write in your questions and click “Submit.” What I’ll do is I’ll moderate those questions, and find great ones to buisness (INTO) pass forward to scholarly Westbourne School Ann.

Keep your questions coming all throughout today. I’ll do my best to get them all in. Buisness Nankai University. All right, we’re ready to essay writing Court start? Jonathan: Okay, let’s kick it off. Ann, the (INTO), first question that I wanted to writing scholarly Westbourne ask you today is how do you further your art career?

Ann: Great question. Buisness. First thing I do is question the question. Ann: Okay, because I don’t believe artists have a career. They don’t have a career. They have a business. Why do I say that?

This is an essay writing Moyles, important thing to understand. It’s a matter of reviews University, perspective and mindset. The practical manner is this, if you had a career, you’d have a job, which means you get a W-2, you have a retirement plan, [inaudible 00:03:09] parking space. You don’t get a job as a fine artist or as most creators are writing…Even if you were a creator, and you have a job, it’s usually a short-term gain. If you run things like a job, like if you have a career, you are not going to do what you need to do to build the business and to make yourself marketable.

That’s the first thing. It’s really understanding the difference between the University, two. We’ve been told that we have careers. Reviews (INTO). We present resumes and exhibition list. In Writing. It’s really not relevant to University a business. Really the best place to start is to write a business plan.

Honestly, that’s what I did. That’s how I did it. Jonathan: Okay. When you’re writing that business plans, lot of questions that came through today how to scholarly articles Westbourne do with, how do I define my market, my niche, who do I market to? Bill Hunt brought that question. Ann: Great. Great question.

Yeah, a lot of artists will start with the question with how do I define my niche, my market niche, or how do I find collectors, how do I find caterings or customer? You really can’t answer that question until you’ve answered other questions. Buisness Reviews University. I’m going to break this down for you. Essay Service. The first question you really have to reviews University (INTO) have a solid answer for is, what is your creative purpose? What’s your “Why?” Simon Sinek wrote this book, Knowing your why or something. The problem is we don’t often know how to get it our why.

You really do have to know why do you paint, why are you a photographer? Why are…It’s like…You go back, and that’s the answer. That’s the questions you usually answer like why I do this thing making music, this thing making painting, this thing making jewelry? You got to step back further from that. Artists are thought leaders. First and foremost, you have to writing University know who you are and what you stand for. Who you are and what you stand for? That’s the first thing you really have to know. Buisness Nankai University (INTO). Why is that relevant therapy find your niche? Because depending on who you are and writing School, who you stand for, and also what you stand against, that will determine who is going to be your target market.

Who is going to vibe after you? Who is going to resonate with you? In answer to that question, you really have to know your “Why.” You have to Nankai University (INTO) know who you are and what you stand for. Then secondly, you have to know what problem is there in the world that you believe is essay writing service Moyles School really wroth solving. Now, that is the essence of Nankai (INTO), every business. Every business solves the problem or alleviates the pain, and articles School, make no mistake, artists do the same thing, if they’re effective, if they’re actually sustainable.

Then once you know your why, once you know your what, then you’ve got to answer your how. Your how is what’s referred to as your unique value proposition. How are you going to solve that problem? Then that’s how you’re going to eat. Buisness Reviews Nankai University (INTO). That’s where you’re going to determine how you’re going to use your art to solve that problem.

Last but not least, who has that problem? Who are you going to serve? That’s your target market. Service Court School. There’s a process to buisness Nankai University (INTO) this, but most people, most artists will start with the question, the third question, which is what is my unique value proposition, or they’ll start with the argument in writing, last question, which is who is my target market? Ann: Really you have to follow this process. This is reviews Nankai University (INTO) why planning is so important. It’s essential. Jonathan: Okay. From your experience as a successful artist, can you talk about how you answered those questions for yourself as an Strathallan College, example so that we can see what that looks like? Ann: Yeah, I mean it’s a long-winded story. I’ll try to keep it really short and sweet.

My back story is that I went to art school, and buisness, I graduated. Persuasive Writing Paragraph The University Of Brighton. I worked in design for a little while. Then I quit making art for over a decade. I didn’t draw anything. I didn’t paint anything. During that time, I developed some pretty severe anxiety, and depression, and insomnia. I went back to art as a means to quell my own anxiety. Buisness Reviews Nankai. I had no intension of selling anything. Never mind.

I wasn’t even going to show anybody anything. For me, what I realized it’s just a universal lesson that came from those painful times in my life is that most of the joy that we experience is by being in the moment, by savoring the moment. What did happen was that as I started…I’d actually engage in what’s an act of meditation while I was painting. What was interesting is when I did eventually start to show my work and sell my work, my collectors would say the same thing over thinker, and over again. What they would say is when I look at buisness Nankai, your paintings, I feel like happy and I feel very calm; happy and define thinker College, calm. Reviews. Now, there’s a whole lot of people out there who need happy and persuasive paragraph The University of Brighton, calm. Buisness Reviews (INTO). It’s a big problem if they don’t have it. You’d see how these things are start to winding together we know…We know who I am. You know who I am now, right. You’d probably know what I stand for. Happy and writing scholarly, calm is really important to me, because I didn’t experience it for a good chunk of my life.

Jonathan: Yeah. Reviews. That’s excellent. Thank you for that example. Absolutely that’s a great story too. It’s great to writing paragraph hear from where you’re coming from. Tabitha cook brought up a question. You’ve got these talents you have and reviews Nankai, you’re trying to get it to be a profitable business and University of Utah, even just become a business. Reviews University (INTO). What’s the best way to decide what to work on scholarly School first, especially if you have multiple interests?

Ann: Well, again I may go back to what I said before. You have to first understand…First of all, Tabitha you won’t have this question. You don’t have this confusion of where to start with, if you understand your why. You understand who you are and what you stand for. If you understand you’re what. Buisness University. If you understand what mission you’re on Strathallan because if you understand what problem you’re trying to buisness reviews Nankai University (INTO) solve, then you will reach for the talents and University of Utah, the resources that are going to more likely help you solve that problem.

That’s how you did…That’s how you will focus. That’s how you will absolutely gain focus. When you gain focus you will gain confidence. Nankai University (INTO). I know that a lot of creative people listen, who I speak to not certainly not everyone struggles with focus and confidence. The two are linked. Persuasive Writing Paragraph Of Brighton. You’re not going to start with confidence. Confidence is (INTO) going to come by focusing and taking action. Writing Articles School. Then you’re going to earn confidence. I didn’t start of confidence.

Remember I had anxiety attacks for buisness Nankai University (INTO), good chuck of my life, probably a mess. It is possible. It is persuasive writing possible. University. That’s my answer to articles that question. Go back to that time to time again. You’ll notice pattern here. Jonathan: Okay, great thank you. We have a question from Samantha. She wanted to know how do you know how to price a piece of art or the work that you’re producing? Ann: Well, that’s a great question. It’s really hard to give any specific answers to you because I don’t know what it is.

I don’t know who your market is. Buisness Nankai University. I don’t know if your market’s over saturated. I don’t know how you reach your market. I don’t know what your sales goes are like. You could have something priced fairly and you could have great marketing but you’re…You can’t close the sale. The guidance I give in writing, a general way around this is when people sell a house, before they sell the house they’re getting an appraisal. They look at similar houses in the same neighborhood with the same number of bedrooms. Maybe [inaudible 00:11:44] house has a pool and the other house that sold recently also have a pool. That’s a good…Really just doing an analysis of the buisness Nankai University, competitive landscape.

That’s the best place to essay recommendation start. Reviews. That’s where you’d start. Argument. Then what you do is you invent ways to add more and more value, and Nankai, then you can add more and more [inaudible 00:12:07]. Well, you can make the sale is easier or you can actually charge more. Ann: I hope that helps. Hard to give a real specific answer to thought think Hillfield College general, I’d say it’s like an appraisal when you go to sell your house. Just go look around for University (INTO), similar work, quality and…That’s the best way. Jonathan: Yeah. You mentioned that the argument in writing College, need to plan and create a business plan to do that strategic thinking ahead of time. There’s been a couple of questions that I wanted to buisness reviews (INTO) ask you regarding that, which is critical thinker Aiglon how do you create a business plan or how do you build the plan especially, when your sales for buisness (INTO), your art are either commissioned or they happens sporadically. It’s not anything that happens on a consistent weekly basis.

How do you build the plan around that? Ann: You absolutely can build the plan around that. Just because you sell something via commission versus ready-made, it doesn’t matter. If it’s happening sporadically, that’s a really good indication that you need a plan because you can have…You can build…You can write a plan and take focused action so that it’s happening consistently in your [technical error]. You need a plan…You absolutely need a plan and a goal too. Thought Hillfield. Let me just back up with…My business plan was completely half-baked, I’m going to tell you right now.

I didn’t know what I was doing. I didn’t. Perfectly happy to tell you I didn’t know what I was doing. Here’s what I did, no I wanted; I knew that I wanted to Nankai make a $100,000 within the first year. Then I backed in right from there. I was like, “Okay. Argument Rosseau College. Well, how the hell can I do that?” I’m just swore on LivePlan, sorry about that. Jonathan: We could add later.

Ann: That was like…Then truly was my first requirement because I just moved to San Francisco. Reviews Nankai (INTO). It’s hell of thought Hillfield Strathallan, expensive here. It’s more expensive now. Reviews University (INTO). Then I…That was the goal…Everything had to work towards this end goal. Writing Scholarly Westbourne. That’s how I did it. I think that’s a good place to do it. Reviews Nankai University (INTO). Like to determine how much money do you want to paragraph The University of Brighton make at a minimum and buisness reviews University, work backwards. Jonathan: All right. Thanks for that answer. Yeah, let me pull up another question here.

Doug Belding had an interesting question. He asked what tactics in today’s market place can get a new artist entrepreneur to be a stand out aside from their body of define critical Aiglon, work. Ann: I’m not sure you really understand that question which says stand out? Jonathan: Is there something that you need to do, because maybe your art or you want your art to speak for reviews University (INTO), itself, but I’m wondering … Ann: Okay. Hold on. Hold on. Okay. I want to start right there. Art speaking for themselves, what the hell does that mean? I am so tired of using meaninglessly…Meaningless and foggy terms that we through around and assume everyone knows what the hell you are talking about. Speak for writing scholarly, itself, what does that mean?

Nothing…What does that mean, speak for itself? Look here is the thing, selling art sucks, let me tell you all right now, it sucks. Buisness. It does, you don’t want to sell art because you are not talented enough and I am not talented enough, really I am dead serious. What you want to do is you want to define critical Aiglon College create value of reviews University, above and beyond your art itself, and that’s what you want to sell, what’s what you want to lead with. If you want to sell art for art sake, you need to find yourself a gallery, and in writing Rosseau, good luck doing that by the way, people are getting paid by buisness reviews Nankai University the way. If you don’t want to bother with any of this, then it just want to essay service recommendation Moyles School make, what you want to buisness (INTO) make, when you want to make it, how you want to make it with no thought or consideration to what value it provides for a target market, then you got to find yourself representative and essay service Moyles, I…God bless you, I hope you do, I don’t think you will. Jonathan: Okay. Those are some tough words, now… Ann: The reason I am so passionate and tough about this, Jonathan, is buisness (INTO) because artist are injured by living under an illusion that somehow magically discovered one day, that’s a lie. College. That’s a big, big lie, it looks like, I mean think people think I got discovered, trust me no one discovered me. I worked my ass off, and it was very deliberate and I was very strategic and I was very clear that it wasn’t about me and it wasn’t about my career process or my artist statement.

It was about how I serve the target market and that’s how I got paid and that’s the only way you will get paid in this life. I can make this argument by looking at artist throughout history but truly I am being, these are like…It’s like tough love, it’s so if you are living under the illusion that somehow you get discovered, please don’t believe it, it’s not true, even if…I actually have the (INTO), art…Actually have the contract for American Idol. Ann: Oh, yeah I do. I’m supposed to have it, it’s illegal for me to have it, but I have got it. Thought College. It’s intend…It’s basically you have to sign away everything and it’s a denture servitude. Actually, a friend is a very talented vocalist and he showed it to University me and I am like…He said, “They called me back for the audition.” I am like, “You can’t go. Writing Articles. This is Nankai verbal.” Like all his modeling money, you could have to give it to them you can’t…It didn’t work, it was ridiculous. That’s what discover…That’s what getting discovered looks like signing over your life. These are not scenario.

Jonathan: Okay. Writing Of Utah. If it’s not this illusion that your art has to speak for buisness reviews University, itself and things like that, correct me if I am wrong but I don’t think that you are saying that as an artist you can get away without having a unique voice and argument in writing Rosseau, a unique style is that right? Ann: Absolutely must…Absolutely, yes but that is not enough. Let me give you an analogy. Jonathan just pretend you are interviewing me for a job, okay. Ann: Just pretend. I am not wearing this on t-shirt, I am actually all dressed for the job right, I have a very nice briefcase, I look like a great candidate, just pretend right. Buisness Reviews Nankai University. I still have to got to answer your questions. Ann: If I said you are mute…if I said you are mute, that would be speaking for myself, would you hire me just based on me sitting here, looking like I am ready for College, the job without ever, without me ever speaking.

Jonathan: No I would definitely want to see what you know and what you have done. Ann: Right, if I could indeed add value to your organization. Ann: If I would be able to buisness reviews (INTO) solve the problem that you have on your team or alleviate…Problem or alleviate a pain that you have been coping with in your organization right…You have to School be able to speak to that very directly and buisness (INTO), convincingly…Apart. Jonathan: We are clear you need a style, you need a unique voice, you’ve got…That has to be displayed in the work that you produce but then beyond the thought think Strathallan College, work that you produce you as a person communicating. What it is? The problem that you are solving and things like that especially with the University, new medium out there, being able to Rosseau College get your voice out and present them more to people. Buisness Reviews. How much does that play into it of putting yourself in the forefront? Ann: It’s huge, it’s like every business, it’s not…Selling art is a business, it’s a big, big business and it’s not…It doesn’t…It has a same requirement for success like any other business whether you are…If you are plumber, if you are a tree trimmer, it’s all you still have to…Here is a…You still have to master, you have to master your craft or master your trade or master your expertise.

No matter what business you are in, that is the articles Westbourne School, minimum price of Nankai (INTO), admission. Of course you do. Of course you need to understand your craft, your trade, your expertise or product line; absolutely. Writing University. After that, the engines that are going to drive the business are going to be sales and buisness (INTO), marketing and there is no business on earth that doesn’t have to master sales and marketing. You want to sell, you have to understand sales and marketing.

Jonathan: Okay, I am going to come back to Doug’s question on writing of Utah this because perhaps maybe this is what he was trying to get at is okay I have got the work that I have created and I want to take that next step of going out into the market place but I know that there is some things that I need to do to put myself front and center, do you have a couple of tactics that you would suggest of where an artist can go to put themselves out reviews Nankai, there. Ann: Well when you say put yourself out there. That itself is another one of those foggy terms that confuse people, put myself out Strathallan, there, get exposure, art speak for buisness reviews Nankai (INTO), itself like those are all like creepy, hard to understand phrases. I am going to bring it back, I am going to bring it back and say what’s this gentleman name, who have bravely asked the question? Jonathan: Doug, although I am probably butchering the thought Strathallan College, question.

Ann: Doug. Doug, I would say what’s your “Why,” who are you and what…Who are you and what you stand for buisness reviews University (INTO), right, look let me give you a real life example, it’s called LivePlan right. Ann: Do you think that art establishment a group of gallery organization is define critical Aiglon College going to buisness Nankai (INTO) wind here for me? Do you think they would ever put me on a damn webinar, I mean ever in paragraph The University, a million years? No. They wouldn’t because I stand against the scarcity and permission based art establishment. I know who I am and I know who I stand for and I know what I stand against. I am going to repel those folks. That’s fine. Buisness Nankai (INTO). See, you got to critical thinker College know who you are and what you stand for buisness reviews Nankai, Doug that’s the first thing and that’s the really important thing. It’s more important in University of Utah, the case of a creative and that means graphic designers, illustrators, jewelry designers, they really have to know who they are and reviews Nankai (INTO), what they stand for because their product, their art is a reflection of themselves, okay.

It’s much more important, Jonathan, I don’t feel like the writing, CEO of your company. Buisness Reviews (INTO). They really need to know as much I mean they do have to scholarly articles understand their values, but they don’t really have to know as much, they can still sell the software without having a really strong sense of self right. That’s the first thing, Doug. University. Then secondly, okay, then now that you know who you are and what you stand for what problem is there in the world that is worth solving, what mission are you on? Let me give you an example, I will give you an example of one of my artist’s clients, because I think I am…We’ll be explaining this in a way that’s too abstract. Critical Thinker. I am going to give you a very practical and buisness reviews University (INTO), relatable example. Ann: It’s a young woman in thought Hillfield, Memphis, Tennessee, who is a children’s portrait painter. Buisness Reviews University (INTO). When she first came to me she was called herself a portrait painter. Define Critical Aiglon College. I said, “Well, what kind of portraits do you paint?” She said, “Well, I paint portraits of adults and children,” I said, “Hold on. Okay, let’s niche this down. Do you like painting portraits of children?” Yes.

Now why did I asked her that, I asked her that because what I was thinking is, if little Johnny gets a portrait, little James going to need a portrait right, so that’s going to reviews University immediately pour opportunity for another for more work right. Well, if you just keep Jonathan now, he is probably not going to get another portrait done, he is probably going to be done. That was my thinking there. It’s more strategic. Think Hillfield Strathallan College. When we delve into case in buisness reviews Nankai University (INTO), a world and found out who she really was and what she stood for, she realized that. She looked at the most painful times in her life and writing service, the most joyful times in her life, and she realized through examining those points of University (INTO), view that when she was a child, when she felt really loved and really cared for was when her parents were just delivering unconditional love, when she felt, really, really disfranchised and define thinker College, a lot of (INTO), pain. She wasn’t part of the click. She wasn’t one of the thought Hillfield Strathallan, inn girls. We daunted on her…It was really important…It was really important to Nankai University her a mission she decided to go on School was to come up with a way to value children for who they are, to value, just value their individual worth for who they are just who they are.

What does that portrait do? It values you for who you are. Her mission…She doesn’t just paint the portrait, she actually gets down on her knees. Reviews (INTO). She plays with these kids. She really understands who they are, their personalities, their interest. They have their little…These are little beings who actually have distinct personalities. She reflects that in the portrait. When she talks about her…She never has to sell her portraits because I told, selling art sucks remember?

I told you that. Ann: What she does, she just talks about her mission, which is true. Yeah, she just says I am really…She talks about a mission, she the one really just on her children for who they are and celebrate their worth. She talks about, how she arrived at writing articles Westbourne, that and by the time she is done talking about that, people are freaking…She has got eating all of her hands because they are so inspiring by this mission. It’s authentic.

There is nothing about it that is copy written in advance or somehow strategy this is buisness (INTO) truly who she is. Think. That’s the reviews (INTO), example of scholarly Westbourne, how you sell art without selling art. Jonathan: That’s great, from your experience and maybe you want to answer the question in general to…The question that I am having from all of this is okay so I have got my art, I got it ready to go, what’s my next step, who am I talking to next. Ann: You got the cart before the horse, Jonathan. You got your art and you are thinking that’s your starting place. Buisness Reviews Nankai University (INTO). You have a body of work and what’s my next step. What I am saying is you…You have the carpet for the horse, you are in the middle. Paragraph. You need to backup two steps. Buisness University. Let’s go back to Kate as an scholarly School, example.

She knows who her ideal customer’s avatar is, if you are not familiar with that term, that’s like the persona of her favorite buyer, a collector. She knows that her values match her customer’s values. She talks about her values. She got like family values. In that value of reviews, family, a value of family is very important to her particular target market. She talks about that. If you are starting with your art, you are like you…You just your choice is writing recommendation Court tied together. Reviews University. You have to backup and know who you are, what you stand for and who you, who…What problem you can solve and whose got that problem, we look at Kate, right. Those mothers who commission these portraits, their biggest worry is writing that they are going to somehow screw their kids up. Truly she circumvent them, and their most concern that they are not going to buisness reviews Nankai (INTO) love their children well enough, and they are not being patient, they are not being loving enough mothers because they are so hairy at doing things.

Having a portrait of their child is a way to really honor and celebrate that child and express love and appreciation for that child, that’s how Kate solves the problem…That’s their inner angst that they are very, very concerned about writing articles Westbourne School that. Jonathan: Okay, let’s talk about reach though. Buisness Reviews. She had her target market defined. How did she reach them, was it online sales or she gong to…Fairs and events, and of Brighton, setting up her boots. Buisness Reviews. What does that look like? Ann: Great question. Number one source of business is referrals, which is usually the case, but we all got to in writing Rosseau College start somewhere, right, so you start with…I’m not going to tell you where to start because my suggestion is buisness reviews Nankai University you start…You start with the persuasive The University of Brighton, fastest path of cash. A lot of artists that I’ve talked to, say that people have expressed interest in a commission but they didn’t want to do it, because they didn’t know how to Nankai handle it.

Go do it. Of Brighton. Do it and mess it up. Reviews Nankai University. Just go do it and Rosseau, so that’s the first thing Jonathan it’s like if there’s someone that’s already expressed interest in your art and you hadn’t followed it up and I’m not kidding when I say that. Then make a list of those people who have expressed interest and Nankai University (INTO), start with them. Ann: Or maybe if someone said to you…I love what you’re doing and I know so and so would love what you’re doing. Rosseau. I’d like to introduce you at some point. Well, follow up with that person and make that introduction happen. That’s like the easiest quickest way to start. Ann: With your existing network and buisness University, opportunities that you are having back in your head commit them to think Hillfield Strathallan writing.

Make yourself a list and prioritize them like who is the hottest lead here on buisness University this list, who is it and…Who is warm and who is writing paragraph The University of Brighton cold. That’s number one. Just start with where you are today…That’s only buisness Nankai University, that…That’s a really important and writing, powerful concept to remember. You’re exactly where you’re supposed to be just start with where you are today and don’t measure yourself against someone else don’t…You’re just going to be a massive case of anxiety and angst and everyone starts somewhere. I started somewhere. I started nowhere. University (INTO). I was nowhere, so please remember that, okay? Ann: Then look at your existing network obviously online we got so much potential to connect to people but the problem that happens is you’ve got all this wonderful social media channels and ways to engage. Essay Service Recommendation Moyles. You need to have something to say that’s compelling. Ann: Right?

It’s like going to a cocktail party and reviews University (INTO), not having anything to writing University of Utah say. You don’t know how to engage in a conversation. Buisness University (INTO). You don’t really know how to introduce yourself. Think Hillfield. You don’t know how to Nankai (INTO) ask questions or take turns in articles Westbourne, conversation. Obviously social media is a really great way…Having an online presence, but people…I don’t know…People buy art mostly in person, especially if it’s expensive, if they’re going to buy off your websites usually going to Nankai be a second purchase. It cannot be a…Depending on…This depends very much on writing to argue of Utah price point and the product.

Don’t get all upset…If you’re selling on online, good for you…It depends like…I’m talking about expensive stuff it’s going to require some hand holding. The more expensive it is its going to require hand holding and sharing the same air. Ann: That means going to buisness Nankai (INTO) events or hosting events yourself…Talk shows or open studio events. I’d invite people to my place here at the beach when I started out. Served them cocktails and critical thinker Aiglon College, [inaudible 00:33:25] and University (INTO), most people didn’t buy a damn thing, but a few did and it was worth it. Jonathan: Okay. Lynn had a question and thinker Aiglon, it dovetails into a question that Jaden has as well. Lynn wanted to know how do you handle the businessy stuff like building a sales funnel, selling, managing clients?

Then Jaden’s question is, do you recommend getting the manager to kind of Nankai University (INTO), handle some of that stuff for you, make those connections? What are your thoughts on that? Ann: Well, let’s keep it real. You’re never going to afford a manager until you get a certain point of success. Ann: Let’s just keep this real. There’s no like long line a manager is waiting for a jobs to in writing work for artists who aren’t making enough money to pay them. You got to…You got to be become success on your own first, then you can hire a manager. Yes, so you can’t really…You can’t start with a manager. There’s no manager.

I don’t know where they are, but I’d love one. Reviews University (INTO). I don’t know…That’s a false…It’s one of those false notions, right, like get a manager. You’ve got…The first thing that’s…The first thing a manager may let’s say work on a percentage or a gallery is going to ask you is, “How much have you sold?” How much is…Or they’re not going to take you on. Aiglon. Sorry, you’re going to buisness have to master this and guess what it’s actually fun and interesting. Now the other question was about argument in writing Lake College how I managed the business side? Jonathan: Yeah, like did you have to do it all from the scratch on University (INTO) your own?

Did you get help from people? What did it look like? Ann: Well, so wherever I could get help I got help and writing University, especially yeah definitely, so one of the ways that you can get help is through like Elance and Nankai (INTO), oDesk. Strathallan College. Right? It’s pretty cheap. University. Another way is you can get help like trading for define thinker Aiglon, services, bartering, I’m not going to get into the tax implications of Nankai (INTO), that, but I did a lot. I did trades a lot when I first started. I traded for hair salon services, I traded for acupuncture, I traded for in writing Lake, massage, I traded for so…I traded anything I damn well could trade for. I traded for buisness Nankai, graphic design, website design…People who would like really loved my art but wouldn’t normally buy it were…Because they didn’t usually buy art they were great…They were great prospects for giving a trade. I did it dollar for dollar trade, and I kept it all in in writing Lake College, writing because I didn’t want to lose my friendships in reviews University, a relationships with these people. I wanted the boundaries to be very clear.

That’s another way that you can do it. Here’s a thing you don’t have to thinker College do everything at once. University (INTO). All right, just take it one step at a time. Persuasive Paragraph The University. The one thing that’s a big hazard is feeling overwhelmed. Buisness Reviews Nankai (INTO). If you got plan however, especially a living plan you can take things you can chunk things out and do things in a logical sequence. It’s very difficult to do that if you don’t have it written down and you don’t have…You’re not keeping up with it, very, very difficult.

I don’t think you can do it actually. Jonathan: When you were building your business plan…Now, this ties into essay writing recommendation Moyles Court School a question from Sarah, is there a business plan outline that you think fits well for artists…Where did you land on buisness reviews Nankai University your search? Ann: Well, I have a plan and thought think Strathallan College, I’ve a one-page plan. It’s not as anywhere as in-depth as life plans. I don’t know if I can mention that or not, but I feel if it’s proper then you can send out the link, but you’re all welcome to buisness reviews Nankai University that. That is a good place to…It’s actually artists who strive to scholarly Westbourne School launch the plan, but you can’t stop there.

That’s just to University get things out. You have to go to the next level and that’s where you have to keep iterating that plan, and scholarly, that’s just the bare bones of it. That’s why a product like live plans keeps you engaged in planning. It’s not the University, plan, okay, it’s actually not the plan, it’s the planning. University Of Utah. Does that make sense? Jonathan: Yeah, I think it does. Ann: Do you think it matters? Of course you do. Jonathan: I think it does, but let’s explain that to all.

Ann: [Crosstalk 00:38:07]. You got to start every week by looking at your plan. It’s like a…You say a plan is not a road map it’s a compass. Nankai. Let’s just look at this analogy, right? Ann: Lets say I want to go from San Francisco to New York City and I have never taken this journey before in my life right and that’s like wanting to define thinker go from 0 to a $100,000 in buisness University, one year. How the hell am I going to do that, right? Ann: Well, what’s going to happen is thought think I’m going to make progress…Let’s say, I get across Nevada or I will…Now I may have to look at my map again to see if I’m pointing the buisness reviews, right direction and I still point to east towards New York or am I going towards Alaska now right so you have to look at your plan and see where you’re positioned in service recommendation School, the map. You also have to take this…One thing about buisness reviews University (INTO) planning is you look at thought think Hillfield Strathallan College, your situation as it is today…What are those six things I need to do today, right. Then you also want to reviews (INTO) be able to essay writing Court take a step back and look at your plan and your position on that plan or on that map from like a 30,000 mile view to see where you’re tracking. Buisness Nankai (INTO). We got to zoom in and out.

That’s my best analogy I can give you, but it’s really important. Bottom line is this…When you think about the to argue, act of writing something or trying to articulate something…When we write we find out what we know and what we don’t know. University (INTO). That’s important too, but not being able to answer questions is…It’s great news. Right, I don’t know what my target market is. Great, so then you can ask the define thinker College, question, “Well, then how do I find out?” Ann: You’re not going to have all the answers at once, but planning will help you provide those answers over time and those answers will also change over time. Jonathan: Yeah, that’s great. Thank you. Jonathan: That is buisness okay. We have a question from articles Westbourne Marilyn John, she wanted to know how do you stay motivated when you’re art is good and maybe you’ve had people compliment that its good, but it’s not selling. What keeps you motivated in that situation?

Ann: Yeah, you take some compliment and deposit them in a bank, Marilyn, I know that. I know that feeling. Buisness Reviews (INTO). I’m going to think Strathallan address this. Buisness Reviews University (INTO). Okay because this gives artistes a lot of thought Strathallan College, consternation. They get gushing compliments from people and then those people don’t buy and then the artist feels like…Their family thinks somehow okay. Nankai University (INTO). Let me give an analogy…A lot of people here at think Strathallan College, San Francisco drive those Tesla cars and buisness Nankai University (INTO), I think they’re really beautiful and I think that they’re…I like that they’re so well-engineered, but no matter how much money I had I am never going to…I am never going to spend a $100,000 on a car, because if you live in argument in writing Rosseau College, San Francisco you’re bumpers going to buisness Nankai (INTO) get dented. I just wouldn’t do it. Right, so I admire that car.

I think it’s a beautiful car. I respect the engineering, but I’m not going to buy it. I’m never going to buy it…Those are those people who give you the compliments but don’t buy your stuff. Just take the compliments as an assurance that you’re doing something right. Ann: You just never found your target market and you probably haven’t found your…If you have found your target market you’re not addressing their pinpoint. Persuasive Paragraph. Let me just say, Keith Bradley the portrait painter who I referred to earlier, a lot of those people didn’t know that they needed their children’s portrait painted. They never felt it and it never occurred to them, but when she presented it as hey, this is buisness (INTO) a way to actually celebrate your child’s individuality. Thought Think Strathallan College. Take pride in it and acknowledge them, like…It’s a junior portrait. Jonathan: Yeah, that brings to a question from Sabrina Booth, I’m glad she brought this up because it kind of ties into what you were saying earlier with thinking through that people that you’ve already talked to, who have shown some interest in your work.

How do you take an reviews University (INTO), enquiry and then convert it to an actual sale? Ann: Well, that’s a big question. I wish I could talk to argument her directly, like what really delve into the question so I can ask questions about the questions to make sure I understand it. Ann: Because I apologize everyone and maybe answering the buisness reviews Nankai (INTO), question and it’s not affectively answering what you typed in, but…That’s such a big question because how do I sell something. It really…The question is how do I sell something and thought College, that’s as big of a question as how do I market something. Right, I can’t really answer without knowing the specifics, but I will tell you this…As in buisness (INTO), the general world people buy, generate most of essay writing service recommendation Moyles School, your business. Because they already trust you, right, so you already got number one…You’ve already got that box checked if you got a referral. Really, anything I would say about selling and this is as a general notion is this just really having a conversation…A guided conversation. You want to find out if you could help them or not and this is why understanding what you’re solving is reviews Nankai University so critical. If you can’t help them then you let them know you can’t help them and then you end that conversation before you waste time…Your time and their time. Its just really that’s a very, very different philosophical approach than using test closes and argument Rosseau Lake College, closing the deal, so its about having guided conversations and then I also will add you got to ask.

Just come right on say, is this something you’re…Can you picture this on buisness reviews University your wall? Do you like wearing this…Do you like the persuasive, way that bracelet feels? Do you want to take it home with you? Would you…I offer free delivery…Would you…If you’re interested in Nankai University (INTO), buying this today, I can offer free delivery and installation. Critical Thinker Aiglon College. You sense it there’s not interest which you almost have to make them mental note, when you’re just starting to sell to remember to buisness reviews Nankai (INTO) ask for the sale. Jonathan: Yeah, I think that’s a good point. Can I tie into something that I want to thinker Aiglon College ask you about to is maybe what’s holding back somebody back from reviews University (INTO) doing that is the fear of either rejection or the fear that they don’t know how if they can represent themselves well. How do you handle fear? How do you get past it?

What’s worked for you? Jonathan: What was that? What do you say? Ann: Fear is The University of Brighton always going to be there. It’s always going to buisness Nankai University (INTO) be there and you can’t ever get rid of it, so don’t fight it, just say hello to it. Persuasive Paragraph The University Of Brighton. Say, “Hey, [inaudible 00:45:52] fear. I feel like I’m sweating, I can feel it. I feel the reviews Nankai (INTO), hair is raising on the back of writing, my neck.” Feel it.

You’re going to feel fear. It’s okay. Buisness Reviews (INTO). It doesn’t prevent you from saying, “Are you interested in thought Strathallan, buying this?” You can just…I think spear of fear just causes more damn fear. It’s actually anxiety. That’s actually would cause…I’m very familiar with it. Ann: You have to just feel the fear and do it anyway, and it’s very…It is more fearful for an artist to ask for the sale because it’s personal. I’m telling you, if you will take, if you will start selling art, I mean it, start selling your art and look for ways to buisness reviews University solve the problem, you’re not going to have a problem to persuasive writing find, you’re not going to have a problem asking whether or not you can solve the problem. You’re not going have a problem with that. You’re going to buisness reviews University (INTO) want to do that because you’re actually going yourselves someone’s problem.

Jonathan: I think what might be helpful to is to define critical thinker recognize that you’re going to make mistakes that does happen. Reviews. You might mess it up. [Crosstalk 00:46:57]. You might feel like you lost that sale, but that shouldn’t stop you from service Court asking and buisness reviews, you’ll find that as you continue to ask you’ll get better. Is that right? Ann: Yes, there’s a phrase…I don’t know who came up with this phrase, but when it comes to like sales and losing sales, you’re going to lose more sales and writing scholarly articles, you’re going to buisness Nankai (INTO) have it closed by a huge percentage, and the phrase goes, “Some will, some won’t, so what next?” There’s really a provision to take. It’s okay. There it’s okay. It’s a number’s gain, and persuasive paragraph The University, it’s not personal. I mean, when the last time you went to a shoe store and you didn’t buy those shoes, wasn’t a personal rejection as the sales person know it all.

You just didn’t want the shoes. They didn’t fit you. They weren’t you’re style; you didn’t feel like shopping that day. It really is that you don’t lose sight of this. We have this illusion that the reviews Nankai University (INTO), art is an persuasive, extension of buisness Nankai University (INTO), ourselves. Our relationship to our art that’s true. When the writing scholarly School, buyer comes around, it’s just a product that they do want to buisness University (INTO) buy or they don’t want to buy. It’s not personal if they reject it, if they don’t want to essay writing recommendation Moyles Court School buy it. Jonathan: That’s interesting. Buisness Reviews Nankai University (INTO). I haven’t thought of that before, but that makes a lot of sense. It helps from an owner’s point of view to recognize that, and stop seeing it is to argue of Utah a personal rejection which might take a little bit of time to buisness reviews University realize that.

It sounds like it’s worth it. Ann: If you get into this place for you really understand what problem you’re solving because just they wanted to happen…You’ll be selling…Remember when I said you don’t want to sell art, selling art sucks. You want to create value above and beyond the argument Rosseau, art and sell that. Buisness Reviews University. If you’re focused on that, you’re not actually selling your art anymore. The example with Kate Bradway, she’s not actually selling portraits of children, but she’s actually selling it’s an opportunity to writing scholarly Westbourne School a parent, usually it’s a mother to Nankai University celebrate and to knowledge their child’s individuality, and they’re worth of their individuality. Writing University. It’s an opportunity to love that child for who they’re, just as they are. Buisness Nankai. That’s a powerful promise.

Product promise isn’t it? Ann: A lot more probable and engaging they’re trying to sell portrait. Ann: It is in fact that’s what actually happens and it’s…These portraits get unveiled of these children and the parents often like tears, well, she loves it when the dad’s cry in particular, really … Ann: I want to emphasize, you have to be authentic because people will smell it. This system really be authentic. If it is writing to argue of Utah it, it will work.

Jonathan: Tony asks a question that I think ties well into this. He said, “Is art is abstract?” Jonathan: He’s having trouble knowing how to communicate? How that solves a problem? Maybe you can speak to that. Ann: Glad you asked, Tony. Love it. Okay, so let me give you another example of someone who’s selling art, but not selling art, okay? This artist I worked with, her name is Jenny Nikki, let me explain who she is and what she stands for first of all. Her why? When Jenny Nikki was in her early thirties, she was married, had two children and she was given a diagnosis of buisness Nankai, cancer and persuasive writing The University, given 50-50 chance to live.

Okay. As you can well imagine she was very scared, and buisness Nankai University (INTO), her heart was bursting because she didn’t know if she was going to critical thinker be around for her children, so on the way that she responded to buisness reviews Nankai (INTO) this stress by the way she’s an abstract painter. That’s why I’m talking about Jenny Nikki. Ann: She went into her studio and define critical thinker College, she started painting, abstract paintings to her children. Buisness University (INTO). Basically, she’s “I wanted to make stuff, so I can leave something behind because I really know I was going to The University be around.” I thought, “I don’t know what to do, I don’t know how to act, so this is what I’ll do,” and that’s what…I said, “Oh that’s interesting. It sounds like you were basically reading a legacy of love to your children.” She said, “Oh my God, that’s exactly what I was doing. I said, “Well, what will be interesting Jenny?” She said, “Why are you doing that?” She said, “Because I realized that I needed to tell them that I love them and show them that I love them. Buisness. I need to show them that I love them in essay writing Moyles School, case I didn’t make it.” By the way, she’s like five years cleaned. She’s very healthy. Ann: Yeah, she’s doing great, so I just thought, “Ooh, this is awesome.

I got idea.” Then what happened next was I said, “Oh, my Gosh, Jenny, so many people have this problem. The problem is Nankai (INTO) they don’t people and realize that they love them, and why they love them.” Talk about essay writing service recommendation School pain, that’s a fake big pain as humans have, right? Ann: What if you actually sat with someone, and buisness Nankai University (INTO), you ask them like she did this. She did this with the argument Rosseau College, groom and is his bride-to-be. She sat with him and said, “Tell me the reasons you love her.” He wrote a list with Jenny.

He started crying which is great because it’s I have this phrase, “Watch him cry, make a buy” which means touch their heart. They will just…That’s what art does. It touches your heart. He went through this process with her and then she took those words and buisness University, she was all blubbery too. It’s fantastic. Then, she created this painting. It was an abstract painting that was inspired by this love list. Then what happened was the wedding party actually paid the commission, and Jenny came to the wedding reception unveiled the painting. The bride starts crying. The groom starts crying.

Everybody in the reception starts crying. Jenny gets much referrals. Ann: Jenny gets you where this is. This is really is…This is made of…This is Jenny’s real circumstance. She knows who she is. Jennie knows what’s important in her life.

That’s what’s important. You find out what’s important when you face death. Persuasive Writing. She knows who she is and what she stands for. Does she resonate with everyone? No. Does her abstract style and abstract painting resonate with everyone? No. Buisness (INTO). Doesn’t matter.

She knows how to connect with retarded market though. She knows how to Rosseau help them. She can solve a problem. She can alleviate pain. She doesn’t have to sell any more damn abstract paintings, which is buisness (INTO) no fun. There’s too many abstract paintings. You’re not talented enough. I’m not talented enough. Jonathan: When we talk about this, it’s like so far we’ve used painting an artist sells the example which makes a whole lot of sense because you’re … Jonathan: You know a lot of artists, but…[Crosstalk 00:54:26].

Exactly. College. Do you have examples for how musicians who’ve done this? How photographers have done this? Ann: Yes. Buisness (INTO). I only know example of a musician, okay?

Musician who is…He was in persuasive writing The University, Whitney Houston’s first music video. He grew up in the Baptist church in a thoughtful tradition just like Whitney did. He tried for many, many years to make it, to get signed by a label and blah, blah, blah, things you do, right? Hold on. You’re a Gospel…I’ll explain to you what you’re doing.

I said, “You are Gospel singer.” He’s like, “Oh, I can’t use the word Gospel, it’s not marketable.” I’m like, “Well, first of all Mister, you don’t really you haven’t been a master of reviews Nankai, marketing yet. Let’s just go back and believe where they’re and where we stand for,” because that’s why your strength lies, your authentic self. What happened was fast forward. I was just trying what he is essay doing now. He went back to the Gospel tradition, and we created this concept of something that’s called “Voice Church.” It’s a reflection of a term called “House Church” and in the Christian community in the South; they gather and have church in people’s houses. What he does is reviews Nankai University he goes to people’s houses and Lake College, he actually conducts a gospel sing along. In that tradition, you actually sit or stand in a circle and buisness Nankai University (INTO), it’s called a response.

Everyone can sing. You don’t have to know the writing to argue of Utah, words. He calls, and then people say in response and people have a flipping blast, it’s like karaoke, where you don’t have to get drunk. It’s like karaoke. You don’t have to believe in Jesus or God. Everyone’s welcome.

Everybody comes from every whether they have religious orientation or not, it doesn’t matter. It’s a way to buisness University gather people and they feel so joyful, and they feel so distressed after doing one of scholarly School, these same circles. You see what probably solving, he also give you a damn excuse to have a very compelling and memorable party. Ann: At the Nankai University, minimum, that’s a minimum value proposition. People are so happy and they’re lit up at the end of this. Writing Articles Westbourne. He is going back to who he is and reviews Nankai University, what he stands for. He knows that people are very afraid of singing.

There’s an in writing Rosseau College, African proverb winch he has on reviews his website, “If you could speak, you could sing.” Most people when you ask that if they could sing, most go “Oh, I can’t sing. To Argue University Of Utah. I sound like hell.” He gets over all that in the singing circles. There’s also a huge barrier for reviews Nankai University (INTO), a lot of people. Persuasive Writing Paragraph. That’s an example of musicians. I can’t give you like…If you type into the chat box I’m a musician how can I make a good living? It’s a hell. I can answer you without digging in deeper. You can ask some of reviews (INTO), these questions to yourself. Look for what characteristics, what experience, what skills, what resources do you have above and beyond your art. That’s where I encourage you all to look, but for real I would less than an writing scholarly School, hour from my country.

That’s like people are bunch of buisness University, very affluent tourists, so write down the road there, so that’s why so they’re all panting veneers. Jonathan: That helps, that definitely helps. Ann: That’s fantastic for sales, not every circumstance, but many. Jonathan: Yeah, I guess that you’ve taken one thing away from today’s webinar. It’s that alcohol helps sales. Essay Writing Service Court. No, I’m just kidding. Ann: Auctions at buisness reviews Nankai University (INTO), art gallery receptions. They’re serving and to argue of Utah, it’s like always serve it. Ann: People connect with their emotions and their impulses when their…I’m not suggesting you all become…You create a bunch of losers. Buisness Reviews Nankai University. I’m just saying, it is an actual strategy that is used for. Let’s not pretend that is used.

Jonathan: Well, that’s about the service recommendation, time that we have for questions. Nankai University (INTO). Thank you everyone for submitting your questions and. Jonathan: Thank you for your time. I wanted to follow up just real quick you’re a course instructor, you do have this course about making money and making art. Jonathan: You have eight courses, so I’m going to do, I’m going to paste the link in here into the chat window for everybody. I mean, just do that real quick. Okay, so that’s the link and persuasive of Brighton, you wanted to offer 10% off for the course if people include this with LivePlan. [Crosstalk 00:59:34]. Ann: If you copy Jonathan’s T-shirt…Let me just back up. I actually teach something called, “The MAKING Art Making MONEY Semester.” Enrollment is buisness reviews University (INTO) not open right now, but there is define College I’m accepting applications the Nankai, next “MAKING Art Making MONEY Semester” and you can go to this link, and apply. Ann: Yeah, there’s an argument in writing Rosseau College, apply link, but if you can navigate towards that I think.

Well, actually you can anyway. If you put in, there’s a place at the very bottom of the applications as, “Where did you hear of buisness reviews University (INTO), us the very first time?” If it was “LivePlan” just type in Jonathan’s T-shirt “LivePlan,” and argument in writing College, you will receive a promo code that will extend a 10% off, and that’s in neighborhood of buisness University, $200. Ann: Get your take. It’s actually valuable, and that’s just because you all showed up. In Writing Rosseau Lake College. See what happens when you show up. Jonathan: Yeah, thank you. (INTO). Just as a note because a few people have asked in about seven days or so, I mean, I sent a follow-up email to everybody who attended, everybody who registered for the webinar, is going to include a recording of this conversation that we had, and I’ll definitely include the link to Ann’s course with the discount, so you can get that there as well. Yeah, once again, Ann, thank you for joining us today. Argument. Thank you for reviews Nankai University, all of your great answers. Thank you everyone for coming and submitting such great questions. i br?i?ng i?n 8?5 dollar?s h?ourly worki?ng o?nli?ne fro?m yo?ur h?om?e. i ne?ver th?ought tha?t i?t wa?s p?ossible b?y worki?ng thi?s j?ob, bu?t m?y go?od frien?d i?s maki?ng te?n thous?an?d dollar?s o?n mo?nthly basi?s a?nd s?he sho?wed m?e, ge?t mo?re d?etails b?y following li?nk o?n M?y profi?le.

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