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piece of an article Rugby, a puzzle on its own is meaningless. But when all the article Buckland School pieces come together, a picture takes shape, and writing The University the puzzle makes sense. The same is true in article School . studying leadership . If you try to essay, learn leadership by only looking at a single theory or approach, you only get one piece of the overall picture. That's why Practicing Leadership , Third Edition features contributions from a variety of disciplines, including psychology, management, communications, military science, the quality movement, political. Bankruptcy in the United States , Intelligence , Leadership 632 Words | 4 Pages. Why Mba – How to article Buckland School, Write the Career Goals Essay. In this post, we will seek to understand the question which arises in most school applications in some form or the other – Why MBA ? How . different schools ask the ‘Why MBA ’ question? Look at the following questions from 3 of the top business schools: Wharton: What are your professional objectives? (300 words) HBS: Why do you want an MBA ? (400 words) Stanford: What do you want to do – REALLY – and why Stanford? (450 words) Do you sense a trace of similarity here? Even though they.
Business school , Goal , Management 1026 Words | 4 Pages. Running head: LEADERSHIP THEORIES AND STYLES Leadership Theories and Styles Shameka L. Evans Indiana . Wesleyan University Abstract Since the servant leadership concept was introduced by Robert K. An Article Rugby. Greenleaf in 1970, this style has been adopted by many successful leaders in a variety of article article School, contexts. Is servant leadership style right for writing companies (Navitas) you? This paper helps to answer that question for many leaders who may be interested in serving others first or in serving rather than being served. Fred Fiedler , Leadership , Management 907 Words | 3 Pages.
a counter argument. What are the criticisms and arguments against article Buckland, Transformational Leadership ? Identify the sources and clearly articulate the . reasoning behind the criticisms. Adopt a position for critical or against Transformational Leadership and defend your position with argument Introduction This essay is based on the Transformational leadership theory and will be referred to as TL throughout this essay . This essay will look into criticisms and arguments against article West, the theory and analyse the reasoning. Charismatic authority , Fiedler contingency model , Leader 2050 Words | 6 Pages. What is the help writing Bosworth Independent College Difference Between Leadership and Management? The discussion between the article School differences of leadership and . management has fuelled an ongoing heated debate. In acknowledging the vast differences between leadership and technical The University of Brighton management, the aim of this essay is thus to article article West Buckland, illustrate these differences whilst displaying that they overlap.
I will also explore the effects of their functions on organizations and explain that a combination of elements from both leadership and management is the most productive. Control , Difference , Henri Fayol 1204 Words | 5 Pages. “ Leadership cannot be taught or learned” (Drucker, 1955). Critically evaluate this statement. . Peter Drucker as one of the best known writers and an article Rugby management consultants wrote that “ Leadership is of utmost importance. Indeed there is no substitute for it. Article. But leadership cannot be created or promoted.
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The Responsibility of Intellectuals. TWENTY-YEARS AGO, Dwight Macdonald published a series of articles in Politics on the responsibility of peoples and, specifically, the article West Buckland School, responsibility of intellectuals. I read them as an undergraduate, in critical Burr and Burton Academy, the years just after the war, and had occasion to read them again a few months ago. They seem to me to have lost none of their power or persuasiveness. Macdonald is article West School concerned with the question of war guilt. He asks the question: To what extent were the German or Japanese people responsible for the atrocities committed by their governments? And, quite properly, he turns the question back to us: To what extent are the British or American people responsible for the vicious terror bombings of civilians, perfected as a technique of Rugby School warfare by the Western democracies and reaching their culmination in Hiroshima and Nagasaki, surely among the most unspeakable crimes in history.
To an West School undergraduate in 1945-46—to anyone whose political and moral consciousness had been formed by the horrors of the 1930s, by the war in University (Navitas), Ethiopia, the Russian purge, the “China Incident,” the Spanish Civil War, the Nazi atrocities, the Western reaction to these events and, in part, complicity in them—these questions had particular significance and article West, poignancy. With respect to the responsibility of intellectuals, there are still other, equally disturbing questions. Intellectuals are in a position to expose the lies of governments, to analyze actions according to their causes and motives and often hidden intentions. In the Western world, at critical and Burton Academy, least, they have the power that comes from political liberty, from access to information and freedom of expression. For a privileged minority, Western democracy provides the leisure, the facilities, and West Buckland School, the training to seek the college essay Bosworth, truth lying hidden behind the veil of distortion and misrepresentation, ideology and class interest, through which the article Buckland School, events of current history are presented to us. The responsibilities of writing college Bosworth Independent intellectuals, then, are much deeper than what Macdonald calls the “responsibility of people,” given the unique privileges that intellectuals enjoy. The issues that Macdonald raised are as pertinent today as they were twenty years ago. We can hardly avoid asking ourselves to what extent the American people bear responsibility for the savage American assault on a largely helpless rural population in Vietnam, still another atrocity in what Asians see as the “Vasco da Gama era” of world history.
As for those of us who stood by in silence and apathy as this catastrophe slowly took shape over the past dozen years—on what page of history do we find our proper place? Only the most insensible can escape these questions. I want to return to them, later on, after a few scattered remarks about the article School, responsibility of intellectuals and how, in practice, they go about meeting this responsibility in the mid-1960s. IT IS THE RESPONSIBILITY of intellectuals to speak the truth and to expose lies. This, at companies Brunel University (Navitas), least, may seem enough of a truism to pass over article Buckland School without comment. Not so, however. For the modern intellectual, it is not at all obvious. Thus we have Martin Heidegger writing, in critiquing an article School, a pro-Hitler declaration of 1933, that “truth is the revelation of that which makes a people certain, clear, and strong in its action and knowledge”; it is article West Buckland only this kind of “truth” that one has a responsibility to speak. Americans tend to be more forthright.
When Arthur Schlesinger was asked by The New York Times in November, 1965, to explain the contradiction between his published account of the Bay of Pigs incident and the story he had given the press at the time of the attack, he simply remarked that he had lied; and a few days later, he went on to compliment the Times for also having suppressed information on the planned invasion, in “the national interest,” as this term was defined by the group of arrogant and deluded men of whom Schlesinger gives such a flattering portrait in his recent account of the Kennedy Administration. It is of no particular interest that one man is quite happy to writing college Bosworth College, lie in behalf of a cause which he knows to be unjust; but it is significant that such events provoke so little response in the intellectual community—for example, no one has said that there is something strange in the offer of article School a major chair in the humanities to critiquing, a historian who feels it to be his duty to persuade the world that an article West Buckland School American-sponsored invasion of article Brunel a nearby country is West Buckland School nothing of the critical Burr Academy, sort. Article Buckland? And what of the Burr and Burton Academy, incredible sequence of lies on the part of our government and its spokesmen concerning such matters as negotiations in Vietnam? The facts are known to all who care to know. The press, foreign and article, domestic, has presented documentation to writing technical The University of Brighton, refute each falsehood as it appears. But the West School, power of the government’s propaganda apparatus is such that the citizen who does not undertake a research project on the subject can hardly hope to confront government pronouncements with fact.  The deceit and distortion surrounding the American invasion of Vietnam is by now so familiar that it has lost its power to shock. It is writing essay Bosworth Independent College therefore useful to recall that although new levels of cynicism are constantly being reached, their clear antecedents were accepted at article West School, home with quiet toleration. It is writing articles of Brighton a useful exercise to compare Government statements at the time of the invasion of Guatemala in 1954 with Eisenhower’s admission—to be more accurate, his boast—a decade later that American planes were sent “to help the invaders” ( New York Times , October 14, 1965). Nor is it only in moments of crisis that duplicity is considered perfectly in West, order. “New Frontiersmen,” for example, have scarcely distinguished themselves by a passionate concern for owl essay Bishop’s College historical accuracy, even when they are not being called upon to provide a “propaganda cover” for ongoing actions.
For example, Arthur Schlesinger ( New York Times , February 6, 1966) describes the bombing of North Vietnam and the massive escalation of military commitment in early 1965 as based on a “perfectly rational argument”: so long as the Vietcong thought they were going to win the war, they obviously would not be interested in any kind of negotiated settlement. The date is important. Had this statement been made six months earlier, one could attribute it to ignorance. But this statement appeared after the UN, North Vietnamese, and Soviet initiatives had been front-page news for months.
It was already public knowledge that these initiatives had preceeded the article West, escalation of February 1965 and, in fact, continued for several weeks after the writing technical articles, bombing began. Correspondents in Washington tried desperately to find some explanation for the startling deception that had been revealed. Chalmers Roberts, for example, wrote in the Boston Globe on November 19 with unconscious irony: [late February, 1965] hardly seemed to Washington to be a propitious moment for negotiations [since] Mr. Johnson…had just ordered the first bombing of article article Buckland School North Vietnam in an article, an effort to bring Hanoi to a conference table where the School, bargaining chips on Rugby, both sides would be more closely matched. Coming at that moment, Schlesinger’s statement is article School less an example of deceit than of contempt—contempt for writing articles of Brighton an audience that can be expected to tolerate such behavior with silence, if not approval.  TO TURN TO SOMEONE closer to the actual formation and implementation of West Buckland School policy, consider some of the reflections of Walt Rostow, a man who, according to Schlesinger, brought a “spacious historical view” to the conduct of foreign affairs in the Kennedy administration.  According to his analysis, the guerrilla warfare in Indo-China in 1946 was launched by School Stalin,  and article Buckland, Hanoi initiated the guerrilla war against South Vietnam in 1958 ( The View from the writing technical The University, Seventh Floor pp. 39 and article West Buckland School, 152).
Similarly, the Communist planners probed the “free world spectrum of defense” in Northern Azerbaijan and Greece (where Stalin “supported substantial guerrilla warfare”— ibid ., pp. 36 and 148), operating from plans carefully laid in 1945. And in Central Europe, the Soviet Union was not “prepared to accept a solution which would remove the dangerous tensions from Central Europe at the risk of even slowly staged corrosion of Communism in East Germany” ( ibid ., p. 156). It is how to an effective essay Wycliffe College interesting to compare these observations with studies by scholars actually concerned with historical events. The remark about Stalin’s initiating the first Vietnamese war in 1946 does not even merit refutation. As to Hanoi’s purported initiative of 1958, the situation is more clouded.
But even government sources  concede that in 1959 Hanoi received the first direct reports of what Diem referred to  as his own Algerian war and that only after this did they lay their plans to involve themselves in this struggle. In fact, in December, 1958, Hanoi made another of West its many attempts—rebuffed once again by Saigon and the United States—to establish diplomatic and commercial relations with the Saigon government on technical articles, the basis of the status quo.  Rostow offers no evidence of Stalin’s support for the Greek guerrillas; in fact, though the historical record is far from clear, it seems that Stalin was by no means pleased with the adventurism of the Greek guerrillas, who, from Buckland, his point of view, were upsetting the satisfactory post-war imperialist settlement.  Rostow’s remarks about Germany are more interesting still. He does not see fit to mention, for example, the Russian notes of March-April, 1952, which proposed unification of Germany under internationally supervised elections, with withdrawal of all troops within a year, if there was a guarantee that a reunified Germany would not be permitted to join a Western military alliance.  And he has also momentarily forgotten his own characterization of the strategy of the Truman and Eisenhower administrations: “to avoid any serious negotiation with the Soviet Union until the owl essay College School, West could confront Moscow with German rearmament within an organized European framework, as a fait accompli “  —to be sure, in defiance of the article West Buckland School, Potsdam agreements. But most interesting of all is Rostow’s reference to Iran. Critiquing Rugby? The facts are that there was a Russian attempt to impose by force a pro-Soviet government in Northern Azerbaijan that would grant the Soviet Union access to Iranian oil. This was rebuffed by article article School superior Anglo-American force in 1946, at which point the more powerful imperialism obtained full rights to Iranian oil for help college essay Bosworth Independent College itself, with the West, installation of a pro-Western government. An Article Rugby? We recall what happened when, for a brief period in the early 1950s, the only Iranian government with something of article a popular base experimented with the curious idea that Iranian oil should belong to how to write an effective essay Wycliffe College, the Iranians.
What is interesting, however, is the description of Northern Azerbaijan as part of “the free world spectrum of defense.” It is pointless, by article West School now, to comment on the debasement of the phrase “free world.” But by what law of nature does Iran, with its resources, fall within Western dominion? The bland assumption that it does is most revealing of deep-seated attitudes toward the conduct of Brunel London (Navitas) foreign affairs. IN ADDITION to this growing lack of concern for article West Buckland truth, we find, in recent published statements, a real or feigned naivete about American actions that reaches startling proportions. For example, Arthur Schlesinger, according to technical articles of Brighton, the Times , February 6, 1966, characterized our Vietnamese policies of 1954 as “part of our general program of international goodwill.” Unless intended as irony, this remark shows either a colossal cynicism, or the inability, on a scale that defies measurement, to comprehend elementary phenomena of article article West Buckland School contemporary history. Purdue Owl Essay Writing Bishop’s? Similarly, what is one to make of the testimony of Thomas Schelling before the House Foreign Affairs Committee, January 27, 1965, in which he discusses two great dangers if all Asia “goes Communist”?  First, this would exclude “the United States and what we call Western civilization from a large part of the article West Buckland School, world that is poor and college essay Bosworth Independent, colored and potentially hostile.” Second, “a country like the United States probably cannot maintain self-confidence if just about the greatest thing it ever attempted, namely to create the Buckland, basis for decency and prosperity and democratic government in the underdeveloped world, had to technical articles of Brighton, be acknowledged as a failure or as an attempt that we wouldn’t try again.” It surpasses belief that a person with even a minimal acquaintance with the record of American foreign policy could produce such statements. It surpasses belief, that is, unless we look at the matter from a more historical point of view, and place such statements in article article West, the context of the hypocritical moralism of the past; for example, of Woodrow Wilson, who was going to Brunel London (Navitas), teach the Latin Americans the art of good government, and who wrote (1902) that it is “our peculiar duty” to teach colonial peoples “order and self-control…[and]…the drill and habit of law and obedience….” Or of the missionaries of the 1840s, who described the Buckland School, hideous and degrading opium wars as “the result of a great design of Providence to make the wickedness of men subserve his purposes of mercy toward China, in breaking through her wall of exclusion, and bringing the empire into more immediate contact with western and Christian nations.” Or, to approach the present, of A.A. Berle, who, in commenting on the Dominican intervention, has the thinking Burr and Burton Academy, impertinence to attribute the problems of the Caribbean countries to imperialism— Russian imperialism.  AS A FINAL EXAMPLE of this failure of skepticism, consider the remarks of Henry Kissinger in article West, his concluding remarks at the Harvard-Oxford television debate on America’s Vietnam policies.
He observed, rather sadly, that what disturbs him most is owl essay writing College School that others question not our judgment, but our motives—a remarkable comment by a man whose professional concern is political analysis, that is, analysis of the actions of governments in article article West Buckland, terms of motives that are unexpressed in official propaganda and article writing companies University London (Navitas), perhaps only dimly perceived by those whose acts they govern. No one would be disturbed by an analysis of the School, political behavior of the purdue Bishop’s School, Russians, French, or Tanzanians questioning their motives and interpreting their actions by the long-range interests concealed behind their official rhetoric. But it is an article West Buckland article of thinking critical Burr and Burton Academy faith that American motives are pure, and article Buckland School, not subject to analysis (see note 1 ). Although it is critical Academy nothing new in American intellectual history—or, for that matter, in the general history of West School imperialist apologia—this innocence becomes increasingly distasteful as the power it serves grows more dominant in world affairs, and more capable, therefore, of the thinking Academy, unconstrained viciousness that the mass media present to us each day. We are hardly the first power in history to combine material interests, great technological capacity, and article, an utter disregard for the suffering and misery of the lower orders. The long tradition of naivete and self-righteousness that disfigures our intellectual history, however, must serve as a warning to the third world, if such a warning is needed, as to how our protestations of sincerity and benign intent are to college Independent College, be interpreted. The basic assumptions of the “New Frontiersmen” should be pondered carefully by those who look forward to the involvement of academic intellectuals in politics. For example, I have referred above to Arthur Schlesinger’s objections to the Bay of Pigs invasion, but the reference was imprecise. True, he felt that it was a “terrible idea,” but “not because the notion of sponsoring an exile attempt to overthrow Castro seemed intolerable in itself.” Such a reaction would be the merest sentimentality, unthinkable to a tough-minded realist.
The difficulty, rather, was that it seemed unlikely that the deception could succeed. Article Article West Buckland? The operation, in his view, was ill-conceived but not otherwise objectionable.  In a similar vein, Schlesinger quotes with approval Kennedy’s “realistic” assessment of the critiquing an article School, situation resulting from Trujillo’s assassination: There are three possibilities in descending order of article article Buckland preference: a decent democratic regime, a continuation of the Trujillo regime or a Castro regime. We ought to technical articles of Brighton, aim at the first, but we really can’t renounce the School, second until we are sure that we can avoid the how to write an effective essay Wycliffe, third [p. 769]. The reason why the third possibility is so intolerable is explained a few pages later (p.
774): “Communist success in Latin America would deal a much harder blow to the power and influence of the United States.” Of course, we can never really be sure of avoiding the article article West Buckland School, third possibility; therefore, in practice, we will always settle for the second, as we are now doing in Brazil and Argentina, for writing technical example.  Or consider Walt Rostow’s views on American policy in Asia.  The basis on which we must build this policy is that “we are openly threatened and we feel menaced by Communist China.” To prove that we are menaced is of course unnecessary, and the matter receives no attention; it is enough that we feel menaced. Our policy must be based on our national heritage and our national interests. Article Article West Buckland? Our national heritage is briefly outlined in the following terms: “Throughout the nineteenth century, in good conscience Americans could devote themselves to the extension of both their principles and their power on this continent,” making use of “the somewhat elastic concept of the thinking and Burton Academy, Monroe doctrine” and, of course, extending “the American interest to Alaska and the mid-Pacific islands…. Article West? Both our insistence on unconditional surrender and the idea of post-war occupation…represented the formulation of American security interests in Europe and Asia.” So much for owl essay writing Bishop’s our heritage. As to our interests, the matter is equally simple. Article? Fundamental is our “profound interest that societies abroad develop and strengthen those elements in their respective cultures that elevate and protect the dignity of the individual against the state.” At the same time, we must counter the “ideological threat,” namely “the possibility that the Chinese Communists can prove to Asians by progress in China that Communist methods are better and faster than democratic methods.” Nothing is said about write essay, those people in Asian cultures to whom our “conception of the proper relation of the individual to the state” may not be the article article School, uniquely important value, people who might, for example, be concerned with preserving the “dignity of the individual” against concentrations of foreign or domestic capital, or against semi-feudal structures (such as Trujillo-type dictatorships) introduced or kept in power by American arms. All of this is flavored with allusions to “our religious and ethical value systems” and to our “diffuse and complex concepts” which are to college essay Bosworth Independent College, the Asian mind “so much more difficult to grasp” than Marxist dogma, and are so “disturbing to some Asians” because of “their very lack of dogmatism.”
Such intellectual contributions as these suggest the need for article article West Buckland a correction to De Gaulle’s remark, in his Memoirs , about the American “will to power, cloaking itself in idealism.” By now, this will to power is not so much cloaked in college Bosworth Independent, idealism as it is article article School drowned in purdue owl essay College, fatuity. And academic intellectuals have made their unique contribution to this sorry picture. LET US, HOWEVER, RETURN to the war in article West Buckland School, Vietnam and the response that it has aroused among American intellectuals. A striking feature of the recent debate on Southeast Asian policy has been the distinction that is commonly drawn between “responsible criticism,” on the one hand, and “sentimental,” or “emotional,” or “hysterical” criticism, on the other. There is much to be learned from a careful study of the terms in which this distinction is drawn. The “hysterical critics” are to be identified, apparently, by write essay Wycliffe College their irrational refusal to accept one fundamental political axiom, namely that the United States has the right to extend its power and control without limit, insofar as is Buckland School feasible. Responsible criticism does not challenge this assumption, but argues, rather, that we probably can’t “get away with it” at this particular time and place. A distinction of this sort seems to be what Irving Kristol, for example, has in mind in his analysis of the protest over Vietnam policy ( Encounter , August, 1965). Thinking Burr And Burton? He contrasts the responsible critics, such as Walter Lippmann, the Times , and Senator Fulbright, with the “teach-in movement.” “Unlike the university protesters,” he points out, “Mr.
Lippmann engages in no presumptuous suppositions as to ‘what the Vietnamese people really want’—he obviously doesn’t much care—or in legalistic exegesis as to article Buckland, whether, or to what extent, there is ‘aggression’ or ‘revolution’ in South Vietnam. And Burton Academy? His is a realpolitik point of view; and he will apparently even contemplate the possibility of a nuclear war against China in extreme circumstances.” This is commendable, and contrasts favorably, for Kristol, with the talk of the “unreasonable, ideological types” in the teach-in movement, who often seem to article article West Buckland, be motivated by such absurdities as “simple, virtuous ‘anti-imperialism,’ “who deliver “harangues on ‘the power structure,’ ” and who even sometimes stoop so low as to read “articles and reports from the foreign press on purdue owl essay Bishop’s, the American presence in Vietnam.” Furthermore, these nasty types are often psychologists, mathematicians, chemists, or philosophers (just as, incidentally, those most vocal in protest in the Soviet Union are generally physicists, literary intellectuals, and others remote from the exercise of power), rather than people with Washington contacts, who, of course, realize that “had they a new, good idea about West, Vietnam, they would get a prompt and respectful hearing” in Washington. I am not interested here in whether Kristol’s characterization of protest and dissent is accurate, but rather in the assumptions on writing college Independent, which it rests. Is the purity of American motives a matter that is article West beyond discussion, or that is irrelevant to help writing Independent, discussion? Should decisions be left to “experts” with Washington contacts—even if we assume that they command the necessary knowledge and principles to make the “best” decision, will they invariably do so? And, a logically prior question, is article article “expertise” applicable—that is, is there a body of theory and of relevant information, not in the public domain, that can be applied to technical The University of Brighton, the analysis of foreign policy or that demonstrates the correctness of present actions in some way that psychologists, mathematicians, chemists, and philosophers are incapable of comprehending? Although Kristol does not examine these questions directly, his attitude presupposes answers, answers which are wrong in all cases. American aggressiveness, however it may be masked in pious rhetoric, is a dominant force in world affairs and must be analyzed in terms of West Buckland School its causes and motives. There is no body of write essay theory or significant body of relevant information, beyond the comprehension of the layman, which makes policy immune from criticism. To the Buckland, extent that “expert knowledge” is applied to world affairs, it is surely appropriate—for a person of any integrity, quite necessary—to question its quality and the goals it serves.
These facts seem too obvious to require extended discussion. A CORRECTIVE to Kristol’s curious belief in the Administration’s openness to new thinking about Vietnam is provided by McGeorge Bundy in a recent issue of Foreign Affairs (January, 1967). As Bundy correctly observes, “on the main stage…the argument on Viet Nam turns on tactics, not fundamentals,” although, he adds, “there are wild men in the wings.” On stage center are, of companies course, the President (who in his recent trip to article West Buckland, Asia had just “magisterially reaffirmed” our interest “in the progress of the people across the Pacific”) and purdue owl essay writing College School, his advisers, who deserve “the understanding support of article article West Buckland School those who want restraint.” It is these men who deserve the credit for the fact that “the bombing of the North has been the most accurate and the most restrained in modern warfare”—a solicitude which will be appreciated by the inhabitants, or former inhabitants of Nam Dinh and writing technical, Phu Ly and Vinh. It is these men, too, who deserve the credit for what was reported by Malcolm Browne as long ago as May, 1965: In the South, huge sectors of the nation have been declared “free bombing zones,” in which anything that moves is a legitimate target. Tens of thousands of tons of bombs, rockets, napalm and cannon fire are poured into these vast areas each week. If only by the laws of chance, bloodshed is believed to be heavy in these raids. Fortunately for the developing countries, Bundy assures us, “American democracy has no taste for imperialism,” and “taken as a whole, the stock of American experience, understanding, sympathy and simple knowledge is now much the most impressive in Buckland, the world.” It is true that “four-fifths of all the foreign investing in the world is now done by Americans” and that “the most admired plans and critiquing an article Rugby, policies…are no better than their demonstrable relation to the American interest”—just as it is true, so we read in the same issue of Foreign Affairs , that the article West Buckland School, plans for armed action against Cuba were put into motion a few weeks after Mikoyan visited Havana, “invading what had so long been an almost exclusively American sphere of influence.” Unfortunately, such facts as these are often taken by writing college Bosworth College unsophisticated Asian intellectuals as indicating a “taste for imperialism.” For example, a number of Indians have expressed their “near exasperation” at the fact that “we have done everything we can to attract foreign capital for article article West Buckland School fertilizer plants, but the American and article Brunel University London (Navitas), the other Western private companies know we are over a barrel, so they demand stringent terms which we just cannot meet” ( Christian Science Monitor , November 26), while “Washington…doggedly insists that deals be made in the private sector with private enterprise” ( ibid ., December 5).  But this reaction, no doubt, simply reveals, once again, how the article article Buckland School, Asian mind fails to comprehend the “diffuse and complex concepts” of how to Wycliffe Western thought. IT MAY BE USEFUL to article, study carefully the “new, good ideas about technical articles, Vietnam” that are receiving a “prompt and respectful hearing” in Washington these days.
The US Government Printing Office is an endless source of insight into the moral and intellectual level of this expert advice. In its publications one can read, for example, the testimony of Professor David N. Rowe, Director of Graduate Studies in International Relations at Yale University, before the House Committee on Foreign Affairs (see note 11 ). Professor Rowe proposes (p. 266) that the United States buy all surplus Canadian and Australian wheat, so that there will be mass starvation in China. These are his words: Mind you, I am not talking about article West Buckland, this as a weapon against the Chinese people. It will be. But that is only incidental. Thinking Critical Burr Academy? The weapon will be a weapon against the Government because the internal stability of that country cannot be sustained by an unfriendly Government in the face of general starvation. Professor Rowe will have none of the sentimental moralism that might lead one to compare this suggestion with, say, the Ostpolitik of article West Buckland Hitler’s Germany.  Nor does he fear the purdue writing Bishop’s School, impact of such policies on other Asian nations, for example, Japan. West Buckland School? He assures us, from College School, his “very long acquaintance with Japanese questions,” that “the Japanese above all are people who respect power and article West Buckland School, determination.” Hence “they will not be so much alarmed by American policy in critiquing an article Rugby, Vietnam that takes off from a position of power and intends to seek a solution based upon West Buckland School the imposition of our power upon local people that we are in opposition to.” What would disturb the Japanese is “a policy of indecision, a policy of write an effective essay College refusal to face up to the problems [in China and article West School, Vietnam] and to meet our responsibilities there in a positive way,” such as the way just cited.
A conviction that we were “unwilling to use the essay College, power that they know we have” might “alarm the article School, Japanese people very intensely and shake the degree of their friendly relations with us.” In fact, a full use of American power would be particularly reassuring to the Japanese, because they have had a demonstration “of the tremendous power in action of the United States…because they have felt our power directly.” This is surely a prime example of the healthy, “ realpolitik point of view” that Irving Kristol so much admires. But, one may ask, why restrict ourselves to such indirect means as mass starvation? Why not bombing? No doubt this message is implicit in the remarks to the same committee of the Reverend R.J. de Jaegher, Regent of the Institute of Far Eastern Studies, Seton Hall University, who explains that like all people who have lived under Communism, the North Vietnamese “would be perfectly happy to be bombed to be free” (p. Owl Essay Bishop’s College School? 345). Of course, there must be those who support the Communists.
But this is really a matter of small concern, as the Hon Walter Robertson, Assistant Secretary of article State for Far Eastern Affairs from 1953-59, points out in his testimony before the same committee. He assures us that “The Peiping regime…represents something less than 3 per cent of the population” (p. 402). Consider, then, how fortunate the Chinese Communist leaders are, compared to critiquing, the leaders of the Vietcong, who, according to article West Buckland School, Arthur Goldberg ( New York Times , February 6, 1966), represent about “one-half of one percent of the population of South Vietnam,” that is, about one-half the number of new Southern recruits for the Vietcong during 1965, if we can credit Pentagon statistics.  In the face of such experts as these, the scientists and philosophers of whom Kristol speaks would clearly do well to continue to draw their circles in the sand. HAVING SETTLED THE ISSUE of the political irrelevance of the protest movement, Kristol turns to the question of what motivates it—more generally, what has made students and writing of Brighton, junior faculty “go left,” as he sees it, amid general prosperity and under liberal, Welfare State administrations. This, he notes, “is a riddle to which no sociologist has as yet come up with an answer.” Since these young people are well-off, have good futures, etc., their protest must be irrational.
It must be the article West, result of boredom, of too much security, or something of this sort. Other possibilities come to mind. It may be, for example, that as honest men the help writing essay Independent, students and junior faculty are attempting to find out the article West Buckland, truth for themselves rather than ceding the responsibility to “experts” or to purdue owl essay School, government; and it may be that they react with indignation to what they discover. These possibilities Kristol does not reject. They are simply unthinkable, unworthy of consideration. More accurately, these possibilities are inexpressible; the categories in which they are formulated (honesty, indignation) simply do not exist for article West Buckland School the tough-minded social scientist. IN THIS IMPLICIT DISPARAGEMENT of how to an effective traditional intellectual values, Kristol reflects attitudes that are fairly widespread in academic circles.
I do not doubt that these attitudes are in part a consequence of the desperate attempt of the social and behavioral sciences to imitate the surface features of sciences that really have significant intellectual content. Article Buckland? But they have other sources as well. Anyone can be a moral individual, concerned with human rights and thinking critical Burr, problems; but only a college professor, a trained expert, can solve technical problems by article West “sophisticated” methods. Ergo, it is only problems of the latter sort that are important or real. Responsible, non-ideological experts will give advice on tactical questions; irresponsible, “ideological types” will “harangue” about how to, principle and trouble themselves over moral issues and human rights, or over the traditional problems of man and society, concerning which “social and behavioral science” has nothing to article West School, offer beyond trivalities.
Obviously, these emotional, ideological types are irrational, since, being well-off and having power in their grasp, they shouldn’t worry about such matters. At times this pseudo-scientific posing reaches levels that are almost pathological. Consider the article companies University (Navitas), phenomenon of Herman Kahn, for example. Kahn has been both denounced as immoral and lauded for his courage. By people who should know better, his On Thermonuclear War has been described “without qualification…[as]…one of the great works of our time” (Stuart Hughes). The fact of the matter is that this is surely one of the article article Buckland, emptiest works of our time, as can be seen by applying to it the intellectual standards of any existing discipline, by tracing some of write an effective essay Wycliffe its “well-documented conclusions” to article, the “objective studies” from which they derive, and by following the owl essay, line of argument, where detectable. Kahn proposes no theories, no explanations, no factual assumptions that can be tested against their consequences, as do the sciences he is attempting to mimic. He simply suggests a terminology and provides a facade of rationality. When particular policy conclusions are drawn, they are supported only by ex cathedra remarks for which no support is Buckland even suggested (e.g., “The civil defense line probably should be drawn somewhere below $5 billion annually” to keep from provoking the Russians—why not $50 billion, or $5.00?). Writing Companies University? What is more, Kahn is quite aware of this vacuity; in West, his more judicious moments he claims only that “there is no reason to believe that relatively sophisticated models are more likely to be misleading than the simpler models and analogies frequently used as an aid to judgment.” For those whose humor tends towards the macabre, it is easy to play the game of “strategic thinking” a la Kahn, and to prove what one wishes. For example, one of Kahn’s basic assumptions is that.
an all-out surprise attack in which all resources are devoted to counter-value targets would be so irrational that, barring an incredible lack of an article Rugby sophistication or actual insanity among Soviet decision makers, such an attack is highly unlikely. A simple argument proves the opposite. Premise 1: American decision-makers think along the lines outlined by Herman Kahn. Premise 2 : Kahn thinks it would be better for everyone to be red than for article article School everyone to be dead. Premise 3 : if the Americans were to respond to an all-out countervalue attack, then everyone would be dead. Conclusion : the Americans will not respond to help college College, an all-out countervalue attack, and article West, therefore it should be launched without delay. Of course, one can carry the argument a step further. Fact : the article writing (Navitas), Russians have not carried out an all-out countervalue attack.
It follows that they are not rational. If they are not rational, there is article Buckland School no point in “strategic thinking.” Therefore,…. Of course this is all nonsense, but nonsense that differs from Kahn’s only in the respect that the argument is of slightly greater complexity than anything to be discovered in his work. What is remarkable is that serious people actually pay attention to College, these absurdities, no doubt because of the facade of tough-mindedness and pseudo-science. IT IS A CURIOUS and depressing fact that the “anti-war movement” falls prey all too often to article article West School, similar confusions. In the fall of 1965, for example, there was an International Conference on Alternative Perspectives on Vietnam, which circulated a pamphlet to potential participants stating its assumptions. The plan was to thinking critical Burr and Burton, set up study groups in which three “types of intellectual tradition” will be represented: (1) area specialists; (2) “social theory, with special emphasis on theories of the international system, of article School social change and development, of conflict and conflict resolution, or of revolution”; (3) “the analysis of public policy in terms of basic human values, rooted in various theological, philosophical and humanist traditions.” The second intellectual tradition will provide “general propositions, derived from social theory and tested against historical, comparative, or experimental data”; the third “will provide the framework out of which fundamental value questions can be raised and in terms of which the moral implications of societal actions can be analyzed.” The hope was that “by approaching the questions [of Vietnam policy] from the moral perspectives of all great religions and critiquing, philosophical systems, we may find solutions that are more consistent with fundamental human values than current American policy in Vietnam has turned out to School, be.”
In short, the experts on values (i.e., spokesmen for the great religions and philosophical systems) will provide fundamental insights on moral perspectives, and the experts on social theory will provide general empirically validated propositions and “general models of conflict.” From this interplay, new policies will emerge, presumably from application of the canons of scientific method. The only debatable issue, it seems to me, is whether it is more ridiculous to turn to experts in writing companies London (Navitas), social theory for general well-confirmed propositions, or to article West, the specialists in owl essay writing Bishop’s School, the great religions and philosophical systems for insights into fundamental human values. There is much more that can be said about this topic, but, without continuing, I would simply like to emphasize that, as is no doubt obvious, the cult of the experts is both self-serving, for those who propound it, and article article Buckland, fraudulent. Obviously, one must learn from social and behavioral science whatever one can; obviously, these fields should be pursued as seriously as possible. College Bosworth Independent College? But it will be quite unfortunate, and highly dangerous, if they are not accepted and judged on their merits and according to their actual, not pretended, accomplishments. In particular, if there is a body of theory, well-tested and verified, that applies to article West School, the conduct of foreign affairs or the resolution of critiquing Rugby School domestic or international conflict, its existence has been kept a well-guarded secret. In the case of Vietnam, if those who feel themselves to be experts have access to principles or information that would justify what the article, American government is thinking critical Burr doing in article West Buckland, that unfortunate country, they have been singularly ineffective in thinking Academy, making this fact known. To anyone who has any familiarity with the social and behavioral sciences (or the “policy sciences”), the claim that there are certain considerations and principles too deep for the outsider to comprehend is simply an absurdity, unworthy of article article comment. WHEN WE CONSIDER the responsibility of intellectuals, our basic concern must be their role in the creation and analysis of ideology. And, in fact, Kristol’s contrast between the unreasonable ideological types and the responsible experts is formulated in terms that immediately bring to mind Daniel Bell’s interesting and influential “The End of Ideology,” an essay which is as important for what it leaves unsaid as for its actual content.  Bell presents and purdue owl essay, discusses the Marxist analysis of article article West School ideology as a mask for class interest, quoting Marx’s well-known description of the belief of the bourgeoisie “that the special conditions of its emancipation are the general conditions through which alone modern society can be saved and the class struggle avoided.” He then argues that the age of ideology is ended, supplanted, at how to essay Wycliffe, least in the West, by a general agreement that each issue must be settled in its own terms, within the article, framework of a Welfare State in which, presumably, experts in the conduct of public affairs will have a prominent role. Bell is quite careful, however, to characterize the thinking critical, precise sense of “ideology” in which “ideologies are exhausted.” He is referring to ideology only article West Buckland School, as “the conversion of ideas into technical of Brighton, social levers,” to ideology as “a set of article West Buckland beliefs, infused with passion,…[which] …seeks to transform the whole of a way of life.” The crucial words are “transform” and critiquing Rugby, “convert into social levers.” Intellectuals in West, the West, he argues, have lost interest in converting ideas into social levers for owl essay writing Bishop’s School the radical transformation of society.
Now that we have achieved the pluralistic society of the Welfare State, they see no further need for a radical transformation of society; we may tinker with our way of life here and there, but it would be wrong to try to modify it in any significant way. With this consensus of intellectuals, ideology is dead. There are several striking facts about Bell’s essay. Buckland School? First, he does not point out the extent to which this consensus of the intellectuals is self-serving. He does not relate his observation that, by and large, intellectuals have lost interest in “transforming the whole of a way of life” to the fact that they play an increasingly prominent role in running the how to an effective Wycliffe, Welfare State; he does not relate their general satisfaction with the Welfare State to the fact that, as he observes elsewhere, “America has become an affluent society, offering place…and prestige…to the onetime radicals.” Secondly, he offers no serious argument to show that intellectuals are somehow “right” or “objectively justified” in reaching the consensus to which he alludes, with its rejection of the notion that society should be transformed.
Indeed, although Bell is fairly sharp about the empty rhetoric of the West, “new left,” he seems to have a quite utopian faith that technical experts will be able to cope with the few problems that still remain; for example, the fact that labor is treated as a commodity, and the problems of “alienation.” It seems fairly obvious that the classical problems are very much with us; one might plausibly argue that they have even been enhanced in severity and scale. For example, the classical paradox of poverty in the midst of plenty is now an ever-increasing problem on an international scale. Writing Bishop’s School? Whereas one might conceive, at West Buckland, least in principle, of a solution within national boundaries, a sensible idea of transforming international society to cope with vast and perhaps increasing human misery is hardly likely to develop within the framework of the intellectual consensus that Bell describes. THUS IT WOULD SEEM NATURAL to describe the consensus of help college Bosworth Independent Bell’s intellectuals in somewhat different terms from his. Using the article West, terminology of the first part of his essay, we might say that the how to essay College, Welfare State technician finds justification for his special and prominent social status in article article West, his “science,” specifically, in the claim that social science can support a technology of social tinkering on a domestic or international scale. He then takes a further step, ascribing in a familiar way a universal validity to what is in fact a class interest: he argues that the special conditions on which his claim to writing college essay Bosworth College, power and authority are based are, in fact, the only general conditions by which modern society can be saved; that social tinkering within a Welfare State framework must replace the article West Buckland, commitment to the “total ideologies” of the past, ideologies which were concerned with a transformation of society.
Having found his position of power, having achieved security and affluence, he has no further need for ideologies that look to radical change. The scholar-expert replaces the “free-floating intellectual” who “felt that the wrong values were being honored, and rejected the society,” and who has now lost his political role (now, that is, that the right values are being honored). Conceivably, it is correct that the technical experts who will (or hope to) manage the “industrial society” will be able to cope with the help Independent College, classical problems without a radical transformation of School society. It is critiquing Rugby School conceivably true that the bourgeoisie was right in regarding the article article West School, special conditions of its emancipation as the writing Brunel University (Navitas), only general conditions by which modern society would be saved. In either case, an argument is in order, and skepticism is justified when none appears. Within the same framework of general utopianism, Bell goes on article West Buckland, to pose the writing companies, issue between Welfare State scholar-experts and third-world ideologists in a rather curious way. He points out, quite correctly, that there is no issue of Communism, the content of that doctrine having been “long forgotten by friends and West School, foes alike.” Rather, he says, the question is an older one: whether new societies can grow by building democratic institutions and purdue Bishop’s College School, allowing people to make choices—and sacrifices—voluntarily, or whether the article West, new elites, heady with power, will impose totalitarian means to transform their societies.
THE QUESTION is an interesting one. It is odd, however, to see it referred to as “an older one.” Surely he cannot be suggesting that the West chose the democratic way—for example, that in England during the industrial revolution, the farmers voluntarily made the help writing college essay Bosworth, choice of leaving the land, giving up cottage industry, becoming an industrial proletariat, and voluntarily decided, within the framework of the existing democratic institutions, to make the sacrifices that are graphically described in the classic literature on nineteenth-century industrial society. One may debate the West Buckland, question whether authoritarian control is necessary to permit capital accumulation in the underdeveloped world, but the article writing Brunel London, Western model of development is hardly one that we can point to with any pride. It is perhaps not surprising to find Walt Rostow referring to “the more humane processes [of industrialization] that Western values would suggest” ( An American Policy in Buckland School, Asia ). Those who have a serious concern for the problems that face backward countries, and for the role that advanced industrial societies might, in principle, play in development and modernization, must use somewhat more care in writing technical articles of Brighton, interpreting the significance of the Western experience. Returning to the quite appropriate question, whether “new societies can grow by building democratic institutions” or only by totalitarian means, I think that honesty requires us to recognize that this question must be directed more to American intellectuals than to third-world ideologists. The backward countries have incredible, perhaps insurmountable problems, and article article West, few available options; the writing companies Brunel, United States has a wide range of options, and has the economic and technological resources, though, evidently, neither the intellectual nor moral resources, to confront at School, least some of these problems. It is easy for an American intellectual to Rugby School, deliver homilies on the virtues of freedom and School, liberty, but if he is really concerned about, say, Chinese totalitarianism or the burdens imposed on essay College, the Chinese peasantry in article West Buckland, forced industrialization, then he should face a task that is infinitely more important and challenging—the task of creating, in Bishop’s, the United States, the intellectual and moral climate, as well as the social and article Buckland School, economic conditions, that would permit this country to participate in modernization and development in a way commensurate with its material wealth and technical capacity.
Large capital gifts to Cuba and China might not succeed in alleviating the writing, authoritarianism and terror that tend to article West Buckland School, accompany early stages of companies Brunel (Navitas) capital accumulation, but they are far more likely to have this effect than lectures on democratic values. It is possible that even without “capitalist encirclement” in its various manifestations, the article Buckland School, truly democratic elements in revolutionary movements—in some instances, soviets and collectives—might be undermined by an “elite” of bureaucrats and technical intelligentsia. Critiquing Rugby School? But it is almost certain that capitalist encirclement itself, which all revolutionary movements now have to face, will guarantee this result. The lesson, for those who are concerned to strengthen the democratic, spontaneous, and article, popular elements in how to essay, developing societies, is quite clear. Lectures on the two-party system, or even on article article Buckland School, the really substantial democratic values that have been in part realized in Western society, are a monstrous irrelevance, given the effort required to raise the writing companies London (Navitas), level of culture in Western society to article West Buckland, the point where it can provide a “social lever” for both economic development and the development of true democratic institutions in the third world—and, for thinking critical Burr and Burton Academy that matter, at home. A GOOD CASE CAN BE MADE for the conclusion that there is indeed something of a consensus among intellectuals who have already achieved power and affluence, or who sense that they can achieve them by “accepting society” as it is and article School, promoting the values that are “being honored” in this society.
It is also true that this consensus is most noticeable among the scholar-experts who are replacing the free-floating intellectuals of the past. In the university, these scholar-experts construct a “value-free technology” for the solution of critical and Burton Academy technical problems that arise in contemporary society,  taking a “responsible stance” towards these problems, in the sense noted earlier. This consensus among the responsible scholar-experts is the domestic analogue to that proposed, internationally, by those who justify the application of American power in West Buckland School, Asia, whatever the purdue College School, human cost, on the grounds that it is necessary to contain the “expansion of China” (an “expansion” which is, to article Buckland, be sure, hypothetical for the time being)  —that is, to translate from College, State Department Newspeak, on the grounds that it is essential to reverse the Asian nationalist revolutions or, at least, to prevent them from article Buckland School, spreading. The analogy becomes clear when we look carefully at the ways in which this proposal is formulated. With his usual lucidity, Churchill outlined the general position in a remark to his colleague of the moment, Joseph Stalin, at Teheran in 1943: The government of the world must be entrusted to satisfied nations, who wished nothing more for themselves than what they had.
If the world-government were in the hands of hungry nations there would always be danger. Essay? But none of us had any reason to seek for anything more…. Our power placed us above the rest. We were like the rich men dwelling at peace within their habitations. For a translation of Churchill’s biblical rhetoric into the jargon of contemporary social science, one may turn to the testimony of Charles Wolf, Senior Economist of the Rand Corporation, at West, the Congressional Committee Hearings cited earlier: I am dubious that China’s fears of encirclement are going to be abated, eased, relaxed in the long-term future.
But I would hope that what we do in Southeast Asia would help to develop within the Chinese body politic more of a realism and willingness to help Bosworth Independent College, live with this fear than to indulge it by support for liberation movements, which admittedly depend on article West Buckland, a great deal more than external support…the operational question for how to write Wycliffe American foreign policy is not whether that fear can be eliminated or substantially alleviated, but whether China can be faced with a structure of incentives, of penalties and rewards, of article article Buckland School inducements that will make it willing to live with this fear. The point is further clarified by how to Wycliffe Thomas Schelling: “There is growing experience, which the Chinese can profit from, that although the United States may be interested in encircling them, may be interested in defending nearby areas from them, it is, nevertheless, prepared to behave peaceably if they are.” In short, we are prepared to live peaceably in School, our—to be sure, rather extensive—habitations. And, quite naturally, we are offended by writing companies University the undignified noises from the servants’ quarters. If, let us say, a peasant-based revolutionary movement tries to achieve independence from foreign powers and article article West Buckland School, the domestic structures they support, or if the Chinese irrationally refuse to respond properly to the schedule of reinforcement that we have prepared for writing essay Independent them—if they object to being encircled by the benign and West Buckland, peace-loving “rich men” who control the territories on their borders as a natural right—then, evidently, we must respond to how to an effective essay Wycliffe College, this belligerence with appropriate force.
IT IS THIS MENTALITY that explains the frankness with which the United States Government and Buckland School, its academic apologists defend the writing articles The University of Brighton, American refusal to permit a political settlement in article article West Buckland, Vietnam at a local level, a settlement based on the actual distribution of political forces. Even government experts freely admit that the NLF is the thinking critical Academy, only “truly mass-based political party in South Vietnam”  ; that the NLF had “made a conscious and article article West Buckland School, massive effort to extend political participation, even if it was manipulated, on the local level so as to involve the people in a self-contained, self-supporting revolution” (p. 374); and that this effort had been so successful that no political groups, “with the possible exception of the critical Burr Academy, Buddhists, thought themselves equal in size and power to risk entering into a coalition, fearing that if they did the whale would swallow the Buckland School, minnow” (p. 362). Moreover, they concede that until the introduction of an article School overwhelming American force, the NLF had insisted that the struggle “should be fought out at the political level and that the use of massed military might was in article West Buckland School, itself illegitimate….
The battleground was to be the minds and loyalties of the rural Vietnamese, the weapons were to be ideas” (pp. 91-92; cf. Rugby School? also pp. 93, 99-108, 155f.); and, correspondingly, that until mid-1964, aid from Hanoi “was largely confined to article West Buckland School, two areas—doctrinal know-how and leadership personnel” (p. 321). Captured NLF documents contrast the enemy’s “military superiority” with their own “political superiority” (p. 106), thus fully confirming the analysis of American military spokesmen who define our problem as how, “with considerable armed force but little political power, [to] contain an adversary who has enormous political force but only modest military power.”  Similarly, the most striking outcome of both the Honolulu conference in February and the Manila conference in October was the frank admission by high officials of the Brunel (Navitas), Saigon government that “they could not survive a ‘peaceful settlement’ that left the Vietcong political structure in place even if the Vietcong guerilla units were disbanded,” that “they are not able to compete politically with the Vietnamese Communists” (Charles Mohr, New York Times , February 11, 1966, italics mine).
Thus, Mohr continues, the Vietnamese demand a “pacification program” which will have as “its core…the destruction of the West Buckland School, clandestine Vietcong political structure and the creation of an iron-like system of government political control over the population.” And from Manila, the same correspondent, on October 23, quotes a high South Vietnamese official as saying that: Frankly, we are not strong enough now to compete with the Communists on an effective Wycliffe College, a purely political basis. They are organized and article Buckland, disciplined. The non-Communist nationalists are not—we do not have any large, well-organized political parties and we do not yet have unity. We cannot leave the Vietcong in existence. Officials in Washington understand the situation very well.
Thus Secretary Rusk has pointed out critiquing an article Rugby School that “if the Vietcong come to the conference table as full partners they will, in a sense, have been victorious in article West, the very aims that South Vietnam and the United States are pledged to prevent” (January 28, 1966). Max Frankel reported from Washington in the Times on February 18, 1966, that. Compromise has had no appeal here because the Administration concluded long ago that the technical, non-Communist forces of South Vietnam could not long survive in a Saigon coalition with Communists. It is for that reason—and not because of an West Buckland excessively rigid sense of protocol—that Washington has steadfastly refused to deal with the Vietcong or recognize them as an independent political force. In short, we will—magnanimously—permit Vietcong representatives to Bishop’s School, attend negotiations only if they will agree to identify themselves as agents of a foreign power and thus forfeit the right to participate in a coalition government, a right which they have now been demanding for a half-dozen years.
We well know that in any representative coalition, our chosen delegates could not last a day without the support of American arms. Therefore, we must increase American force and resist meaningful negotiations, until the day when a client government can exert both military and political control over its own population—a day which may never dawn, for as William Bundy has pointed out, we could never be sure of the security of article article West a Southeast Asia “from which the Western presence was effectively withdrawn.” Thus if we were to “negotiate in the direction of solutions that are put under the label of an effective College neutralization,” this would amount to capitulation to the Communists. West Buckland?  According to this reasoning, then, South Vietnam must remain, permanently, an American military base. All of this is, of course, reasonable, so long as we accept the fundamental political axiom that the Burr, United States, with its traditional concern for the rights of the weak and downtrodden, and with its unique insight into the proper mode of development for backward countries, must have the courage and article Buckland School, the persistence to impose its will by force until such time as other nations are prepared to accept these truths—or simply, to abandon hope. IF IT IS THE RESPONSIBILITY of the college essay, intellectual to insist upon article article School the truth, it is also his duty to see events in their historical perspective. Technical Articles? Thus one must applaud the insistence of the Secretary of State on the importance of historical analogies, the Munich analogy, for example. As Munich showed, a powerful and aggressive nation with a fanatic belief in its manifest destiny will regard each victory, each extension of its power and authority, as a prelude to the next step. The matter was very well put by Adlai Stevenson, when he spoke of “the old, old route whereby expansive powers push at article article Buckland School, more and how to College, more doors, believing they will open until, at the ultimate door, resistance is Buckland School unavoidable and writing technical, major war breaks out.” Herein lies the danger of appeasement, as the West, Chinese tirelessly point out to the Soviet Union—which, they claim, is playing Chamberlain to our Hitler in Vietnam. Of course, the aggressiveness of liberal imperialism is write an effective Wycliffe College not that of article West School Nazi Germany, though the distinction may seem academic to a Vietnamese peasant who is being gassed or incinerated. We do not want to occupy Asia; we merely wish, to return to Mr.
Wolf, “to help the Asian countries progress toward economic modernization, as relatively ‘open’ and stable societies, to which our access, as a country and as individual citizens, is free and how to College, comfortable.” The formulation is appropriate. Recent history shows that it makes little difference to article Buckland, us what form of government a country has so long as it remains an “open society,” in our peculiar sense of this term—that is, a society that remains open to American economic penetration or political control. If it is article companies University London (Navitas) necessary to article, approach genocide in owl essay School, Vietnam to achieve this objective, than this is the article article School, price we must pay in defense of freedom and the rights of man. In pursuing the aim of helping other countries to progress toward open societies, with no thought of territorial aggrandizement, we are breaking no new ground. In the Congressional Hearings that I cited earlier, Hans Morgenthau aptly describes our traditional policy towards China as one which favors “what you might call freedom of competition with regard to the exploitation of China” ( op. cit ., p. 128). In fact, few imperialist powers have had explicit territorial ambitions. Writing College Essay College? Thus in 1784, the British Parliament announced: “To pursue schemes of conquest and West, extension of dominion in India are measures repugnant to the wish, honor, and policy of this nation.” Shortly after this, the conquest of India was in full swing. A century later, Britain announced its intentions in critiquing an article School, Egypt under the slogan “intervention, reform, withdrawal.” It is obvious which parts of this promise were fulfilled within the next half-century. In 1936, on the eve of hostilities in North China, the Buckland, Japanese stated their Basic Principles of National Policy. These included the use of moderate and peaceful means to extend her strength, to thinking critical Burr and Burton Academy, promote social and economic development, to eradicate the menace of Communism, to correct the aggressive policies of the great powers, and to article Buckland School, secure her position as the stabilizing power in East Asia.
Even in 1937, the Japanese government had “no territorial designs upon China.” In short, we follow a well-trodden path. It is useful to remember, incidentally, that the US was apparently quite willing, as late as 1939, to negotiate a commercial treaty with Japan and writing college Bosworth Independent, arrive at a modus vivendi if Japan would “change her attitude and practice towards our rights and interests in article Buckland, China,” as Secretary Hull put it. The bombing of Brunel Chungking and the rape of Nanking were unpleasant, it is true, but what was really important was our rights and article West Buckland School, interests in critiquing an article School, China, as the responsible, unhysterical men of the article, day saw quite clearly. It was the closing of the open door by Japan that led inevitably to the Pacific war, just as it is the closing of the open door by “Communist” China itself that may very well lead to the next, and no doubt last, Pacific war. QUITE OFTEN, THE STATEMENTS of sincere and devoted technical experts give surprising insight into the intellectual attitudes that lie in the background of the latest savagery. Consider, for example, the following comment by the economist Richard Lindholm, in 1959, expressing his frustration over the failure of economic development in “free Vietnam”: …the use of purdue writing Bishop’s College American aid is determined by how the Vietnamese use their incomes and their savings. The fact that a large portion of the Vietnamese imports financed with American aid are either consumer goods or raw materials used rather directly to meet consumer demands is an indication that the Vietnamese people desire these goods. for they have shown their desire by their willingness to use their piasters to purchase them.  In short, the article article Buckland, Vietnamese people desire Buicks and air-conditioners, rather than sugar refining equipment or road-building machinery, as they have shown by their behavior in a free market.
And however much we may deplore their free choice, we must allow the people to have their way. Of course, there are also those two-legged beasts of an effective College burden that one stumbles on in the countryside, but as any graduate student of political science can explain, they are not part of West Buckland a responsible modernizing elite, and critiquing, therefore have only a superficial biological resemblance to the human race. In no small measure, it is attitudes like this that lie behind the butchery in Vietnam, and we had better face up to them with candor, or we will find our government leading us towards a “final solution” in Vietnam, and in the many Vietnams that inevitably lie ahead. Let me finally return to Dwight Macdonald and the responsibility of intellectuals. Macdonald quotes an interview with a death-camp paymaster who burst into tears when told that the Russians would hang him. West Buckland School? “Why should they? What have I done?” he asked. Macdonald concludes: “Only those who are willing to resist authority themselves when it conflicts too intolerably with their personal moral code, only they have the how to essay College, right to condemn the death-camp paymaster.” The question, “What have I done?” is one that we may well ask ourselves, as we read each day of article Buckland School fresh atrocities in Vietnam—as we create, or mouth, or tolerate the Bishop’s School, deceptions that will be used to justify the next defense of freedom.  Such a research project has now been undertaken and published as a “Citizens’ White Paper”: F. Schurmann, P. D. Scott, R. Zelnik, The Politics of article School Escalation in Vietnam , Fawcett World Library, and Beacon Press, 1966.
For further evidence of companies Brunel University London (Navitas) American rejection of UN initiatives for diplomatic settlement, just prior to the major escalation of February, 1965, see Mario Rossi, “The US Rebuff to U Thant,” NYR , November 17, 1966. There is further documentary evidence of NLF attempts to establish a coalition government and to article article School, neutralize the area, all rejected by the United States and its Saigon ally, in Douglas Pike, Viet Cong , M.I.T. Press, 1966. In reading material of this latter sort one must be especially careful to write essay Wycliffe College, distinguish between the article West School, evidence presented and the “conclusions” that are asserted, for reasons noted briefly below (see note 22 ). It is writing technical of Brighton interesting to see the first, somewhat oblique, published reactions to The Politics of Escalation , by article West Buckland School those who defend our right to conquer South Vietnam and institute a government of writing technical articles of Brighton our choice. West Buckland School? For example, Robert Scalapino ( New York Times Magazine , December 11, 1966) argues that the thesis of the book implies that our leaders are “diabolical.” Since no right-thinking person can believe this, the thesis is refuted. To assume otherwise would betray “irresponsibility,” in a unique sense of this term—a sense that gives an ironic twist to the title of writing companies London (Navitas) this essay. He goes on to point out the alleged central weakness in the argument of the book, namely, the failure to perceive that a serious attempt on our part to pursue the article West, possibilities for a diplomatic settlement would have been interpreted by our adversaries as a sign of weakness.  At other times, Schlesinger does indeed display admirable scholarly caution. For example, in his Introduction to The Politics of Escalation he admits that there may have been “flickers of interest in negotiations” on the part of Hanoi. As to the Administration’s lies about negotiations and its repeated actions undercutting tentative initiatives towards negotiations, he comments only that the authors may have underestimated military necessity and that future historians may prove them wrong.
This caution and detachment must be compared with Schlesinger’s attitude toward renewed study of the origins of the cold war: in a letter to the New York Review of Books , October 20, 1966, he remarks that it is time to writing articles, “blow the whistle” on revisionist attempts to show that the cold war may have been the article Buckland, consequence of purdue owl essay writing College School something more than mere Communist belligerence. Article West? We are to believe, then, that the relatively straight-forward matter of the origins of the cold war is settled beyond discussion, whereas the much more complex issue of purdue owl essay writing Bishop’s why the United States shies away from a negotiated settlement in Vietnam must be left to future historians to ponder. It is article article West Buckland useful to bear in mind that the United States Government itself is on occasion much less diffident in explaining why it refuses to contemplate a meaningful negotiated settlement. As is critiquing an article Rugby freely admitted, this solution would leave it without power to article article Buckland School, control the situation. See, for critiquing an article example note 26 .  Arthur M. Schlesinger, Jr., A Thousand Days; John F. Kennedy in the White House , 1965, p. 421.  The View from the Seventh Floor , Harper and article School, Row, 1964, p. 149. See also his United States in the World Arena , Harper and Row, 1960, p. 244: “Stalin, exploiting the disruption and weakness of the postwar world, pressed out from the expanded base he had won during the second World War in an effort to gain the an effective Wycliffe, balance of power in Eurasia…turning to article West School, the East, to thinking critical and Burton Academy, back Mao and to enflame the North Korean and Indochinese Communists…”  For example, the article by cia analyst George Carver placed in article article, Foreign Affairs , April, 1966. Writing College Essay Independent College? See also note 22 .  Cf.
Jean Lacouture, Vietnam between Two Truces , Random House, 1966, p. 21. Article West School? Diem’s analysis of the situation was shared by technical articles of Brighton Western observers at the time. See, for example, the comments of William Henderson, Far Eastern specialist and executive, Council on Foreign Relations, in R. W. Lindholm, ed., Vietnam: The First Five Years , Michigan State, 1959. He notes “the growing alienation of the article article School, intelligentsia,” “the renewal of armed dissidence in the South,” the article writing companies Brunel (Navitas), fact that “security has noticeably deteriorated in the last two years,” all as a result of article article West Buckland Diem’s “grim dictatorship,” and predicts “a steady worsening of the critical Burr and Burton, political climate in free Vietnam, culminating in unforeseen disasters.”  See Bernard Fall, “Vietnam in the Balance,” Foreign Affairs , October, 1966.  Stalin was neither pleased by article article School the Titoist tendencies inside the Greek Communist party, nor by the possibility that a Balkan federation might develop under Titoist leadership. It is, nevertheless, conceivable that Stalin supported the Greek guerrillas at some stage of the rebellion, in spite of the difficulty of writing technical obtaining firm documentary evidence. Article West School? Needless to say, no elaborate study is necessary to document the British or American role in this civil conflict, from late 1944. See D. G. Kousoulas, The Price of Freedom , Syracuse, 1953; Revolution and Defeat , Oxford, 1965, for serious study of these events from a strongly anti-Communist point of view.
 For a detailed account, see James Warburg, Germany: Key to Peace , Harvard, 1953, p. 189f. Warburg concludes that apparently “the Kremlin was now prepared to accept the creation of an All-German democracy in the Western sense of that word,” whereas the Western powers, in their response, “frankly admitted their plan ‘to secure the participation of Germany in a purely defensive European community’ ” (i.e., nato).  United States and the World Arena , pp. Thinking Critical Burr? 344-45. Incidentally, those who quite rightly deplore the brutal suppression of the East German and Hungarian revolutions would do well to remember that these scandalous events might have been avoided had the United States been willing to consider proposals for neutralization of Central Europe. Some of George Kennan’s recent statements provide interesting commentary on this matter, for example, his comments on the falsity. Article West Buckland School? from the outset, of the assumption that the USSR intended to attack or intimidate by how to write Wycliffe force the Western half of the continent and that it was deterred by American force, and his remarks on the sterility and general absurdity of the article West Buckland School, demand for unilateral Soviet withdrawal from Eastern Germany together with “the inclusion of a united Germany as as a major component in writing technical articles, a Western defense system based primarily on nuclear weaponry” ( Pacem in Terris , E. Reed, ed., Pocket Books, 1965). It is worth noting that historical fantasy of the West, sort illustrated in Rostow’s remarks has become a regular State Department specially. Thus we have Thomas Mann justifying our Dominican intervention as a response to how to Wycliffe, actions of the West Buckland, “Sino-Soviet military bloc.” Or, to critical Burr and Burton Academy, take a more considered statement, we have William Bundy’s analysis of stages of development of Communist ideology in his Pomona College address, February 12, 1966, in which he characterizes the Soviet Union in the 1920s and early 1930s as “in a highly militant and aggressive phase.” What is frightening about fantasy, as distinct from article article West Buckland School, outright falsification, is the article writing companies Brunel University London (Navitas), possibility that it may be sincere and may actually serve as the basis for formation of policy.
 United States Policy Toward Asia , Hearings before the subcommittee on the Far East and the Pacific of the article article West Buckland, Committee on writing articles The University, Foreign Affairs, House of Representatives, US Government Printing Office, 1966.  New York Times Book Review , November 20, 1966. Such comments call to mind the remarkable spectacle of President Kennedy counseling Cheddi Jagan on the dangers of entering into a trading relationship “which brought a country into a condition of economic dependence.” The reference, of course, is to the dangers in commercial relations with the Soviet Union. See Schlesinger, A Thousand Days , p. Article Article West School? 776.  Though this too is imprecise. One must recall the real character of the Trujillo regime to appreciate the full cynicism of Kennedy’s “realistic” analysis.
 W. Help? W. Rostow and article article West, R. Companies Brunel University (Navitas)? W. Hatch, An American Policy in Buckland School, Asia , Technology Press and John Wiley, 1955.  American private enterprise, of course, has its own ideas as to how India’s problems are to be met. The Monitor reports the insistence of American entrepeneurs “on importing all equipment and writing technical articles of Brighton, machinery when India has a tested capacity to meet some of their requirements. They have insisted on article article Buckland School, importing liquid ammonia, a basic raw material, rather than using indigenous naptha which is abundantly available. Owl Essay Writing Bishop’s College School? They have laid down restrictions about pricing, distribution, profits, and management control.” A major post-war scandal is developing in article, India, as the United States, cynically capitalizing on article writing, India’s current torture, applies its economic power to article, implement what The New York Times calls India’s “drift from writing companies Brunel (Navitas), socialism towards pragmatism” (April 28, 1965).
 Although, to maintain perspective, we should recall that in his wildest moments, Alfred Rosenberg spoke of the elimination of thirty million Slavs, not the imposition of mass starvation on a quarter of the human race. Buckland School? Incidentally, the analogy drawn here is highly “irresponsible,” in the technical sense of this neologism discussed earlier. That is, it is based on the assumption that statements and actions of writing The University Americans are subject to the same standards and open to the same interpretations as those of anyone else.  The New York Times , February 6, 1966. Goldberg continues, the United States is not certain that all of these are voluntary adherents. This is not the first such demonstration of Communist duplicity. Another example was seen in the year 1962, when according to US Government sources 15,000 guerrillas suffered 30,000 casualties. See Arthur Schlesinger, A Thousand Days , p. Article Article Buckland? 982.  Reprinted in help writing college essay Independent College, a collection of essays, The End of Ideology: on article, the Exhaustion of Political Ideas in the Fifties , Free Press, 1960. I have no intention here of entering into the full range of issues that have been raised in the discussion of “end of ideology” for the past dozen years.
It is difficult to see how a rational person could quarrel with many of the theses that have been put forth, e.g., that at a certain historical moment the “politics of civility” is appropriate and, perhaps, efficacious; that one who advocates action (or inaction) has a responsibility to assess its social cost; that dogmatic fanaticism and “secular religions” should be combated (or if possible, ignored); that technical solutions to problems should be implemented, where possible; that “ le dogmatisme ideologique devait disparaitre pour que les idees reprissent vie ” (Aron), and so on. Since this is sometimes taken to be an expression of an “anti-Marxist” position, it is worth keeping in writing of Brighton, mind that such sentiments as these have no bearing on non-Bolshevik Marxism, as represented, for example, by such figures as Luxemburg, Pannekoek, Korsch, Arthur Rosenberg, and others.  The extent to which this “technology” is value-free is hardly very important, given the clear commitments of those who apply it. The problems with which research is concerned are those posed by the Pentagon or the great corporations, not, say, by the revolutionaries of Northeast Brazil or by SNCC. Nor am I aware of article article Buckland School a research project devoted to how to an effective essay, the problem of article article West how poorly armed guerrillas might more effectively resist a brutal and devastating military technology—surely the kind of problem that would have interested the free-floating intellectual who is now hopelessly out of date.  In view of the unremitting propaganda barrage on “Chinese expansion,” perhaps a word of comment is in writing School, order. Article West Buckland School? Typical of The University American propaganda on this subject is Adlai Stevenson’s assessment, shortly before his death (cf. The New York Times Magazine , March 13, 1966): “So far, the new Communist ‘dynasty’ has been very aggressive. Article Article West Buckland School? Tibet was swallowed, India attacked, the Malays had to fight 12 years to resist a ‘national liberation’ they could receive from the British by a more peaceful route. Today, the apparatus of infiltration and aggression is already at work in North Thailand.”
As to Malaya, Stevenson is probably confusing ethnic Chinese with the government of China. Those concerned with the actual events would agree with Harry Miller (in Communist Menace in help writing College, Malaya , Praeger, 1954) that “Communist China continues to show little interest in the Malayan affair beyond its usual fulminations via Peking Radio…” There are various harsh things that one might say about article article West School, Chinese behavior in what the thinking and Burton, Sino-Indian Treaty of 1954 refers to as “the Tibet region of China,” but it is no more proof of article article School a tendency towards expansionism than is the behavior of the Indian Government with regard to the Naga and Mizo tribesmen. As to North Thailand, “the apparatus of help writing Independent infiltration” may well be at work, though there is little reason to suppose it to be Chinese—and it is surely not unrelated to West, the American use of Thailand as a base of its attack on Vietnam. This reference is the sheerest hypocrisy. The “attack on and Burton Academy, India” grew out of a border dispute that began several years after the Chinese had completed a road from article article West Buckland, Tibet to Sinkiang in an area so remote from writing college Bosworth Independent, Indian control that the Indians learned about this operation only from the Chinese Press. According to American Air Force maps, the article article Buckland, disputed area is in Chinese territory. Cf. Alastair Lamb, China Quarterly , July-September, 1965. To this distinguished authority, “it seems unlikely that the thinking, Chinese have been working out some master plan…to take over the Indian sub-continent lock, stock and overpopulated barrel.” Rather, he thinks it likely that the Chinese were probably unaware that India even claimed the territory through which the article article West Buckland School, road passed. After the how to an effective essay College, Chinese military victory, Chinese troops were, in most areas, withdrawn beyond the McMahon line, a border which the British had attempted to impose on China in 1914 but which has never been recognized by China (Nationalist or Communist), the United States, or any other government. It is remarkable that a person in a responsible position could describe all of this as Chinese expansionism.
In fact, it is absurd to debate the hypothetical aggressiveness of a China surrounded by American missiles and a still expanding network of article Buckland School military bases backed by an enormous American expeditionary force in Southeast Asia. It is conceivable that at some future time a powerful China may be expansionist. We may speculate about such possibilities if we wish, but it is American aggressiveness that is the central fact of current politics.  Douglas Pike, op. Purdue School? cit ., p. 110. This book, written by a foreign service officer working at the Center for International Studies, M.I.T., poses a contrast between our side, which sympathizes with “the usual revolutionary stirrings…around the world because they reflect inadequate living standards or oppressive and corrupt governments,” and the backers of “revolutionary guerrilla warfare,” which “opposes the aspirations of people while apparently furthering them, manipulates the individual by persuading him to article article Buckland, manipulate himself.” Revolutionary guerrilla warefare is “an imported product, revolution from the outside”. (other examples, besides the Vietcong, are “Stalin’s exportation of armed revolution,” the Haganah in Palestine, and the Irish Republican army—see pp. Writing Essay Bosworth College? 32-33). The Vietcong could not be an indigenous movement since it had “a social construction program of such scope and ambition that of necessity it must have been created in Hanoi” (p. 76—but on pp. 77-79 we read that “organizational activity had gone on Buckland School, intensively and technical The University, systematically for several years” before the Lao Dong party in Hanoi had made its decision “to begin building an organization”).
On page 80 we find “such an effort had to be the article West School, child of the North,” even though elsewhere we read of the prominent role of the Cao Dai (p. 74), “the first major social group to an article Rugby School, begin actively opposing the Diem government” (p. Article? 222), and of the Hoa Hao sect, “another early and college essay Bosworth College, major participant in the NLF” (p. 69). School? He takes it as proof of Communist duplicity that in the South, the party insisted it was “Marxist-Leninist,” thus “indicating philosophic but not political allegiance,” whereas in critical Burr and Burton Academy, the North it described itself as a “Marxist-Leninist organization,” thus “indicating that it was int he mainstream of the world-wide Communist movement” (p. Article? 150). And so on. Also revealing is the how to write essay, contempt for “Cinderella and article West Buckland, all the Rugby School, other fools [who] could still believe there was magic in article West School, the mature world if one mumbled the secret incantation: solidarity, union, concord”; for the “gullible, misled people” who were “turning the writing essay, countryside into a bedlam toppling one Saigon government after another, confounding the Americans”; for the “mighty force of people” who in their mindless innocence thought that “the meek, at last, were to inherit the earth,” that “riches would be theirs and all in the name of justice and virtue.” One can appreciate the chagrin with which a sophisticated Western political scientist must view this “sad and awesome spectacle.”
 Lacouture, op. Article West School? cit ., p. 188. Help Writing College Bosworth? The same military spokesman goes on, ominously, to say that this is the problem confronting us throughout Asia, Africa, and article West School, Latin America, and that we must find the Bishop’s College, “proper response” to it.  William Bundy, in A. Buchan, ed., China and the Peace of Asia , Praeger, 1965.
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1993 Apush Dbq Essays and Research Papers. Article West! APUSH DBQ Lexus Weigand 3/3/14 From 1875 to 1900, there was a new kind of city in America, one that was based on . industry, and industry needs workers. Writing! The factories needed hundreds of workers to run machinery and article Buckland, other processes in manufacturing, but these workers were not treated properly and they wanted to do something to improve the thinking critical Burr and Burton way that they were treated. The organized labor, although it showed some minor successes, was overall very unsuccessful in improving the position of workers. History of the United States , Homestead Strike , Industrial unionism 962 Words | 3 Pages. ?Jack Magill APUSH /Period 4 18 November 2014 The Jacksonian Rule The 1820’s in article Buckland the United States saw a presidential election won on a . Critical Burr! “corrupt bargain”, a Yankee Misfit in office, and the end of the era of Good Feelings; the United States was desperate for a fresh new face to take office and restore power to the people. Andrew Jackson and his comrades did what they believed in, what they thought was necessary to uphold the use of the article West Buckland School constitution to writing technical The University of Brighton guide the administration and give power to the. Andrew Jackson , Federal government of the United States , Georgia 1423 Words | 5 Pages. DBQ #1 When first founded, The New England and Chesapeake colonies were both very similar because of article article West Buckland School their English heritage and their . mission to survive in Bosworth Independent College the new world in which they had landed. Throughout the 1600’s the immigrants of the two regions longed for a new and better life escaping religious persecution, poverty, and political tyranny. Although their initial goals were the West Buckland same, the two regions evolved into owl essay College, two very different and unique societies by article article Buckland the 1700’s based off of their social.
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During the article School 1600s, British citizens left England and began settling in the Chesapeake and New England regions, yet these regions developed differently. . Burr And Burton Academy! Migrants came to the New World with distinct motives that, in effect made the regions develop differently; the New Englanders came in search of religious freedom while the Chesapeake settlers came in search of article West School economic prosperity. The New Englanders search for religious freedom caused them to develop a diverse economy, societies with tightly bound. England , Human migration , Massachusetts 1052 Words | 3 Pages. Critiquing An Article! Carson Mayes DBQ APUSH During the election of article School 1800, Jefferson ran for article writing Brunel London the Democratic-Republic party. His philosophy on . Article Article West Buckland! government had always been to have a strict interpretation of the Constitution along with the strong belief in state rights over a strong central government that his opposing Federalist party wanted. His beliefs on a frugal and limited government, reduced army and navy, and the repeal of taxes were all issues that helped maintain his philosophy of owl essay writing Bishop’s government as well as. Alexander Hamilton , Alien and Sedition Acts , Federalism 880 Words | 3 Pages. 1993 DBQ ESSAY The three G’s: God, Gold and Glory led many explorers rushing in to the new world. Among which were New . England and Chesapeake, two society of article article School English origin.
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African American , Black people , Jim Crow laws 1031 Words | 4 Pages. Chapter 10 DBQ The ratification of the constitution in 1788 did not end the debate over the nature and functions of the . government. Majors concerns arose from the ratification mainly involving too much federal power and not enough rights for African Americans. Though the constitution had many critics, I believe that constitution was fundamentally sound but just in need of minor adjustments. In the constitution slaves were given freedom, they just needed citizenship rights. Another. Federal government of the United States , President of the article West School United States , Thomas Jefferson 871 Words | 3 Pages. Of Brighton! 1993 DBQ Early English colonies in article West Buckland School America hardly resembled the union of men and women that would later fight against England . and build a new country.
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Notes from Mr. Williams: This . essay was g iven to 2 nd period APUSH on their first in - class essay. Article Buckland School! Included were 10 documents (if interested in seeing them, please come into class). The DBQ writer needed to take ideas and topics from the documents, and ADD significant outside fact and analysis. Notice that this writer does a complete job. He/she deals with the thinking critical Burr and Burton entire question.
American Revolution , American Revolutionary War , Nationalism 259 Words | 2 Pages. Albert Moncada Jr. Article! Ms. Oberman AP U.S. History, Period 6 2 February 2012 APUSH DBQ Reform movements in the United States . from articles The University of Brighton 1825-1850 greatly benefited to expand democratic ideals that shape our nation today, but they also limited the expansion with some reforms. Reform movements took place in the North to fight off the forced labor and cruelty of slavery, and throughout the states, religious revivals and School, women rights movements arose. These reform movements expanded the democratic ideals by. Democracy , Frederick Douglass , Human rights 729 Words | 2 Pages. Critiquing Rugby! DBQ Essay Chesapeake Colonies vs.
New England Colonies The English had no desire to article article Buckland School colonize the new world prior to how to an effective essay Wycliffe defeating the Spanish . Armada. However, once they defeated the Spanish in 1588, thus ending Spanish colonization, the article English became the rulers of the Atlantic and a newly found patriotism flourished in England. The English had tried desperately to colonize the new world, failing two times before succeeding in write an effective essay Wycliffe College Jamestown, Virginia, one of the West Chesapeake Bay colonies. The northern most. British America , Chesapeake Bay , Colonialism 856 Words | 3 Pages. Colonial America before 1763 (Brinkley- Ch. 1-3) Mrs. Hedley- APUSH Unit I: Overview Overview of the and Burton Time Period: This unit focuses on the . settlement of the article West Buckland School New World and critical Burr, early colonial history. It was during this time period that the original thirteen colonies were founded and began to evolve into three distinct areas divided by article Buckland School diverse cultural, economic, religious, political, and how to Wycliffe, social differences = SECTIONALISM. Your Objectives: 1. To become familiar with the people, places, and events.
British Empire , British North America , Colonial history of the United States 1135 Words | 7 Pages. DBQ The American Revolution changed the American society between 1775-1800. The areas in the American society that were changed were . economical, political, and social. Article Article West Buckland School! ways. The new country had to set up their own government and deal with the problems that came along with it since it was inexperienced. That brought problems between the society and political side. Native Americans and women had their own concerns and opinions. Therefore, the an article American Revolution changed the American Society. ‘ . American Revolution , Articles of Confederation , John Adams 386 Words | 2 Pages. Adams, Jefferson, Madison, and Monroe Newman Schmalbach: Chapters 5 (pg 83) -8 QUIZ DATES (subject to change) Chapter 6 (and part of 5): Tuesday, . October 15 EXAM DATES Chapter 7: Tuesday, October 22 Chapter 8/9: Wednesday, October 30 Unit 2 DBQ : Monday October 28-Tuesday, October 29 Unit 2.1 IDs: Friday, October 25 Unit 2.2 IDs: Monday, November 4 Unit 2 Multiple Choice: Wednesday, November 6 Unit 2 Essay: Thursday, November 7 1. Which of the social changes brought about by the Revolution. American Revolution , Articles of Confederation , Native Americans in the United States 558 Words | 2 Pages. I have been asked to speak on West, the question how to make the Rugby best of life, but may as well confess at once that I know nothing about article West, it. I cannot think that I . have made the best of my own life, nor is it likely that I shall make much better of Bishop’s College what may or may not remain to article West Buckland me.
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In these regions, new groups of people, religions, and empires were formed. Article Article! The Near East helped surface civilization. Essay College! It established centralized governments, law codes, and writing systems. The Ancient Near Eastern Empires introduced the methods of agriculture. Ancient Near East , Assyria , Babylon 1120 Words | 4 Pages. ? APUSH – DBQ’s SINCE 1995 1995 – Analyze the changes that occurred during the 1960’s in article West Buckland School the goals, strategies, and support of the movement . for African-American civil rights. 1996 – In what ways and to what extent did constitutional and Rugby, social developments between 1860 and 1877 amount to article article a revolution?
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Capitalism , Chinese Exclusion Act , Collective bargaining 495 Words | 4 Pages. AP US History Essay #7 Early America had no set boundaries, there were no rules to go by, there was nothing to follow. Al l the rules, laws, codes, and . bills that our forefathers created were created purely from their imagination and intellectual talents. There was no previous US nation to look back on purdue writing Bishop’s College, for guidance. As a result of this, it is not unreasonable to have expected plenty of disagreements in domestic and foreign affairs. These domestic and foreign affairs would completely shape the. American Civil War , Articles of Confederation , Law 563 Words | 2 Pages. Kevin Li 1994 DBQ APUSH To what extent was late 19th century and early 20th century US expansionism a continuation of past US . Article Article West Buckland School! expansionism and to what extent was it a departure? Over the years the owl essay United States expansionism has experienced many different changes. The United States has expanded for many different reasons such as the economy, land, and even God.
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A number of African Americans were freed but the institution of slavery spread due to social and article article Buckland School, economic reasons. Both the free African Americans and enslaved confronted and endure the challenges they faced as they fought for rights and equality. The Revolutionary War was a. African American , American Civil War , Black people 712 Words | 2 Pages. APUSH : DBQ 1st Semester Final DISCLAIMER: This is NOT the only way to do this essay, don’t take any of this as gospel.
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Kibby 1 Pierce Kibby Thursday, February 28, 2013 Expansionism DBQ APUSH Expansionism Throughout American . history, growth has always been present in industry, economics, technology and article Buckland School, many other fronts. This of article Brunel University course began when the first European settlers of America came from England. Article Buckland! The most important growth our country has undergone is the growth of size. Starting at a few settlements and evolving into a world power in just a few hundred years illustrates the rate at companies Brunel University London (Navitas), which. Great power , Louisiana Purchase , Military 925 Words | 3 Pages. ?Family and Medical Leave Act of 1993 The Family and article West School, Medical Leave Act of writing Brunel 1993 has been a helpful law in aiding families to . fair medical or family leave. This law helps make clear cut rules of how an employer can deal with an employee’s medical or family leave. This also lays out a clear way for article employees to know what their rights are under the Family and Medical Leave Act. It defines the Rugby School protections for all employees at article article West Buckland School, a workplace with at least fifty employees who commute within seventy-five. Barack Obama , Bill Clinton , Employment 1288 Words | 4 Pages.
APUSH 29 November 2012 Slavery DBQ At the thinking critical Burr Academy end of the Revolutionary war against Great Britain, the United States of America . was created as an article article, independent country. Thus began the roots of an Brunel University London (Navitas), entirely new American identity. Taking influence from its former mother countries, the United States began its own system of Buckland representative government. Furthermore, the American identity, shaped in the early years of 1775 to 1830, incorporated the ideals of agrarian farming, laissez-faire economic standpoint. American Civil War , American Revolutionary War , Native Americans in the United States 944 Words | 3 Pages. Paige Reinfeld Jacksonian DBQ The uproar of the people of the how to write an effective College U.S. was heard after the corrupted elections of 1824. Article West Buckland! It wasn’t until 1828, . the year the Jacksonians came into power and satisfied the popular demand after a mudslinging battle against help writing Bosworth Independent the aristocrats. The Jacksonian Democrats claimed they were guardians of the Constitution, political democracy, individual liberties, and equal economic opportunity, but the article West Buckland School 1820’s and 1830’s put those claims to the test. The Jacksonian Democrats claimed. Andrew Jackson , Democracy , Democratic Party 599 Words | 2 Pages. xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx Period 1 15 April, 2013 Mrs.
Nelson Civil Rights Take Home DBQ In the years before the 60’s, the African Americans . living all over the country were treated as less than every white person because of their skin color and their historical background of slavery and servitude. During the Academy era of the 1960’s, the African Americans and part of the white community fought for equal civil rights. Average Americans, Black and White, stood up against the opposing population to voice their. Article Buckland! African American , Black people , John F. How To Essay College! Kennedy 576 Words | 2 Pages. Article West Buckland! Jimmy Herrmann APUSH DBQ Essay Mrs. Rudolph The immediate years after the Civil War, 1860-1877, saw the United States . through a revolution. Reform movements and changing states of mind among the American people contributed to the revolution with regards to constitutional and social aspects of life at that time. The passage of Civil Rights Legislation such as the 13th, 14th, and 15th amendments; and, ironically, the KKK and other social events helped with the reform.
Alone these things couldn’t. African American history , American Civil War , COINTELPRO 585 Words | 2 Pages. 1991 DBQ In the aftermath of World War I, during the years 1917-1921, President Wilson advocated the Rugby School Treaty of Versailles, which called for . the principle of self-determination, the formation of a League of Nations, and general amnesty towards Germany, as the solution for peace. However, his unwillingness to compromise led to widespread disagreement. Article! The opposition forces in the U.S. senate consisted of the reservationists, who were willing to ratify the Treaty of Versailles with amendments, and. Central Powers , League of Nations , Paris Peace Conference, 1919 671 Words | 2 Pages. DBQ During the 1800s, the article writing University United States more than tripled in size, covering the entire width of the continent.
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American Revolution , Articles of article article West Confederation , Native Americans in the United States 689 Words | 2 Pages. Booker T. Washington and W.E.B. Du Bois offered different strategies for dealing with the problems of poverty and discrimination faced by Black Americans at . the end of the nineteenth and thinking critical Burr and Burton Academy, the beginning of the twentieth centuries. Using the documents and your knowledge of the period 1877-1915, assess the appropriateness of each of these strategies in the historical context in which each was developed. In reference to article Buckland School the years between 1877 and 1915, I assessed that, based on between each of. African American , Black people , Negro 1318 Words | 4 Pages. And Burton! For many years before the article West Buckland School actual Revolutionary War, the Americans and the British already had built up grievances and hate between each other. Some may argue . with such tension, war was inevitable. In the famous Declaration of Independence, the Americans not only declared their freedom but also included a list of their grievances addressed to critiquing Rugby School King George III. The events leading to article article West Buckland these accusations explain the complaints leveled against the King and prove their validity. One of the charges against.
American Revolution , Benjamin Franklin , Boston Tea Party 1479 Words | 4 Pages. Article Companies University London! The Labor Movement generated opposition from both the government and the public since them both saw unions as violent and lawless. Article West School! The government used force . to control the essay Bosworth Independent unions showing their disgust for the views and actions of article article West School these organizations. Well- organized and growing businesses took the advantage in the struggle with labor, so the workers started labor unions. The very first labor union, The National Labor Union was started in 1866. This union lasted for purdue writing College School six years and had 600,000 members. Article West! American Railway Union , Employment , Eugene V. Debs 930 Words | 3 Pages. ?A Discourse to how to Wycliffe Promote Colonization (1584) 1. Hakluyt’s arguments for colonization included agricultural use of the land, spread of their religion, easy to article West Buckland . travel to (for trade), it would increase money in the economy because they would stop trade with other countries, they could increase their realm with their wealth that they earn from colonization of America, and they could defeat their enemies with their new found wealth.
Some of the arguments are more persuasive the others after four hundred. Native Americans in the United States 1613 Words | 5 Pages. Ganigan, Li, Wong 1 Anastasiya Li, Kaili Ganigan, Vanessa Wong Miss Conner AP US History 10 December 2014 . An Effective College! Historians have traditionally labeled the period after the War of 1812 the West School “Era of owl essay Bishop’s Good Feelings.” Evaluate the article West School accuracy of this label, considering the emergence of nationalism and sectionalism. Use the documents and your knowledge of the period 18151825 to construct your answer. The Era of Good Feelings, which took place during James Monroe's two terms serving as President of the United States. Marxism 814 Words | 7 Pages. “From 1781 to 1789 the Articles of Confederation provided the United States with an effective government.” This statement is quite bold considering that the . Articles lasted only eight years.
In some ways this form of government was effective and in some ways it was not. It did provide the newly formed American colonies with the means to govern themselves in technical articles the manner that they wished to be governed and set the rules for operations of the United States government. On the other hand, it was ineffective. Articles of Confederation , Massachusetts , Northwest Ordinance 832 Words | 3 Pages. Conflicts Between Great Britain and the North American Colonies During the article article Buckland School 18th century, many conflicts arose between Great Britain and the North American . colonies. These conflicts are eventually what led to the American Revolution. Writing London (Navitas)! These tensions between Britain and the colonies were a combination of both economic interests, and political/social differences. Economic conflicts between the two included “The Navigation Law”, “The Sugar Act”, “The Stamp Act”, restrictions on trade, and more. Political.
American Revolution , Boston Tea Party , British Empire 1147 Words | 4 Pages. The American Revolution shocked the West Buckland School world; no one had ever expected a small group of colonies to fight for and win their own independence from the seemingly . greatest and most omnipresent country on earth. Americans had worked for and thought about the moment of their freedom for years, and their sense of individuality ran deep. By the eve of the article Brunel University London (Navitas) American Revolution, colonists in America had developed a strong sense of identity as Americans, but only somewhat of unity as a single country. In events. American Revolution , Benjamin Franklin , Boston Tea Party 969 Words | 3 Pages. During the Washington, Adams, and West School, Jefferson administrations (from 1776 to Rugby 1807) neutrality was America’s main foreign policy. In determining that neutrality . was the overall focus of American diplomacy, one must assess the article article Buckland School deviations from, as well as the owl essay writing Bishop’s College School success, of neutrality. Article West Buckland School! Neutrality was originally implemented by George Washington in order to maintain the young country’s best interests.
However, lapses in neutrality occurred when the government was forced to writing college Bosworth College favor one foreign power, either Great. Article Article West Buckland School! American Revolutionary War , Europe , George Washington 1401 Words | 4 Pages. ?Throughout America’s history, few things have left the nation in such controversial turmoil as the Vietnam War. With an American death toll of almost . 60,000 troops, the Vietnam War has gone down in infamy as one of the most tremendous struggles Americans have faced both overseas and on critiquing Rugby School, the home front. Because of the tumultuous controversies caused by the war, Americans split into two social factions – those against the war and those who supported it. During the article West Buckland School years of writing technical 1961-1975 - the era in. Cold War , Gerald Ford , John F. Kennedy 884 Words | 3 Pages.
Democracy on a Leash (Wethersfield DBQ) Connecticut. Above observation could not be brushed off as the comments from an Anglican clergyman, as the laws of 1770 clearly spell these. Article West! In essence, the writing college . Article West Buckland School! religious freedom was severely curtailed from 1750-1780. Source: ( DBQ ) http://teachers.dphs.org/ Congregational church , Connecticut , Connecticut General Assembly 919 Words | 3 Pages. APUSH DBQ As World War II was coming to an end during 1945, the creation of one of the most destructive weapons known to . humanity occurred within the United States. This weapon, known as “the atomic bomb,” was used on writing College, the two Japanese cities: Hiroshima and Nagasaki, resulting in a death toll unprecedented by article West School any military weapon used before and purdue writing College School, an immediate, unconditional surrender.
Some historians believe President Truman decided to article article School drop the atomic bomb in order to intimidate the Soviet Union whereas. Atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki , Cold War , Franklin D. Roosevelt 949 Words | 3 Pages. ?Caleb Aleshire Mr. School! Miller APUSH February 2, 2015 Native Americans DBQ (1877-1900) In the late 1800s, Americans were continuing . to article expand Westward as they “worried that the Northeast was overpopulated and that, as a result, the country would face the articles The University of Brighton same problems as Europe—class conflict, poverty, and urban ills” (Document I). From 1850 to 1890, the Native lands ceded went from Midwest America to the Pacific Coast (Document A). This presented a similar problem that they had faced in the past with.
Dawes Act , Hawaii , Indigenous peoples of the Americas 998 Words | 4 Pages.
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When you have to present a visual representation or samples of your work, which cannot be exactly described in words, a portfolio is the best form of resume for you. A portfolio resume is especially meant for those professionals who need to prove their caliber through visual presentations of their works such as photographers, artists, and School designers like fashion, website, and technical articles The University graphic designers. Unlike the article, regular resumes, the most important features of a portfolio resume lie in writing University London, the pictorial representations through images, website screen shots, on-site media data, as well as letters or praise from the distinguished clients. A clean / basic resume format follows a minimalistic approach. It comes with plain fonts, no graphical elements, brief lines of article article text, short paragraphs, a few bullet points, as well as a simplistic layout. These templates are intended for writing technical The University personal use only. In case of article article West Buckland School commercial use, please give credit to this post. When you are looking for a resume that needs to how to Wycliffe College cover the basic details of your career, a clean resume is the best thing for you. Article Article Buckland School! It’s simple yet professional. A clean resume format is for all those who are looking to apply for formal jobs like administrative professionals, banking positions, medical designations or academic positions.
It would also be great for freshers who do not have an elaborate career history. Writing Technical Articles The University Of Brighton! The most important differentiating features of article West School a clean resume are a neat and basic layout, no use of graphic elements, plain and simple formal fonts, brief paragraphs, as well as a spacious framework. A modern resume generally follows a sleek format with popular, formal fonts and a professional outlook. It must be machine-readable. Such resumes usually stick to a neat and clean structure. These templates are intended for thinking and Burton personal use only.
In case of commercial use, please give credit to this post. A modern resume assures easy readability with its sleek and smart structure as well as legible fonts. It’s a text-only document with a few bullet points and minimal graphical elements. Article West School! A modern resume can cater to article writing Brunel London almost any kind of professional, hailing from article article Buckland any industry. However, it would be best for senior executives, engineers, doctors, accountants, and academic professionals. The most important differentiating feature of a modern resume is that it’s always a text-only document and does not necessarily include the purdue writing College School, image of the applicant. And, it’s remarkably formal. A creative resume, as the name implies, does not follow any specific resume framework rules when it comes to West presenting the resume.
It can take the form of a Facebook Timeline Page, a soda glass, and so on. These templates are intended for personal use only. In case of commercial use, please give credit to thinking and Burton this post. A creative resume format enables you to prove your amazing creative instincts right from your resume, which you can present in School, any form or structure. And Burton! It will be the article Buckland School, live testimony of your out-of-the-box attitude even before you appear in-person before the hiring manager.
A creative resume is aimed at all those professionals who are looking for jobs in the creative sectors. These could be advertisement professionals, packaging artists, illustrators, cartoonists, fashion designers etc. The primary differentiating feature of a creative resume is critical Burr and Burton that it does not follow the conventional layout of a regular resume. Such resumes can take any form, shape or structure. 7 Steps to Writing an article article West, Unbeatable Free Resume. A resume plays a crucial role in helping you to land a job. You must be completely aware of the strategic tips for writing essay Bosworth Independent College writing a proper resume to ensure that it maintains a standard format and is in perfect calibration to the job.
1. Article Buckland! Choose the Right Format and Category. A right resume format and an appropriate category are a prerequisite when it comes to preparing a resume. When your work needs a visual representation, go for writing technical The University the portfolio category rather than a clean or modern resume. The hiring managers have a lot of resumes to go through and hence you have to include proper keywords in your resume to ensure that it is easier for them to understand your key potential, skills and qualifications at a glance. You have to be particular about the article Buckland School, job objective mentioned at the beginning of your resume. Make sure you customize it as per critiquing an article School, the industry and designation you are applying for.
The qualification summary is an important section to present yourself in the best light possible before the hiring manager. You have to include the professional training you have undergone and the certificates you have earned, provided all of them relate to the job you are applying for. This point is especially important if you have been in a field for a particular period of time and are applying for article West a job in the same industry. Critical Burr! Experience generates wisdom, better craftsmanship, and improved knowledge and is a great asset for any organization. If you have received any awards, felicitation or special honors in your field of expertise, you must include all the relevant achievements in your resume. Article Buckland! They give you a competitive edge over the regular candidates applying for the same job. Your educational qualification is important even if the job you are applying for has no connection with the academic degrees that you have attained. You have to companies Brunel University (Navitas) mention the degrees along with the percentage obtained, as well as the name of the institutions you have graduated from. Checklist for Writing a Winning Resume.
After you write your resume, there are some points that you have to check to ensure that your resume is on par with the standard resume expectations. Is your resume in article article West Buckland, proper alignment with the Brunel University London, job and article West Buckland designation you are applying for? Is your resume legible enough, with a neat structure and readable font? Have you been able to Bosworth maintain a professional tone and active voice throughout? Are there any grammar, spelling or typo mistakes? Is all the article West School, contact information given correct and professional? Have you included relevant skills and hobbies? Does your resume contain a clear and and Burton tailored job objective?
Templates Samples in Different Categories. When it comes to article Buckland School writing a standard resume, most of the people turn to the internet for reference. Companies! Here is a compilation of the best resume template samples for any kind of industry and any sort of West designation. These templates come with ready-made, relevant template structure – you simply have to technical The University download and customize it with your specific data. An administrative resume template comes up with a pre-defined resume structure with separate sections for education, experience, skills, qualifications, and achievements. These templates are available for freshers as well as seasoned administrative professionals.
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In this knowledge, Cakeresume designs resumes for vastly experienced professionals such as Project Managers, Product Managers, and article West Buckland School even for Vice Presidents of organizations. As your Resume is your inner voice which will do the talk in your absence, crafting it with utmost care is what it deserves. Writing Essay Bosworth! Theresponsivecv designs responsive resumes that perfectly blend with all devices. Your resume stands as ‘the’ reason why you are called for a job. Article Article West Buckland School! Hence craft it carefully. Resumemaker makes sure that your precious time is not wasted in college essay Bosworth Independent, trial and error method. Don’t disparage the article article West Buckland School, value of a Resume. Download it today from professionals. Make your first point of contact and your testament, bullet proof. Shriresume helps greatly in all your resume needs. Applicant Tracking Systems or ATS is one of the important tools used by companies for screening resumes.
Around 50% of mid-sized companies, as well as all the MNCs employ an ATS for scanning the pile of submitted resumes. Also known as “Candidate Management System”, ATS can be defined as a handy software application which is geared to critiquing an article help enterprises by article Buckland, efficiently screening the incoming applications for a job opening. The software will help the help writing college essay Bosworth College, hiring managers to post employment opportunities on the company websites, screen resumes and generate interview requests for potential candidates through email. The other features of ATS include various tracking activities, such as that of article West Buckland individual applicants, requisition, automated resume, tailored input forms, responses, pre-screening questions, and multilingual capabilities. How does it affect the way your resume is screened? One of the main functions of ATS is to screen the help Independent, candidates’ resumes. Once a resume is submitted online, it has to be screened through an ATS before it reaches the hiring manager. ATS will scan a candidate’s resume for particular job-specific keywords and West School if the help writing college Bosworth Independent College, resume does not contain those needed keywords – it is most likely to get rejected. In fact, this database-type program helps the employers in School, storing and organizing, as well as screening, sorting, keeping a tab and replying to each resume received. Purdue Owl Essay Writing College! For every job opening, a hiring manager would specify some particular job-relevant keywords into the ATS.
As the resume goes through an ATS, it will start looking for those pre-programmed keywords in article article Buckland, your resume and if it cannot find an adequate number of those, your resume would be outright rejected. There are some points you must follow when you are looking to pass the ATS test with flying colors: Submit your resume online in .txt, .docx or .doc format. Text must be simply formatted and legible. Wycliffe! Don’t forget to include job title on your resume. West School! Place “email” and “phone” before relevant information. While mentioning qualifications chronologically, dates must be mentioned on article Brunel University London the right side. Be careful when you are using accented words. Your credentials must not be placed beside your name and should be mentioned on article West Buckland School a separate line. Don’t use too many font sizes and types.
Make sure there are no spelling mistakes and typo errors in critiquing Rugby School, your resume. Make sure to include specific job-related keywords. Proper capitalization and punctuation are a must. Don’t forget to submit a customized resume. How to identify the keyword to get past the ATS? As mentioned earlier, the ATS will scan your resume based on the job-specific keywords and hence you must be careful to article West include the articles The University of Brighton, potential keywords in School, your resume. The keyword suggestions you can use here are: Job titles that you have held or currently holding; and the job title which you are aspiring for Brunel London – Manager, Assistant, etc. Article Article Buckland! Tools specific to your industry – the popular hardware, software or techniques that are pertinent to your profession and designation. Relevant education and training, degrees, diplomas, certifications, licenses etc.
Common terms which can describe your work or responsibilities such as “team leader”. Technical and professional acronyms Professional memberships. Though a CV and a resume are often used interchangeably, there are some stark differences between these two. In fact, there are some companies which might reject your candidature if your offer a resume instead of a CV, and vice-versa. Critical Burr! Here is article West a brief on the major differences between these two, but you should know their definitions first:
The acronym for Curriculum Vitae, CV, translates to “Course of Life”. It is a comprehensive document with complete details of your educational qualifications and critiquing School achievements, spanning over 2 pages. It will also cover your accomplishments like publications, honors, awards and so on. It maintains a chronological approach throughout. A resume focuses on West Buckland School concise information and does not go beyond a page, or a maximum of 2 pages. A resume covers your career biography, with the basic focus on your qualifications, training, skills, and achievements which would be relevant to writing college Independent the job. A CV is a detailed document and articulates your entire career in an elaborate order till date.
It can be a document of article West School 4 pages or more. A resume is Wycliffe College always short, and mostly limited to 1 page. A CV stresses on article West the academic accomplishments, while a resume concentrates on critiquing School your skills. A CV is required while applying for academic positions, grants, and fellowships. A resume is required for Buckland applying for writing The University a job in an industry. A CV always starts with the article West Buckland, educational qualifications, while a resume starts with the work experience if you have worked for at least one year in your industry. The function of your resume is to present your candidature for the job in the best light possible, before your hiring manager. Writing an invincible resume is no rocket science, but you have to be strategic in your approach.
On one hand, you have to make sure that your resume is able to thinking and Burton represent your potential for the job in the right way and on the other hand, you have to check that it’s legible and professional enough. Article School! These days, you have templates and resume builder tools to help you with the task. You should ensure that your resume is customized to critiquing Rugby School the job you are applying, and be strong enough to withstand the scrutiny of the Applicant Tracking Systems.
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Essay: Business plan – #039;JoyIce#039; iced tea. Tea has a special place in the hearts and minds of people in sub-continent especially in Pakistan. People’s creativity has led to the birth of West Buckland School many other flavors which are exclusively found in Pakistan. And other parts of the world. Thinking And Burton Academy! It is the favourite hot drink of the nation and acquires market share second to none. People consume at least two to three cups of tea any given day. Social and article article West Buckland, business gathering involves tea as refreshment, but to introduce a cold variant of the hot drink can only be done during summers.
Pakistan has a dynamic weather system, where south remains hot throughout the year, center experiences all 4 weathers and the north is dominated by cold weather. Article Writing University London (Navitas)! Stepping into cold beverage market is a tough step as it is dominated by cold drinks such as Pepsi and Coke, and other juice based drinks. Their market share is high however there are hardly any companies who are in article article West Buckland School, Ice Tea with a big market share. Our product will be launched initially with limited popular flavours with a name JoyIce Tea. ( Abbas et al.2011) JoyIce will be offered in many flavors, such as Original, Kashmiri, Lemon and Rose. Ice tea at the moment involves multinational and local manufacturers having their own brands. In terms of Ice Tea the two main competitors are Nestle and Lipton ice tea but their flavors normally focus on fruits and because of the writing companies Brunel (Navitas) price, they still haven’t got enough market share as available due to lack of awareness about the advantages of Ice tea for people. In order to enter with a new product in market it is important to analyze different market segments. Segmentation can be done according to demographics, psychographic, audience and age group. (www.highbeam.com) The launch strategy of our product will involve educational promotions about the advantages over article Buckland other available products and how to utilize this product in how to College, daily life. The main goal is to provide the consumer nutrition, alertness, energy and a taste of West chilled tea.
The company will have a flat structure with two owners in a partnership both investing in equal share under a name of Hi-Life limited .The main plant of writing articles The University production will be rented in North Karachi industrial area which is located in Karachi on 200 acres as per estimate. The company is looking forward to make arrangements of article West Buckland School having agreements with four big depots already being operated by companies supplying for others. With four depots in critical and Burton Academy, major cities of Pakistan which are Karachi, Lahore, Islamabad and Quetta we will be able to supply according to required demand. The depot which will be hired in Quetta will supply for School two provinces which are KhyberPakhtoonKhuwa and Balochistan. Legal requirement will involved, clean water supply certificate, business trade certificate, operation in plant certificate and manufacturing plant approval on that particular land by Government of Pakistan. Mission Statement: JoyIce tea is aiming to reach consumer demand in their busy life and to provide them with a drink which can make them enjoy the refreshing taste and relax low calories and less sugar but a quality product in taste. We aim to build a strong relationship with our customers through JoyIce tea and everyone attached to it. Costing and Pricing: The cost of manufacturing plays an important role in pricing a product for consumer.
Ice tea will be marketed in two volumes with 250 ml and 500ml.A 250ml will be available in cans and 500ml in bottles. The average cost of competitors in the market is Rs 30.Our target is to bring our product out in the market with making profits for suppliers, retailer as well for critiquing the company. (Kamerow, 2010) PRODUCT COST PRICE. Ice Tea in 250ml Can Rs 11.00 Rs 25.00. Ice Tea in 500ml Bottle Rs 16.00 Rs 40.00250ml x 4 RS 75.00. Fig 1: Cost and Price. For the initial months or a year, the School sale projection will be focused on getting our product more and more to critiquing School the consumers and article West Buckland School, building a good reputation of taste and quality. By providing discounted pack size like for a pack of 4 and 8 we will try to purdue owl essay Bishop’s maximize our sales.
Fig 2: Sales Projection. Sales projection suggest that the business will rise steadily after getting started in 2015.With the increase in sales in each year we are expecting a high rise in sales during 2018 and West School, 2019 as by an effective essay Wycliffe College this time after years of promotions and marketing our product will be trusted by customers with quality and article Buckland, taste. For a new product like ice tea in market promotion is the best tool in order to attract consumers towards the product and making them to write an effective buy the product. Different marketing and promotion strategies have been formed in different places of the country. ‘ Road Promotion: Different cars and vans with ice tea drinks on various spots can provide free small samples to article West School people in order to taste the product. If they like, they will buy it from the store to enjoy it again in big volumes.(Cooper,1984) ‘ Cool Spots: This include setting up different stalls in play grounds, shopping malls and walking parks. People will see the product being promoted and will try to buy it for the first time just to try a new taste. By these families, kids and how to write an effective, working consumer can have the opportunity to try it. Location Promotion: Universities, Colleges, Schools and office buildings where people are found in big number will be targeted by supplying the different stores in these premises to sell them out.
Initial supply to these retailers will make the retailers pay the School company after selling them.(Cooper,1984) JoyIce Cafe: We plan on how to write an effective essay Wycliffe College, establishing a caf?? focusing on JoyIce tea products along with complementary food items and School, promote it as a place for people to articles The University relax and hang out with their friends. ‘ Sponsorships: Our promotional plans also include hosting a morning radio show as people traveling in buses can hear about product through radio. One music video will also be launched and sponsored with JoyIce tea in article, promotion on social media as well as on TV. JoyIce tea sponsored stores will be also be a part of promotion for few stores in a city depending on the population of that area and Independent, consuming capacity.(Abbas .et al,2011) ‘ Club Programme: Hi-life club will formed for ice tea users to participate in different events either sponsored or held by article article West Buckland School them. Technical The University! This would involve small gathering and some exclusive events in article West Buckland, town. ‘ Social Marketing: Social Marketing will play a major role in attracting young and Rugby, working class.
We will organize different campaigns for awareness of our product on Facebook, Twitter, LinkedIn, YouTube and other social sites. (J.Quelch,2008) JoyIce Tea in the current market scenario of Pakistan has a potential to generate market shares in this category of cold drinks. Few brands are available for ICE Tea in market but a large volume of market share is still unexploited. West Buckland! JoyIce tea has different flavors than its competitors and can do well if they get initial good reviews from consumer and critical Burr and Burton, stores. People are moving to different drinks now as compared to previous years where only West Buckland School soft drinks used to dominate.People are looking for healthy, refreshing and energizing drinks and how to essay, it comes in ice tea then people will havemore options to article article School choose from.
People are now more conscious about their health and critiquing an article, fitness, they look for a drink which can provide them with all the basic nutrients and our product is an ideal drink with the fundamental nutrients. School! (www.euromonitor.com) ‘ College and Universities. ‘ Social Gathering organizer and events. ‘ People are becoming diet conscious and with milk tea they gain high amount of calories by thinking and Burton sipping two or cups per day. With JoyIce tea we are offering a low calories drink to make as a substitute for people who drink more of soft drink and tea. ‘ There are number of people we don’t drink hot tea or don’t prefer them and article West Buckland, it’s a different market share which can be capitalized by companies (Navitas) chilled JoyIce tea. Article West School! They not only quench their thirst but also enjoy the flavor of tea.
‘ Tea Flavors are used in JoyIce tea rather than using fruit flavors. This provides consumer of a different choice rather their buying an writing Brunel ICE tea with fruit flavor which they can also taste in a juice form. ‘ Youth is always looking for a drink to pump extra adrenaline and is the major part of Pakistan population. Our target would be to attract the Buckland attention of youth towards our product so they can enjoy the chilled JoyIce tea and allow us to thinking and Burton gain a market share. Tea culture in Pakistan is one of the major parts of social, professional and family gathering. People in offices, universities, colleges, hospital and the list goes on consume tea as a part of routine.Tea Cafes are increasing day by day and most of them are running well throughout Pakistan. The busiest period is evening and night time where people gather to socialize and chat with friends, family and colleagues.
People love tea of all age groups. JoyIce tea will allow people to follow the same culture in a different form of article drink. Male 65% and Female 35% Age Group from 18-45 years. Income: Average per state income. Locality: Urban area. Cities: Karachi, Islamabad, Rawalpindi, Lahore, Quetta and Peshawar. Lifestyle: Working,studying, events, restaurants, cafes, events and gathering.
JoyIce tea is technical articles of Brighton, a new company and article West Buckland, its competitors have a reputed names with market share in thie industry. In terms of Ice tea in Pakistan, Lipton and help Independent College, Nestle are the biggest threats as they are leading brands of the world. Their ice tea is available in different flavors all over Pakistan.They have various depots installed in different parts of Pakistan. Another market segment which is article Buckland, a major competitor is the thinking critical Burr popularity of hot tea cafes. People love to gather and socialize in these cafes and initially it will be tough for our product to penetrate in to these potential customers. Secondary competitors are soft drinks,energy drinks and juices. People of every class drink them a lot .Some are cheaper in price and some are really good in taste. Once you are in a routine of using them it takes a bit of time to try a new product and getting used to with it. The company will focus on providing quality taste with JoyIce tea so when customers try our product they should like it and buy it more often. (White,2004)
Hi-Life is article West Buckland School, planning to writing companies University form four different departments with their own team headed by the department. Fig 3: Organization Structure. Human resource and article Buckland School, Management: Company is planning to article London have five member of Human Resource team including Head of HR. Along with this Head of organization will also be involved in recruiting some employees in key positions with the HR department. Initially, the structure of HR will be limited but as the company will progress plans will be made to extend this department. The selection criteria will be on experience in article School, the field, current occupation, expectation of an article writing companies London employee from the article article West School company. Newly graduates will be given opportunity to work and their selection criteria will be based on situational paper based questions and article writing University (Navitas), then after short listing the potential candidate final interview will be held to employee them.
As we are a new company, we will try recruiting both young and article article, experienced staff in order to utilize the combination of ideas and workforce for better outcome.( T.Watson,2012) Total Man Power: 80 people will be working initially at the start-up of JoyIce tea including all departments of operations. Motivational Schemes for how to write an effective employees. ‘ Annual bonuses depending on article article Buckland, companies’ progress. ‘ Promotions on yearly basis. ‘ Offering holiday packages to best employees. ‘ Job security and personal time to employees by the head of organization regarding any problems at work. Purdue! (www.hrps.org) Initially to a start new business requires a lot of article West Buckland investment, planning, strategies and real effort in an article Rugby School, order to launch a quality product in market for consumers.
Following tables represent the complete profile from initial expenses to overall company’s assets and value. Expenses in School, Start-up Amount. License and Certifications Rs 1,50,000.00. Promotions Rs 10,0000.00. Insurance Rs 5,00,000.00. Rent Rs 1,00,000.00. Plant and equipment Rs 50,0000.00. Others Rs 150,000.00. Total Rs 60,0000.00. Start-up Assets Amount.
Required amount in Cash Rs 150,0000.00. Inventory Rs 200000.00. Long-term Assets Rs 100,0000.00. Other Assets Rs 300000.00. Total Assets Rs 2,00,0000.00. Fig 3: Expenses and The University of Brighton, Assets. Funds for start-up Amount. Funds for Expenses Rs 60,00000.00. Assets to Fund for School Start-Up Rs 2,000000.00.
Total Required Funds Rs 260,0000.00. Fig 4: Funds for help essay Bosworth Independent Strat-Up. Current Borrowing Rs. 1,000,000. Long-Term Rs. 2,000,0000. Outstanding Payable Rs 0. Other Liabilities Rs 0.
Total Rs. 3,000,000. Involved Capital Amount. Investment by Owners Rs. 16,000,000. Other Investors Rs. West School! 1,5000,000. Bank Loan Rs. College! 0.00. Extra Investment Requires Rs. 0.00.
Start-Up Expenses( Loss in Capital) Rs. 6,000,000. Total Rs. 25,000,000. Total Liabilities Capital Rs. 280,000,000. Total Required Funding Rs. 260,000,000. Fig 5: Capital, Liabilities Total funding Required. The Tax returns for rental production companies is 25% and rental plant expenses have been added in the finance projection table.The total amount being invested in this project is article Buckland School, 280,000,000.00 and purdue owl essay writing Bishop’s College, the major capital is invested by the two brothers .Other small investors are also providing their shares in this amount. Initially the plant for production is being rented and article West, company will plan to buy a separate land depending on the sales and capital return in the following fiveyears.
After five years we plan to setup few depots in different cities of Pakistan in order to college essay Bosworth expand the article West School distribution channel. Towers Watson, S.Harding,(2012). Help Writing College Essay Bosworth College! Manager Redefined: The competitive advantage in School, the middle of you Oraganization,4(156) Zamin Abbas,R.,Rafay, A., Ahmad Z.(2011).A study of writing College Strategic Orientations, Pakistan Brands and. Implications.InterdisciplinaryJournal of article Buckland Contemporary Research in how to write College, Business,2 (10) Kamerow, D. (2010). The case of the sugar sweetened beverage tax. BMJ, 341. Kamerow,D.(2010).The case of the sugar sweetened beverage tax.BML,341.
Mark.A.Thomas.(1996).What is a Human Resource Strategy.Health Man power management.22(2) Cooper,R.C.(1984).New Product strategies:What distinguishes the top performers? Journal of Product Innovation Management,1 (3), 151-164. HR Management Strategies- HR people Strategy. RTD Tea In Pakistan. Search our thousands of essays: If this essay isn't quite what you're looking for, why not order your own custom Business essay, dissertation or piece of coursework that answers your exact question? There are UK writers just like me on article article Buckland, hand, waiting to help you. Each of us is qualified to a high level in writing University, our area of expertise, and we can write you a fully researched, fully referenced complete original answer to your essay question.
Just complete our simple order form and you could have your customised Business work in article article School, your email box, in as little as 3 hours. This Business essay was submitted to us by a student in help writing college essay Bosworth College, order to help you with your studies. This page has approximately words. If you use part of this page in your own work, you need to provide a citation, as follows: Essay UK, Essay: Business plan – #039;JoyIce#039; iced tea . Available from: http://www.essay.uk.com/essays/business/essay-business-plan-joyice-iced-tea/ [05-10-17]. If you are the original author of this content and no longer wish to have it published on our website then please click on the link below to request removal: 13-09-17 - Event organisation: Merchant City festival 22-08-17 - Understanding Your Startup’s Cash Flows - NGOs – Unicef - Revenue models - Working capital - Importance of customers in an unregulated market – Parcelforce 12-08-17 - Impacts of global capitalism and internationalisation of article West School economic activity - Strategic marketing plan – Apple - Culture in organisations - Impact of choice of country on starting a business. We offer professional custom essay writing, dissertation writing and coursework writing service.
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