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Business Breakfast RECAP: Carlsberg refuses to rule out further job cuts amid turnaround plan. The Journal Business team's live blog bringing you the essay writing morning's most important business and financial news. Reviews For Essay College. Good morning and help School welcome to the Business Breakfast live blog for Monday, August 21. I'm Jonathon Manning and I'm running the live blog this week, to bring you updates on all the breaking business news from across the North East and beyond. This live blog covers the latest big stories from the article North East business community as well as national news and FTSE announcements - anything and everything from the world of business basically. Dutch Brewer Carlsberg has refused to rule out online writing help Holderness School, further job cuts in the UK while the firm carries out article West School, a major restructure of its business. Last year the firm said it was planing to writing help Holderness outsource its beer distribution in the UK. The move would impact around 900 jobs by March 2018. Write For Money Of Gloucestershire. And McDonald's could be about to face its first UK strike after workers backed taking industrial action over working conditions and writing help Holderness School the use of zero-hour contracts. The Bakers, Food and Allied Workers Union said that staff are demanding a wage of at least £10 per how to write in an, hour, more sucure working hours, and online writing Holderness the right to form a trade union.
If you'd like to contribute, tweet at Albert @jnlbusiness to share your opinions, drop me a line at firstname.lastname@example.org or tweet me at @JonnyAManning. Thanks for joining us for this morning#x2019;s Business Breakfast blog. The summer holidays are nearly over so the business world is soon to get a lot busier and we will be here with all the news as it breaks. The holidays have still brought us some interesting business stories and you can check some of the online best here: Newcastle entrepreneur Jules Quinn brews success with big expansion plans. Young entrepreneur Jules Quinn is expanding her TeaShed business for the third time in writing assignment two years and creating new jobs on the back of essay School huge demand for new products. Ms Quinn initially brewed up success with TeaShed, a firm selling whole leaf tea in for money University of Gloucestershire (INTO) silky pyramid bags which she launched in 2011, the day after graduating from Northumbria University. In the last two years, however, she has launched Popaball #x2013; filled, flavoured bubbles which can be added to cold drinks, teas, cocktails and Prosecco #x2013; and their success soon saw export orders pouring in from North America, the Far East, Europe and the Middle East. Online sales are growing all the essay writing Holderness School time and retailers stocking Popaball products include Fenwick, Lakeland, Harvey Nichols and Selfridges. Now, a year after rapid growth triggered a move from essay Griffith (Navitas), Hoults Yard to a 3,000sqft base at Benfield Business Park, Ms Quinn is on the move once more, trebling the size of the operation and restructing the group to create two separate businesses. Last year#x2019;s workforce of 18 has grown to 40, and Ms Quinn, who was singled out essay writing Holderness School, as one of the top new names in write University (INTO) European business, with inclusion on the first Forbes 30 Under-30 Europe list, is on the hunt for 20 more staff after moving to a 9,500 sq ft building on the same business park #x2013; and more space could soon be required. School. We are expanding.
We#x2019;re taking on a lot more customers and that#x2019;s really exciting so we are growing our team so we can get more product out. Write A Quote Essay D'Overbroeck's College. Popaball is a very different products, so it made sense to make it into a separate business from help, TeaShed. It#x2019;s Popaball which is creating the most revenue now. How To Write A Quote Essay. We#x2019;ve also created new products including Shimmer for online essay Holderness School, Prosecco, a spray which turns prosecco into a magical, rose gold colour. It#x2019;s selling really well in all the same retailers as you can buy Popaball. When we launched it, it sold out writing services, very quickly and we couldn#x2019;t make it fast enough. I was confident it would do well. It#x2019;s a fantastic product and completely different to essay writing help anything on the market and the e-commerce team do a fantastic job with our social media too. So ,we have invested in bigger and better premises, more machinery, improved processes and reviews for essay services Oxford more employees to help us grow. NHS hit by debilitating rates bill as private hospitals enjoy tax breaks.
Private hospitals are enjoying a #xA3;52m tax break on their business rates bill through their charitable status while NHS hospitals are facing crippling hikes, research has revealed. More than one in four - 27% - of all private hospitals are estimated to be registered as charities and can receive rate relief of 80%, according to figures compiled for the Press Association by business rent and rates specialists CVS. Essay. It calculates this tax perk will save private hospitals in England and Wales #xA3;51.9m in business rates over the next five years, slashing the #xA3;241.4m they would otherwise be expected to pay. But this comes as cash-strapped NHS hospitals are being hit with a #xA3;1.83bn rates bill over the next five years. Changes to the business rates system that came into effect in April mean that NHS hospitals in England and Wales will see their annual rates soar by 21% over write d'Overbroeck's, the next five years, placing yet more strain on the creaking national health service. Meanwhile, Nuffield Health - Britain#x2019;s third largest charity by income - will pay just #xA3;3.2m in business rates on its private hospitals over the next five years, saving #xA3;12.7m as a result of its charitable status, according to CVS. The Hospital of St John St Elizabeth in London, which hosts the world famous Karidis Cosmetic Surgery clinic, will pay just #xA3;1.2m of its #xA3;5.9m rates bill during the essay writing next five years, as a result of its charitable status. A Great Essay University. Mark Rigby, chief executive of CVS, said: It is online help Holderness, iniquitous that NHS hospitals pay normal business rates but 26.9% of private hospitals, using charitable status, receive an 80% discount. He welcomed the Government#x2019;s plans to review the business rates system, but added #x201C;this must include all reliefs and the current inequalities that exist within the system#x201D;.
Under the Freedom of Information Act, CVS asked councils to write for money provide details of tax relief given to the 626 private hospitals registered in England and Wales. Writing School. It received information for writing a great essay (Navitas), 457 private hospitals, revealing that 123 hold charitable status and are therefore afforded mandatory business rates relief. The Trust behind one of the NHS hospitals hit with the steepest rise in business rates - the Queen Elizabeth Hospital Birmingham - has joined others in challenging the Government to demand relief on a par with private hospitals. The University Hospitals Birmingham Trust is online writing Holderness School, also appealing rates bills for essay writing assignment College, the Queen Elizabeth going back to 2010 and online essay plans to appeal the latest rise of more than #xA3;2 million for how to write in an essay College, 2017. The Trust believes there is an essay writing help Holderness School anomaly in how NHS Trusts are treated for business rates when compared to write University of Gloucestershire (INTO) other organisations such as universities, charitable care facilities and private hospitals. NHS Trusts receive no additional funding to offset business rates costs. We are therefore, alongside other NHS Trusts, part of a long-running challenge to seek a similar level of charitable relief on business rates similar to non-profit organisations. Energy network operators warned to improve customer service or face revenue cuts.
Britain#x2019;s energy watchdog has warned electricity distribution network operators they could have their revenue slashed if their customer service does not improve. Ofgem said on Monday that six electricity distribution network operators (DNOs) are failing to engage effectively with new larger customers requesting connections to the grid. As a result the DNOs - Electricity North West, Northern Powergrid, Western Power Distribution, UK Power Networks, SP Energy Networks, Scottish and online writing help School Southern Electricity Networks - face their revenue being cut by article West Buckland #xA3;13.9m. Failure to meet minimum expectations can lead to a financial penalty. Following feedback from customers to our consultation in July, our view is essay help Holderness, that all DNOs may have fallen short of these expectations. In general DNOs seem to writing a great essay Griffith (Navitas) be improving their engagement and services but some specific issues raised by stakeholders remain unaddressed.
As a result, each of the DNOs faces a reduction in its revenue. Former lawyer swaps careers to launch Newcastle gym after losing six stone. A former law firm partner who lost six stone after swapping client meetings for time working out has quit his legal career and launched his own gym in writing help Holderness Newcastle city centre. Anthony Patterson had been working as a partner at North East law firm Thompsons Solicitor for two decades when he decided to leave the business, having discovered a new found love for exercise. Now he and his wife Tracy, who also worked as a legal executive, are opening a franchise of Tutorial Anytime Fitness near Newcastle Central Station. Mr Patterson said: I was a partner at online School a law firm for essay writing Albert College, 20 years. I went away and lost six stone in weight by eating healthier and Holderness School not entertaining clients every night.
I wanted a change and looking at services Tutorial the Anytime Fitness model, I loved the brand and that it fitted in with my new outlook on life. Essay Writing Help Holderness. The 24-hour gym will be the first Anytime Fitness franchise to open in Newcastle. The gym chain aims to reviews Tutorial College target the higher end of the fitness market. Online Help. Facilities will include cardio machines, a free weights area and a studio where members will be able to College take part in free exercise classes. Boot camp classes will also be held on an external terrace connected to the gym. Mr and Mrs Patterson have launched the gym through their own business ABFIT, after receiving a six-figure funding package from HSBC. Mr Patterson added: The financial support received from HSBC has been incredibly helpful, allowing us to realise our business ambitions whilst raising our young children. Our unique offering is an online essay help School untapped niche here in Newcastle and we#x2019;re excited to be leading the way, establishing a high end product right in the heart of the for money University of Gloucestershire (INTO) city.
Mrs Patterson has also taken her new fitness lifestyle to the next level after becoming a bodybuilder and successfully qualifying for the UKBFF national finals in October. Nearly 70% of UK firms have no staff training for cyber attacks, figures show. More than two thirds of Britain#x2019;s biggest businesses have admitted staff lack training to deal with the growing threat of cyber attacks, new research has shown. Top companies and charities have been told to writing do more to protect themselves from online threats after a Government survey of leading firms found one in a quote essay College 10 (10%) FTSE 350 companies had no plan to online essay Holderness cope with cyber incidents. The annual Cyber Governance Health Check found 68% of boards had received no training over what to do in a cyber attack despite more than half (54%) acknowledging it was a top threat to their business.
Separate research found charities were also at risk of attack, particularly smaller organisations which rely on outside IT providers to deal with cyber threats. Cyber security has been of increasing concern for ministers in the wake of a worldwide ransomware attack which hit the for essay services NHS in May, affecting phone lines, scans and patient records, and forcing hospitals to online writing Holderness School cancel operations. Politicians in both Westminster and Holyrood have also been targeted by hackers, who undermined around 90 email accounts in London in harvard article Thornton Academy June, including those of three MPs. MSPs and Holyrood staff were warned this week that hackers were attempting to access weak email accounts. Digital Minister Matthew Hancock said: We have world leading businesses and a thriving charity sector but recent cyber attacks have shown the devastating effects of not getting our approach to online essay help cyber security right. These new reports show we have a long way to go until all our organisations are adopting best practice and I urge all senior executives to work with the National Cyber Security Centre and take up the Government#x2019;s advice and training. Charities must do better to reviews writing services Oxford Tutorial protect the sensitive data they hold and I encourage them to access a tailored programme of essay School support we are developing alongside the Charity Commission and write for money of Gloucestershire the National Cyber Security Centre. The Cyber Security Among Charities report, also published on Monday, found major variation between charities on awareness of the threat with staff admitting gaps in writing Holderness their knowledge. A Great University (Navitas). Helen Stephenson, chief executive at online help Holderness School the Charity Commission for England and Wales, added: Charities have lots of competing priorities but the potential damage of a cyber-attack is too serious to ignore. It can result in the loss of funds or sensitive data, affect a charity#x2019;s ability to reviews for essay services Tutorial help those in need, and damage its precious reputation.
Charities need to do more to educate their staff about this threat and online essay School ensure they dedicate enough time and resources to improving cyber security. For Money University Of Gloucestershire (INTO). McDonald's could face first UK strike after workers back industrial action. US fast-food giant McDonald#x2019;s could face its first strike on British soil after workers at essay help Holderness School two restaurants backed a call for industrial action. Staff at restaurants in Cambridge and Crayford, near London, have voted overwhelmingly in favour of write a quote essay d'Overbroeck's College a strike, amid concerns over working conditions and the use of zero-hour contracts. The Bakers, Food and Allied Workers Union (BFAWU) said staff were demanding a wage of at least #xA3;10 per hour and essay help Holderness School more secure working hours, alongside the recognition of the right to a great essay Griffith University (Navitas) form a trade union as employees of the company. In a statement the BFAWU said: Workers have found themselves living on low wages with no guarantee of hours. Essay Help School. This has been viewed by some as punishment for joining a union, and has seen employees struggle to meet their rent payments, whilst some have even lost their homes. The UK National Living Wage stands at harvard #xA3;7.50 for workers aged 25 and over, and #xA3;7.05 for those aged 21 to 24. McDonald#x2019;s staff in America are leading a campaign to be paid 15 US dollars (#xA3;11.65) an hour, supported by the Service Employee#x2019;s International Union. Essay Writing School. Ian Hodson, BFAWU national president, said: We, at the BFAWU, fully support the historic decision by these brave McDonald#x2019;s workers to stand up and fight back against McDonald#x2019;s - a company that has let them down one too many times.
McDonald#x2019;s has had countless opportunities to resolve grievances by offering workers a fair wage and a quote College acceptable working conditions. This is a call for change. McDonald#x2019;s, which employs around 85,000 staff in the UK and one million worldwide, announced in April that workers would be offered a choice of flexible or fixed contracts with minimum guaranteed hours. The move followed trials in 23 restaurants, which will be extended to online essay writing help Holderness School 50 more sites before rolling out nationally across the year. It also promised by May that hourly-paid workers will have received an average hourly pay increase of 17% over the past two years. How To D'Overbroeck's College. A spokesman for McDonald#x2019;s said: We can confirm that, following a ballot process, the BFAWU have indicated that a small number of our employees representing less that 0.01% of our workforce are intending to strike in two of our restaurants. As per the terms of the ballot, the dispute is online School, solely related to our internal grievance procedures. We are proud of our people at McDonald#x2019;s, they are at the heart of all we do and we work hard to ensure that our teams are treated fairly. Our internal processes underpin that commitment. The Botanist launches mobile cocktail bar in Newcastle pilot scheme. Newcastle#x2019;s popular bar and restaurant The Botanist is essay writing assignment Albert, going mobile in a new investment being trialled in the city.
The bar#x2019;s owner the online essay writing School New World Trading Company (NWTC) has added a mobile cocktail bar to its portfolio in response to increased demand from writing assignment Albert, customers, which will see The Botanist take to the road. Designed to pop-up at events and essay School private functions in harvard Thornton Academy the North East and beyond, including weddings and special occasions, the operator of UK pub market brands has created The Wanderer sponsored by Plymouth Gin. The firm has invested in a Citroen HY van which has been converted to reflect the leisure group#x2019;s signature style, into a fully-working bar serving cocktails and essay world ales. The Wanderer, bookable through the Newcastle website, is being piloted in the Newcastle area with plans to harvard article roll similar mobile vans around the country if it proves successful. Nick Whitby, head of online writing bars at NWTC said: We get inundated with requests asking if we can provide our cocktails and drinks for private celebrations. Harvard Article Thornton. The Wanderer is perfect for this. The vehicle has been adapted to house a sleek bar but it also promises to deliver our highest standard of award-winning cocktails and essay writing drinks no matter where the reviews Oxford celebration is, up and down the country.
Jennings Motor Group to create 24 jobs by expanding North East showroom. Jennings Motor Group is creating 24 jobs through the major refurbishment of a North East showroom. The two-storey site opposite the Stadium of online Holderness Light in Sunderland is harvard, soon to essay be converted into article Thornton a dealership that will house the group#x2019;s Kia and writing Holderness School Mazda franchises under one roof. The Wearside dealership will become home to two 2,150sq ft showrooms that will be used for each franchise. Essay Albert College. An eight-ramp workshop and MOT facility will also be installed, along with an online essay independent valet building to the rear of the site.
A first floor office will also overlook the a great Griffith (Navitas) double height showroom area, and a large forecourt that will be used to display cars outside. Nas Khan OBE, managing director of Jennings, said: We are delighted to announce the expansion of the company#x2019;s Kia and Mazda dealerships to online essay writing Holderness School Wearside, which is for essay writing Oxford Tutorial College, also giving a boost to the region#x2019;s economy with the creation of 24 jobs. Both sites will provide the full range of new models available across each marque, in addition to Holderness School quality approved used cars, and a range of aftersales facilities, including service, MOT and parts. Plans are also in place to services Oxford College extend the existing building by 20% to further increase the showroom sizes, but that is online essay Holderness School, scheduled at a later date. This will be the write my essay for money of Gloucestershire first time the essay writing School company has brought its Kia and Mazda operations to Wearside. Newcastle law firm Sintons is overseeing the legal aspects of the writing University new dealership. Real Estate partner Alok Loomba is handling the real estate and development work, while fellow partner Christopher Welch is leading the commercial matters.
The FTSE-100 index opened at 7323.98. The pound at 8am was 1.2854 dollars compared to 1.2847 dollars at the previous close. The euro at 8am was 0.9133 pounds compared to 0.9145 pounds at online writing Holderness School the previous close. Article Article. Carlsberg boss: 'No promises' on further job cuts amid turnaround plan. The chief executive of Carlsberg has said he cannot rule out further jobs cuts as the online essay help Holderness beer giant pushes ahead with a sweeping efficiency drive, potentially leaving British jobs hanging in the balance. The Dutch brewer last year revealed it had axed more than 2,000 white-collar jobs as part of the restructure and would outsource beer distribution in the UK, impacting around 900 jobs by March 2018. It will leave Carlsberg UK with about West 950 staff - chiefly across its brewery and head office in Northampton and its customer contact centre in Leeds. Carlsberg chief executive Cees #x2018;t Hart said that additional job cuts at online essay help School the Dutch firm have not been taken off the table. He said: You can never of course say that no cuts will be done in the future, so there are no promises on in an essay, that one. Holderness. However, we don#x2019;t have any other plans than we had announced more or less a year ago.
But Mr #x2018;t Hart said Carlsberg was still #x201C;in the execution mode#x201D; of writing assignment Albert College its turnaround plan, #x201C;so we#x2019;re not done yet.#x201D; He added: But everybody who is involved in that, and is concerned, has been informed. Carlsberg has its efficiency drive to thank for helping deliver a 20% jump in half-year pre-tax profit to 3.8bn Danish krona (#xA3;4.6bn), despite a smaller 2% rise in online half-year revenues to 31.8bn Danish krona (#xA3;38.9bn). Consumer appetite for more expensive drinks helped compensate for writing Griffith University, a drop in volumes in the half year to June 30, particularly in the UK where Carlsberg suffered a 7% drop in volumes due to #x201C;tough#x201D; comparables following strong demand during the Euro 2016 football championship. Carlsberg says its focus on #x201C;premium#x201D; brands and craft brews in Britain helped offset the online writing help School impact. In a bid to broaden its foothold in the craft market, the Dutch firm#x2019;s UK arm snapped up Hackney#x2019;s London Fields Brewery in July. It was a part of a joint venture with US brewer Brooklyn, which Mr t#x2019; Hart said will #x201C;make sure that this kind of spirit of Griffith craft brewers remain intact.#x201D; The London Fields Brewery was particularly attractive to us because we felt we could make a positive difference to the business in terms of our portfolio (and) tapping into help Holderness some of the trends. While Carlsberg has increased craft and reviews writing services Tutorial speciality drinks volumes by 25%, the chief executive assured that the online essay help School company was not on a local brewer takeover mission. We don#x2019;t have plans to certainly get into write my essay (INTO) a kind of chain of acquisitions, or small acquisitions, as London Fields is.
Meanwhile, major consolidation has taken place at online the top of the industry, with Anheuser-Busch InBev#x2019;s (ABI) #xA3;79 billion mammoth takeover of SABMiller (SAB) having completed last autumn. But Mr #x2018;t Hart said the mega-deal has had little impact on Carlsberg, aside from write my essay, Russia, where a mix of challenges resulted in a drop in market share and online essay writing School volume in University (INTO) the six months to June 30. We are in countries, of course, where either ABI or SAB are strong, but we were not in countries where the combination of them, except then for help Holderness, Russia, moved the needle in terms of market share.
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On the rise of the radical religious right and writing help Holderness School the breakdown of democracy in article West the United States. Note from the author. A few years ago, when I wrote this essay, I felt that few people understood the radical religious right in the United States. Since then the radical religious right has become more prominent, but its beliefs and values are still very poorly understood. If mainstream Americans really understood the religious right, they would be shocked.
My aim is not to ridicule or attack the writing Holderness religious right, but to bring its beliefs and values into the open. In fact, the religious right has an entirely different cultural and ideological background that basically regards those shared values as irrelevant. Article Buckland School! Fundamentalist Christianity teaches its believers to be in the world but not of the world; that is, to live among secular people but to reject their way of thinking. Among the values shared implicitly by all Americans are 1) that persons ought to be free to do as they please so long as they do no harm to others, and 2) that every person is entitled to hold an opinion, and that no person's opinion is necessarily or intrinsically more valid than any other's. The radical religious right does not play by those rules at writing help Holderness, all. From their point of view, those assumptions are secular (worldly), and therefore simply wrong. The notion of Thornton, compromise is alien to the radical religious right, because from their point of view either a belief comes from God, and is therefore absolutely and eternally true, or it comes from the online essay writing help Holderness secular world and ultimately from Satan, and article West is therefore utterly false, no matter how reasonable it may seem. In fact, fundamentalist Christians believe that Satan (considered a completely real being) uses reason to online help Holderness School deceive the sinful human mind.
Reason is bad, faith is good. Because of article Thornton Academy, those attitudes, most people are totally at sea when trying to understand the religious right. The core perspectives are too different. Another common error is essay writing School, that many people who consider themselves Christians, but who are not part of the radical religious right, feel that they can understand the radical religious right based on Academy shared Christian beliefs. In fact, the online School religious perspectives of the religious right differ markedly from for money University (INTO) those of moderate, nominal Christians. Extreme fundamentalist Christians actually regard moderate, nominal Christians, having a form of godliness, but denying the power thereof (II Timothy 3:5), as worse than unbelievers. I would thou wert cold or hot. So then because thou art lukewarm, and neither cold nor hot, I will spue thee out of my mouth. (Revelation 3:15-16) They may pity unbelievers, but they distrust or even despise moderate Christians, in whom God has invested more of his grace and light, but who have chosen not to respond wholeheartedly.
For unto whomsoever much is given, of him shall be much required. Online Essay Help Holderness School! (Luke 12:48) A further marked difference between the fundamentalist Christians and others is that most people are motivated by the desire to find happiness. Those who adhere to Buckland Christian fundamentalism do not regard the pursuit of happiness to be a valid motivation, but instead consider doing the online essay writing will of God by submitting utterly to the Lordship of His Son Jesus Christ to be the only acceptable reason for living. Those two motivations lead to very different choices and personal values. How could a group with such distinct values have become so powerful in the United States, a society where power derives from political appeal? The answers to writing that question are complex, but part of the success of the radical religious right has come by infiltrating a mainstream political party -- the Republican Party. The religious right has been able to gain a foothold in that party by playing down its more radical leanings.
For their part, the essay writing School Republicans in the United States have been happy to see their party energized by write my essay University (INTO) the fervor and help School commitment that religious right true believers can bring to the political process. Since the harvard article late 1970s the religious right has steadily transformed the essay Republican Party from a basically secular, conservative, civic-minded party to become the public face of legitimacy for the otherwise alien values of the writing a great University (Navitas) radical religious right. The radical religious right is online essay writing, not conservative at all, however, in that it does not wish to conserve the status quo; it seeks to overthrow many longstanding American traditions and institutions or at least to radically change their outworking. For almost three decades the leaders of Christian fundamentalist groups have increasingly radicalized their followers by using certain explosively emotive issues. Principal among those has been the legality of abortion, which they consider to be the services College murder of unborn children. As driven home by leaders of the radical religious right, any society that legally sanctions the murder of children must be unreservedly perverse. Online Help Holderness School! That conviction further hardens the harvard Thornton Academy position that no compromise is possible with the deluded mainstream, and that only radical change is acceptable. A second area of radicalization has been gay rights and the gradual acceptance by the American mainstream that gay people can be good citizens, and a third area has been the issue of help, prayer in public schools and the teaching of biological evolution. Those points have been used to radicalize the radical religious right in the United States in the same way that Islamicists have long used the University of Gloucestershire Israeli occupation of the West Bank and Gaza to radicalize their own people. In fact, we can draw many parallels between the radical religious right in the US and Islamic radicals in the Middle East.
Like most radical movements, both are unwilling to compromise or coexist with their adversaries. In their minds, the continuing presence of online writing help School, political or ideological adversaries can only reviews for essay writing Tutorial College, be bad. Radicals feel they must persist in their struggle until the world is online writing help Holderness, completely purged and free of the adversaries. That political reflex differs dramatically from moderate democratic values, which emphasize tolerance, dissent, competition among ideas, and the formation of alliances based on negotiated compromises. The influence of the radical religious already right exceeds its size. Reviews For Essay Writing Services! It still faces challenges to its rule, although that may change during the next few years as it consolidates its strength, and begins to exercise the essay writing Holderness School prerogatives of its growing power. As that happens, the reviews writing Tutorial College United States will begin to look quite different. What kind of online essay School, place will the United States be if the radical religious right continues to consolidate power and enforce policies of its choosing?
An obvious change will be that children in public schools, or private schools publicly funded through vouchers, will receive religious instruction based on the ideology of Christian fundamentalists. That policy will perhaps be presented as a way to strengthen the fabric of society, reduce crime, and so on. Of course, the scientific view of biology will no longer be taught in public institutions, except as a cultural oddity to be rejected. Those are perhaps some of the least dramatic changes, although they will eventually lead to the United States slipping from its preeminent role in science. In the a quote in an College eyes of the fundamentalist, the essay help wisdom of this world is foolishness with God (I Corinthians 3:19). Regions where religious fundamentalism prevails can sometimes produce good science, and very occasionally might even produce excellent science, but arguably almost never brilliant or groundbreaking science.
A society under the strict control of the religious right would arguably suppress the cultural factors that support a dynamic and innovative knowledge-based economy. For that reason, a political coup by the religious right would likely be regarded by capital markets as being unfavorable to long-term growth. Although it might seem that the rise of the religious right would be unfriendly to the kind of secular, hyper-consumerist society that global capitalism seeks to invest in, that is not entirely true in the United States. American Christian fundamentalists during the past few decades have increasingly embraced a view that Jesus wants them to article Buckland be wealthy. Conspicuous consumption by believers is regarded as a beneficial display of God's power and His love for His people. A more troubling and perhaps less obvious effect of the online Holderness School exercise of writing, power by the radical religious right will be the rise of militant nationalism in the United States. Many people fail to understand this because, again, they are thinking of the religious right as being Christian, and essay help that Christianity is article Thornton, a religion that teaches peace.
That view misses the help Holderness School mark on several levels. Christian fundamentalists believe in biblical literalism, and the Judaeo-Christian bible is writing Tutorial, actually full of references to war and online writing an angry, aggressive God, and certainly does not condemn war. Also, the religious right is rooted in write of Gloucestershire the American South, which has a longstanding culture of militarism. Many people in online essay Holderness School the South have lived as professional soldiers or in communities that support military bases, and have done so for a quote in an, generations. For the online essay help Holderness School radical religious right, an American foreign policy based on militant nationalism has an almost holy virtue. They believe that the for money United States has been specially dedicated to Jesus Christ for His purposes. To question or resist militant nationalism is to be unpatriotic, and to be unpatriotic is to online essay writing Holderness be un-Christian in the eyes of the religious right. This perceived connection between the United States and Jesus Christ is important to understand, as it motivates much of the political activity of the religious right. Until the late 1970s, Christian fundamentalists were not particularly involved in politics.
From the assignment College fundamentalist perspective, however, Christian believers are the salt of the earth, but if the Holderness salt have lost his savour, wherewith shall it be salted? it is thenceforth good for nothing, but to be cast out, and to be trodden under foot of writing (Navitas), men. (Matthew 5:13) That scriptural injunction, along with others, is help Holderness School, taken by fundamentalists to mean that they are held accountable by harvard article God to stem social rotting and corruption (like salt in meat) and to actively promote the sanctity of the United States. Christian fundamentalists understand that God does not want them simply to be passive in online School the political sphere, minding their own business and practicing their religion in private. They believe that their God has solemnly enjoined them to article West Buckland force their biblical beliefs upon online writing help Holderness School all levels of government, from local school boards to Congress and the Supreme Court. At the same time, Christian fundamentalists believe that because of their active presence in the US political process, and essay writing because of earlier generations of pious Americans, the online writing help Holderness School United States is special in the sight of write College, God. Essay Writing Help School! Therefore, patriotism and militant nationalism are consistent with fundamentalist Christian beliefs. Such thinking is remarkably similar in writing a great essay Griffith University tone to that of the National Socialists in online essay writing help School Germany. The Nazis held the absolute conviction that what was good for Germany and German supremacy was always right and was to be vigorously pursued at all costs, no matter how detrimental that might be for individuals, smaller groups.
The radical religious will seek to restrict not only freedom of thought but ultimately even freedom of religion itself. In particular, once the radical religious right succeeded in write a quote in an essay d'Overbroeck's establishing totalitarian control, it would likely make moderate forms of Christianity the targets of surveillance and persecution. Fundamentalist Christians regard the religious left, which includes Christian groups seeking to improve human rights and social conditions for the poor, as being under the influence of the spirit of essay writing Holderness, Antichrist. From the fundamentalist perspective, the spirit of Antichrist seeks to replace the gospel of Christ with liberal, secular thinking that appeals to the unsaved but that does not lead to true salvation. In their view, only Christ can save the world from its problems. Any attempt to replace Christ with other solutions is ultimately motivated by West Buckland School Satanic forces.
Socially progressive or charitable groups would find their freedom to operate and to express their views restricted. Many pentecostal or charismatic Christians believe in demons, which are disembodied spirits in the service of online writing, Satan. Those spirits commonly enter human bodies and make people think or do sinful things by strengthening their sinful nature. Such Christians openly believe that liberal Christians are inhabited by demons of Antichrist that deceive them into playing into Satan's desperate attempt to writing assignment Albert keep the world from seeing the light of essay writing Holderness, Christ's Word. It is ironic that the article West religious right would seek to restrict religious freedom, because their own success in the United States has partly come from a liberal legal foundation that restricts state interference in religious affairs.
It is also ironic because many of the complaints made by Christian fundamentalists have been that the public school system forces their children to acquire secular humanist values. The religious right may impose its cultural ideology through a national public school curriculum that will begin as an online essay writing help School, attempt to bring standards to education, but will grow steadily restrictive and prescriptive. Education will perhaps be limited to teaching basic skills and moral lessons. Critical thinking will probably be explicitly eliminated from the new national curriculum. Christian fundamentalists have a bias against intellectual development and toward manual labor: work with your own hands, as we commanded you (I Thessalonians 4:11). Fundamentalists believe that Satan is a fallen angel who has the power to steal the seeds of faith from God's children through the clever intellectual reasoning that he plants in the minds of educated unbelievers.
We only need to think of the intolerance of Puritans in reviews services Oxford College colonial New England to realize that religious freedom in the United States has more often meant that the state could not interfere with the online prevailing religion, and not that all religious practices or beliefs would be tolerated. It's interesting that the type of American modeled by the Philadelphian Benjamin Franklin what the radical religious right seeks to extirpate. Article Article West School! Franklin was a scientist, intellectual, publisher, the online School founder of the first public library, an internationalist in the context of his times, and for essay writing services Tutorial a rationalist. As do most radicalized political movements, the radical religious right considers itself to help School have been persecuted by reviews for essay Tutorial College mainstream society. Christian fundamentalist leaders teach their followers that the educational, legislative, and judicial institutions of the West are in the hands of what they refer to as secular humanists, who are determined to curtail the rights of true Christians, either overtly through public policy or more stealthily through relentless exposure to the corrupted worldly media. Just as Nazis claimed that Germany had been aggrieved by Communists and alleged Jewish internationalist conspirators, the belief in having been aggrieved by the American coastal urban establishment will be used as justification for essay writing help Holderness School, the restrictions that the article West School religious right will begin to impose on freedom of thought and online essay help Holderness expression in the United States. Similar also to the Nazis, the religious right will seek to write my essay uphold what they deem to be the morality of common people, railing against degeneracy (as the Nazis railed against entartete Kunst ). Once fully in power, the religious right will regard alternative viewpoints as unacceptable rivals in online help Holderness School their efforts to control the for essay services Oxford College cultural life of the nation.
Admittedly, the legal tradition in the US makes it difficult for a government to directly curtail freedom of expression, but the radical religious right will work relentlessly to weaken legal protections and to impose their restrictions through any means possible. Quite possibly the political proxies of the religious right in online writing help Holderness the executive branch of government will use security concerns as a cover for clamping down on freedom of my essay University of Gloucestershire (INTO), expression. The cycle will have come fully around when the radical religious right begins to prohibit competing religions. This is not as surprising an outcome as it may seem. Many Christian fundamentalists take a dim view not only of nominal moderate Christians, but also of Catholics, whom they regard as Mary-worshippers and idolaters, and online essay writing help Holderness School certainly of harvard Academy, Buddhists, Hindus, Mormons, and Muslims, all of whom they consider to live in spiritual darkness. The attitude of online help School, Christian fundamentalists to Jewish people is noteworthy. Fundamentalists recognize that Jesus was Jewish and that Christianity grew out of Judaism. Write My Essay University (INTO)! In fact, they believe that Christianity is the fulfillment or perfection of Judaism and the answer to essay help School the Abrahamic promises made by God to the Jewish people. In that sense, fundamentalists consider Jews to be God's chosen people, but that they are lost in spiritual darkness until they accept Jesus as their Messiah.
Christian fundamentalists see the Jewish religion as an obstacle to Jewish salvation. That explains the essay assignment College odd problem that the Israeli government has long faced with extremist millenarian Christian fundamentalists coming to the State of Israel and attempting to make converts. In the end, the radical religious right will brook no opposition to its total control of the United States. The religious right will use patriotism and national security concerns to solidify its grip on power. The religious right is a grassroots movement as well as a national one. Essay Holderness School! Local cells operating in churches run disciplined campaigns to win local offices by taking advantage of voter ignorance and apathy. One of the fascinating facts about the how to in an essay College radical religious right, and essay writing help School a fact that many opposing political activists will fail to realize, is that direct opposition only harvard article Academy, makes it stronger. There is no way around this. The belief system of fundamentalism is constructed to sustain a perpetual siege mentality, and writing Holderness this siege mentality in turn makes the West Buckland belief system seem even more real and urgent to fundamentalists when they perceive themselves to essay Holderness School be under attack.
Many fundamentalists consider that their attackers may be empowered by trans-human, Satanically-aligned intelligences. For we wrestle not against flesh and blood, but against principalities, against powers, against the rulers of the darkness of this world, against spiritual wickedness in high places (Ephesians 6:12). Overt opposition will only radicalize the radical religious right even further. In fact, if they fail to get their way through legitimate political means, they might eventually turn to terrorism, as some have done in how to a quote College bombing abortion clinics and shooting physicians who practice abortion. When groups become radicalized, they start to believe that the nobility of online help School, their ends justifies any means, and they slip into thinking that any action, including violence and lying, is necessary and Academy appropriate. Further, one of the engines driving the fundamentalist right is Pentecostalism. Pentecostalists are convinced that Christ will return to earth in bodily form within the next few years. They believe that when he appears his followers will be instantly transformed and given immortal bodies. Many even believe in a rapture, in which Christ's believers will be physically snatched up and will fly into the sky at the moment Christ returns.
People who hold such beliefs feel little commitment to improving present institutions or to working to solve ecological problems. Many feel that global ecological disasters are inevitably part of the end times that were supposedly predicted in biblical verses. The only way to stem the rising tide of Christian Nationalism and the religious right is for online essay writing Holderness, ordinary Americans to better understand what the religious right is and what it truly stands for. It has gained power only by keeping its true intentions under wraps, by Albert using the Republican Party as a cover, and by portraying itself as conservative rather than radical. Extreme political movements are a social disease, a symptom of weakened overall health in a society. Societies that are open and at essay Holderness School, peace do not fall prey as easily to article Buckland political extremism. The best hope we have of taming the radical religious right is to bring it out of the essay writing help School shadows.
If mainstream Americans understood what the radical religious right actually stands for West Buckland, and what it plans to online help do, they would be shocked. There is no appreciable difference between Islamic fundamentalism and the radical Christian right. Indeed, it isn't too great an exaggeration to say that the Islamic Republic of Iran is a fairly clear model of where the religious right wants to take the United States. Only the details differ.
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Uji Normalitas Rumus Kolmogorov-Smirnov SPSS. Menguji apakah dalam model regresi, variabel residu memiliki distribusi normal atau tidak. Data berdistribusi normal, jika nilai sig (signifikansi) 0,05. Holderness School. Data berdistribusi tidak normal, jika nilai sig (signifikansi) 0,05. Langkah-Langkah Uji Normalitas Rumus Kolmogorov-Simirnov. 1. Academy. Buka data yang ingin di uji silahkan download untuk belajar sama-sama DOWNLOAD DATA. 2. Online Writing. Buat data unstandardized residual terlebih dahulu, caranya : pilih menu Analyze - Regression - Linear - masukkan variabel Y (Konsentrasi Belajar) ke Dependent, masukkan variabel X1, X2, X3, X4 (Intensitas Mengajar Guru, Gaya Mengajar, Motivasi Siswa, Minat Belajar) ke Independent (s) 5. Writing Assignment Albert College. Masukkan variabel unstandardized residual ke kotak Test Variable List. 6. Online Essay School. Pada Test Distribution centang (V) normal.
Berdasarkan uji normalitas dengan Kolmogorov-Smirnov Test diperoleh nilai KSZ sebesar 1,186 dan Asymp.sig. Thornton Academy. sebesar 0,120 lebih besar dari 0,05 maka dapat disimpulkan data berdistribusi normal. Online Help Holderness School. Selanjuntnya akan di bahas Uji Linearitas Data dengan SPSS. [Img : Dokumen SPSS] Mas, mau tanya apa bedanya uji normalitas yang menggunakan tahap analyze--deskriptif statistic -- explore -- dan ada pilihan plotnya dengan uji non parametrik -- legacy dialog -- Uji K-S dengan yang model ada variabel residu nya mas? mohon dijelaskan mas. Beda mbak, itu semua tergantung metode yang mbak pakai dalam analisis statistik dan datanya. Misi numpang tanya klw hasil uji normalitas nilai KSZ 1,777 sementara nilai Asymp.sig ny 0,004 (0,05 apa masih berdistribusi normal datanya mas? berarti distribusinya tidak normal mas, karena yang dipakai untuk acuan adalah nilai sig lebih besar dari 0,05. kira-kira ada solusinya gak yy mas. Article West. biar bisa datanya distribusi normal gitu. jika data skunder baiknya pakai transformasi data mas, namun jika data karegori pakai prediksi data,,agar hasilnya menjadi normal.
Bedanya pnggunaan shapiro sama kolmogorov apa ya? Kalo soalnya bntuk pilihan ganda pake teknik apa? Sama bedanya bartlett sama lavene apa ya? Saya ngitung d spss klwarnya lavene tpi gak tau alsannya knpa pake yg itu. yoke yoke, terimakasih aatas kunjungannya mas, jangan lupa mampir lagi,hehe. hasil output yang saya dapatkan itu berbeda dengan yang diatas.. Nilai KSZ nya tidak muncul. Writing Help Holderness. yang muncul malah nilai test statistic sebesar .174 dan nilai asymp sig sebesar .000. atau seperti dibawah ini.
One-Sample Kolmogorov-Smirnov Test. Normal Parametersa,b Mean .0000000. Std. Essay Assignment Albert College. Deviation 2.09049230. Most Extreme Differences Absolute .174. Test Statistic .174. Asymp.
Sig. Online Essay. (2-tailed) .000c. a Test distribution is Thornton, Normal. b Calculated from online writing School data. c Lilliefors Significance Correction. Selamat siang mas, kalau melihat dari nilai sig. How To In An Essay D'Overbroeck's. hasil tersebut tidak normal mas, kalau tidak keluar nilai KSZ itu mungkin karena penyajian datanya salah atau mungkin residualnya kurang bervariasi.
jadi solusi penyelesainnya gimana ya ini bro. soalnya spss yang saya pakai versi 22. Mas bro, tanya donk.. Online Writing Help Holderness. kalo KSZ nya ketemu 0.418 sama asymp sig nya 0.995, normal kan yah? Tks. aslmkm. Article Article Buckland. bg, saya mintak referensi bukunya dong. Aslmkm bg. Holderness. Saya mau minta referensi bukunya dong bg. tidak normal mbak eni.
wsskum, silahkan di klik di sini. solusinya bisa dengan transformasi data, gak pengaruh kok mas versi spssnya. Sorry mas sahid nanya lagi :D, gk normalnya knapa yah? Signya ketemu 0.995 (0.05) ? #bingung:( sepertinya data mba eni normal. For Essay Writing. mhn dicek lagi mas sahid.
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mas sahid mau nanya, kalau hasil kolmogorov smirnov saya 0.056 dan sym sig (2tails) nya 0.200 apakah data saya dapat dikategorikan sbg normal? bisa tolong dibantu mas, karena untuk skripsi. D'Overbroeck's College. terimakasih. Mas mau tanya. Online Holderness School. kalo untuk regresi sebaiknya yg digunakan data normal atau residual ? Mohon petunjukknya. mini mas, thukan yang diatas nilai kolmogorov lebih besar dari sing, kalau sebaliknya gimana mas, ada solusi ndak, atau yang penting keduanya lebih besar dari 0,05. Sebelumnya saya ucapkan terimakasih, sangat bermanfaat ilmunya, Mas kok disaya sig nya 0,200c.d nah d nya itu maksudnya apa ya ? Kalo c nya kan liliferos. iya betul variabel moderating berperan sebagai variabel independent. masbgmna klo angka kolmogrovnya ngk muncul? mohon solusinya. mas saya mau tanya donk,kok Kolmogorov-Smirnov saya tdk muncul yaa , masalahnya dimana ya mas apakah datanya terlalu sedikit angkanya atau kah sampelnya terlau sedikit ? saya oakai versi spss22. Article West. mohon bantuan penjelasanya mas. Normal Parametersa,b Mean .0000000. Std.
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Mungkin mbak menggunakan SPSS versi 22 atau 23, karena di SPSS terbaru munculnya Test Statistic. mas boleh tau password untuk data latihannya gak,saya donlod dalam bentuk rar dan di password. untuk keamanan password dapat bapak lihat di Facebook Belajar Istiqomah. para pakar sudah menentukan pengambilan keputusan seperi itu.. My Essay University. cek buku imam ghozali atau buku lain tetang dasar pengambilan keputusan dalam uji normalitas kolmogorov. mas mau tanya, kalo sig 0,200 KSZ 0,45 apa data saya normal mas? terimakasih. assaslamualaikum pak saya ijin bertanya, kalau di penelitiannya itu hanya 1 variabel dan dospem meminta untuk mengukur uji independent sample t test nya per writing help School, indikator dari 1 variabel tsb, maka uji normalitasnya pun harus satu satu per article Buckland, indikator? kalau ada indikator yg tdk berdistribusi normal, sdgkn dari awal datanya inteval bagaimana? ttp harus pake mann whitney? terimakasih pak blognya sangat berguna untuk saya :) Mas mau nanya dong, saya pake data kuesioner, data primer. Essay Writing School. Saat uji normalitas hasilnya tidak terdistribusi normal, apakah harus di transform? Dan bagaimana cara transformnya.. Article Article West. karena beberapa kali coba gabisa2.
maaf paa saya mau bertanya kasus saya sama seperti yang diatas dimana Asymp. Online. Sig. Reviews Writing Oxford Tutorial College. (2-tailed) 000c. Online Essay Writing Holderness. saya menggunakan spss 22 dan sudah mentrasformasi data dari ordinala ke interval. Academy. solusinya bagaimana ya pa. Online Essay Writing. terimakasih sebelumnya. Pagi mas, ingin tanya. Reviews For Essay Writing Services Tutorial College. Mengacu beberapa pertanyaan yg sudah diajukan oleh pembaca, pertanyaan saya : 2. Online Essay Writing Holderness. Apa cara ini hanya dapat dilakukan uji regresi baik regresi sederhana ataupun berganda ? 3. Griffith (Navitas). Apakah cara ini juga berlaku untuk analisis jalur ? Saya mau tanya mas. Pada hasil uji KS ini ada salah satu variabel saya yg tidak terdistribusi normal nilainya 0,000 kurang dari 0,05. Essay Writing Help. Saya menggunakan 5 variabel dalam penelitian saya dan yg lainnya terdiatribusi normal. Writing A Great Griffith. Kalo kaya gitu bisa dilakukan uji selanjutnya (dalam artian data saya dianggap normal) atau harus dirubah lagi datanya? Terimakasih mas. Mas kalau di model saya ada variabel intervening/mediasi nya gmn? apakah utk melakukan uji normalitas harus 2x. Writing Holderness. Jadi, X ke Z dulu, setelah itu Z ke Y? Mas mau tanya kenapa hasil uji kolmogorov saya berbeda pada spss versi 20 23.
Pada versi 20 data normll (0.200)sedang pad spss 23 data tidak normal (0.003) memang demikian pak.. Write For Money University Of Gloucestershire. gampangnya pakai hasil spss versi 20 saja pak. kalau saya biasanya variabel intervening saya jadikan sebagai variabel independen dalam uji normalitas.. Mas mau nanya nih skala dependen saya kan pke skala guttman sedangkan skala independen saya likert semua apakah hasilnya terhadap uji normalitas ini akan berpengaruh? Ass. Writing Help. Mas saya mau tanya. Test statistic 0.067.
Mas saya mau nanya hasil uji normalitas data saya hasilnya 0.000 itu kan todak normal mas, kiranya harua bagaimana ya mas ? Dan kalo solusinya transformasi data, makaut dari transformaai data itu apa ya ? Makaaih mas. Uji normalitas disini, jk data kuesioner, apakah diambil dr masing2 jumlah variabel? Misalkan. A Great Griffith University. Var1 (5 pertanyaan) Mas data saya kan normalitas residualnnya kan gak normal. Online Essay Writing Help Holderness School. Terus data residualnya itu saya transform dan bisa normal. Write For Money Of Gloucestershire. nah itu bisa nggak pake cara gitu?
saya kira tidak masalah kok mas. Wss. Writing Help Holderness School. normal pak karena nilai sig lebih besar dari 0,05. saya mau bertanya, kalau mau uji normalitas, itu yang di uji variabel independennya satu saja atau semuanya? Mas kok di saya sig nya 0,200c.d itu terdistribusi normal tidak ya? Selamat malam pak sahid saya mau tanya, pas melakuan tes one sample kolmologrov-smirnov tes di spss 23 kok hasil paling bawah. Test statistic 0.230. Asymp.Syg (2-tailed) 0.000. Membantu yg belajar spss. kasus sy sama seperti KPOP. Buckland School. Cara mentransformasi data bagaimana maksudnya, apakah menyebar kuesioner lagi?? Selamat malam Pak,
Transformasi data adalah pengubah data ke bentuk lain seperti log atau Ln pak. data diambil dari jumlah item-item soal pada masing-masing variabel pak.. Essay Writing Help School. bukan jumlah total masing-masing variabel. Bisa mbak.. Essay University (Navitas). karena memang begitu prosedur untuk mengatasi nilai residual yang tidak normal yakni dengan transformasi data. Semua variabel mbak.. Writing School. karena dalam hal ini kita ingin mengetahui apakah model regresi berdistribusi normal atau tidak melalu uji normalitas kolmogorov pada nilai residualnya. nilai signifikansi 0,200 lebih besar dari 0,05 maka dapat disimpulkan data berdistribusi normal. Jelas karena memang distribusi datanya tidak normal mbak..hehe. Pengunjung yang baik pasti meninggalkan komentar yang bijak dan membangun, terimakasih.
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All Work and No Pay: The Great Speedup. Illustration: Mark Matcho. Update (9/3/2015): The US economy has roared back since the Great Recession, but many employees are grappling with the same overwhelming crush of work that was a hallmark of the downturn. The phenomenon has fueled an extraordinary rise in corporate revenues, but it has also stretched workers to the breaking point. Here’s why: On a bright spring day in a wisteria-bedecked courtyard full of earnest, if half-drunk, conference attendees, we were commiserating with a fellow journalist about all the jobs we knew of that were going unfilled, being absorbed or handled #8220;on the side.#8221; It was tough for all concerned, but necessaryyou know, doing more with less.
His old-school phrase gave form to writing Holderness something we#8217;d been noticing with increasing apprehensionand it extended far beyond journalism. We#8217;d hear from creative professionals in what seemed to be dream jobs who were crumbling under ever-expanding to-do lists; from bus drivers, hospital technicians, construction workers, doctors, and lawyers who shame-facedly whispered that no matter how hard they tried to keep up with the assignment College extra hours and online writing help Holderness School extra tasks, they just couldn#8217;t hold it together. Write For Money! (And don#8217;t even ask about family time.) Webster#8217;s defines speedup as #8220;an employer#8217;s demand for accelerated output without increased pay,#8221; and it used to be a household word. Bosses would speed up the line to fill a big order, to goose profits, or to punish a restive workforce. Workers recognized it, unions (remember those?) watched for and negotiated over itand, if necessary, walked out over it. But now we no longer even acknowledge itnot in blue-collar work, not in white-collar or pink-collar work, not in economics texts, and certainly not in the media (except when journalists gripe about the writing Holderness School staff-compacted-job-expanded newsroom). Now the word we use is #8220;productivity,#8221; a term insidious in writing assignment, both its usage and creep. The not-so-subtle implication is always: Don#8217;t you want to be a productive member of online writing help Holderness society? Pundits across the essay writing political spectrum revel in online essay writing School, the fact that US productivity (a.k.a. Write A Quote Essay! economic output per hour worked) consistently leads the writing Holderness world. Article West School! Yes, year after year, Americans wring even more value out of each minute on the job than we did the year before. U-S-A! U-S-A!
Except what#8217;s good for American business isn#8217;t necessarily good for essay writing Holderness School Americans . Write A Quote In An Essay D'Overbroeck's! We#8217;re not just working smarter, but harder. And harder. And harder, to the point where the online essay Holderness School driver is no longer American industriousness, but something much more predatory. You have nothing to lose but your gains. Productivity has surged, but income and article article West School wages have stagnated for most Americans. If the median household income had kept pace with the economy since 1970, it would now be nearly $92,000, not $50,000. Click here for essay writing 9 more charts that will make your blood boil. Sound familiar: Mind racing at 4 a.m.? Guiltily realizing you#8217;ve been only half-listening to your child for the past hour? Checking work email at write my essay University of Gloucestershire, a stoplight, at the dinner table, in online, bed?
Dreading once-pleasant diversions, like dinner with friends, as just one more thing on reviews for essay services Oxford, your to-do list? Guess what: It#8217;s not you. These might seem like personal problemsand certainly, the online Holderness pharmaceutical industry is happy to perpetuate that notionbut they#8217;re really economic problems. Reviews Oxford Tutorial College! Just counting work that#8217;s on the books (never mind those 11 p.m. emails), Americans now put in an average of 122 more hours per year than Brits, and 378 hours (nearly 10 weeks!) more than Germans. The differential isn#8217;t solely accounted for by longer hours, of courseworldwide, almost everyone except us has, at least on paper, a right to writing School weekends off, paid vacation time (PDF), and paid maternity leave. West Buckland School! (The only other countries that don#8217;t mandate paid time off for new moms are Papua New Guinea, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Samoa, and essay writing help School Swaziland. U-S#8230;A?) To understand how we got here, first let#8217;s consider the Ben Franklin-Horatio Alger-Henry Ford ur-myth: To balk at working hardreally, really hardbrands you as profoundly un-American. Who besides the archetypical Japanese salaryman derives so much of his self-image from self-sacrifice on the job? Slacker is one of the most biting insults available in polite company. And so we kowtow tonay, embracea cultural maxim that just happens to be enormously convenient to corporate America. #8220;Our culture has encouraged me to my essay for money University of Gloucestershire (INTO) only feel valuable if I#8217;m barely hanging on to my sanity,#8221; one friend emailed as we were working on this article. In fact, each time we mentioned this topic to someonereader, source, friendthey first took pains to say: I#8217;m not lazy.
I love my job. Essay Writing Help Holderness! I come from (INTO), a long line of hard workers. But then it would pour out of themthe fatigue, the isolation, the guilt. #8220;I am exhausted,#8221; said a #8220;part time#8221; college instructor in Illinois. #8220;I can#8217;t help my son with his homework because I am grading papers until late into the night. Online Essay Holderness School! I get up very early during the week, skip lunch to writing Albert College save not money but time, and the workload never lets up. My employer uses and abuses full-time employees even more so than those of essay School us that are hourly. My supervisor, for example, runs a large department.
He was just promoted to a new, even more demanding position, but his position running the department will not be filled. He will now be doing what is a 60-to-70-hour job #8216;on the side.#8217; I can#8217;t complain of overwork, because everyone is competing to writing Albert College get enough classes to pay the essay help Holderness bills. If you lose a class, you lose a chunk of writing University (Navitas) your paycheck. Essay Help! If we can#8217;t handle it, the class can always be given to another teacher who will be desperate for the work or money.#8221; Sure, but these are tough timesemployers struggling to survive the my essay of Gloucestershire (INTO) recession are just tightening their belts, right?
That#8217;s true for some. School! But in the big picture, the data show a more insidious pattern. Consider the charts above: After a sharp dip in 2008 and 2009, US economic output recovered nicely to near pre-recession levelswe did better than most of Griffith (Navitas) our fellow G-7 economies. But not so American workers : Far more people here lost their jobs, and fewer were hired back once the recovery began, than anywhere else. Now, some jobs always get #8220;rationalized#8221; away, thanks to technological or organizational improvementsan area where, it#8217;s not jingoistic to online essay Holderness say, the US has led its European counterparts. But that #8220;productivity gap#8221; has narrowed considerably, and in any case, there certainly was no dramatic tech or efficiency breakthrough between 2008 and 2010 (quiteTwitter/Facebook/FarmVillethe opposite). What about offshoring? That#8217;s certainly a factor. But increasingly, US workers are also falling prey to (Navitas) what we#8217;ll call offloading : cutting jobs and dumping the work onto online essay help Holderness, the remaining staff. Consider a recent Wall Street Journal story about #8220;superjobs,#8221; a nifty euphemism for employees doing more than one job#8217;s worth of workmore than half of all workers surveyed said their jobs had expanded, usually without a raise or bonus. In all the chatter about our #8220;jobless recovery,#8221; how often does someone explain the article West Buckland simple feat by which this is actually accomplished?
US productivity increased twice as fast in 2009 as it had in online essay help, 2008, and twice as fast again in 2010: workforce down, output up, and voilá! No wonder corporate profits are up 22 percent since 2007, according to reviews writing Tutorial a new report by the Economic Policy Institute. To repeat: Up. Twenty-two. Percent.
This is nothing short of a sea change. Online Essay Writing Holderness! As University of California-Berkeley economist Brad DeLong notes, until not long ago, #8220;businesses would hold on to workers in downturns even when there wasn#8217;t enough for them to dowould put them to work painting the factorybecause businesses did not want to see their skilled, experienced workers drift away and then have to go through the expense and loss of training new ones. That era is over. These days firms take advantage of downturns in demand to harvard article Thornton rationalize operations and increase labor productivity, pleading business necessity to their workers.#8221; How does corporate America have the online essay help School gall? You pretty much know the answer, but for article article West official confirmation let#8217;s turn to Erica Groshen, a vice president at the Federal Reserve Bank of New York: It#8217;s easier here than in, say, the UK or Germany #8220;for employers to avoid adding permanent jobs,#8221; she told the AP recently. #8220;They#8217;re less constrained by traditional human-resources practices [translation: decency] or union contracts.#8221; In plainer English, here#8217;s Rutgers political scientist Carl Van Horn: #8220;Everything is tilted in online help, favor of the reviews writing services Oxford employers#8230;The employee has no leverage. If your boss says, #8216;I want you to come in the next two Saturdays,#8217; what are you going to essay writing help Holderness School sayno?#8221; And lest CNBC hornswoggle you, this is not just a product of the write d'Overbroeck's recession.
Throughout the past decade, salaries stagnated and workloads grew, but Wall Street#8217;s bubble allowed us to drown our sorrows in credit. Online Essay Writing Help Holderness! ( Sure, I#8217;m working crazy hours and our pension fund is history, but check out my granite countertop! ) Then came the crash, and reviews for essay writing Oxford the speedup#8230;speeded up. Which brings us to another shared delusion: multitasking. Our best efforts at collective denial notwithstanding, simple arithmetic reveals that even after housewives entered the workforce, the work of online writing help Holderness School housewives still had to be done. University Of Gloucestershire (INTO)! Sure, some of itespecially child carewas outsourced, often at rock-bottom wages. But for many women, and essay help a rising (though not yet sufficient) number of men, the second shift awaits each night. And it#8217;s increasingly being joined by a third shift, as we remain digitally tethered to a great Griffith the office in the diminishing hours we#8217;re actually home. Multitasking seems the obvious fix let me just answer this email while I help with your homework ! But here#8217;s the scary research news: Minus a few freakish exceptions, most of essay writing us cannot actually multitask. Try to keep up a conversation with your spouse while scanning the BlackBerry, and empirical data shows (PDF) that you do both things poorly. And not only that: If you multitask constantly, your actual mental circuitry erodes, and your brain loses its ability to focus. (Same with sleep: Aside from a tiny minority of mutants, humans perform distinctly and write University (INTO) progressively worse when they get fewer than eight hours a night. Go ahead and cry.)
Click here for more maps and charts on how Americans are working more and earning less. Think you#8217;re the exception? Nope. #8220;Virtually all multitaskers think they are brilliant at online writing help, multitasking,#8221; warns Stanford sociologist Clifford Nass. #8220;And one of the harvard article Academy big discoveries is, you know what? You#8217;re really lousy at online writing help, it. [It#8217;s] been demonstrated over and over and over. A Great Essay Griffith University! No one talks about itI don#8217;t know whybut in fact there#8217;s no contradictory evidence to this for about the online help last 15, 20 years.#8221; Actually, it#8217;s not hard to guess why no one talks about it: We need to believe there#8217;s a personal workaround for what we#8217;re conditioned to see as a personal shortcoming. Harvard Academy! When, in fact, the problem is the absurd premise that our economy can produce ever more with ever less. But take heart!
Up in the corner offices, there#8217;s a growing recognition that unrealistic demands on time are destroying the souls of#8230;executives. #8220;Always-on, multitasking work environments are killing productivity, dampening creativity, and making us unhappy,#8221; notes a recent article in McKinsey Quarterly , the writing help School research publication of the giant global consulting firm that has been corporate America#8217;s chief efficiency cheerleader. How To A Quote In An Essay College! #8220;These scourges hit CEOs and their colleagues in the C-suite particularly hard.#8221; McKinsey#8217;s advice to beleaguered execs? Do one thing at a time; delegate; take more breaks. Just try telling that to online writing help Holderness the millions of people whose work has been downsized, offshored, and article article West sped up thanks to online School McKinsey. How have we been so brainwashed? For a lucky few, money and perks help sugarcoat the daily frenzyanything from the workaday onsite gym to the rock-climbing wall, free dry-cleaning, massage parlor, and my essay (INTO) unlimited sushi you#8217;ll find at the Googleplex. Some heed the siren song of Tony Robbins/Franklin Planner/4-Hour Workweek/Lifehackerpick your productivity guru. But for essay writing most Americans, it#8217;s just fearof being passed over at best, downsized at worst.
Even among college grads, unemployment is twice what it was in 2007, and those statistics don#8217;t take note of all the B.A.#8217;s stocking shelves and answering phones. McDonald#8217;s recently announced that it had gotten more than a million applicants for reviews writing Oxford College 62,000 new positions. Enough said. Meanwhile, what#8217;s passed off as the growing pains of a modern economy isnot to go all Marxist on yousimply about redistribution. For 90 percent of American workers, incomes have stagnated or fallen for the past three decades, while they#8217;ve ballooned at the top, and exploded at online essay writing Holderness, the very tippy-top: By 2008, the essay wealthiest 0.1 percent were making 6.4 times as much as they did in 1980 (adjusted for inflation).
And just to further fuel your outrage, that 22 percent increase in profits? Most of it accrued to a single industry: finance. Essay Holderness! In other words, all that extra work you#8217;ve taken onthe late nights, the skipped lunch hours, the essay assignment College missed soccer gamespaid off. For them. Online Help Holderness School! This will keep up as long as we buy into three fallacies: One, that to feel crushed by reviews Tutorial College debilitating workloads is a personal failing.
Two, that it#8217;s just your company or industry strugglingwhen in essay help Holderness School, fact what#8217;s happening to hotel maids and West sales clerks is essay writing help Holderness School also happening to essay writing assignment Albert project managers, engineers, and online essay writing help doctors. Three, that there#8217;s nothing anyone can do about it. No, no, and essay assignment no. We got to this point because of online help decades of political decisions. To name but three: turning over the financing of elections to wealthy interests; making it harder for unions to reviews for essay writing services Oxford Tutorial organize; deregulating Wall Street (and completely wimping out on reregulating it after the financiers nearly destroyed the global economy). And even after having watched these policies bring the essay writing help global economy to its knees, Mitch McConnell Co. say that any questioning of corporate power is tantamount to rolling out the tumbrels. Please. It would take a boatload of arrogance, and an essay four times this length, to harvard article Academy prescribe a solution. But suffice it to say there are companies in the US that have figured out a way to thrive and maintain a sane, even engaging, work environment. (Take the policies of Mule Design Studio, a web-design shop with a number of blue-chip clients: #8220;Our office hours are Monday through Friday 9-6. We do not hand out our cell phone numbers. On the writing help Holderness weekend, we cease to write my essay of Gloucestershire exist.#8221;) European companies face the same pressures that ours doyet in Germany#8217;s vigorous economy, for example, six weeks of essay vacation are de rigueur, weekend work is a last resort, and companies#8217; response to a downturn is not to fire everyone, but to institute Kurzarbeit temporarily reducing hours and snapping back when things start looking up (PDF).
Sure, they lag ever so slightly behind us in productivity. But ask yourself: Who does our No. 1 spot benefit? Exactly. So maybe it#8217;s time to College come out of the speedup closet. Rant to a friend, neighbor, coworker. Hear them say, #8220;Me too.#8221; That might sound a little cheesy, and essay writing help School it#8217;s not going to lance Mitch McConnell from the article West School body politic of America. Online Essay Help Holderness! But if you#8217;re in an abusive relationshipwhich 90-plus percent of America currently isthe first step toward recovery is to admit you have a problem. Get the scoop, straight from Mother Jones. Clara Jeffery is Editor-in-Chief of Mother Jones and recipient of a PEN America award for editing. You can follow her on Albert College, Twitter.
Monika Bauerlein is CEO of Mother Jones . For more of her stories, click here. You can also follow her on Twitter. Mother Jones is a nonprofit, and stories like this are made possible by readers like you. Donate or subscribe to help fund independent journalism. Essay Help! Employment Picture Even Grimmer Than You Think.
The Right-Wing Network Behind the War on Unions. Trump Says It#8217;s the assignment Albert Wrong Time to online help School Discuss Gun Control. In Las Vegas, Even Gun Owners Disagree. Puerto Rico#8217;s Poorest Communities Are Doing the services Tutorial College Rebuilding the Trump Administration Won#8217;t. Trump#8217;s Justice Department Says Transgender Troop Ban Is Perfectly Legal. Copyright 2017 Mother Jones and the Foundation for National Progress.
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essay on myspace Citation: boyd, danah. 2007. Viewing American class divisions through Facebook and online writing help Holderness School MySpace . Apophenia Blog Essay. June 24 . http://www.danah.org/papers/essays/ClassDivisions.html. (If you have comments, please add them to the related entry on my blog. Thank you.) (I have also written a response to the critiques of essay College this essay.
This should answer some of the confusions introduced by help, this essay.) (Leveraging ethnographic data, I have documented these dynamics in more detail in my dissertation: Taken Out of Context: American Teen Sociality in Networked Publics. See Chapter Five.) (I take up the West Buckland racist language that teens use to discuss MySpace and online Facebook in White Flight in writing essay Networked Publics? How Race and Class Shaped American Teen Engagement with MySpace and Facebook. To be published in Digital Race Anthology, edited by Peter Chow-White and online essay help School Lisa Nakamura.) Over the last six months, I've noticed an increasing number of harvard press articles about how high school teens are leaving MySpace for online Facebook. That's only partially true. There is indeed a change taking place, but it's not a shift so much as a fragmentation. Until recently, American teenagers were flocking to MySpace. The picture is now being blurred. Some teens are flocking to MySpace.
And some teens are flocking to d'Overbroeck's, Facebook. Who goes where gets kinda sticky. probably because it seems to primarily have to do with socio-economic class. I want to take a moment to essay writing help, make a meta point here. Writing A Great (Navitas). I have been traipsing through the country talking to teens and I've been seeing this transition for the past 6-9 months but I'm having a hard time putting into words. Americans aren't so good at online help Holderness School, talking about class and I'm definitely feeling that discomfort.
It's sticky, it's uncomfortable, and to top it off, we don't have the language for marking class in a meaningful way. So this piece is intentionally descriptive, but in being so, it's also hugely problematic. I don't have the language to for essay writing services Oxford, get at what I want to online essay help School, say, but I decided it needed to be said anyhow. I wish I could just put numbers in front of it all and article Buckland School be done with it, but instead, I'm going to face the stickiness and see if I can get my thoughts across. Hopefully it works. For the academics reading this, I want to highlight that this is not an academic article. It is not trying to be. It is based on my observations in the field, but I'm not trying to situate or theorize what is going on.
I've chosen terms meant to convey impressions, but I know that they are not precise uses of these terms. Hopefully, one day, I can get the words together to actually write an academic article about this topic, but I felt as though this is too important of an issue to sit on while I find the essay writing Holderness School words. So I wrote it knowing that it would piss many off. The academic side of me feels extremely guilty about this; the activist side of me finds it too critical to go unacknowledged. Enter the competition.
When MySpace launched in how to in an College 2003, it was primarily used by 20/30-somethings (just like Friendster before it). The bands began populating the site by essay help School, early 2004 and throughout 2004, the average age slowly declined. It wasn't until late 2004 that teens really started appearing en masse on MySpace and 2005 was the year that MySpace became the in thing for teens. Facebook launched in 2004 as a Harvard-only site. It slowly expanded to reviews for essay services Oxford Tutorial College, welcome people with .edu accounts from a variety of online writing different universities. My Essay For Money University Of Gloucestershire. In mid-2005, Facebook opened its doors to high school students, but it wasn't that easy to get an account because you needed to be invited. As a result, those who were in college tended to essay writing Holderness, invite those high school students that they liked.
Facebook was strongly framed as the cool thing that college students did. So, if you want to go to college (and particularly a top college), you wanted to a great (Navitas), get on Facebook badly. Even before high school networks were possible, the moment seniors were accepted to help School, a college, they started hounding the write my essay for money University of Gloucestershire (INTO) college sysadmins for their .edu account. The message was clear: college was about online School, Facebook. For all of 2005 and most of 2006, MySpace was the cool thing for high school teens and Facebook was the cool thing for college students. Article West School. This is not to say that MySpace was solely high school or Facebook solely college, but there was a dominating age division that played out in the cultural sphere. When Facebook opened to everyone last September, it became relatively easy for online essay help any high school student to join (and then they simply had to get permission to join their high school network). For Essay Oxford Tutorial. This meant that many more high school teens did join, much to the chagrin and horror of essay writing help School college students who had already begun writing about their lack of interest in having HS students on their site.
Still, even with the rise of high school students, Facebook was framed as being about assignment Albert College, college. This was what was in the press. This was what college students said. Facebook is what the online writing help School college kids did. Reviews For Essay Services Tutorial. Not surprisingly, college-bound high schoolers desperately wanted in. In addition to the college framing, the press coverage of MySpace as dangerous and sketchy alienated good kids. Facebook seemed to provide an ideal alternative. Parents weren't nearly as terrified of Facebook because it seemed safe thanks to the network-driven structure. (Of course, I've seen more half-naked, drink-carrying high school students on Facebook than on MySpace, but we won't go there.)
As this past school year progressed, the School division around usage became clearer. In trying to look at write for money University of Gloucestershire (INTO), it, I realized that it was primarily about class. In sociology, Nalini Kotamraju has argued that constructing arguments around class is extremely difficult in the United States. Terms like working class and middle class and upper class get all muddled quickly. She argues that class divisions in the United States have more to do with lifestyle and social stratification than with income. In other words, all of my anti-capitalist college friends who work in cafes and read Engels are not working class just because they make $14K a year and have no benefits. Essay Writing Holderness School. Class divisions in essay writing College the United States have more to do with social networks (the real ones, not FB/MS), social capital, cultural capital, and attitudes than income. Online. Not surprisingly, other demographics typically discussed in class terms are also a part of this lifestyle division. Social networks are strongly connected to geography, race, and religion; these are also huge factors in lifestyle divisions and West Buckland School thus class. I'm not doing justice to online help Holderness School, her arguments but it makes sense.
My friends who are making $14K in cafes are not of the same class as the immigrant janitor in Oakland just because the essay Griffith University share the online essay writing help Holderness School same income bracket. Reviews For Essay Writing Oxford. Their lives are quite different. Unfortunately, with this framing, there aren't really good labels to demarcate the class divisions that do exist. Writing Help School. For this reason, I will attempt to delineate what we see on social network sites in stereotypical, descriptive terms meant to evoke an image. The goodie two shoes, jocks, athletes, or other good kids are now going to Facebook.
These kids tend to harvard article Thornton Academy, come from families who emphasize education and online essay writing Holderness going to college. They are part of what we'd call hegemonic society. They are primarily white, but not exclusively. They are in honors classes, looking forward to the prom, and live in a world dictated by after school activities. MySpace is still home for Latino/Hispanic teens, immigrant teens, burnouts, alternative kids, art fags, punks, emos, goths, gangstas, queer kids, and write University of Gloucestershire other kids who didn't play into the dominant high school popularity paradigm.
These are kids whose parents didn't go to college, who are expected to essay School, get a job when they finish high school. These are the teens who plan to go into how to a quote essay d'Overbroeck's, the military immediately after schools. Teens who are really into music or in a band are also on online writing Holderness School, MySpace. MySpace has most of the kids who are socially ostracized at school because they are geeks, freaks, or queers. In order to demarcate these two groups, let's call the first group of teens hegemonic teens and the second group subaltern teens. (Yes, I know that these words have academic and harvard article Academy political valence. I couldn't find a good set of terms so feel free to suggest alternate labels.) These terms are sloppy at best because the division isn't clear, but it should at least give us terms with which to talk about the two groups. The division is cleanest in communities where the predator panic hit before MySpace became popular.
In much of the midwest, teens heard about Facebook and MySpace at the same time. They were told that MySpace was bad while Facebook was key for college students seeking to online writing help School, make friends at college. I go into schools where the school is split between the Facebook users and write for money of Gloucestershire the MySpace users. On the coasts and in big cities, things are more murky than elsewhere. MySpace became popular through the bands and fans dynamic before the predator panic kicked in. Essay Writing Help. Its popularity on the coasts and in the cities predated Facebook's launch in high schools. Many hegemonic teens are still using MySpace because of their connections to participants who joined in the early days, yet they too are switching and tend to maintain accounts on both. Reviews Services College. For the hegemonic teens in the midwest, there wasn't a MySpace to switch from so the switch is happening much faster. None of the teens are really switching from Facebook to MySpace, although there are some hegemonic teens who choose to check out MySpace to essay writing Holderness, see what happens there even though their friends are mostly on Facebook. Most teens who exclusively use Facebook are familiar with and have an writing opinion about essay help Holderness School, MySpace.
These teens are very aware of MySpace and they often have a negative opinion about it. Reviews Tutorial College. They see it as gaudy, immature, and so middle school. They prefer the clean look of Facebook, noting that it is online essay help Holderness School more mature and that MySpace is so lame. What hegemonic teens call gaudy can also be labeled as glitzy or bling or fly (or what my generation would call phat) by subaltern teens. Terms like bling come out of hip-hop culture where showy, sparkly, brash visual displays are acceptable and valued.
The look and feel of MySpace resonates far better with subaltern communities than it does with the upwardly mobile hegemonic teens. This is even clear in the blogosphere where people talk about how gauche MySpace is while commending Facebook on its aesthetics. I'm sure that a visual analyst would be able to explain how classed aesthetics are, but aesthetics are more than simply the eye of the write for money of Gloucestershire (INTO) beholder - they are culturally narrated and online writing Holderness School replicated. That clean or modern look of Facebook is akin to harvard article Academy, West Elm or Pottery Barn or any poshy Scandinavian design house (that I admit I'm drawn to) while the more flashy look of MySpace resembles the Las Vegas imagery that attracts millions every year. I suspect that lifestyles have aesthetic values and that these are being reproduced on MySpace and Facebook. I should note here that aesthetics do divide MySpace users. The look and feel that is acceptable amongst average Latino users is quite different from online writing School what you see the subculturally-identified outcasts using. Amongst the emo teens, there's a push for simple black/white/grey backgrounds and simplistic layouts.
While I'm using the term subaltern teens to lump together non-hegemonic teens, the lifestyle divisions amongst the subalterns are quite visible on MySpace through the how to write in an essay aesthetic choices of the online essay writing backgrounds. The aesthetics issue is also one of the forces that drives some longer-term users away from MySpace. While teens on Facebook all know about MySpace, not all MySpace users have heard of Facebook. In particular, subaltern teens who go to school exclusively with other subaltern teens are not likely to have heard of it. Writing Assignment Albert College. Subaltern teens who go to more mixed-class schools see Facebook as what the good kids do or what the preps do. Help Holderness. They have various labels for these hegemonic teens but they know the division, even if they don't have words for it. Likewise, in these types of schools, the hegemonic teens see MySpace as where the bad kids go. Good and bad seem to be the dominant language used to divide hegemonic and a great essay University (Navitas) subaltern teens in mixed-class environments.
At the same time, most schools aren't actually that mixed. To a certain degree, the lack of familiarity amongst certain subaltern kids is not surprising. Teens from poorer backgrounds who are on MySpace are less likely to know people who go to universities. They are more likely to know people who are older than them, but most of their older friends, cousins, and co-workers are on MySpace. It's the writing help Holderness School cool working class thing and writing Griffith University it's the dominant SNS at writing Holderness School, community colleges. These teens are more likely to be interested in my essay for money University of Gloucestershire activities like shows and clubs and they find out about them through MySpace. Help School. The subaltern teens who are better identified as outsiders in a hegemonic community tend to be very aware of Facebook. Their choice to use MySpace instead of Facebook is a rejection of the hegemonic values (and a lack of desire to hang out with the preps and jocks even online). Class divisions in military use. A month ago, the harvard article military banned MySpace but not Facebook. This was a very interesting move because the division in online help Holderness School the military reflects the division in high schools.
Soldiers are on MySpace; officers are on Facebook. Facebook is extremely popular in the military, but it's not the SNS of choice for 18-year old soldiers, a group that is primarily from poorer, less educated communities. They are using MySpace. The officers, many of writing (Navitas) whom have already received college training, are using Facebook. Essay Help School. The military ban appears to replicate the how to write a quote d'Overbroeck's class divisions that exist throughout the online essay help School military. Writing Tutorial College. I can't help but wonder if the reason for this goes beyond the purported concerns that those in essay writing School the military are leaking information or spending too much time online or soaking up too much bandwidth with their MySpace usage.
MySpace is the primary way that young soldiers communicate with their peers. Write Of Gloucestershire. When I first started tracking soldiers' MySpace profiles, I had to take a long deep breath. Many of writing Holderness them were extremely pro-war, pro-guns, anti-Arab, anti-Muslim, pro-killing, and Oxford Tutorial College xenophobic as hell. Over the essay writing School last year, I've watched more and more profiles emerge from soldiers who aren't quite sure what they are doing in reviews for essay writing services Oxford Iraq. I don't have the data to confirm whether or not a significant shift has occurred but it was one of help Holderness School those observations that just made me think. And then the ban happened. I can't help but wonder if part of the goal is to cut off communication between current soldiers and the group that the military hopes to essay assignment Albert, recruit.
Many young soldiers' profiles aren't public so it's not about making a bad public impression. That said, young soldiers tend to have reasonably large networks because they tend to accept friend requests of anyone that they knew back home which means that they're connecting to almost everyone from online writing help School their high school. Many of these familiar strangers write comments supporting them. But what happens if the soldiers start to question why they're in Iraq? And if this is witnessed by high school students from working class communities who the Army intends to recruit? Thoughts and meta thoughts. I have been reticent about writing about this dynamic even though I've been tracking it for a good six months now.
I don't have the language for what I'm seeing and a great essay I'm concerned about how it's going to be interpreted. I can just see the logic: if society's good kids are going to Facebook and the bad kids are going to MySpace, clearly MySpace is the devil, right? ::shudder:: It's so not that easy. Online Writing Holderness. Given a lack of language for talking about this, my choice of hegemonic and subaltern was intended to Buckland, at least insinuate a different way of looking at this split. The division around MySpace and Facebook is just another way in which technology is mirroring societal values. Embedded in that is a challenge to a lot of our assumptions about online essay writing, who does what.
The good kids are doing more bad things than we are willing to acknowledge (because they're the pride and joy of upwardly mobile parents). And, guess what? They're doing those same bad things online and offline. At the same time, the language and style of the bad kids offends most upwardly mobile adults. We see this offline as well. I've always been fascinated watching adults walk to the other side of the reviews writing services Tutorial street when a group of essay School black kids sporting hip-hop style approach. The aesthetics alone offend and writing University (Navitas) most privileged folks project the essay writing help School worst ideas onto any who don that style. When I see a divide like this, I worry because it reproduced the idea that the good kids are good and that Facebook participation is good. Over ten years ago, PBS Frontline put out a video called The Lost Children of Rockdale County. The film certainly has its issues but it does a brilliant job of capturing how, given complete boredom and a desire for validation, many of the good kids will engage in some of the most shocking behaviors. and their parents are typically unaware.
By and large, I've found that parents try to curtail such activities by restricting youth even more. Writing College. This doesn't stop the desire for attention and thus the online Holderness behaviors continue, but they get pushed further underground and parents become less in-touch with their good kids. While I think it's important to for essay writing services College, acknowledge that some of the good kids aren't that good, I don't want to online essay writing help School, imply that the inverse is true. Many of them are. But many of the of Gloucestershire (INTO) subaltern teens that I talk with have their heads on much tighter than the online essay writing Holderness School hegemonic teens. The hegemonic teens do know how to put on a show for most adults (making it more fun for me to interview them and try to work through the walls that they initially offer me).
As a society, we have strong class divisions and harvard article Thornton we project these values onto our kids. MySpace and Facebook seem to be showcasing this division quite well. My hope in writing this out online writing is to point out that many of writing a great essay Griffith our assumptions are problematic and the internet often reinforces our views instead of challenging them. People often ask me if I'm worried about teens today. Writing School. The answer is article article Buckland yes, but it's not because of social network sites. With the hegemonic teens, I'm very worried about the stress that they're under, the online writing lack of mobility and healthy opportunities for play and socialization, and the hyper-scheduling and surveillance.
I'm worried about write a quote essay d'Overbroeck's College, their unrealistic expectations for becoming rich and online essay famous, their lack of work ethic after being pampered for so long, and the lack of opportunities that many of them have to even be economically stable let alone better off than their parents. I'm worried about how locking teens indoors coupled with a fast food/junk food advertising machine has resulted in a decrease in assignment Albert health levels across the board which will just get messy as they are increasingly unable to afford health insurance. When it comes to ostracized teens, I'm worried about the reasons why society has ostracized them and how they will react to ongoing criticism from hegemonic peers. Online Writing School. I cringe every time I hear of another Columbine, another Virgina Tech, another site of horror when an outcast teen lashes back at the hegemonic values of society. I worry about the lack of opportunities available to poor teens from article article West Buckland School uneducated backgrounds. I'm worried about how Wal-Mart Nation has destroyed many of the opportunities for meaningful working class labor as these youth enter the online writing help School workforce. I'm worried about what a prolonged war will mean for them.
I'm worried about how they've been told that to succeed, they must be a famous musician or sports player. A Great (Navitas). I'm worried about how gangs provide the only meaningful sense of community that many of these teens will ever know. Given the state of what I see in all sorts of neighborhoods, I'm amazed at how well teens are coping and I think that technology has a lot to do with that. Help School. Teens are using social network sites to reviews writing, build community and connect with their peers. Online Essay Writing Holderness School. They are creating publics for socialization. And through it, they are showcasing all of the good, bad, and ugly of today's teen life. Much of reviews for essay it isn't pretty, but it ain't pretty offline either. Still, it makes my heart warm when I see something creative or engaged or reflective.
There is good out there too. It breaks my heart to watch a class divide play out in the technology. I shouldn't be surprised - when orkut grew popular in online essay India, the caste system was formalized within the writing a great Griffith University (Navitas) system by writing help School, the users. But there's something so strange about watching a generation slice themselves in two based on class divisions or lifestyles or whatever you want to call these socio-structural divisions. In the d'Overbroeck's College 70s, Paul Willis analyzed British working class youth and online School he wrote a book called Learning to article, Labor: How Working Class Kids Get Working Class Jobs. He argued that working class teens will reject hegemonic values because it's the online writing Holderness only way to continue to reviews for essay Oxford Tutorial, be a part of the community that they live in. In other words, if you don't know that you will succeed if you make a run at jumping class, don't bother - you'll lose all of your friends and community in online writing School the process. His analysis has such strong resonance in writing Oxford College American society today.
I just wish I knew how to fix it. I clearly don't have the online essay help Holderness School language to comfortably talk about what's going on, but I think that this issue is important and needs to be considered. I feel as though the implications are huge. Marketers have already figured this out - they know who to market to where. Writing Assignment. Policy creators have figured this out - they know how to control different populations based on where they are networking. Have social workers figured it out? Or educators? What does it mean that our culture of fear has further divided a generation? What does it mean that, in a society where we can't talk about class, we can see it play out online? And what does it mean in a digital world where no one's supposed to know you're a dog, we can guess your class background based on the tools you use?
Anyhow, I don't know where to go with this, but I wanted to get it out there. So here it is. MySpace and Facebook are new representations of the class divide in online essay Holderness School American youth. Le sigh. (I have also written a response to the critiques of this essay.
This should answer some of the confusions introduced by write a quote in an essay College, this essay.) For those unfamiliar with my work, let me provide a bit of methodological background. I have been engaged in ethnographic research on help, social network sites since February 2003 when I began studying the practices that emerged on Friendster. I followed the launch and early adoption of numerous social network sites, including Tribe.net, LinkedIn, Flickr, MySpace, Facebook, Twitter, Dodgeball, and Orkut. In late 2004, I decided to move away from studying social network sites to studying youth culture just in time for youth to flock to MySpace. The practice of 'ethnography' is hard to describe in article Buckland a bounded form, but ethnography is basically about living and breathing a particular culture, its practices, and its individuals. There are some countables. Essay School. For example, I have analyzed over 10,000 MySpace profiles, clocked over 2000 hours surfing and observing what happens on MySpace, and formally interviewed 90 teens in 7 states with a variety of different backgrounds and demographics. But that's only the tip of the d'Overbroeck's College iceberg. Writing Help. I ride buses to Thornton, observe teens; I hang out at fast food joints and malls.
I talk to parents, teachers, marketers, politicians, pastors, and technology creators. I read, I observe, I document. One of the essay writing help School biggest problems with studying youth culture is that it's a moving target, constantly shifting based on West, a variety of online essay writing Holderness social and cultural forces. While I had been keeping an eye on article Academy, Facebook simply because of my long-term interest in social network sites, I had to online writing help Holderness School, really start taking it seriously in essay writing assignment Albert the fall of 2006 when teens started telling me about how they were leaving MySpace to join Facebook or joining Facebook as their first social network site. While social network sites are in online writing Holderness School vogue, not everyone uses them. When PEW collected data in December 2005, it found that 55% of essay writing assignment Albert College American teens 12-17 admitted to having a SNS profile in online writing help School front of their parents. Harvard Article. 70% of girls 15-17. These numbers are low, but we don't know how low. In the field, I have found that everyone knows about them and has an online essay writing help Holderness School opinion of Academy them.
My experience has been that 70-80% of teens have a profile, but they may not do anything with their account other than private messages (i.e. glorified email). The percentage who are truly active is more like 50. Often, teens did not create their own profile, but they're perfectly OK with having a profile created by a friend. My research is intentionally American-centric, but it is not coastal centric. I have done formal interviews in essay writing help Holderness School California, Washington, Texas, Kansas, Nebraska, Iowa, Pennsylvania, Massachusetts. For Money Of Gloucestershire (INTO). When I do this, I do not capture parents' income but I do get parents' education level and job. In each of these communities, I have spent time roaming the streets and talking informally with people of all ages. Online Essay Writing Help School. I have analyzed profiles from all 50 states (and DC and Puerto Rico). Article Article West. I use the high school data from these profiles and juxtapose them with federal information on high school voucher numbers to get a sense of the SES of the school.
I have spent time in cities, suburbs, small towns, and some rural regions. There are weaknesses to my data collection. Essay Writing Help. I have spent too little time in how to d'Overbroeck's College rural environments and too little time in the deep south. How I find teens to formally interview varies based on online School, region, but it is not completely random. In each region, I am only getting a slice of what takes place, but collectively, it shows amazing variety. The MySpace profiles that I analyze are random. I do not have access to Facebook profiles, although I have spent an excessive amount of write for money (INTO) time browsing high schools to online help Holderness School, see what kind of numbers show up, even if I can't see the actual profiles. Again, none of this is perfect, but it helps me paint a qualitative portrait of what's going on.
(I have also written a response to the critiques of writing Griffith University this essay. This should answer some of the confusions introduced by help, this essay.)
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Impact of online writing help Alcohol, Tobacco And Drug Abuse on Youth. Alcohol, tobacco and other drugs are affect youth negatively. Youth especially student's e.g. secondary and harvard Thornton Academy tertiary students abuse alcohol, tobacco and other Drugs. Drugs such as tobacco, cocaine and marijuana are the major drugs which students abuse or use. Youth may end up drinking alcohol and using drugs because of various situations or reasons e.g. youth especially school going drink alcohol, use tobacco and other drug as a result of peer pressure because they may want to essay Holderness School, feel grown up among their peers, some youth use drugs to relieve boredom and give themselves personal excitement, some use drugs to rebel and get violent without any fear of article West people or authority, some use drugs to experiment, some use drugs and drink alcohol because their parents also drink alcohol so they end up indulging in essay Holderness School the practise as well, social background may also influence youths to use drugs and to drink alcohol e.g. Write My Essay For Money University. if they are many drug dealers and bottle stores around its easier for youths to indulge in the use of this drugs and lastly some youth may drink alcohol and abuse drugs to feel pleasure and escape the pressures of online writing help Holderness life or to alter their view of reality. Youth who get into drugs may get it from a friend's friend, who also got it from Thornton Academy, his friend's friend and online essay writing Holderness so on this is to say that drugs are not of easy access because they are illegal. At the harvard Academy, end of this long line of friends is online School a dealer who is making money out of destroying young people futures. The use of alcohol, tobacco and other drugs has negative impacts amongst the students who abuse this substances e.g. excessive alcohol consumption and the abuse of drugs are dangerous because alcohol and drug abuse can affect health and ability to function and think properly, almost every system in the body can be negatively affected by use of write my essay for money University of Gloucestershire (INTO) drugs and drinking of alcohol. Alcohol can cause cancer, liver disease, heart attacks and brain damage, to mention a few. Alcohol, tobacco and other drug use does not only writing help Holderness School, affect youth especially students' health wise it also affects their academic performance, it also affect them financially, psychologically, physically and ultimately students may suffer some legal consequences. Youth more so teens, who engage in sexual intercourse and drug abuse including abuse of alcohol and tobacco, are more likely than youth who abstain from such activities to become depressed, have suicidal thoughts and or even attempt suicide.
HEALTH EFFECTS OF ALCOHOL, TOBACCO AND DIFFERENT DRUG USE. The use of alcohol, tobacco and write d'Overbroeck's other drugs has detrimental effects on health of the youth which may turn out to be fatal. The type of drugs which students commonly use are Stimulants (drugs that produce alertness, high energy, more awake and confident e.g. cocaine, amphetamines, caffeine) and Hallucinogens (give strange and intense visions called hallucinations) The scientific name for alcohol that people drink is ethyl alcohol or ethanol. Essay. Beer, wine, and liquor all contain ethyl alcohol. Other types of alcohol, like rubbing alcohol are poisonous if ingested. . Excess alcohol is the most common cause of preventable death. Alcohol is highly toxic to almost every organ in the body but when alcohol is taken in allowed limits amounts it is detoxified by write University of Gloucestershire (INTO), the liver and therefore does little or no harm to the body. Alcoholic drinks contain ethyl alcohol and it is metabolized in the body to acetaldehyde. Both ethanol and acetaldehyde interfere with normal functioning of organs in the body including the heart and the liver and therefore if the essay writing Holderness, liver and the heart get damaged disease occur which may eventually kill, teenagers maybe more prone to this effects in the youth as their organs are still developing thus toxic substances from alcohol damage their body organs. When people drink too much, with time they risk becoming addicted to essay writing College, alcohol. Essay Help Holderness. This is called alcoholism, or alcohol dependence.
It's a disease, and it can happen at any age, Common signs include, loss of control not being able to stop or cut down drinking, not feeling well after heavy drinking (upset stomach, sweating, shakiness, or nervousness), neglecting activities giving up or cutting back on other activities. Binge drinking happens when someone drinks more than four (for women) or five (for men) alcoholic drinks in article Buckland about two hours, with the essay writing School, intention to getting drunk. Binge drinking is the most harmful type of how to in an d'Overbroeck's drinking. It usually happens at teen or student parties. The dangers of online help smoking are so great, but because of Albert College it governments get a lot of tax money from tobacco and cigarettes manufacturers, they are less hesitant to ban it totally. Government and society is aware of the danger that is why they made it illegal for teens to possess and writing help School use cigarettes. Smoking of tobacco can cause many with many diseases like respiratory and heart disease including, respiratory infections, lung cancer as well as cancer of the larynx, pancreas, stomach, uterine cervix, bronchitis, emphysema and stillborn or premature children ().Smoking causes surges in the concentrations of catecholamine's (the stimulator chemical messengers of the autonomic nervous system) as well as increases in carbon monoxide in the blood. Both of these short- term effects can exacerbate existing heart disease, resulting, for instance, in harvard Thornton Academy attacks of online writing help angina (chest pain). Nicotine raises blood pressure and heart rate, requiring the heart to for essay services Oxford Tutorial College, work harder. Writing. It also constricts the coronary arteries, thereby lessening the supply of blood and oxygen to for essay writing services College, the heart muscle.
It also promotes irregular heartbeats (cardiac arrhythmias). Smokers are not the only people harmed by online essay writing help Holderness School, tobacco. Article West Buckland. Toxic fumes from cigarettes pose a health threat to all those around smoker's family, friends, and. Because the organic material in tobacco does not burn completely, smoke contains many toxic chemicals, including carbon monoxide, nicotine, and essay Holderness tar. As a result of article this exposure, smokers' children have more colds and flu, and they are more likely to take up smoking themselves when they grow up. Smokers also affect other people as well e.g. passive smoking. This is the involuntary inhaling of smoke from other people cigarettes and we all suffer when we have people smoking around us. It is online called second-hand smoking and it is known to be even more dangerous than smoking itself. Use of cocaine has increased among youth over the years, along with the myth that the drug is article Thornton Academy relatively safe, especially when it is sniffed rather than injected or smoked as 'crack.' In fact, no matter how it is used, cocaine can kill.
It can disturb the heart's rhythm and cause chest pain, heart attacks, and even sudden death. These effects on the heart can cause death even in the absence of any seizures. Online Writing Help Holderness School. Even in the absence of underlying heart disease, a single use of only a small amount of the drug has been known to be fatal. Harvard Article Thornton Academy. Cocaine use is online essay not healthful for anyone, but especially for certain groups like the youth. Although the drug has been shown to impair the function of normal hearts, it seems even more likely to reviews for essay writing, cause death in essay writing School people with any underlying heart disease.
When pregnant women use cocaine, they not only raise the likelihood of having a miscarriage, a premature delivery, or a low-birth-weight baby, but also of having a baby with a congenital heart abnormality, especially an harvard Academy, atrial-septal or ventricular-septal defect. Use of cocaine raises blood pressure, constricts blood vessels, and speeds up heart rate. It may also make blood cells called platelets more likely to clump and online essay help Holderness form the harvard Thornton Academy, blood clots that provoke many heart attacks. Essay Writing Help. In addition, cocaine's effects on the nervous system disrupt the writing (Navitas), normal rhythm of the essay Holderness, heart, causing arrhythmias (irregular heartbeats). Recently, scientists have established that cocaine binds directly to heart muscle cells, slowing the passage of sodium ions into the cells. Cocaine also causes the release of the neurotransmitter nor epinephrine (nor adrenaline), a chemical messenger that stimulates the autonomic nervous system.
Both changes can lead to School, arrhythmias. Heart attacks in young people are rare. However, when they do occur, cocaine is frequently the cause. Cocaine is a highly addictive substance, and crack cocaine is substantially more addicting, as the drug is far more potent and help School is smoked. Users quickly develop a tolerance to crack cocaine, needing more of the substance to achieve the desired effects. Because the reviews writing Tutorial, high from crack cocaine is so short-lived, users commonly smoke it repeatedly in essay School order to sustain the high.
This can lead to an even faster onset of addiction. Also, because crack cocaine works on the brain's system of reward and punishment, withdrawal symptoms occur when the a quote in an essay, drug's effects wear off. Online Essay Writing Help Holderness. These symptoms can include depression, irritability, and extreme fatigue, anxiety, an intense craving for the drug, and sometimes even psychosis. Users will often keep using crack cocaine simply to avoid the my essay for money University, negative effects of essay help Holderness School withdrawal. Marijuana harms in write my essay of Gloucestershire many ways, and kids are the most vulnerable to its damaging effects. Use of the drug can lead to significant health, safety, social, and learning or behavioural problems, especially for young users. Making matters worse is the fact that the marijuana available today is more potent than ever.
Short term effects of marijuana use include memory loss, distorted perception, trouble with thinking and problem solving, and anxiety. Students who use marijuana may find it hard to learn, thus jeopardizing their ability to achieve their full potential. Long term effects include reduced resistance to common illnesses (colds, bronchitis, etc.), suppression of the immune system, growth disorders, increase of abnormally structured cells in the body, reduction of male sex hormones, rapid destruction of lung fibre's and lesions (injuries) to the brain could be permanent, Study difficulties: reduced ability to learn and retain information, apathy, drowsiness, lack of motivation, personality and mood changes, inability to understand things clearly. ACADEMIC EFFECTS OF ALCOHOL, TOBACCO AND DIFFERENT DRUG USE. Heavy drinking by students can lead to positive blood alcohol levels the Holderness School, next day, affecting whether or not they even get up for class and, if they do, the quality of how information is processed and ultimately stored. Sleeping off a buzz, a common practice, can interfere with the sleep cycle, resulting in an increase in anxiety, jumpiness, and irritability the article Thornton, next day, and essay fatigue the day after that. With evening use, marijuana has the article West School, same impact on sleep that alcohol has, throwing off the sleep cycle and impacting how a person feels for at least two additional days.
Marijuana suppresses neuronal activity in the hippocampus, resulting in problems with attention, memory, and Holderness School concentration. Article School. There is increasing evidence that there is an impact to motivation following marijuana use. This could be due to the effect of THC in the body blocking the passage of nutrients through cells, the neuronal suppression in the hippocampus, or the decrease in essay Holderness School energy accompanying the fatigue that follows night time use. Marijuana significantly increases heart rate, weakens the heart muscle, and affects blood pressure- the increase in heart rate can be a concern for someone already dealing with anxiety ( and particularly panic). College students often forget why they are supposed to be in school. Is the reviews for essay Oxford Tutorial College, purpose of university life to party all the time or to get the online essay help Holderness School, most out of the learning environment?
Substance abuse can seriously affect academic performance. Aside from long-term addiction (or possible emptying you bank account) it can cause grades to plummet. Article. How? Substance use affects you entire body, including your brain, in a variety of ways. Judgment is often the first attribute to be affected. You may find it difficult to make good decisions, to online essay Holderness, make them quickly or to be realistic when you make them. Suddenly, it becomes much easier to wait until the last minute to cram for that exam or to crank. First of all, drugs and alcohol are a drain on people's finances.
We have all experienced the stress associated with money at one time or another. For those who abuse drugs or alcohol, financial issues are further compounded by their need to feed their habit. Article Article. They frequently accumulate debt, borrow or steal money from others, or choose their substance of choice over more important things like food for their family or utility bills. While no one wants to be homeless, in debt, or engaging in online essay help School criminal activities, the financial impact of drug and alcohol abuse risks not only article, your ability to support yourself, but it can also destroy relationships. When you abuse drugs or alcohol, you are choosing that substance over online help everything else, including your loved ones. Whether they are suffering from your financial choices or have become mistrustful of you, you have placed a strain on article article West your relationships, which can ultimately ruin those connections for good. Families and others that rely on a sufferer of alcoholism are likely to experience problems related to financial troubles caused by drinking habits. The costs of alcohol increase as the alcoholic person builds tolerance to the drug in his or her system. This requires the person to online essay help, take in ever-greater amounts of write my essay for money University (INTO) alcohol in order to feel the same effects.
The psychological effects of this alcohol tolerance and dependency may cause the sufferer to become withdrawn and less supportive of colleagues, friends and family members. Essay Help Holderness School. Sufferers may no longer attend social functions that do not allow drinking and may not be fully aware of for money University (INTO) their behaviour if attending functions where their drug of choice is allowed. A lack of networking and communication with peers may cause further financial problems if the sufferer loses promotion opportunities. Greater drains on income and lessened opportunities may cause undue troubles for others financially dependent on the sufferer, requiring a spouse or roommate to pick up extra hours or a second job to keep bills at help a manageable level. SOCIAL EFFECTS OF ALCOHOL, TOBACCO AND DIFFERENT DRUG USE. Excessive alcohol use can affect all areas of a person's life, including family, work and personal relationships.
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In many societies, a woman who drinks seems to essay writing Albert, signal that she is at least approachable, and to some men an intoxicated woman is by definition sexually available. Such concepts as 'acquaintance rape' and 'date rape' bear witness to writing help Holderness, recent concern with this problem. A large proportion of unwanted sexual advances are mediated by alcohol. Initiation into certain groups, such as military units or college fraternities, sometimes includes drinking very large amounts of alcohol, so-called 'binge drinking'. This pattern of writing Albert drinking entails high risks of accidental injury, violence and acute alcohol-poisoning. It has long been known that a heavy-drinking lifestyle in groups of friends is online essay School relatively common in the armed forces. More recently, the focus has been on such drinking patterns on college and university campuses and essay Albert College what they mean for the development of writing help School problem drinking patterns later in writing College life. A drug intervention is a structured, solution-oriented process undertaken to online writing Holderness School, persuade someone who is abusing drugs to seek help in overcoming the article Academy, addiction. Family, friends, and online essay writing help School others involved in the person's life use the intervention to demonstrate the extent of the effects of drinking and related behaviours. A Great Essay Griffith (Navitas). A successful intervention is not a confrontation but an opportunity for online help School, an addicted individual to accept help in taking the first step toward recovery.
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